Jasem Ramadan Alkandari

Jasem Ramadan Alkandari
Kuwait University | KU · Department of Physiology

PhD

About

45
Publications
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Publications

Publications (45)
Article
Full-text available
The incidence of major chronic Non Communicable Diseases (NCD) medi- cally diagnosed or treated, was studies in a cross section of Kuwait adult pop- ulation as well as their daily levels of physical activity (PA) as recalled by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, IPAQ. A group of 1957 sub- jects 17 - 65 years of age, representative...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and Objective: We investigated the association of endo-, meso- and ecto-morphic components of somatotype with aerobic power, mid-trunk flexibility and grip strength. Methods: Healthy male (n = 226) and female (n = 86) subjects, aged 9 - 55 years, sedentary (n = 154) or participating in sports (n = 158) were studied. Anthro-pometrics (h...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Evaluating climbing stairs for prescription and implementation of physical activity regimes. Methods: Healthy females (F, n = 14), and males (M, n = 15) participated. By climbing 100 steps of stairs with 0.173 m height, Heart rate (HR) and oxygen uptake were measured throughout the floors; Blood pressure (BP) was measured at ground and the 5th...
Conference Paper
Obesity is associated with adipose tissue inflammation that is involved in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. The main source of inflammatory mediators in obese adipose tissue is macrophages. Recent animal studies suggest that Th1 and CD8+ cytotoxic T cells are detrimentally involved in the attraction and differentiation of...
Article
Physical inactivity is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. We summarise present global efforts to counteract this problem and point the way forward to address the pandemic of physical inactivity. Although evidence for the benefits of physical activity for health has been available since the 1950s, promotion to improve the health of populat...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: Islamic Ramadan is a 29-30 day fast in which food, fluids, medications, drugs and smoking are prohibited during the daylight hours which can be extended between 13 and 18 h · day(-1) depending on the geographical location and season. The majority of health-specific findings related to Ramadan fasting are mixed. The likely causes for th...
Article
Full-text available
Obesity has become a major public health problem in the Arab countries, creating a health and economic burden on these countries' government services. There is an urgent need to develop a strategy for prevention and control of obesity. The third Arab Conference on Obe-sity and Physical Activity was held in Bahrain in January 2010, and proposed the...
Conference Paper
Obesity is a growing epidemic and is associated with metabolic diseases such as insulin resistance, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. Chronic inflammation is one of the major consequences, which results in dysfunction of adipose tissue in obese patients. Growing evidence suggests a role for MMP-9 as a key component in migration of monocytes...
Conference Paper
Low-grade chronic inflammation is considered as a major determinant governing obesity and its progression to insulin resistance and type II diabetes. Recent animal studies suggest that Th1 cells and cytotoxic T cells are involved in the attraction of proinflammatory adipose tissue macrophages, which are a major cause of adipose tissue inflammation,...
Conference Paper
Obesity-associated chronic low-grade tissue inflammation is an important factor in the development of obesity-related pathologies, such as insulin resistance and type II diabetes. The cause and stimulus of persistent inflammatory activation in obesity is largely unknown. Toll like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors expressed abundan...
Conference Paper
Obesity is associated with adipose tissue inflammation that is involved in the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Osteopontin (OPN) and IL-18 are known to have potent inflammatory functions and both participate in a wide range of biological processes linked to immunological disorders. Since an interaction between OPN and IL-18 h...
Article
Full-text available
A rapid increase in economic well-being and urbanization in Kuwait have been accompanied by profound changes in lifestyle, including low levels of physical activity in all population groups. These changes have contributed to a high prevalence of overweight and obesity and to the escalation of the non-communicable disease rates, particularly coronar...
Article
Full-text available
Oil spillage in the sea water is a disaster for marine life and humans in the vicinity. The study aimed at investigating health complaints among subjects involved in oil cleanup operations during a spillage from a Greek oil tanker "Tasman Spirit". The project was conducted under the supervision of the Department of Physiology, College of Medicine,...
Article
Full-text available
Oil spill in sea water represents a huge environmental disaster for marine life and humans in the vicinity. The aim was to investigate the effect of duration of exposure to polluted air environment on lung function in subjects exposed to crude oil spill into sea water. The present study was conducted under the supervision of Department of Physiolog...
Article
To study the relationship between obesity and pulmonary ventilatory functions in Kuwaiti adults. A total of 200 male and 180 female Kuwaiti adults aged 20-65 years were investigated in six medical centers from April 2004 to March 2006. Parameters measured included forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV(1) as a pe...
Article
Handball has increased in status as a sport since its introduction in 1972 into the Summer Olympic Games. Whereas anthropometric profiles of female athletes have been reported for certain sports, data for elite handball players are limited. The current study was based on anthropometric measurements of 60 female Asian handball players competing in t...
Article
We studied reported frequency of physical activity (PA), body composition, and fitness in Kuwaiti females (n = 84) and males (n = 72), urban office government employees, or students. A sedentary (SED) group reported no or occasional participation in self-directed PA of 30 minutes or more during the week for the last 6 months; group LOF (low frequen...
Article
To study the effect of Ramadan fast (RF) on body composition, plasma constituents, hematology, and cardiorespiratory responses to constant submaximal exercise. Sixteen sedentary healthy Kuwaiti adult males were included in the study. The subjects were tested under thermo-neutral conditions during a spring-like month of Ramadan and 2 months thereaft...
Article
We aimed to show the relationships between reported physical activity, fitness level, and body composition in healthy adult office-working Kuwaiti males (n = 45). Reported level of physical activity (group 0 = no routine exercise, n = 10; group 1 = routine exercise once per wk, n = 19; group 2 = routine exercise two or more times per wk, n = 16) wa...
Article
The aim of this study was to quantify the magnitude of the cardiovascular and respiratory changes that occur during the month of Ramadan in response to moderately heavy aerobic physical exertion. Eighteen sedentary Kuwaiti adult males were tested under thermo-neutral conditions during a spring-like month of Ramadan and one month thereafter. There w...
Article
This study compares the effects of the Ramadan fast (RF) on body and plasma compositions, hematology, and responses to steady state submaximal exercise in six physically active (A, 35.5+/-1.6 y) and seven sedentary (S, 37.6+/-2.3 y) Kuwaiti men. Subjects were evaluated: 1) 1 wk before RF (pre-RF); 2) 2 wk after the start of RF (mid-RF); 3) at the 4...
Article
In order to understand the physiological adaptations during Ramadan fasting (RF), we studied the body composition, electrolyte balance, hematological response and physical performance in 15 healthy male Kuwaitis (mean age 37 years). Body composition, biochemical analysis, hematological count and exercise performance were evaluated on four occasions...
Article
The effect of extra-weight loading was studied using Syrian (CHF 148) hamsters. Thirty animals were divided into three groups: sedentary control (SC), sedentary extra-weight loaded (SEW) and extra-weight loaded and aerobic running training (EWAT). The animals were made to carry extra weight (15% of body weight) continuously for 8 weeks. Addi...
Article
To obtain and assess baseline information relating to coronary risk factors and to identify individuals at high risk, 269 adult Kuwaiti men, aged 20–49 years, were examined during 1985 and 1986. They took part in response to invitations sent to a randomly selected sample. The response rate was not more than 34%, and those with signs of coron...
Article
Al-Muhailan A-R (Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait Unversity, PO Box 24923, 13110 Safat, Kuwait), Ramadan J, Gjorgov A and Moussa M. Exercise time relationship to coronary risk factors in Kuwaiti adult males, 1985–86. International Journal of Epidemiology 1989, 18: 818–823. Two hundred and sixty-nine apparently healthy Kuwaiti m...
Article
The purpose of this study was to describe certain structural and functional characteristics of elite soccer players and to make comparisons by position, with other groups of athletes, and with other data on soccer players. Percentage body fat, estimated from skinfolds, indicated that this group of athletes was lean (8.9% fat) and that goalkeepers w...