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Jason D. Carlisle

Jason D. Carlisle
Wyoming Game and Fish Department · Science Research and Analytical Support Unit

PhD - Ecology

About

21
Publications
6,986
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126
Citations
Citations since 2017
15 Research Items
118 Citations
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Introduction
Jason is a Quantitative Biologist at the Wyoming Game and Fish Department who enjoys working at the exciting interface of basic ecology, applied wildlife management, biological statistics, and GIS.

Publications

Publications (21)
Article
Full-text available
Energy development such as coalbed-methane (CBM) extraction is a major land use with largely unknown consequences for many animal species. Some raptor species may be especially vulnerable to habitat changes due to energy development given their ecological requirements and population trajectories. Using 12,977 observations of 3,074 nests of 12 rapto...
Article
Full-text available
Conservation practitioners often rely on areas designed to protect species of greatest conservation priority to also conserve co-occurring species (i.e., the umbrella species concept). The extent to which vertebrate species may serve as suitable umbrellas for invertebrate species, however, has rarely been explored. Sage-grouse (Centrocercus spp.) h...
Article
Full-text available
The umbrella species concept, wherein multiple species are indirectly protected under the umbrella of a reserve created for one, is intended to enhance conservation efficiency. Although appealing in theory and common in practice, empirical tests of the concept have been scarce. We used a real‐world, semi‐protected reserve established to protect a h...
Article
Full-text available
Grasslands are one of the most imperiled ecosystems globally, and the Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) is an iconic grassland-obligate species with high conservation priority in the USA. Lesser Prairie-Chicken conservation is compounded by its requirement for a spatial hierarchy of heterogeneous habitats, coupled with nearly all...
Article
Full-text available
Surrogate-species concepts are prevalent in animal conservation. Such strategies advocate for conservation by proxy, wherein one species is used to represent other taxa to obtain a conservation objective. The efficacy of such approaches has been rarely assessed empirically, but is predicated on concordance between the surrogate and sympatric taxa i...
Article
Full-text available
The young of some altricial bird species hatch asynchronously, which can lead to considerable size differences among siblings. Nestling traits such as body mass, moreover, can carry over and influence post-fledging survival. Despite the potential importance of nestling mass for reproductive outcomes, however, variation in nestling mass and relation...
Article
Full-text available
Infrastructure development can affect avian populations through direct collision mortality. Estimating the exposure of local bird populations to the risk of direct mortality from infrastructure development requires site-and species-specific data, which managers may find difficult to obtain at the scale over which management decisions are made. We q...
Article
Full-text available
Electrocution of Golden Eagles (Aquila chrysaetos) on overhead power poles is a conservation concern in the western United States. The US Fish and Wildlife Service recommends retrofitting power poles to minimize electrocution risk as one mechanism for compensatory mitigation to offset permitted take for Golden Eagles. Because densities of Golden Ea...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA) has overseen an aerial survey of lesser prairie-chickens (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus, LEPC) since 2012, with the objective to estimate the range-wide population size. Approximately 250 – 300 grid cells (15 × 15 kilometers [km]) were surveyed annually following a multiple-observer, distan...
Article
Full-text available
Demographic assessments of nesting birds typically focus on failures due to nest predation or brood parasitism. Extreme weather events such as hailstorms, however, can also destroy eggs and injure or kill juvenile and adult birds at the nest. We documented the effects of a severe hailstorm on 3 species of sagebrush-associated songbirds: Sage Thrash...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Aleutian Tern Technical Committee convened an Aleutian Tern Conservation Planning Meeting in Anchorage, Alaska, January 26-27, 2018. The meeting's overarching goal was to work towards methods for assessing statewide Aleutian Tern population size and trend. The primary question addressed at the meeting was whether and how within-year population...
Article
Full-text available
The ''umbrella species'' concept is a conservation strategy in which creating and managing reserve areas to meet the needs of one species is thought to benefit other species indirectly. Broad-scale habitat protections on behalf of an umbrella species are assumed to benefit co-occurring taxa, but targeted management actions to improve local habitat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The range-wide monitoring program for the lesser prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus) conducted by the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies plays an important role in landscape conservation initiatives for the recovery of the species. Methodologies to evaluate lesser prairie-chicken responses to habitat conditions and conservat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The intent of this work was to determine the amount and suitability of Golden Eagle habitat within federally designated Priority Areas for Conservation (PACs) managed for Greater Sage-Grouse, and to assess the extent to which the protection of PACs might reduce the risk of oil and gas development and wildfire faced by Golden Eagle habitats.
Thesis
Full-text available
The umbrella species concept is a conservation shortcut wherein multiple species are protected under the umbrella of areas protected for one species. While appealing in theory, empirical tests of the concept have been scarce. Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus, “sage-grouse”) have high conservation priority across western North America,...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Greater Sage-Grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus) have been the focus of an unparalleled conservation effort across the western United States (US) in recent years. Greater Sage-Grouse have been suggested as an umbrella species, meaning that management actions for Greater Sage-Grouse are likely to benefit a host of other species that use similar sageb...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Rdistance is an R package that contains functions and associated routines to analyze line transect data, and functionality for point count data is forthcoming. A large suite of classical, parametric detection functions are included, and the package can also accommodate user-defined detection functions. Website: https://github.com/tmcd82070/Rdistanc...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Distance sampling is a popular method for estimating animal abundance. We're actively developing the "Rdistance" R package to do various distance-sampling analyses, and we're interested in comparing our work to new (and old) methodologies. Website: https://github.com/tmcd82070/Rdistance
Project
Greater Sage-Grouse receive a large amount of conservation attention in western North America. Do these efforts benefit lesser-known species?