Jasvinder A Singh

Jasvinder A Singh
University of Alabama at Birmingham | UAB · Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology

MBBS, MPH

About

1,032
Publications
473,214
Reads
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147,121
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Introduction
Dr. Singh’s research interests include studies of patient-reported outcomes, health disparities and comparative effectiveness research (CER) in rheumatic diseases including gout, osteoarthritis, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and total joint replacement. He has led the performance of Cochrane systematic reviews, network meta-analyses and the ACR treatment guidelines. His team has also lead mixed methods research with patients with rheumatic diseases assessing patient attitudes, beliefs and priorit
Additional affiliations
August 2016 - August 2020
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Position
  • Professor
October 2014 - August 2020
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 2013 - September 2014
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
September 2001 - June 2003
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Field of study
  • Epidemiology

Publications

Publications (1,032)
Article
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Background The health risks associated with moderate alcohol consumption continue to be debated. Small amounts of alcohol might lower the risk of some health outcomes but increase the risk of others, suggesting that the overall risk depends, in part, on background disease rates, which vary by region, age, sex, and year. Methods For this analysis,...
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Background High prevalence of diabetes has been reported in the Americas, but no comprehensive analysis of diabetes burden and related factors for the region is available. We aimed to describe the burden of type 1 and type 2 diabetes and that of hyperglycaemia in the Americas from 1990 to 2019. Methods We used estimates from GBD 2019 to evaluate t...
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Background: Combating viral hepatitis is part of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and WHO has put forth hepatitis B elimination targets in its Global Health Sector Strategy on Viral Hepatitis (WHO-GHSS) and Interim Guidance for Country Validation of Viral Hepatitis Elimination (WHO Interim Guidance). We estimated the global, regional, a...
Preprint
To date there have been no large multi ancestry genetic studies of osteoarthritis (OA). We leveraged the unique resources of 484,374 participants in the Million Veteran Program (MVP) and UK Biobank to address this gap. Analyses included participants of European, African, Asian and Hispanic descent. We discovered OA associated genetic variation in 1...
Article
Objective To develop updated American College of Rheumatology/American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons guidelines for the perioperative management of disease-modifying medications for patients with rheumatic diseases, specifically those with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and those with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), undergoing elective tota...
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Objective: To develop updated guidelines for the perioperative management of disease-modifying medications for patients with rheumatic diseases, specifically those with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and those with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) or elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods:...
Article
Objective: To develop updated guidelines for the perioperative management of disease-modifying medications for patients with rheumatic diseases, specifically those with inflammatory arthritis (IA) and those with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), undergoing elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) or elective total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Methods:...
Article
Objective : To examine the associations of changes in serum urate (SU) with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in gout. Methods : We used the first 6-months of data from four interventional trials and one observational, open-label study of urate-lowering therapy (ULT) use. HRQOL were assessed at baseline and every 3-months, and SU was measured...
Article
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Background Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to reduce pain, fever, and inflammation but have been associated with complications in community-acquired pneumonia. Observations shortly after the start of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020 suggested that ibuprofen was associated with an increased risk of adverse events in COV...
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Objective To assess the management of gout in established COVID-19 pandemic. Methods We assessed medication use, health care utilization, gout-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL), psychological distress using Patient Health Questionnaire–4 (PHQ-4), resilience, illness perception, and health literacy in people with physician-diagnosed s...
Article
Prolonged postoperative opioid use (PPOU) is considered an unfavorable post-surgical outcome. Demographic, clinical, and psychosocial factors have been associated with PPOU, but methods to prospectively identify patients at increased risk are lacking. We sought to determine whether individual or a combination of several psychological factors could...
Article
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Objective To examine the frequency of, and risk factors for, disease flare following COVID-19 vaccination in patients with systemic rheumatic disease (SRD). Methods An international study was conducted from April 2 to August 16, 2021, using an online survey of 5619 adults with SRD for adverse events following COVID-19 vaccination, including flares...
Article
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Background Colorectal cancer is the third leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Given the recent increasing trends in colorectal cancer incidence globally, up-to-date information on the colorectal cancer burden could guide screening, early detection, and treatment strategies, and help effectively allocate resources. We examined the temporal pat...
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Objectives To use data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 (GBD 2019) to estimate mortality and disability trends for the population aged ≥70 and evaluate patterns in causes of death, disability, and risk factors. Design Systematic analysis. Setting Participants were aged ≥70 from 204 countries and terri...
Article
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Importance: The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 (GBD 2019) provided systematic estimates of incidence, morbidity, and mortality to inform local and international efforts toward reducing cancer burden. Objective: To estimate cancer burden and trends globally for 204 countries and territories and by Sociodemographic...
Article
Many individuals with end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) undergo elective total hip/knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) to relieve pain, improve mobility and quality of life. However, ~35% suffer long-term mobility impairment following surgery. This may be in part due to muscle inflammation susceptibility (MuIS+), an overt proinflammatory pathology localized to...
Article
Core outcome sets (COS) are critically important outcomes that should be measured in clinical trials. Their absence in atopic dermatitis (AD) is a form of research waste and impedes combining evidence to inform patient care. Here, we articulate the rationale for COS in AD and review the work of the international Harmonising Outcome Measures for Ecz...
Article
Background We previously reported increased plasma XO (xanthine oxidase) activity in patients with resistant hypertension. Increased XO can cause mitochondrial DNA damage and promote release of fragments called mitochondrial DNA damage-associated molecular patterns (mtDNA DAMPs). Here, we report racial differences in XO activity and mtDNA DAMPs in...
Article
Objective: This study aimed to identify differences in patient empowerment based on biopsychosocial patient-reported measures, the magnitude of those differences, and which best explain differences in patient empowerment. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study of 6,918 adults with arthritis in the United States. Data were collec...
Article
Objective: To assess rheumatology provider experience and practices at Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: We performed an anonymized follow-up national cross-sectional survey (11/2020-1/2021) to assess provider resilience, experience, practices, views, and opinions about changes to medications and laboratory...
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Background: Given the projected trends in population ageing and population growth, the number of people with dementia is expected to increase. In addition, strong evidence has emerged supporting the importance of potentially modifiable risk factors for dementia. Characterising the distribution and magnitude of anticipated growth is crucial for publ...
Article
Objective: The aim of this qualitative research was to identify physician-perceived patient and clinic barriers to patient recruitment in a rheumatoid arthritis (RA) pragmatic trial of anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) biologic versus non-TNF biologic/Janus-Kinase inhibitor initiation after an inadequate response to methotrexate. Methods: Semistr...
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Background: Many health systems transitioned rapidly to using inpatient and outpatient telemedicine during the COVID-19 pandemic. Prior research has examined clinician satisfaction and experiences with telemedicine in a siloed approach for specific provider types. Less is known about how experiences with the rapid transition to telemedicine affecte...
Article
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Background Given the projected trends in population ageing and population growth, the number of people with dementia is expected to increase. In addition, strong evidence has emerged supporting the importance of potentially modifiable risk factors for dementia. Characterising the distribution and magnitude of anticipated growth is crucial for publi...
Article
Objective To examine healthcare provider views of disease modification in gout to potentially derive a provisional set of domains for disease modification in gout. Methods We performed a qualitative nominal group (NG) study with 20 gout experts (15 were authors/expert panel members of the 2012 and/or 2020 ACR gout guidelines, and/or 2015 ACR/EULAR...
Article
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Background In estimating the global burden of cancer, adolescents and young adults with cancer are often overlooked, despite being a distinct subgroup with unique epidemiology, clinical care needs, and societal impact. Comprehensive estimates of the global cancer burden in adolescents and young adults (aged 15–39 years) are lacking. To address this...
Article
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Importance Persons with immune dysfunction have a higher risk for severe COVID-19 outcomes. However, these patients were largely excluded from SARS-CoV-2 vaccine clinical trials, creating a large evidence gap. Objective To identify the incidence rate and incidence rate ratio (IRR) for COVID-19 breakthrough infection after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination am...
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Objective Medication adherence in gout is suboptimal, and the lack of effective interventions to address it presents a huge challenge. Medication adherence and gout outcomes are worse in racial/ethnic minorities. The objective of this paper was to provide the details of the study protocol for randomized, controlled trial (RCT) in African Americans...
Article
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Objective To examine patient experience, views, and opinions regarding the ineffectiveness of the current knee osteoarthritis (OA) treatments. Methods Nominal groups were conducted with consecutive clinic patients with knee OA, oversampling African Americans. Patients discussed and rank-ordered their concerns. Results Fourteen nominal groups with...
Article
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Background Urate-lowering therapy (ULT) adherence is low in gout, and few, if any, effective, low-cost, interventions are available. Our objective was to assess if a culturally appropriate gout-storytelling intervention is superior to an attention control for improving gout outcomes in African-Americans (AAs). Methods In a 1-year, multicenter, ran...
Article
Background Use of serum urate as a treatment target and outcome measure has become controversial in view of the 2017 American College of Physicians guidelines, which advocated a treat-to-symptom rather than a treat-to-target serum urate approach to gout management. The relevance of serum urate as a treatment target measure implies that achievement...
Article
Serum urate (SU) is the most common primary efficacy outcome in trials of urate-lowering therapies for gout. Despite this, it is not formally considered a validated surrogate outcome. In this paper we will outline the definitions of biomarkers and surrogate outcome measures, respectively as well as the available frameworks and challenges in the ass...
Article
Background Many individuals take long-term immunosuppressive medications. We evaluated whether these individuals have worse outcomes when hospitalised with COVID-19 compared with non-immunosuppressed individuals. Methods We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from the National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C), the largest longitudina...
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Background The burden of fatal police violence is an urgent public health crisis in the USA. Mounting evidence shows that deaths at the hands of the police disproportionately impact people of certain races and ethnicities, pointing to systemic racism in policing. Recent high-profile killings by police in the USA have prompted calls for more extensi...
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Background Regularly updated data on stroke and its pathological types, including data on their incidence, prevalence, mortality, disability, risk factors, and epidemiological trends, are important for evidence-based stroke care planning and resource allocation. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) aims to provide a...
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Background The sustainable development goals (SDGs) aim to end HIV/AIDS as a public health threat by 2030. Understanding the current state of the HIV epidemic and its change over time is essential to this effort. This study assesses the current sex-specific HIV burden in 204 countries and territories and measures progress in the control of the epid...
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Background Documentation of patterns and long-term trends in mortality in young people, which reflect huge changes in demographic and social determinants of adolescent health, enables identification of global investment priorities for this age group. We aimed to analyse data on the number of deaths, years of life lost, and mortality rates by sex an...
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Background We describe the early experiences of adults with systemic rheumatic disease who received the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods From 2 April to 30 April 2021, we conducted an online, international survey of adults with systemic rheumatic disease who received COVID-19 vaccination. We collected patient-reported data on clinician communication, bel...
Article
Chronic pain clinical trials have historically assessed benefit and risk outcomes separately. However, a growing body of research suggests that a composite metric that accounts for benefit and risk in relation to each other can provide valuable insights into the effects of different treatments. Researchs and regulators have developed a variety of b...
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Background Sustainable Development Goal 3.2 has targeted elimination of preventable child mortality, reduction of neonatal death to less than 12 per 1000 livebirths, and reduction of death of children younger than 5 years to less than 25 per 1000 livebirths, for each country by 2030. To understand current rates, recent trends, and potential traject...
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Background We describe the early experiences of adults with systemic rheumatic disease who received the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods From 2 April to 30 April 2021, we conducted an online, international survey of adults with systemic rheumatic disease who received COVID-19 vaccination. We collected patient-reported data on clinician communication, bel...
Article
Objective To examine the time-trends in hospitalizations and the factors associated with outcomes of hospitalizations with cocaine use disorder (CocUD). Methods This study used the U.S. National Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from 1998 to 2014 to examine the time-trends in hospitalization rates and the predictors of healthcare utilization (total hosp...
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Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is a substantial burden for patients with the disease. Currently, there is no cure for osteoarthritis, but many emerging therapies have been developed to aid in the mitigation of disease progression. When osteoarthritis reaches the end-stage of disease many patients undergo total joint arthrop...
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Background Data sparsity is a major limitation to estimating national and global dementia burden. Surveys with full diagnostic evaluations of dementia prevalence are prohibitively resource-intensive in many settings. However, validation samples from nationally representative surveys allow for the development of algorithms for the prediction of deme...
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Background Measuring routine childhood vaccination is crucial to inform global vaccine policies and programme implementation, and to track progress towards targets set by the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and Immunization Agenda 2030. Robust estimates of routine vaccine coverage are needed to identify past successes and persistent vulnerabiliti...
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Background Prevention, control, and treatment of respiratory tract cancers are important steps towards achieving target 3.4 of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)—a one-third reduction in premature mortality due to non-communicable diseases by 2030. We aimed to provide global, regional, and national estimates of the burden of tracheal, bron...
Article
Objective To assess whether change in HRQOL over a seven-year period was associated with subsequent mortality and hospitalization, after adjusting for important covariates, in a cohort of U.S. Veterans. Methods We used data from a cohort of Veterans who completed a HRQOL survey in 1998 (Short-Form 36 for Veterans [SF-36V]) and a 2006 follow-up (SF...
Article
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Introduction: Dementia is currently one of the leading causes of mortality globally, and mortality due to dementia will likely increase in the future along with corresponding increases in population growth and population aging. However, large inconsistencies in coding practices in vital registration systems over time and between countries complica...
Article
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Executive summary: While the COVID-19 pandemic has added stressors to the lives of healthcare workers, it is unclear which factors represent the most useful targets for interventions to mitigate employee distress across the entire healthcare team. A survey was distributed to employees of a large healthcare system in the Southeastern United States,...
Article
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Importance The National COVID Cohort Collaborative (N3C) is a centralized, harmonized, high-granularity electronic health record repository that is the largest, most representative COVID-19 cohort to date. This multicenter data set can support robust evidence-based development of predictive and diagnostic tools and inform clinical care and policy....
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the organizational context that may support learning and change readiness climates that previous research has found to be conducive to implementing evidence-based interventions. Design/methodology/approach An exploratory, mixed method evaluation that included 15 rheumatology clinics throughout the U...
Article
Objective: To assess whether cannabis use disorder (abuse or dependence) hospitalizations are increasing over time and examine the variables associated with the outcomes of cannabis use disorder hospitalizations. Methods: This study examined the rates of hospitalizations with cannabis use disorder and associated healthcare utilization using the U.S...