Jason Lee Salemi

Jason Lee Salemi
University of South Florida | USF · College of Public Health

PhD, MPH

About

223
Publications
10,387
Reads
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3,581
Citations
Introduction
It was becoming difficult and time-consuming to keep up with adding new publications to ResearchGate that were not added automatically. Therefore, I decided to just supply a hyperlink to the NIH-recommended site for providing peer-reviewed publication lists. So, come see Jason's publications at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/myncbi/browse/collection/9342093/?sort=date&direction=ascending
Additional affiliations
February 2020 - present
University of South Florida
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2019 - February 2020
Baylor College of Medicine
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2014 - March 2019
Baylor College of Medicine
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
August 2005 - May 2014
University of South Florida
Field of study
  • Epidemiology, Public Health
January 2003 - May 2005
University of South Florida
Field of study
  • Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Public Health
August 1995 - June 2000
University of South Florida
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (223)
Article
Background: As high-speed computers and sophisticated software packages for data linkage become increasingly available, investigators from nearly every arena are creating massive databases for epidemiologic and comparative effectiveness research (CER). Decisions made during database construction have a major impact on the accuracy and completeness...
Article
Comparative effectiveness research (CER) and cost-effectiveness analysis are valuable tools for informing health policy and clinical care decisions. Despite the increased availability of rich observational databases with economic measures, few researchers have the skills needed to conduct valid and reliable cost analyses for CER. The objectives of...
Article
Lack of paternal involvement has been shown to be associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, including infant morbidity and mortality, but the impact on health care costs is unknown. Various methodological approaches have been used in cost minimization and cost effectiveness analyses and it remains unclear how cost estimates vary according to the...
Article
We linked data from two independent birth defects surveillance systems with different case-finding methods in an overlapping geographic area to assess Florida's suveillance of birth defects (e.g., neural tube defects, orofacial clefts, gastroschisis/omphalocele, and chromosomal defects), focusing on sensitivity and completeness of ascertainment mea...
Article
Objective: To compare the risk of neonatal morbidity and infant mortality between elective early-term deliveries and those expectantly managed and delivered at 39 weeks of gestation or greater. Methods: We conducted a population-based retrospective cohort study of 675,302 singleton infants born alive at 37-44 weeks of gestation from 2005 to 2009...
Article
Background: Patients with recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTI) experience frequent exposure to antimicrobial regimens, leaving them at higher risk for developing antibiotic resistance. Little information on the prevalence of antibiotic resistance among patients with rUTI has been published. Although the IDSA recommends using a prior culture to...
Article
Background: Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) comprise an increasing proportion of individuals living with CHD in the United States (US) although little is known regarding lesion or age-specific mortality in the modern era. Our study aimed to describe current era ACHD mortality rates by age and CHD lesion and provide temporal mortality r...
Article
Background Malnutrition is associated with adverse clinical outcomes and increased health care utilization for hospitalized children. Yet pediatric malnutrition often goes undiagnosed and national prevalence research in this population is scarce. Objective The aim was to assess change in the coded diagnosis of malnutrition (CDM) among US hospitali...
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Despite the overall improvement in life expectancy of patients living with congenital heart disease (congenital HD), disparities in morbidity and mortality remain throughout the lifespan. Longstanding systemic inequities, disparities in the social determinants of health, and the inability to obtain quality lifelong care contribute to poorer outcome...
Article
Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the clinical utility of estimated levator ani subtended volume (eLASV) as a prospective preoperative biomarker for prediction of surgical outcomes. Study design: This is a prospective case-control pilot study. Patients were recruited and gave consent between January 2018 and December 2020. Surgi...
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Objectives We characterized antibiotic prescribing patterns and management practices among recurrent urinary tract infection (rUTI) patients, and we identified factors associated with lack of guideline adherence to antibiotic choice, duration of treatment, and urine cultures obtained. We hypothesized that prior resistance to nitrofurantoin or trime...
Article
Public health prevention efforts have led to overall reductions in mortality from screening-preventable cancers. We explored cancer screening behaviors of smokers, former smokers, and nonsmokers among patients of large primary care practices to discover the relationship between smoking status and previous adherence to the United States Preventive S...
Article
Background Associations between maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and congenital heart defects have been reported, however, the proportion of critical congenital heart defects (CCHDs) attributable to unhealthy prepregnancy BMI has not been determined. Our objective was to investigate the association between maternal prepregnancy BMI and C...
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Background and Objective: Leishmaniasis, a neglected tropical disease, is endemic in several regions globally, but commonly regarded as a disease of travelers in the United States (US). The literature on leishmaniasis among hospitalized women in the US is very limited. The aim of this study was to explore trends and risk factors for leishmaniasis a...
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Background: Studies of antibiotic prescribing choice and duration have typically excluded women with recurrent UTI (rUTI), yet the Infectious Disease Society of America (IDSA) UTI treatment guidelines are applicable to recurrent and sporadic cystitis. We sought to better understand prescribing practices among uncomplicated rUTI patients in terms of...
Article
Background The prevalence of diabetes in pregnant women has increased in the USA over recent decades. The primary aim of this study was to assess the association between diabetes in pregnancy and maternal near-miss incident, maternal mortality and selected adverse foetal outcomes. Methods We conducted a retrospective, cross-sectional analysis amon...
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Considering the rising global burden of diabetes and its complications, effective interventions for addressing barriers to diabetes self-management are needed. Diabetes distress, a psychological barrier to diabetes self-management, has become increasingly recognised in the literature, but effective and feasible ways of addressing it in routine prim...
Article
Introduction and hypothesisThe objective was to determine whether the rate of adnexal surgery varies by route of hysterectomy in women over the age of 65 undergoing hysterectomy for prolapse. We hypothesized that women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy would be less likely to undergo bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) at the time of their hysterec...
Article
Background Little is known about the extent to which severe maternal morbidity (SMM) at delivery impacts early and late postpartum readmission. Objectives We examined readmission rates for women with and without SMM (and their 18 subtypes) at delivery and characterised the most common medical reasons for readmissions. Methods We conducted a retro...
Article
Objective: The aims of the study were to (a) determine rates of early, late, and overall 30-day all-cause readmission for women and men with the diagnosis of alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM), (b) examine hospital- and patient-level characteristics associated with the risk of readmission and how these factors differed by sex, and (c) examine the asso...
Article
Background: The proportion of deaths attributed to various causes has not been quantified among infants with birth defects. We sought to describe the causes of neonatal and postneonatal death among infants in the Texas Birth Defects Registry. Methods: We calculated frequencies and percentages for both underlying causes and all causes (underlying...
Article
Background: Data are lacking regarding the insurance status of adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD). We investigated whether the Affordable Care Act (ACA) impacted insurance status among hospitalized ACHD, identified associated sociodemographic factors, and compared coverage to adults with other chronic childhood conditions. Methods: Seri...
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Background Down syndrome is the most common chromosomal disorder at birth and is often accompanied by structural birth defects. Current data on major structural defects in this population are limited. Methods States and territorial population‐based surveillance programs submitted data on identified cases of Down syndrome and identified structural...
Article
There are no evidence-based findings to assist professionals with advanced public health and social science degrees in choosing the appropriate academic location. A cross-sectional case study in 2019 was conducted using publicly available online data of full-time, nonclinical, doctoral-level academic faculty in schools of public health (SOPHs) and...
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The objective of this study was to analyze acute care utilization of sickle cell disease (SCD) and sickle cell trait (SCT) in children and identify trends in emergency department (ED) visits and inpatient admissions over a 10-year period. This is a retrospective population-based study of SCD- and SCT-related ED visits and admissions from 2006 to 20...
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Background Although regarded as rare in the United States (US), increased global traffic and importation of malaria from endemic countries may lead to a rise in gestational malaria in the US. Methods This multi-year retrospective study analyzed trends in diagnosed cases of gestational malaria from 2002 to 2017 using joinpoint regression models. We...
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Objective: To validate the use of electronic algorithms based on International Classification of Diseases (ICD)-10 codes to identify outpatient visits for urinary tract infections (UTI), one of the most common reasons for antibiotic prescriptions. Methods: ICD-10 symptom codes (e.g., dysuria) alone or in addition to UTI diagnosis codes plus pres...
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Background Preeclampsia and HIV account for a significant proportion of the global burden of disease and pose severe maternal–fetal risks. There is a dearth of literature regarding racial/ethnic disparities in preeclampsia associated with HIV/AIDS in the US.Methods We retrospectively analyzed data from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database f...
Article
Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) accounts for approximately 40% of deaths in United States (US) children with birth defects. Previous US data from 1999-2006 demonstrated an overall decrease in CHD mortality. Our study aimed to assess current trends in US mortality related to CHD from infancy to adulthood over the last 19 years and determi...
Article
Purpose Annually, 1-2% of hospitalized patients are discharged against medical advice (AMA), positioning them at increased risk of readmission, morbidity, and mortality. The aim of this study was to examine 30-day all-cause readmission rates among AMA discharges in the U.S. and identify disparities across clinically-distinct diagnostic subgroups....
Article
Background Appendicitis is the most common extra-uterine surgical emergency requiring immediate intervention during pregnancy. However, risks for mortality and morbidity among pregnant women with appendicitis remain poorly understood. This study was conducted to determine the temporal trends of appendicitis in pregnant women, and to calculate the r...
Article
Objective: Opioid use during pregnancy has increased in recent years, parallel with the opioid epidemic in the general population. Opioids are commonly used as an analgesic for pain crisis, a hallmark symptom of sickle cell disease (SCD). With the amplified frequency and severity of SCD pain crisis during pregnancy, the use of opioids may increase...
Article
Objective To examine state-wide population trends in preterm delivery of children with critical congenital heart disease (CHD) over an 18-year period. We hypothesized that, coincident with early advancements in prenatal diagnosis, preterm delivery initially increased compared with the general population, and more recently has decreased. Study desi...
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Background American trypanosomiasis, commonly referred to as Chagas disease, is caused by a single cell protozoan known as Trypanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi). Although those affected are mainly in Latin America, Chagas has been detected in the United States (US), Canada and in many European countries due to migration. Few studies have explored the epidem...
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Objective Families’ experiences of children diagnosed with birth defects vary greatly in navigating care systems and there is no comprehensive national protocol or standards for support and referral processes at birth. This study builds on the results of previous literature examining these variations in access to care. A survey was conducted among...
Article
Objective: To assess patient- and hospital-level characteristics associated with opioid use in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive pregnant women and fetal health outcomes. Methods: Using the 2002-2014 Nationwide Inpatient Sample database, we analyzed discharge records to describe the rates of opioid use among HIV-positive pregnant women...
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Background Since 1979, mortality from hepatocellular cancer (HCC) has doubled in the United States (US). Lifesaving drugs, prohibitively expensive for some, were approved and marketed to treat hepatitis C virus (HCV), a major risk factor for HCC, beginning in 1997. After the prior introduction of other lifesaving innovations, including active retro...
Article
In recent months, various public health measures have been implemented throughout the world in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) pandemic. This outbreak, and the subsequent containment policies, may have a range of potential short‐ and long‐term impacts on the monitoring and surveillance of other conditions, such as birth defects....
Article
Introduction Postoperative prescribing of opioids following pediatric adenotonsillectomy can have negative consequences including unnecessary opioid exposure and potential for respiratory depression. While guidelines from The American Academy of Otolaryngology/Head & Neck Surgery recommend treatment of post adenotonsillectomy pain using acetaminoph...
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Importance: A surge in severe cases of COVID-19 in children would present unique challenges for hospitals and public health preparedness efforts in the United States. Objective: To provide evidence-based estimates of children infected with SARS-CoV-2 and projected cumulative numbers of severely ill pediatric COVID-19 cases requiring hospitalizat...
Preprint
Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) accounts for approximately 40% percent of deaths in United States (US) children with birth defects. Previous US data from 1999-2006 demonstrated an overall decrease in CHD mortality. The objective of our study was to assess current trends in US mortality related to CHD from infancy to adulthood over the la...
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Full-text available
The 2nd annual Health Equity Summer Research Summit organized by the Center of Excellence (COE) in Health Equity, Training and Research, Baylor College of Medicine (BCM), was a forum to catalyze the fertilization and exchange of cutting-edge ideas in the area of disparity research in medicine. The summit fosters understanding of current health equi...
Article
(Am J Obst Gynecol. 2019;220:391.e1–391.e16) Sepsis remains a leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality, despite widespread efforts by hospitals to raise awareness and improve outcomes in recent years. A diagnosis of sepsis can be difficult to determine due to the physiological changes of pregnancy that mimic infection, and specific treatme...
Article
Background Substance use during pregnancy has increased in the United States, with adverse consequences for mother and baby. Similarly, postpartum readmission (PPR) imposes physical, emotional, and financial stressors causing disruption to family functioning and childcare. We used national data to estimate the extent to which women who used opiates...
Article
Background Little is known about the frequency, patterns, and determinants of readmissions among patients initially hospitalized for an ambulatory care-sensitive condition (ACSC). The degree to which hospitalizations in close temporal proximity cluster has also not been studied. Readmission patterns involving clustering likely reflect different und...
Article
Background: Despite increased research using large administrative databases to identify determinants of maternal morbidity and mortality, the extent to which these databases capture obstetric co-morbidities is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the impact that the time window used to assess obstetric co-morbidities has on the completeness of ascert...
Article
Objectives: There is considerable evidence to support the effectiveness of inpatient tobacco cessation interventions. However, national trends data in tobacco-use disorder among hospitalized patients in the United States is scarce. We compared temporal trends (2002-2017) in diagnoses of tobacco-use disorder among hospitalized patients with estimat...
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Objectives (a) Update previous descriptions of trends in ASSB; (b) determine if factors previously associated with ASSB are replicated by updated data; and (c) generate new hypotheses about the occurrence of ASSB and racial inequalities in ASSB mortality. Methods National Center for Health Statistics files (International Classification of Diseases,...
Article
Background: The prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) varies by race/ethnicity, with African-Americans displaying a significantly higher rate compared to Caucasians, and with Asian/Pacific Islanders and Hispanics experiencing the lowest rates. Genetic polymorphisms associated with thrombosis and molecular mutations in clotting factors do not e...
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Background As part of an online medical education project (www.idjournal.club), we surveilled the infectious diseases (ID) literature, selecting subsets of what we deemed the most clinically impactful articles on a monthly basis using a prespecified search algorithm. We used this resource to perform a broad overview of articles published in the fie...
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Background/objectives: In this report, the National Birth Defects Prevention Network (NBDPN) examines and compares gastroschisis and omphalocele for a recent 5-year birth cohort using data from 30 population-based birth defect surveillance programs in the United States. Methods: As a special call for data for the 2019 NBDPN Annual Report, state...
Article
Objective To investigate the cost-effectiveness of preoperative pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in identifying women at high risk of surgical failure following apical repair for pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods A decision tree (TreeAgePro Healthcare software) was designed to compare outcomes and costs of screening with a pelvic MRI ver...
Article
Background: Many public health surveillance programs utilize hospital discharge data in their estimation of disease prevalence. These databases commonly use the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) coding scheme, which transitioned from the ICD-9 clinical modification (ICD-9-CM) to ICD-10-CM on October 1, 2015. This study examined this t...
Article
Aim: This cross-sectional study characterized the prevalence, trends, sociodemographic factors, and clinical factors that are associated with a coded diagnosis of malnutrition (CDM) among hospitalized children with cerebral palsy (CP) in the USA. Method: We used data from the 2002 to 2015 National Inpatient Sample database and restricted the ana...
Article
Background: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a rare musculoskeletal birth defect with a prevalence of 2.61 per 10,000 in the United States. There is limited evidence for ambient air pollutants in the etiology of CDH in humans. Objectives: We investigated the role of maternal exposure to ambient cadmium as a risk factor for CDH (overall a...
Article
Background: Patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) are more likely to experience serious health problems, high healthcare utilization, and premature death. However, little is known about the contribution of SUDs to medical 30-day readmission risk. We examined the association between SUDs and 30-day all cause readmission among non-pregnant adu...
Article
Objective: To explore the extent to which the severity of birth defects could be differentiated using severity of illness (SOI) and risk of mortality (ROM) measures available in national discharge databases. Methods: Data from the 2012-14 National Inpatient Sample (NIS) was used to identify hospitalizations with one or more major birth defects r...
Article
Aims: The aims of this study were to: examine differences in alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM) prevalence, temporal trends and the distribution of socio-demographic factors and comorbidities by sex; and investigate differences in selected inpatient outcomes between women and men with ACM. Methods: We used the 2002-2014 Nationwide Inpatient Sample d...
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Background The optimal approach for treating outpatient male urinary tract infections (UTI) is unclear. We studied the current management of male UTI in private outpatient clinics, and evaluated antibiotic choice, treatment duration, and the outcome of recurrence of UTI. Methods Visits for all male patients 18 years of age and older during 2011-20...
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Full-text available
Background: Diabetes distress (DD), a type of psychological distress specific to people with diabetes, is strongly associated with difficulties in performing self-care and inability to meet glycemic targets. Despite increased recognition of the need to manage DD, interventions that are both feasible and effective for reducing DD in routine care se...
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Background and Objectives Although trocar site hernias (TSHs) occur in only 1.5% to 1.8% of all laparoscopic procedures, TSHs can present serious postoperative complications. The purpose of this study was to survey surgeons who are active members of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons (SLS) to elicit their experiences with TSHs, including fasc...