Jason Dedrick

Jason Dedrick
Syracuse University | SU · School of Information Studies

Ph.D.

About

124
Publications
80,473
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Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Full-text available
This research examines empirically factors influencing IT hardware production by employing a country-level data set for 1985–2009. Our results show that IT hardware production is driven by various country-level factors, but the impacts of these factors differ for two types of IT hardware. Electronic data processing (EDP) production has shifted to l...
Chapter
As the offshoring of knowledge work has accelerated, theoretical models to explain the phenomenon have not kept up. Most theoretical models assume a static transactional relationship from various factors to a binary offshoring decision. Such models do not take into account the mix of sourcing choices at the level of a firm, nor do they consider dyn...
Article
Full-text available
While the semiconductor industry is still dominated by large vertically integrated firms, fabless firms, which outsource their manufacturing, are gaining market share. Fabless firms are considered to have an advantage in product innovation, as they can focus their innovation efforts on chip design and can benefit from investments in process innovat...
Article
We analyze the discovery of giant magneto-resistance (GMR) and its development and commercialization by the global disk drive industry to answer the question of "Who captures the benefits from innovation in a global innovation system?" We assess the returns to the scientists, firms, and countries associated with GMR. We find that the French and Ger...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The U.S. electric utility industry is facing a number of challenges today. In response, utilities are investing in smart grid technologies to mitigate them. Yet, smart grid adoption presents significant knowledge barriers to utilities. This study aims to advance the understanding of IT knowledge challenges in smart grid adoption by focusing on thre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The deployment and integration of smart grid technologies presents significant organizational challenges to electric utilities, which are used to operating in a relatively predictable and slowly changing technology environment. By contrast, smart grid technologies are characterized by rapid technological change and a great deal of uncertainty. As a...
Article
An analysis of the private and social costs of wind versus natural gas finds that wind energy is competitive when all costs are considered. The wind energy industry also provides tens of thousands of well-paying jobs in the U.S. State and federal support appear to be warranted. At the federal level, a production tax credit with a multi-year phase-d...
Article
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Incorporation of information and communications technologies has the potential to reduce the environmental impacts of electricity generation and distribution while improving the quality, reliability and efficiency of electricity supply. However, integrating smart grid technologies presents major organizational challenges to utilities, and adoption...
Conference Paper
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Smart grid represents a perfect example of using green technologies to realize economic, societal and environmental sustainability. Yet outcomes from smart grid use can be different, and there lacks an adequate understanding of what factors are critical for utilities to achieve maximum value from smart grid. We use multiple case studies comparing u...
Article
Full-text available
In today's global electronics industry, lead firms and suppliers of key components capture greater value than contract manufacturers. Using data from the Taiwanese Stock Exchange from 2002 to 2009, this research aims to examine if the pattern of value capture in the global electronics industry holds for Taiwan. We also test the impacts of research...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research has found that information technology (IT) investment is associated with significant productivity gains for developed countries but not for developing countries. Yet developing countries have continued to increase their investment in IT rapidly. Given this apparent disconnect, there is a need for new research to study whether the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While there is growing awareness that smart grid is an enabler of the new " green economy " , the IS academic community has been slow to recognize the challenges and opportunities it presents. So far there is little research in the IS field on smart grid technologies, yet this issue is closely linked to a number of common themes in the IS field. We...
Article
Multinational corporations seeking access to China's burgeoning consumer markets and human resources are establishing R&D centers in the country and developing ways to thread a path through its complex innovation policies.
Article
Full-text available
This research asks who captures the greatest value in the global electronics industry by testing the concept of the “smiling curve”, which predicts that the greatest value is captured by upstream and downstream firms, and the lowest value is captured in the middle of the value chain. We test the concept using the Electronic Business 300 data-set fo...
Article
The supply chains of the mobile phone industry span national and firm boundaries. To analyze how value is distributed among the participants, a framework based on theories of firm strategy is applied, and a novel methodology is used to measure value capture in three phone models introduced from 2004 to 2008. The research shows that carriers capture...
Article
Full-text available
As the offshoring of knowledge work has accelerated, theoretical models to explain the phenomenon have not kept up. Most theoretical models assume a static transactional relationship from various factors to a binary offshoring decision. Such models do not take into account the mix of sourcing choices at the level of a firm, nor do they consider dyn...
Chapter
In this chapter, Jason Dedrick and Kenneth L. Kraemer analyze a transformation in the personal computer (PC) industry. In the traditional structure of the PC industry, PCs were marketed through a variety of channels from direct sales forces, to corporate resellers and electronic superstores. The connection between the PC manufacturer and the final...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study applies concepts about computerization movements (CMs) to a case study of the diffusion of innovation in the developing world and thereby to draw lessons for undertaking similar technology projects. We identify the key characteristics of a computerization movement in the scholarly literature and then review the One Laptop Per Child (OLPC...
Article
Drawing on transaction cost economics, this paper looks at the relationship of IT use to the outsourcing of manufacturing using survey data from US manufacturers. We find that greater use of interorganizational systems (IOS) is associated with greater outsourcing, but we do not find any main effects between internal IT and outsourcing. A negative i...
Article
This article analyzes the distribution of financial value from innovation in the global supply chains of iPods and notebook computers. We find that Apple has captured a great deal of value from the innovation embodied in the iPod, while notebook makers capture a more modest share of the value from PC innovation. In order to understand these differe...
Article
Full-text available
While public awareness of environmental sustainability is growing, there is concern about the economic costs of shifting to a greener economy. In the case of climate change, a critical issue is the relationship of economic output to greenhouse gas emissions, which has been labeled carbon productivity. Increasing carbon productivity means that econo...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – We treat offshoring as a managerial innovation. Should it still be considered an innovation? The purpose of this paper is to use innovation theory, especially, Rogers' diffusion of innovation theory (DOI) to examine this question. Design/methodology/approach – The paper examines the case of electronic data systems (EDS), a very large Info...
Article
Full-text available
At the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, January 2005, Nicholas Negroponte unveiled the idea of One Laptop Per Child (OLPC), a $100 PC that would transform education for the world's disadvantaged schoolchildren by giving them the means to teach themselves and each other. He estimated that up to 150 million of these laptops could be shippe...
Article
Full-text available
In today's global electronics industry, innovation is carried out by various value chain participants, including brand-name manufacturers (sometimes called lead firms), contract manufacturers and component suppliers, but there is little understanding of who benefits most from innovation in such networks. This research examines empirically the relat...
Article
A framework for analysis based on financial measures of value capture is developed and is used to study one iPod model to provide the answer as to which country captures value in a global innovation network. The Apple iPod is manufactured offshore and has a global list of suppliers, but the greatest benefits from this innovation goes to Apple, an A...
Conference Paper
Chapter
Offshoring and outsourcing of manufacturing and knowledge work is a highly visible and controversial issue in the public debate over the impacts of globalization. In their efforts to expand markets and optimize production for competitive advantage, firms distribute their activities around the world through their own offshore subsidiaries, by outsou...
Chapter
Given that the force of offshoring is one of the most important economic changes in the early 2000s it is vital to understand what propels it further. The landscape of offshoring is such that firms in the wealthy nations (onshore) have already off-shored, sometimes extensively. As researchers, we need to ask not whether the firm will offshore, but...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigates the relationship between a manufacturer's use of information technology (particularly electronic procurement) and the number of suppliers in its supply chain. Will a manufacturer use more or fewer suppliers due to the increasing use of IT? Based on data from a sample of 150 U.S. manufacturers, we find no direct relationsh...
Article
August 2006 marked the 25th anniversary of the release of the original IBM PC, the product that defined the standards around which a vast new industry formed. Unlike the vertically integrated mainframe industry, the PC industry consisted of a global network of independent suppliers of systems, components, peripherals and software (Grove, 1996; Dedr...
Article
Full-text available
The issue of developed and developing country using a seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) model that focuses on factors that can be addressed by policy choices of both governments and international organizations are discussed. Investment in new technologies requires the availability of capital, either from external sources or from internal sources...
Conference Paper
The Internet has accelerated the capability of firms to coordinate processes and personnel across organizational and geographic boundaries, which has in turn facilitated a dramatic increase in globalization. This globalization includes the development of new multinationals from emerging economies that are challenging developed-economy firms. This p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work addresses how the number of suppliers employed by a manufacturer relates to its use of electronic procurement (e-procurement). Using data from the U.S. manufacturing industry, we find a surprising result that there is non-correlation between e-procurement and number of suppliers at the aggregate level. However, when we distinguish the typ...
Chapter
Here we present a qualitative study of how organizations do (or do not) adopt a new computer server platform standard; namely, Linux using PC-compatible hardware. While discussions of Linux typically focus on its open source origins, our respondents were interested primarily in low price. Despite this relative advantage in price, incumbent standard...
Article
Full-text available
Investment in information technology (IT) is an important driver of economic growth and productivity in the United States and other developed countries, but as yet it is not shown to be a significant driver in developing countries. Previous research suggests that IT investment and complementary assets are insufficient for developing countries to re...
Chapter
Introduction Globalization has become the subject of heated debate in recent years, a debate that is being intensified by the spread of low-cost information and communications technologies (ICTs), particularly the Internet. There is excitement about the Internet's potential for linking people and organizations across great distances and national bo...
Chapter
Here we present a qualitative study of how organizations do (or do not) adopt a new computer server platform standard; namely, Linux using PC-compatible hardware. While discussions of Linux typically focus on its open source origins, our respondents were interested primarily in low price. Despite this relative advantage in price, incumbent standard...
Article
China is now the world's largest computer hardware producer and, as a study of notebook PC companies reveals, is beginning to pull knowledge work along with production to its key manufacturing centers. This trend has major implications for employment and competition in large-scale industries both in the US and abroad.
Article
Here we present a qualitative study of how organizations do (or do not) adopt a new computer server platform standard; namely, Linux using PC-compatible hardware. While discussions of Linux typically focus on its open source origins, our respondents were interested primarily in low price. Despite this relative advantage in price, incumbent standard...
Article
Full-text available
Market selection of product compatibility standards has long been explained through aggregate positive-feedback theoretical models of economic utility. Explaining aggregate patterns of organizational standards adoption requires two additional steps — not only differences between organizations, but also differences within organizations. Here we pres...
Article
The Internet and e-commerce are recent examples of ongoing information technology innovations credited with driving the productivity revival of the past decade. Established firms such as Dell, Cisco, General Electric, IBM, and Wal-Mart, along with firms “born on the Internet,” such as Amazon and eBay, have shown the potential of IT and e-commerce t...
Article
E-commerce in the United States has been shaped by the economic, social, and policy environment in which it developed, and in particular by the unique business patterns of the US high-tech industry sector. Many key e-commerce technologies and business processes were developed in the United States and the so-called Silicon Valley model – venture cap...
Article
In recent years globalization has become the subject of fervent debate, intensified by the spread of low-cost information and communications technologies (ICTs), particularly the Internet. On the one hand, crossborder flows of capital, labor, and information may be leading to convergence in how economic activities are organized, reducing the role o...
Book
Are the Internet and e-commerce truly revolutionizing business practice? This book, first published in 2006, explodes the transformation myth by demonstrating that the Internet and e-commerce are in fact being adapted by firms to reinforce their existing relationships with customers, suppliers, and business partners. Detailed case studies of eight...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops and tests a model examining the relationship between firm globalization, scope of e-commerce use, and firm performance, using data from a large-scale cross-country survey of firms from three industries. We find that globalization leads to both greater scope of e-commerce use and improved performance, measured as efficiency, co...
Article
A conceptual model of various factors that could explain the differences among countries in the adoption of e-commerce is presented. Firms' technology adoption decisions and output growth depend upon the efficiency of the capital markets, which diversify the risks of adopting new technologies and thus encourage early adoption of e-commerce. Countri...
Article
Full-text available
The adoption of information technology has had major impacts on firm and industry organization. The personal computer industry has evolved from a value chain with well-defined roles for firms in different industry segments to a flexible global value network through which PC firms outsource many of their activities to increasingly capable suppliers....
Article
Full-text available
Grounded in the technology-organization-environment (TOE) framework, we develop a research model for assessing the value of e-business at the firm level. Based on this framework, we formulate six hypotheses and identify six factors (technology readiness, firm size, global scope, financial resources, competition intensity, and regulatory environment...
Article
Brazil presents an interesting case study of local factors influencing the adoption and impacts of e‐commerce. It is a large developing country in which some segments of the economy are technologically sophisticated while others are quite backward. Based on existing knowledge of Brazil's economic and policy environment and its experience with other...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Research on open source software has focused mainly on the motivations of open source programmers and the organization of open source projects (Kogut and Metiu, 2001 and Lerner and Tirole, 2002). Some researchers portray open source as an extension of the earlier open systems movement (West and Dedrick, 2001). While there has been some research on...
Article
There is a rich stream of research that studies technology adoption by individuals and organizations (Rogers, 1962; Tornatzky and Fleischer, 1990; Cooper & Zmud, 1990).
Article
For many years, there has been considerable debate about whether the IT revolution was paying off in higher productivity. Studies in the 1980s found no connection between IT investment and productivity in the U.S. economy, a situation referred to as the productivity paradox . Since then, a decade of studies at the firm and country level has consist...
Article
The Danish e-commerce strategy is a highly ambitious effort to become the world's leading IT nation. Instead of a production-led approach aimed at stimulating domestic hardware and software production, Denmark has pursued a demand-oriented approach focused on promoting the widespread adoption of e-commerce in the Danish society. The Danish governme...
Article
For many years, there has been considerable debate about whether the IT revolution was paying off in higher productivity. Studies in the 1980s found no connection between IT investment and productivity in the U.S. economy, a situation referred to as the productivity paradox. Since then, a decade of studies at the firm and country level has consiste...
Article
Full-text available
There is a rich stream of research that studies technology adoption by individuals and organizations (Rogers, 1962; Tornatzky and Fleischer, 1990; Cooper & Zmud, 1990). This research considers factors such as the nature of the technology, the organizational and environmental context in which adoption decisions are made, and the processes by which u...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid diffusion of information technologies and the Internet gave birth toradical interpretations about their worldwide economic impacts. Three hypotheseswidely discussed in the specialized literature are particularly interesting for theirrelevance for economic analysis and will be reviewed in this article based on empiricalresearch on electron...
Article
Information systems are strategic to the extent that they support a firm's business strategy. Cisco Systems has used the Internet and its own information systems to support its strategy in several ways: (1) to create a business ecology around its technology standards; (2) to coordinate a virtual organization that allows it to concentrate on product...
Article
China transformed its economy by shifting from technological nationalism to a more pragmatic strategy of developing national capabilities in conjunction with multinational corporations. Consistent with this transformation, China has revamped its industrial and technology policies to become a major producer of computer hardware and a major market fo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article examines the key global, environmental and pol- icy factors that act as determinants of e-commerce diffusion. It is based on systematic comparison of case studies from 10 countries— Brazil, China, Denmark, France, Germany, Mexico, Japan, Singapore, Taiwan, and the United States. It finds that B2B e-commerce seems to be driven by global...
Article
INTRODUCTION Dell Computer has been touted by itself and others as a quintessential Internet company. The Internet has given Dell a means for extending the reach and scope of its direct sales business model at a relatively low marginal cost. It has done so in part by automating functions such as product configuration, order entry, and technical sup...
Article
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Market liberalization has been carried out by many developing countries in the hopes of stimulating trade, investment and technology transfer. In order to analyze the impacts of liberalization on a specific industry sector, this paper compares the experiences of Brazil and Mexico in liberalizing the computer industry in the 1990s. The authors concl...
Article
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To attract complementary assets, firms that sponsor proprietary de facto compatibility standards must trade off control of the standard against the imperative for adoption. For example, Microsoft and Intel in turn gained pervasive adoption of their technologies by appropriating only a single layer of the standards architecture and encouraging compe...
Article
Full-text available
For networked I.T. industries, standards adoption is a key prerequisite for attracting complementary assets. Producer firms that hope to profit from their standards success must trade off control of the standard against the imperative for adoption. Moschella outlines three eras of modern computing: systems, personal computers and network, each with...
Article
ABSTRACT Since 1978, China has been transforming its socialist economy into a mixed market system. At the same time, it has revised its nationalist technology strategy of emphasizing autonomous,development,to a more pragmatic approach of requiring foreign companies,to transfer technology in return for market access, directing domestic R&D toward co...
Article
Full-text available
or more than a decade NEC dominated the Japanese PC market with its PC-98 architecture, which was incompatible both with its major Japanese rivals and the global PC standard. However, NEC was powerless to prevent the introduction of Japanese versions of Windows 3.1 and 95 that ran on its competitors' architectures as well as on the PC-98, unifying...
Article
The exceptional performance of Dell Computer in recent years illustrates an innovative response to a fundamental competitive factor in the personal computer industry - the value of time. This article shows how Dell's strategies of direct sales and build-to-order production have proven successful in minimizing inventory and bringing new products to...
Article
Over the last twenty years, the computer industry has become global with respect to computer production as well as computer use, a trend which has raised concerns among U.S. policymakers of hollowing out the industry and exporting employment. This paper uses the framework of increasing returns to analyze the issue. It classifies market segments wit...
Article
Computers are affecting public organizations through their impact on decision making, employment, structure, organizational politics and worklife. Research on computing in government has gone down as a result. The net effect of computers on employment is controversial, but their increased use in some jobs has had a decisively negative impact on emp...
Article
In just 15 years, Taiwan has emerged as a leading producer of hardware for nearly every major computer vendor in the world, despite little previous experience in high technology industries. By 1995, Taiwan ranked fourth in the world in computer hardware production and exports through its strategy of being a ''fast follower.'' Taiwan's success in th...
Article
Full-text available
The challenges and obstacles faced are many, but through foreign investment, joint ventures and technology transfer, China is slowly achieving hard-won advances in IT development and use. Its IT strategy has shifted from developing indigenous technological capabilities and producing a full range of computers to promoting IT use and producing PCs an...
Article
A number of small countries with barely 10 million population have successfully entered the information technologies (IT) arena. Their national circumstances and IT activities are as diverse as their geographic distribution. These include the city-states of Singapore and Hongkong, Ireland, Israel, New Zealand and most Nordic nations. In general, th...
Article
The relationship of technology policy to economic and industrial development has become a subject of debate between those who argue that market forces should determine how technology is produced and used and those who believe that government has a role in supporting investment in technology use and the development of high‐technology industries. Thi...
Article
This paper examines the factors influencing investment in information technology (IT), and the payoffs from investment in IT use on productivity and economic growth in 12 Asia Pacific countries for 1984–1990. It finds a significant positive correlation between growth in IT investment and growth in both GDP and productivity over the seven-year perio...
Article
Economic policy in Hong Kong is frequently cited as a shining example of the laissez‐faire model for development, with minimal government intervention. However, the government has played a bigger role in the economy than is often recognized, responding to market failures, social problems, and the needs of the business community. Information technol...