# Javier L. AlbaceteUniversity of Granada | UGR · Department of Theoretical Physics and the Cosmos

Javier L. Albacete

PhD

## About

97

Publications

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6,698

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Citations since 2017

Introduction

**Skills and Expertise**

## Publications

Publications (97)

In response to the 2013 Update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics (EPPSU), the Future Circular Collider (FCC) study was launched as a world-wide international collaboration hosted by CERN. The FCC study covered an energy-frontier hadron collider (FCC-hh), a highest-luminosity high-energy lepton collider (FCC-ee), the corresponding 100 km...

In response to the 2013 Update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics (EPPSU), the Future Circular Collider (FCC) study was launched as a world-wide international collaboration hosted by CERN. The FCC study covered an energy-frontier hadron collider (FCC-hh), a highest-luminosity high-energy lepton collider (FCC-ee), the corresponding 100 km...

In response to the 2013 Update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics (EPPSU), the Future Circular Collider (FCC) study was launched as a world-wide international collaboration hosted by CERN. The FCC study covered an energy-frontier hadron collider (FCC-hh), a highest-luminosity high-energy lepton collider (FCC-ee), the corresponding 100 km...

We review the physics opportunities of the Future Circular Collider, covering its e+e-, pp, ep and heavy ion programmes. We describe the measurement capabilities of each FCC component, addressing the study of electroweak, Higgs and strong interactions, the top quark and flavour, as well as phenomena beyond the Standard Model. We highlight the syner...

In response to the 2013 Update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics, the Future Circular Collider (FCC) study was launched, as an international collaboration hosted by CERN. This study covers a highest-luminosity high-energy lepton collider (FCC-ee) and an energy-frontier hadron collider (FCC-hh), which could, successively, be installed in...

In response to the 2013 Update of the European Strategy for Particle Physics, the Future Circular Collider (FCC) study was launched, as an international collaboration hosted by CERN. This study covers a highest-luminosity high-energy lepton collider (FCC-ee) and an energy-frontier hadron collider (FCC-hh), which could, successively, be installed in...

We review the physics opportunities of the Future Circular Collider, covering its e+e-, pp, ep and heavy ion programmes. We describe the measurement capabilities of each FCC component, addressing the study of electroweak, Higgs and strong interactions, the top quark and flavour, as well as phenomena beyond the Standard Model. We highlight the syner...

We present a systematic study on the influence of spatial correlations between the proton constituents, in our case gluonic hot spots, their size and their number on the symmetric cumulant SC(2,3), at the eccentricity level, within a Monte Carlo Glauber framework [J.L. Albacete, H. Petersen, A. Soto-Ontoso, Symmetric cumulants as a probe of the pro...

We study the disappearance of the away-side peak of the di-hadron correlation function in p+A vs p+p collisions at forward rapidities, when the scaterring process presents a manifest dilute-dense asymmetry. We improve the state-of-the-art description of this phenomenon in the framework of the color glass condensate (CGC), for hadrons produced nearl...

A bstract
We present an analytical calculation of the covariance of the energy-momentum tensor associated to the gluon field produced in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions at early times, the Glasma. This object involves the two-point and single-point correlators of the energy-momentum tensor (〈 T μν ( x ⊥ ) T σρ ( y ⊥ )〉 and 〈 T μν ( x ⊥ )〉,...

In response to the 2013 Update of the European Strategy
for Particle Physics, the Future Circular Collider (FCC) study was
launched, as an international collaboration hosted by CERN. This
study covers a highest-luminosity high-energy lepton collider (FCCee) and an energy-frontier hadron collider (FCC-hh), which could,
successively, be installed in...

We review the physics opportunities of the Future Circular Collider, covering its e+e−, pp, ep and heavy ion
programmes.We describe the measurement capabilities of each FCC component, addressing the study of electroweak, Higgs
and strong interactions, the top quark and flavour, as well as phenomena beyond the Standard Model. We highlight the
synerg...

We present an analytical calculation of the covariance of the energy-momentum tensor associated to the gluon field produced in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions at early times, the Glasma. This object involves the two-point and single-point correlators of the energy-momentum tensor ($\langle T^{\mu\nu}(x_{\perp})T^{\sigma\rho}(y_{\perp})\rang...

We present a systematic study on the influence of spatial correlations between the proton constituents, in our case gluonic hot spots, their size and their number on the symmetric cumulant SC(2,3), at the eccentricity level, within a Monte Carlo Glauber framework [1]. When modeling the proton as composed by 3 gluonic hot spots, the most common assu...

We study the disappearance of the away-side peak of the di-hadron correlation function in p+A vs p+p collisions at forward rapidities, when the scaterring process presents a manifest dilute-dense asymmetry. We improve the state-of-the-art description of this phenomenon in the framework of the Color Glass Condensate (CGC), for hadrons produced nearl...

Predictions for cold nuclear matter effects on charged hadrons, identified light hadrons, quarkonium and heavy flavor hadrons, Drell–Yan dileptons, jets, photons, gauge bosons and top quark pairs produced in p+Pb collisions at sNN=8.16 TeV are compiled and, where possible, compared to each other. Predictions of the normalized ratios of p+Pb to p+p...

In this work, largely based on [J. L. Albacete, A. Soto-Ontoso, Hot spots and the hollowness of proton-proton interactions at high energies, arXiv:1605.09176; J. L. Albacete, H. Petersen, A. Soto-Ontoso, Correlated wounded hot spots in proton-proton interactions, arXiv:1612.06274], we present a novel initial state geometry for proton-proton interac...

Predictions for charged hadrons, identified light hadrons, quarkonium and heavy flavor hadrons, Drell-Yan dileptons, jets, photons, gauge bosons and top quarks produced in $p+$Pb collisions at $\sqrt{s_{_{NN}}} = 8.16$ TeV are compiled and, where possible, compared to each other. Predictions of the normalized ratios of $p+$Pb to $p+p$ cross section...

We present a systematic study of the normalized symmetric cumulants, NSC(n,m), at the eccentricity level in proton-proton interactions at $\sqrt s\!=\! 13$ TeV within a wounded hot spot approach. We focus our attention on the influence of spatial correlations between the proton constituents, in our case gluonic hot spots, on this observable. We not...

We investigate the effect of non-trivial spatial correlations between proton constituents, considered in this work to be gluonic hot spots, on the initial conditions of proton-proton collisions from ISR to LHC energies, i.e. $\sqrt s\!=\!52.6,7000,13000$ GeV. The inclusion of these correlations is motivated by their fundamental role in the descript...

Predictions made in Albacete et al. [Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 22 (2013) 1330007] prior to the LHC p+Pb run at sNN=5 TeV are compared to currently available data. Some predictions shown here have been updated by including the same experimental cuts as the data. Some additional predictions are also presented, especially for quarkonia, that were provided...

We present an analysis of data on single inclusive pion production measured by the LHCf Collaboration in high-energy proton-proton and proton-nucleus at ultraforward rapidities, 8.8≤y≤10.8. We also analyze forward RHIC data for calibration purposes. Our analysis relies on the use of a Monte Carlo event generator that combines a perturbative descrip...

We present a dynamical explanation of the hollowness effect observed in proton-proton scattering at $\sqrt s\!=\!7$ TeV. This phenomenon, not observed at lower energies, consists in a depletion of the inelasticity density at zero impact parameter of the collision. Our analysis is based on three main ingredients: we rely gluonic hot spots inside the...

Predictions made in Albacete et al. [J. Albacete et al., Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 22 (2013) 1330007.] prior to the LHC sNN=5 TeV are compared to the mostly final data from that run. Some predictions shown here have been updated by including the same experimental cuts as the data. Others are additions too late for the initial publication. Comparisons to...

We present an analysis of data on single inclusive pion production measured by the LHCf collaboration in high-energy proton-proton and proton-nucleus at ultra-forward rapidities, $8.8 \leq\! y\leq \!10.8$. We also analyse forward RHIC data for calibration purposes. Our analysis relies on the use of a Monte Carlo event generator that combines a pert...

The Future Circular Collider (FCC) Study is aimed at assessing the physics potential and the technical feasibility of a new collider with centre-of-mass energies, in the hadron-hadron collision mode, seven times larger than the nominal LHC energies. Operating such machine with heavy ions is an option that is being considered in the accelerator desi...

Evidence for an extraterrestrial flux of ultra-high-energy neutrinos, in the order of PeV, has opened a new era in Neutrino Astronomy. An essential ingredient for the determination of neutrino fluxes from the number of observed events is the precise knowledge of the neutrino-nucleon cross section. In this work, based on [1], we present a quantitati...

We present a global fit to HERA data on the reduced cross section measured in
electron-proton collisions in the region of small Bjorken-$x$: $x\le
x_0=10^{-2}$ and moderate to high values of the virtuality $Q^2<Q^2_{max}=650$
GeV$^2$. The main dynamical ingredients in the fits are two recently proposed
improved BK equations for the description of t...

We present a quantitative study of the $\nu N$ cross section in the neutrino
energy range $10^4<E_{\nu}<10^{14}$ GeV within two transversal QCD approaches:
NLO DGLAP evolution using different sets of PDFs and BK small-$x$ evolution
with running coupling and kinematical corrections. We show that the non-linear
effects embodied in the BK equation yie...

We present an overview of theoretical aspects of the phenomenon of gluon
saturation in high energy scattering in Quantum Chromo Dynamics. Then we review
the state-of-the-art of saturation-based phenomenological approaches to the
study and characterisation of the initial state of ultra-relativistic heavy ion
collisions performed at RHIC and the LHC....

The forthcoming p + Pb run at the LHC will provide crucial information
on the initial state effects of heavy ion collisions and on the gluon
saturation phenomena. In turn, most of the saturation inspired
phenomenology in heavy ion collisions borrows substantial empiric
information from the analysis of e + p data, where abundant high quality
data on...

Predictions for charged hadron, identified light hadron, quarkonium, photon, jet and gauge bosons in p + Pb collisions at √sNN = 5 TeV are compiled and compared. When test run data are available, they are compared to the model predictions.

We present a brief review of recent theoretical developments and related
phenomenological approaches for understanding the initial state of heavy-ion
collisions, with emphasis on the Color Glass Condensate formalism.

Predictions for charged hadron, identified light hadron, quarkonium, photon,
jet and gauge bosons in p+Pb collisions at sqrt s_NN = 5 TeV are compiled and
compared. When test run data are available, they are compared to the model
predictions.

This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC),
focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the
intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was
commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facilit...

The present note relies on the recently published conceptual design report of
the LHeC and extends the first contribution to the European strategy debate in
emphasising the role of the LHeC to complement and complete the high luminosity
LHC programme. The brief discussion therefore focuses on the importance of high
precision PDF and $\alpha_s$ dete...

This document provides a brief overview of the recently published report on
the design of the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), which comprises its
physics programme, accelerator physics, technology and main detector concepts.
The LHeC exploits and develops challenging, though principally existing,
accelerator and detector technologies. This s...

We present predictions for multiplicities and single inclusive particle production in proton-lead collisions at the LHC. The main dynamical input in our calculations is the use of solutions of the running coupling Balitsky-Kovchegov equation tested in e+p data. These are incorporated into a realistic model for the nuclear geometry including fluctua...

I present a brief review of present CGC phenomenological applications and of
the physics prospects for the forthcoming proton-lead run at the LHC

The forthcoming p+Pb run at the LHC will provide crucial in formation on the
initial state effects of heavy ion collisions and on the gluon saturation
phenomena. In turn, most of the saturation inspired phenomenology in heavy ion
collisions borrows substantial empiric information from the analysis of e+p
data, where abundant high quality data on th...

The physics programme and the design are described of a new collider for
particle and nuclear physics, the Large Hadron Electron Collider (LHeC), in
which a newly built electron beam of 60 GeV, up to possibly 140 GeV, energy
collides with the intense hadron beams of the LHC. Compared to HERA, the
kinematic range covered is extended by a factor of t...

The very precise combined HERA data provides a testing ground in which the
relevance of novel QCD regimes, other than the successful linear DGLAP
evolution, in small-x inclusive DIS data can be ascertained. We present a study
of the dependence of the AAMQS fits, based on the running coupling BK
non-linear evolution equations (rcBK), on the fitted d...

The relation between diffraction in lepton-proton collisions and shadowing of nuclear structure functions which arises from Gribov inelastic shadowing, is described. A model realizing such relation, which produces a parameter-free description of experimental data on nuclear structure functions at small x, is presented. The application to the descri...

I present a brief review of recent phenomenological analyses of HERA,
RHIC and LHC data based on the Color Glass Condensate, including the use
of non-linear evolution equations with running coupling.

I present a brief discussion of the different approaches to the study initial
state effects in heavy ion collisions in view of the recent results from Pb+Pb
and p+p collisions at the LHC.

We present a global analysis of available data on inclusive structure
functions measured in electron-proton scattering at small values of Bjorken-x,
including the latest data from the combined HERA analysis on reduced cross
sections. Our approach relies on the dipole formulation of DIS together with
the use of the non-linear running coupling BK equ...

A brief review of the phenomenological studies in the field of heavy ion collisions based on the Color Glass Condensate theory and, in particular, of those relying in the use of the BK equation including running coupling effects is presented.

Monte-Carlo implementations of kT -factorization formula with both KLN and
running-coupling BK unintegrated gluon distributions for nucleus-nucleus
collisions are used to analyze recent experimental data on the particle
multiplicities from RHIC(Au+Au@200GeV) and LHC(Pb+Pb@2.76TeV). We also compare
the predicted transverse energy at midrapidity to n...

We demonstrate the phenomenological potential of the Balitsky-Kovchegov equation with running coupling by showing its ability to accurately describe the combined H1/ZEUS data for DIS reduced cross section.

We discuss the evidence for the presence of QCD saturation effects in the data collected in d + Au collisions at RHIC. In particular we focus our analysis on forward hadron yields and azimuthal correlations. Approaches alternative to the CGC description of these two observables are discussed in parallel.

RHIC experiments have recently measured the azimuthal correlation function of
forward di-hadrons. The data show a disappearance of the away-side peak in
central d+Au collisions, compared to p+p collisions, as was predicted by
saturation physics. Indeed, we argue that this effect, absent at mid-rapidity,
is a consequence of the small-x evolution int...

I present a brief review of recent phenomenological analyses of HERA, RHIC and LHC data based on the Color Glass Condensate, including the use of non-linear evolution equations with running coupling.

We present a global analysis of available data on inclusive structure functions and reduced cross sections measured in electron-proton scattering at small values of Bjorken-x, x<0.01, including the latest data from HERA on reduced cross sections. Our approach relies on the dipole formulation of DIS together with the use of the non-linear running co...

This note is a physics manual for a recent numerical implementation of
k_t-factorization with running-coupling BK unintegrated gluon distributions. We
also compile some results for Pb+Pb collisions at \sqrt{s} = 2.75 TeV, such as
predictions for the centrality dependence of the charged particle multiplicity
and transverse energy. The model can furt...

A brief review of the phenomenological studies in the field of heavy ion
collisions based on the Color Glass Condensate theory and, in particular, of
those relying in the use of the BK equation including running coupling effects
is presented.

We present a good description of recent experimental data on forward dihadron azimuthal correlations measured in deuteron-gold collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), where monojet production has been observed. Our approach is based on the color glass condensate theory for the small-x degrees of freedom of the nuclear wave fun...

We present the results from global fits of inclusive DIS experimental data
using the Balitsky-Kovchegov equation with running coupling.

I present a brief review of the recent phenomenological analyses of RHIC data based on the the Color Glass Condensate, including the use of non-linear evolution equations with running coupling. In particular, I focus in the study of the total multiplicities in Au+Au collisions, and in the single inclusive and double inclusive forward spectra in d+A...

Using the unintegrated gluon distribution obtained from numerical simulations of the Balitsky–Kovchegov equation with running coupling, we obtain a very good description of RHIC data on single inclusive hadron production at forward rapidities in both p + p and d + Au collisions. No K-factors are needed for charged hadrons, whereas for pion producti...

We perform a global fit to the structure function F2 measured in lepton-proton experiments at small values of Bjorken-x, x≤0.01, for all experimentally available values of Q2, 0.045 GeV2≤Q2≤800 GeV2. We show that the recent improvements resulting from the inclusion of running coupling corrections allow for a description of data in terms of nonlinea...

A calculation of the heavy quark potential at finite temperature at strong coupling based on the AdS/CFT correspondence is presented. The calculation relies on the method of complex string trajectories and on the introduction of a modified renormalization subtraction. The obtained potential is smooth, negative definite for all quark-antiquark separ...

We present a global fit to the structure function F_2 measured in lepton-proton experiments at small values of Bjorken-x, x< 0.01, for all experimentally available values of Q^2, 0.045< Q^2 < 800 GeV^2, using the Balitsky -Kovchegov equation including running coupling corrections. Using our fits to F_2, we reproduce available data for F_L and perfo...

We consider high energy collisions of two shock waves in AdS5 as a model of ultrarelativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions in the boundary theory. We first calculate the graviton field produced in the collisions in the NLO and NNLO approximations, corresponding to three- and four-graviton exchanges with the shock waves. We then consider the asymmetri...

We calculate the total cross section for the scattering of a quark‐anti‐quark dipole on a large nucleus at high energy for a strongly coupled
N
= 4
super Yang‐Mills theory using AdS/CFT correspondence. We model the nucleus by a metric of a shock wave in
AdS
5
.
We then calculate the expectation value of the Wilson loop (the dipole) by findi...

We construct a model of high energy heavy ion collisions as two ultrarelativistic shock waves colliding in AdS(5). The metric in the forward light cone after the collision is constructed perturbatively through expansion in graviton exchanges. We conclude that shock waves corresponding to physical energy-momentum tensors of the nuclei must completel...

We revisit the calculation of a heavy-quark potential in N=4
supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature using the AdS/CFT
correspondence. As is widely known, the potential calculated in the
pioneering works of Rey et al. [Nucl. Phys.NUPBBO0550-3213 B527, 171
(1998)10.1016/S0550-3213(98)00471-4] and Brandhuber et al. [Phys. Lett.
B 434,...

We revisit the calculation of a heavy quark potential in N =4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory at finite temperature using the AdS/CFT correspondence. As is widely known, the potential calculated in the pioneering works of Rey et al. and Brandhuber et al. is zero for separation distances r between the quark and the anti-quark above a certain critic...

We calculate the total cross section for deep inelastic scattering (DIS) on a nucleus at high energy for a strongly coupled N=4 super Yang-Mills theory using AdS/CFT correspondence. In analogy to the small coupling case we argue that at high energy the total DIS cross section is related to the expectation value of the Wilson loop formed by the quar...

We construct a model of high energy heavy ion collisions as two ultrarelativistic shock waves colliding in AdS_5. We point out that shock waves corresponding to physical energy-momentum tensors of the nuclei completely stop almost immediately after the collision in AdS_5, which, on the field theory side, corresponds to complete nuclear stopping due...

This writeup is a compilation of the predictions for the forthcoming Heavy Ion Program at the Large Hadron Collider, as presented at the CERN Theory Institute 'Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions', held from 14th May to 10th June 2007.

The inclusion of running coupling effects in the BK-JIMWLK evolution equations considerably reduces the energy dependence of the saturation scale with respect to previous estimates based on fits to HERA data. We discuss how such slowdown affects the expectations for particle multiplicities in Pb–Pb collisions at LHC energies. Our prediction is base...

We present predictions for the pseudorapidity density of charged particles produced in central Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC. Particle production in such collisions is calculated in the framework of k(t) factorization. The nuclear unintegrated gluon distributions at LHC energies are determined from numerical solutions of the Balitsky-Kovchegov equati...

Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering (Blois Workshop) - Forward Physics and QCD Comment: Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Elastic and Diffractive Scattering (Blois Workshop) - Forward Physics and QCD, 549 pages replaced to include list of conveners

Predictions for the pseudorapidity density of charged particles produced in Pb-Pb central collisions at $\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.5$ TeV are presented. Particle production in such collisions is computed in the framework of k_t-factorization, using running coupling non-linear evolution to determine the transverse momentum and rapidity dependence of the nucle...

We study the solution of the nonlinear BK evolution equation with the recently calculated running coupling corrections [hep-ph/0609105, hep-ph/0609090]. Performing a numerical solution we confirm the earlier result of [hep-ph/0408216] that the high energy evolution with the running coupling leads to a universal scaling behavior for the dipole scatt...