Jau-Min Lien

Jau-Min Lien
Chang Gung Memorial Hospital | CGMH · Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

MD,PhD

About

59
Publications
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2,373
Citations

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Malnutrition is associated with adverse outcomes in patients with liver cirrhosis. Relevant data about nutrition risk in critically ill cirrhotic patients are lacking. The modified Nutrition Risk in Critically Ill (mNUTRIC) score is a novel nutrition risk assessment tool specific for intensive care unit (ICU) patients. This retrospective study was...
Article
Goal: The goal of this study was to estimate the risk of renal injury after the use of 3-L polyethylene glycol (PEG) before outpatient colonoscopy. Background: Population-based studies showed that the use of PEG was associated with renal injury, but this association has not been confirmed by prospective study. Study: Patients ≥40 years of age...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study evaluated the outcomes of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with small normal liver volume (NLV) treated with proton beam therapy (PBT) and introduced estimated standard liver volume (eSLV) as a new constraint. Materials and methods HCC patients with NLV < 800 cm³ and no distant metastasis who received treatment in our pro...
Data
The data details of hepatocellular carcinoma patients with normal liver less than 800 cm3. (XLSX)
Article
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Background Cirrhotic patients are susceptible to sepsis and critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency (CIRCI). Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) is a corticotropin-dependent adrenal androgen, which has immunostimulating and antiglucocorticoid effects. Considering the synchronized synthesis of cortisol and DHEAS and their opposing e...
Article
Full-text available
Predicting severity of pancreatitis is an important goal. Clinicians are still searching for novel and simple biomarkers that can better predict persistent organ failure (OF). Lipoproteins, especially high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and apolipoprotein A-I (APO A-I), have been shown to have anti-inflammation effects in various clinical settings. Sev...
Article
Objectives: Critical illness-related corticosteroid insufficiency can adversely influence the prognosis of critically ill patients. However, its impact on the outcomes of patients with cirrhosis and acute gastroesophageal variceal bleeding remains unknown. We evaluated adrenal function using short corticotropin stimulation test in patients with ci...
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Lipopolysaccharide binding protein (LBP) is an acute-phase protein produced by the liver. It has been shown that LBP plays an important role in the inflammatory response to sepsis. LBP has also been shown to protect animals from endotoxin challenge by facilitating the removal of endotoxin from the blood circulation. Cirrhotic patients are susceptib...
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Hypofractionated radiotherapy (RT) has been employed to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study aimed to report the treatment effects, the dose-response associations and the factors that are associated with radiation-induced liver disease (RILD) in a high-dose hypofractionated RT procedure. A total of 40 patients with non-metastatic...
Article
To investigate the impact of esophagogastroduodenoscopy with conscious sedation on the subsequent 24-h catheter-based pH monitoring. Fifty patients with extra-esophageal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease undergoing ambulatory dual-probe 24-h pH monitoring were enrolled from March 2010 to August 2011. All of the data were collected prospec...
Article
Background and aim: Acute renal failure (ARF) is a common complication of liver cirrhosis and severe sepsis. Differentiating functional renal failure from acute tubular necrosis (ATN) has been difficult in this clinical setting. It has been shown that urinary interleukin 18 (IL-18) can serve as a sensitive marker for ARF and ATN. This study was ai...
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Background Gastric subepithelial tumors are usually asymptomatic and observed incidentally during endoscopic examination. Although most of these tumors are considered benign, some have a potential for malignant transformation, particularly those originating from the muscularis propria layer. For this type of tumor, surgical resection is the standar...
Article
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To investigate the effectiveness of histological examination of ulcer margins (HEUM) in detecting Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in patients with non-bleeding gastric ulcers (GUs). A retrospective study included 284 patients with GU undergoing concomitant HEUM and rapid urease test (RUT) to detect H. pylori infection between January 2005...
Article
Gastric outlet obstruction (GOO) is frequently caused by tumor. Recently, endoscopic implantation of self-expanding metallic stents (SEMS) has been introduced as an improved palliative treatment for GOO. This study aims to study the effect of SEMS placement on nutrient intake in patients with GOO and correlate different SEMS positions with postoper...
Article
The most common mesenchymal tumors of gastrointestinal tract are gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST). These tumors originate from muscularis propria layer. Tissue diagnosis is usually difficult by endoscopic mucosal biopsy. The aim of this study is to evaluate the utility of endoscopic ultrasound-guided Tru-Cut biopsy (EUS-TCB) for GISTs before...
Article
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Gallstones are the most common cause of acute pancreatitis worldwide. Patients with severe acute biliary pancreatitis (SABP) constitute a subgroup of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) patients in whom systemic inflammation may be triggered and perpetuated by different mechanisms. The aim of this prospective investigation was to examine the adrenal re...
Article
End-stage liver disease is often complicated by hyponatremia. Cirrhotic patients with hyponatremia admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) have high mortality rates. This study analyzed the outcomes of critically ill cirrhotic patients and identified the prognostic value of serum sodium concentration. One hundred twenty-six consecutive cirrhotic pa...
Article
Carcinosarcoma of the esophagus is a rare neoplasm with both carcinomatous and sarcomatous components. This study aimed to investigate its clinicopathologic features and endoscopic characteristics. The data of patients diagnosed to have esophageal carcinosarcoma pathologically in the past 30 years (January 1976-December 2007) were reviewed. Of 3318...
Article
To assess the efficacy of rapid urease test (RUT) in patients with bleeding ulcers, as well as the effects of visible blood in the stomach and short-term (<24 h) use of standard-dose proton pump inhibitor (PPI) on RUT sensitivity. The sensitivity of RUT in the diagnosis of Helicobacter pylori in upper gastrointestinal bleeding has been reported wit...
Article
Severe sepsis is frequently associated with hypocholesterolemia which is also a common finding in cirrhotic patients. Lipoprotein is capable of binding endotoxin to which cirrhotic patients exhibit an excessive pro-inflammatory response. We evaluated the relationship between lipid levels, inflammatory cytokines and clinical outcomes in 103 cirrhoti...
Article
Acute liver failure is often accompanied by hyperdynamic circulation, which is also a characteristic of septic shock. Pre-existing acute liver failure may worsen the hemodynamic impairment and prognosis in sepsis. To evaluate the hemodynamic and metabolic characteristics and clinical outcomes of septic shock in patients with acute liver failure. Tw...
Article
For many physicians who ordinarily treat patients with colonic diseases, colonoscopy is considered a prime study interest. Developments in colonoscopic equipment and methods have led to larger numbers of endoscopic diagnoses and treatments for colorectal neoplasms. The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the efficacy and outcomes of endosc...
Article
Full-text available
End-stage liver disease is often complicated by renal function disturbances. Cirrhotic patients with acute renal failure admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) have high mortality rates. This work seeks to identify specific predictors of hospital mortality in critically ill cirrhotic patients with acute renal failure. A total of 111 patients with...
Article
Bleeding peptic ulcers can be due to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), or idiopathic causes. The aim of this prospective study was to identify the clinical outcomes of bleeding peptic ulcers related to different causes. A total of 390 patients with bleeding ulcers were evaluated consec...
Article
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End-stage liver disease is frequently complicated by renal function disturbances. Cirrhotic patients with renal failure admitted to intensive care units (ICUs) have high mortality rates. This study analyzed the outcomes of critically ill cirrhotic patients and identified the association between prognosis and RIFLE (risk of renal failure, injury to...
Article
Patients with cirrhosis are susceptible to bacterial infection, which can result in circulatory dysfunction, renal failure, hepatic encephalopathy, and a decreased survival rate. Severe sepsis is frequently associated with adrenal insufficiency, which may lead to hemodynamic instability and a poor prognosis. We evaluated adrenal function using shor...
Article
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the most prevalent cause of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) in the Far East. HBV-associated FHF is characterised by rapidly progressive end organ dysfunction/failure and a very poor prognosis. To investigate how molecular adsorbent recirculating system (MARS) treatment impacts multiple organ system function in H...
Article
Colonic neoplastic lesions can be classified morphologically into polypoid and non-polypoid types. Non-polypoid lesions have a higher malignant potential than polypoid lesions. Removing these lesions and obtaining integral specimen for histopathology evaluation during colonoscopy examination is an important task. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR)...
Article
Full-text available
For many physicians who ordinarily treat patients with colonic diseases, colonoscopy is considered a prime study interest. Developments in colonoscopic equipment and methods have led to a large number of endoscopic diagnoses and treatment for colorectal neoplasms. The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate the efficacy and outcomes of endosco...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The prognosis for critically ill cirrhotic patients depends on the extent of hepatic and extrahepatic organ dysfunction/failure. We hypothesize that a graded multiple organ dysfunction score, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA), would provide more descriptive and discriminative power for predicting the hospital mortality for cri...
Article
Full-text available
Cirrhotic patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) are associated with high mortality rates. The prognosis of critically ill cirrhotic patients is determined by the extent of hepatic and extrahepatic organ dysfunction. This study was conducted to assess and compare the accuracy of the Child-Pugh classification and APACHE II scores...
Article
This study assessed the efficacy of endoscopic hemorrhoidal ligation for treatment of patients with symptoms caused by internal hemorrhoids. A total of 576 consecutive patients with symptoms caused by internal hemorrhoids were enrolled in the study. Symptoms were rectal bleeding (239 patients) and prolapse (337 patients). The severity of the hemorr...
Article
This study was conducted to assess and compare the accuracy of Child-Pugh classification and organ system failure (OSF) scores, obtained on the first day of ICU admission, in predicting the hospital mortality in critically ill cirrhotic patients. Cirrhotic patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) are associated with high mortality...
Article
Full-text available
Colonic mucosal neoplastic lesions can be classified morphologically into polypoid and nonpolypoid types. The nonpolypoid type has a greater malignancy potential than does the polypoid type. Removing these lesions and obtaining an integral specimen for histopathologic assessment during colonoscopy are very important. This study evaluates the safety...
Article
Background. End-stage liver disease is frequently complicated by episodes of gastrointestinal hemorrhage that are often associated with multiple organ dysfunction and require intensive care. This study aimed to identify specific predictors of hospital mortality in critically ill cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, and compare the pre...
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End-stage liver disease is frequently complicated by episodes of gastrointestinal hemorrhage that are often associated with multiple organ dysfunction and require intensive care. This study aimed to identify specific predictors of hospital mortality in critically ill cirrhotic patients with gastrointestinal bleeding, and compare the prediction accu...
Article
Both desflurane and sevoflurane have individually been reported to induce hepatic dysfunction; however hepatic dysfunction after administration of both of them separately in a single patient has not previously been reported. As their metabolites differ in nature, we considered that it would be unlikely that their combined use would cause sensitizat...
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Portopulmonary hypertension is a rare complication of portal hypertension. Although epoprostenol infusion, nitric oxide inhalation, isosorbide-5-mononitrate, nitroglycerin, and calcium channel blockers may reduce pulmonary artery pressure in patients with portopulmonary hypertension, the prognosis remains poor. We present a case of congenital hepat...
Article
Hemosuccus pancreaticus, blood entering the gastrointestinal tract through the pancreatic duct, is a rare and elusive form of gastrointestinal bleeding with diagnostic difficulties. We report a 37-year-old man who had recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding from erosion of a pseudoaneurysm of the gastroduodenal artery into the pancreatic duct. The lack...
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Hepatic angiomyolipoma is a rare benign mesenchymal tumor of the liver. Most multiple hepatic angiomyolipomas have appeared in patients with renal angiomyolipoma and tuberous sclerosis. A 38-year-old female patient without chronic hepatitis B or C was hospitalized because of epigastric fullness for 2 months. Radiologic studies showed a large solid...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical manifestations and diagnosis of patients with acute jejunogastric intussusception. From May 1986 to June 1999, a total of 5 men (54-76 years old) were collected. Their initial presentations included epigastralgia (4), coffee-ground vomitus (3), frank hematemesis (1), and tarry stool (1). All...
Article
Repeated laparotomy with extensive small bowel resectioning and eventual short-bowel syndrome is a major problem in Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) patients. This problem is caused by gastrointestinal polyposis with intussusception. A combined surgical and endoscopic approach can assess the extent of the polyposis, and small polyps can be removed by s...
Article
p27(Kip1) is an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase. It has been reported that reduced p27(Kip1) expression is present in human hepatocellular carcinoma. To determine the role of p27(Kip1) in hepatocarcinogenesis, 46 cases with hepatocellular carcinomas were studied. p27(Kip1) mutation was first screened by single strand conformation polymorphism,...
Article
There are no reliable endoscopic criteria to discriminate hyperplastic from adenomatous polyp. Mucosal biopsy remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of colonic polyps. In this study, we use magnifying endoscopy with indigo carmine dye contrast to differentiate these two types of polyp. Colonoscopic examinations were performed in 30 patients to...
Article
Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma is an uncommon neoplasm and occurs most frequently in the upper respiratory tract. Herein, we reported a solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in the retroperitoneum. A 28-year-old man presented with obstructive jaundice and a retroperitoneal tumor. Ultrasound-guided biopsy confirmed that the lesion was a plasma...
Article
Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma is an uncommon neoplasm and occurs most frequently in the upper respiratory tract. Herein, we reported a solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in the retroperitoneum, A 28-year-old man presented with obstructive jaundice and a retroperitoneal tumor. Ultrasound-guided biopsy confirmed that the lesion was a plasma...
Article
Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma is an uncommon neoplasm and occurs most frequently in the upper respiratory tract. Herein, we reported a solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma in the retroperitoneum. A 28‐year‐old man presented with obstructive jaundice and a retroperitoneal tumor. Ultrasound‐guided biopsy confirmed that the lesion was a plasma...
Article
Isolated fundic varices in liver cirrhosis is a rare clinical manifestation. There is much controversy over their bleeding risk, therapy and outcome. We studied two subtypes of isolated fundic varices and assessed their relative risks of variceal bleeding, degree of bleeding and 42-day mortality. From 1992 to 1995, 26 patients presenting with isola...
Article
Multiple symmetric lipomatosis of Madelung-Launois-Bensaude is a rare disease and has been well described in Mediterranean regions, affecting mainly adult Caucasian males with a history of excessive alcohol intake. Patients present with symmetric growth of lipomatous tissues in neck and shoulders which slowly progress to involve upper trunk and bac...
Article
To assess the clinical features and susceptibility of cirrhotic patients to non-O1 Vibrio cholerae bacteremia and to provide our therapeutic experiences in this rare and high lethal infection. Twenty-eight blood culture isolates of non-O1 V. cholerae were identified by our clinical microbiology laboratory between July 1989 and June 1994. Patients w...
Article
The objective of this prospective cohort study was to describe the natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the clinical manifestations of HCV liver disease. Two hundred twenty-three hemophiliacs were followed in a comprehensive care setting with periodic clinical and laboratory ev...
Article
The objective of this prospective cohort study was to describe the natural history of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the effect of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) on the clinical manifestations of HCV liver disease. Two hundred twenty-three hemophiliacs were followed in a comprehensive care setting with periodic clinical and laboratory ev...
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Full-text available
We characterized a number of important features of the structure of the cohesive overlap region of the DNA genome of duck hepatitis B virus. The 5'-terminal nucleotide of minus-strand DNA was localized to nucleotide 2537, a G residue within the 12-base repeat sequence DR1. This G residue was shown to be the site of a covalent linkage to a protein,...
Article
Full-text available
The plus strand of virion DNA of duck hepatitis B virus possessed, at its 5' terminus, a capped oligoribonucleotide 18 to 19 bases in length. This oligoribonucleotide had a unique 5' end, the heterogeneity in length reflecting two distinct junctions with plus-strand DNA that were 1 base apart. The sequence of the RNA differed from that predicted by...

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