Jason S Bystriansky

Jason S Bystriansky
DePaul University · Biological Sciences

Doctor of Philosophy

About

29
Publications
3,208
Reads
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1,086
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - January 2018
DePaul University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2010 - present
DePaul University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2007 - July 2010
University of British Columbia - Vancouver
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (29)
Article
Full-text available
Members of wolf fish family Anarhichadidae have emerged as potential cold-water marine aquaculture species. This study examined growth performance and osmoregulation in juvenile wolf eel (Anarrhichthys ocellatus) held in a series of dilute salinities (30, 14, 9, and 6 ‰) over an 8-week trial. At the conclusion of the growth study, fish were sampled...
Article
Full-text available
Larval Gray Tiger Salamanders (Ambystoma tigrinum diaboli) that inhabit saline ponds in the Prairie Pothole Region of Canada provided us the opportunity to study the osmotic strategy used by amphibians to survive in elevated salinity environments. To better understand the osmotic and metabolic challenges these larvae face, we investigated the effec...
Article
Moon snail predation on clams is a common model system of predator–prey interactions. In this system, the predator bores through the shell of its prey, leaving a distinct and identifiable hole. Some paleoecological and behavioral research on moon snails suggests a trend in predation preference directed toward clams with small shells. Rarely, howeve...
Article
Full-text available
Growth hormone (GH) is involved in the parr–smolt transformation of salmonid fishes and is known to improve salinity tolerance. This study compared the capacity for seawater acclimation of GH transgenic coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch (Walbaum, 1792)) to that of wild-type fish, allowing examination of responses to sustained (chronic) exposure to...
Article
Full-text available
Overfishing of top predators along the western Atlantic coastline has led to a trophic cascade in salt marshes, with increases in herbivorous purple marsh crab (Sesarma reticulatum (Say, 1817)) abundances in North American estuaries leading to overgrazing of cordgrass (Spartina alternifloraLoisel.) and shoreline erosion. To evaluate potential physi...
Article
Full-text available
Fertilization and development in salmonids occurs almost exclusively within freshwater environments (< 1 ppt). A less common life history strategy in this group of fishes is the brackish-water resident life history, where entire life cycles occur in brackish water (> 1 ppt). In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that differences in rearing...
Article
Full-text available
Migratory fishes encounter a variety of environmental conditions, including changes in salinity, temperature, and dissolved gases, and it is important to understand how these fishes are able to acclimate to multiple environmental stressors. The gill is the primary site of both acid-base balance and ion regulation in fishes. Many ion transport mecha...
Article
The Siamese fighting fish Betta splendens is a facultative air-breathing freshwater fish often used for studying the physiological bases of agonistic behaviors. The agonistic interactions typical of paired male conspecifics are energetically costly, as indicated by associated increases in whole-animal metabolic rate. However, little is known about...
Article
Full-text available
Pink salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha) enter seawater earlier and smaller (0.2 g) than any other salmonid following a two-stage salinity tolerance process initiated around yolk-sac absorption and completed with seawater entry. For the first time, this two-stage ontogeny of salinity tolerance was characterized by either holding posthatch pink salmon i...
Article
Inanga (Galaxias maculatus) is an amphidromous fish with a well-known capacity to withstand a wide range of environmental salinities. To investigate the molecular mechanisms facilitating acclimation of inanga to seawater, several isoforms of the Na+, K+-ATPase ion transporter were identified. This included three α-1 (a, b and c), an α-2 and two α-3...
Article
Few studies have examined changes in salmon gill ion transporter expression during the transition from seawater to freshwater, a pivotal moment in the salmonid life cycle. Seawater-acclimated Atlantic salmon were transferred to freshwater and blood and gill tissue were sampled over 30 days of acclimation. Salmon held in seawater had stable plasma o...
Article
Full-text available
We examined some of the potential mechanisms lungfish (Protopterus dolloi) use to regulate cytochrome c oxidase (CCO), during metabolic depression. CCO activity was reduced by 67% in isolated liver mitochondria of estivating fish. This was likely accomplished, in part, by the 46% reduction in CCO subunit I protein expression in the liver. No change...
Article
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Adaptive divergence may be facilitated if morphological and behavioural traits associated with local adaptation share the same genetic basis. It is therefore important to determine whether genes underlying adaptive morphological traits are associated with variation in behaviour in natural populations. Positive selection on low-armour alleles at the...
Article
The potential importance of carbohydrates and amino acids as fuels during periods of fasting and aestivation in the African lungfish, Protopterus dolloi, were examined. No significant decreases in tissue glycogen levels were observed following 60 days of fasting or aestivation, suggesting lungfish may undergo ‘glycogen sparing’. Yet glycogenolysis...
Article
The potential importance of lipids and ketone bodies as fuels in the African lungfish, Protopterus dolloi, and the role of oxidative metabolism, were examined under control, fasted and aestivated conditions. In aestivating but not fasting lungfish, the activities of citrate synthase (CS) and cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) (enzymes of oxidative metaboli...
Article
In epithelial cells, the sodium pump, in coordination with several other ion transporting proteins and channels, acts to regulate directional water and ion flux across the epithelial barrier. This function is dependant on the polarized localization of the sodium pump to a single plasma membrane domain. In most epithelial cell types the sodium pump...
Article
Full-text available
Many populations of Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus) are land-locked, physically separated from the ocean by natural barriers and unable to migrate to sea like anadromous populations. Previous studies which experimentally transferred land-locked Arctic char to seawater report high mortality rates due to osmoregulatory failure and an inability to up...
Article
Full-text available
The migration of Arctic char Salvelinus alpinus from freshwater to seawater requires a substantial reorganization of the osmoregulatory tissues to regulate plasma ion levels. These modifications have an inherent metabolic cost, which must be met through the upregulation of intermediary metabolism. Arctic char intermediary metabolism was monitored d...
Article
Full-text available
The successful acclimation of eurhyhaline fishes from seawater to freshwater requires the gills to stop actively secreting ions and start actively absorbing ions. Gill Na(+),K(+)-ATPase is known to be an integral part of the active ion secretion model of marine fishes, but its importance in the active ion uptake model of freshwater fishes is less c...
Article
Full-text available
The successful migration of euryhaline teleost fish from freshwater to seawater requires the upregulation of gill Na+-K+-ATPase, an ion transport enzyme located in the basolateral membrane (BLM) of gill chloride cells. Following 39 days of seawater exposure, Arctic char had similar plasma sodium and chloride levels as individuals maintained in fres...
Article
Full-text available
The metabolic organization of the air-breathing Florida gar, Lepisosteus platyrhincus, was assessed by measuring the maximal activities of key enzymes in several metabolic pathways in selected tissues, concentrations of plasma metabolites including nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA), free amino acids (FAA) and glucose as well as tissue FAA levels. In...
Article
Anaesthetization of Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus with tricaine methanesulphonate or 2-phenoxyethanol did not alter plasma protein, glucose, free amino acid, non-esterified fatty acid, ion or osmolality levels, suggesting that their use allows for the normal determination of these plasma variables.
Article
Full-text available
The upregulation of gill Na+/K+-ATPase activity is considered critical for the successful acclimation of salmonid fishes to seawater. The present study examines the mRNA expression of two recently discovered alpha-subunit isoforms of Na+/K+-ATPase (alpha1a and alpha1b) in gill during the seawater acclimation of three species of anadromous salmonids...
Article
Rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax) were maintained in a long term acclimation study to elucidate temperature effects on the accumulation of trimethylamine oxide (TMAO) and to determine if the activity of trimethylamine oxidase (TMAoxi) plays a role in modulating the seasonally variable levels of TMAO. In the same experiment, the TMAO content was determ...
Article
Full-text available
We identified five Na+/K+-ATPase alpha-isoforms in rainbow trout and characterized their expression pattern in gills following seawater transfer. Three of these isoforms were closely related to other vertebrate alpha1 isoforms (designated alpha1a, alpha1b and alpha1c), one isoform was closely related to alpha2 isoforms (designated alpha2) and the f...
Article
Full-text available
The seawater tolerance of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) smolts reared under identical hatchery conditions was assessed in two Norwegian strains: AquaGen and Imsa. Plasma ion levels were disrupted in both strains following seawater exposure, but these disruptions were more profound in the AquaGen fish. To investigate the mechanisms underlying these...
Article
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Guelph, 2006. Includes bibliographical references.

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