Jarosław Piotrowski

Jarosław Piotrowski
Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw · Institute of Psychology

PhD

About

72
Publications
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Introduction
Jarosław Piotrowski currently works at the Institute of Psychology, at Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University. Jarosław does research in Experimental Psychology, Psychometrics and Social Psychology. One of his current projects is 'Narcissism(s) and self-esteem(s) in cross-cultural context'.

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
Most research on the development of personality traits like the Dark Triad (i.e., narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy) focuses on local effects like parenting style or attachment, but people live in a larger society that may set the stage for any local effects. Here we paired nation-level data on the traits from 49 nations with several mi...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 has been a source of fear around the world. We asked whether the measurement of this fear is trustworthy and comparable across countries. In particular, we explored the measurement invariance and cross-cultural replicability of the widely-used Fear of COVID-19 (the FCV-19S) scale, testing community samples from 48 countries (N = 14,558). T...
Article
Measurement of adolescent life satisfaction across cultures has not received much attention in previous empirical research. The present study evaluated measurement invariance of the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) among adolescents in 24 countries and regions (N = 22,710; age range = 13-19 years; 53% female). A single-factor model with residual...
Article
Research on the positivity of collective narcissists’ in-group evaluation is scarce. So far, only one published study has shown that collective narcissists favorably evaluate their in-group at the explicit level but have negative (or, less positive) implicit in-group evaluations (Golec de Zavala et al., 2009, Study 4). The present preregistered rep...
Article
In the current study (N = 421), we examined the relationship between the full spectrum of facets of narcissism (i.e., agentic, antagonistic, communal, and neurotic) and the personal values on community sample adopting the refined Schwartz personal 19-values theory focusing on higher-order values. All narcissism facets were related positively to sel...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a short research report on the relationship between perceived antagonism in social relations measured using the Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG) scale, life satisfaction, and positive and negative affect. Given that individuals who believe that life is like a zero-sum game are likely to perceive their daily interactions with o...
Article
The Scale of Positive and Negative Experience (SPANE) is widely used to measure emotional experiences, but not much is known about its cross-cultural utility. The present study evaluated the measurement invariance of the SPANE across adult samples (N = 12,635; age range = 18-85 years; 58.2% female) from 13 countries (China, Colombia, Germany, Greec...
Article
In the current study (N = 587), we collected data from the general population of Poland—a highly homogenous country—to examine how religiosity and spirituality were related to prejudice toward the threatening outgroups of (1) refugees and (2) sexual minorities. The effects of religiosity and spirituality on prejudice were juxtaposed with the effect...
Article
Objectives: We aimed to introduce, validate, and showcase the utility of a new construct: communal collective narcissism. Method: We conducted four studies, in which we developed a new scale for communal collective narcissism (Study 1, N = 856), tested the construct’s unique predictions (Study 2, N = 276), examined its social relevance (Study 3, N...
Article
Collective narcissists are hostile towards outgroup members, especially in response to threats against one's group. In the current study (N = 662; community sample of Poles), we examined the associations between collective narcissism and intergroup relations referring to the agency-communion model of collective narcissism during the initial weeks o...
Article
In a nationally representative sample from Poland (N = 755), we examined the relationships between the Dark Triad traits (i.e., psychopathy, Machiavellianism, and narcissism) and collective narcissism (i.e., agentic and communal) on the one hand, and behaviors related to the COVID-19 pandemic at (1) the zero-order level, at (2) the latent variance...
Chapter
distinction refers to ingroup enhancement based on perceived exceptional agency (e.g., bragging about the group’s competence, ability, and ambition) or based on perceived exceptional communion (e.g., bragging about the ingroup’s helpfulness, compassion, and morality). We consider the relevance of the agency-communion model of individual narcissism...
Article
In a series of 5 studies we examined relationship between two forms of spiritual transcendence (religious and non-religious) and helping. Obtained results support our hypothesis about different associations between helping and two forms of spiritual transcendence (ST). It has been shown that religious ST leads to increase in willingness to help in-...
Article
Abstract Objectives: The Dark Triad traits (i.e., narcissism, psychopathy, Machiavellianism) capture individual differences in aversive personality to complement work on other taxonomies, such as the Big Five traits. However, the literature on the Dark Triad traits relies mostly on samples from English-speaking (i.e., Westernized) countries. We bro...
Article
Full-text available
Terror Management Theory assumes the existence of two basic buffers against mortality salience: self-esteem and worldview. The aim of the current paper is to propose another buffer against mortality salience, namely spiritual transcendence. In the first study we studied the impact of activation of spiritual transcendence as a moderator of mortality...
Preprint
Full-text available
CCollective narcissists manifest an outgroup hostility, especially as a reaction toward threats against one’s group. In the current study, we examined the role of the COVID-19 threat in the associations between collective narcissism and intergroup relations referring to agency-communion model of collective narcissism (N = 662; general Polish sample...
Preprint
Full-text available
In a nationally representative sample (N = 755), we examined the relationships between the Dark Triad traits and collective narcissism on the one hand, and behaviour related to the COVID-19 pandemic on the other, at the zero-order level, at the latent variance level, and indirectly through health beliefs about the virus (i.e., the health belief mod...
Article
The Dark Triad (i.e., narcissism, psychopathy, Machiavellianism) has garnered intense attention over the last 15 years. We examined the structure of these traits’ measure—the Dark Triad Dirty Dozen (DTDD)—in a sample of 11,488 participants from three W.E.I.R.D. (i.e., North America, Australia & Oceania, Western Europe) and five non-W.E.I.R.D. (i.e....
Article
Full-text available
n the current research, the relationship between religiosity, spirituality, and the Schwartz system of values was examined. We aimed to replicate previous findings in a new cultural context with a nonstudent population and extend them by adopting a refined Schwartz values theory. Using cross-sectional and longitudinal data, we demonstrated that rel...
Article
Full-text available
In presented research the impact of a politician’s economic status on his/her assessment and electoral chances was tested. In study 1 (N= 90) a politician with a high status was as-sessed as less moral and more competent than a low-status politician. In study 2 (N = 120) participants from Ireland and Poland were compared. Irish participants assesse...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examined the psychometric properties of cross-cultural validation and replicability (i.e. measurement invariance) of the Belief in a Zero-Sum Game (BZSG) scale, measuring antagonistic belief about interpersonal relations over scarce resources. The factorial structure of the BZSG scale was investigated in student samples from 36 co...
Article
Full-text available
The Assessment of Spirituality and Religious Sentiments (ASPIRES) scale assesses religiousness and spirituality (R/S) as universal psychological constructs. The current study presents replication of spirituality assessment as proposed by the ASPIRES model and examination of relationships among religiousness, spirituality, agency, communion and ma...
Book
Full-text available
Book about spiritual transcendence (in Polish)
Article
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The aim of this paper was to investigate the relationship between a perceived antagonisticviewofsocialrelations(asastruggleforlimitedresources),measuredbythe BeliefinaZero-SumGame(BZSG)Scale,nationalmilitaryexpenditure,andcivilliberties. We used multi-level modeling to analyze data on 5,520 participants from 30 countries, testing the hypothesis tha...
Chapter
Full-text available
Badania kulturowe nad religią i jej znaczeniem dla funkcjonowania społecznego i intrapsychicznego człowieka mają długą tradycję w psychologii. Do polskich prekursorów tych badań zalicza się niewątpliwe profesor Halina Grzymała-Moszczyńska, która już w latach 90-tych ubiegłego wieku scharakteryzowała specyfikę polskiej kultury i roli, jaką odgrywa w...
Article
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This study examines factors related to willingness to host refugees. We examined the role of national attitudes (patriotism, nationalism), out-group attitudes (classic and modern prejudice), and zero-sum thinking: Belief in a Zero-Sum Game and psychological entitlement in attitudes towards hosting refugees. We proposed including zero-sum thinking a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the results of a study that examined if psychological entitlement and hedonic well-being mediated relationships between counterproductive work behaviors (CWB) and grandiose narcissism. More specifically, the mediation effects of both types of narcissism on CWB via psychological entitlement and hedonistic subjective well-being (...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The purpose of the current study is to test the factorial structure of the Mental Health Continuum (Short Form) in Asian population as a part of the scale adaptation and validation in Vietnam. Method: The study was conducted across three different Vietnamese samples (adolescents N = 802, students N = 532, adults N = 1407). Within the pap...
Article
Full-text available
The current study explores the problem with the lack of measurement invariance for the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) by addressing two issues: conceptual heterogeneity of narcissism and methodological issues related to the binary character of data. We examine the measurement invariance of the 13-item version of the NPI in three populatio...
Article
Full-text available
This report examines the measurement invariance of the Personal Well-being Index with 8 items (PWI-8). University students (N = 5,731) from 26 countries completed the measure either through paper and pencil or electronic mode. We examined unidimensional structure of PWI and performed a Multi-group CFA (MGCFA) to assess the measurement invariance ac...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The Mental Health Continuum – Short Form is a brief scale measuring positive human functioning. The study aimed to examine the factor structure and to explore the cross cultural utility of the MHC-SF using bifactor models and exploratory structural equation modelling (ESEM). Method: Using multigroup confirmatory analysis (MGCFA) we exa...
Chapter
Agency (derived from Latin: agens – acting or making something) has several basic meanings in psychology: (1) the feeling that somebody is able to act on or influence something, like other individual, situation, or object (a sense of agency); (2) human orientation focused on achieving goals; and (3) a specific relationship between the individual an...
Article
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The study explored how scores on the three dimensions of the Engineering, Ecological, and Adaptive Capacity (EEA) trait resilience scale, derived from Holling’s ecological systems theory of resilience, demonstrate fit within higher-order bifactor models of measurement, cultural invariance, and associations with clinical caseness of affect. Three sa...
Article
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p>The current experimental study analyzes individuals’ reactions to politicians involved in scandals as a function of scandal type and politician sex ( N = 798). Corruption and sexual scandals were considered. The results indicate that female politicians were judged more harshly than male politicians involved in scandals regardless of the type of s...
Article
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In the current study (N = 161) we examined the effect of activation of spiritual transcendence and death anxiety on spending on hedonistic and status goods as expressing materialism. Additionally, the difference between the effects of spiritual transcendence in religious and non-religious form on consumer behaviors was examined. Basing on TMT assum...
Article
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The article presents the Polish adaptation of the Psychological Entitlement Scale (PES) by Keith Campbell and colleagues. Studies were conducted on student samples, a nationwide sample of adolescents and young adults, and workers (n = 1040). In order to test the validity of the scale, its internal structure was examined using confirmatory factor an...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the cross-cultural validation of the Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, a tool designed to measure three facets of psychological entitlement: active, passive, and revenge entitlement. Active entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect individual rights based on self-worthiness. Passive entitlement was defined as the b...
Article
Full-text available
A substantial amount of research showed that agency (concerning goal attainment) and communion (concerning relationships maintenance) are two basic dimensions of content in social cognition. Based on the well-supported idea that people typically think about themselves and close others in agentic rather than communal terms, we tested the hypothesis...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The current study examined the mediational role of self-esteem (as an enhancement) and psychological entitlement (as a cost) in the relationship between an agentic-communal model of grandiose narcissism and satisfaction with life. Two hundred and forty-eight university undergraduate students completed measures of agentic and communal narci...
Article
Full-text available
The current report presents the factor structure analysis for the Communal Narcissism Inventory (CNI). The bi-factor model assuming one general factor and two residual factors (present-focused and future-focused communal narcissism) was examined across two student samples originating from Poland (N = 831) and the UK (N = 304) and compared to one-fa...
Article
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Current study presents analysis of politician image based on comparison between two parallel versions of his facial appearance: with and without moustache. The experiment was conducted on 395 adult Poles not familiar with politician presented at photo. To assess the impact of the moustache on image the Kaid’s semantic differential was used. Explora...
Article
Full-text available
In the current paper, the relationship between materialistic aspirations (fame, money and image) and psychological entitlement (active, passive and revenge) is examined. Additionally, the possible mediating role of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being are considered. SEM analysis conducted on Polish students sample (n = 153) revealed that materialism...
Article
In the current paper, the relationship between materialistic aspirations (fame, money and image) and psychological entitlement (active, passive and revenge) is examined. Additionally, the possible mediating role of hedonic and eudaimonic well-being are considered. SEM analysis conducted on Polish students sample (n = 153) revealed that materialism...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the crosscultural validation of the Entitlement Attitudes Questionnaire, a tool designed to measure three facets of psychological entitlement: active, passive and revenge entitlement. Active entitlement was defined as the tendency to protect individual rights based on self-worthiness. Passive entitlement was defined as the bel...
Article
Full-text available
Background The current study investigated the role of three facets of entitlement (active, passive and revenge) in various forms of subjective well-being (SWB): hedonistic and two facets of eudaimonic well-being (social and psychological). Social well-being was based on Keyes’ model (1998) and psychological well-being on Ryff’s model (1989). Par...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the relationship between agency, communion, and the active, passive, and revenge forms of entitlement is examined. Results indicate that active entitlement was positively related to agency, negatively to communion (Study 1), and unrelated to unmitigated agency and communion (Study 2). Passive entitlement was positively related to com...
Article
Full-text available
W artykule przedstawiono wyniki badania zrealizowanego na próbie osób pozostających w związkach (N = 225) dotyczące wpływu roszczeniowości na satysfakcję ze związku romantycznego. Uwzględniono trzy wymiary roszcze-niowości: aktywną, bierną i odwetową (Piotrowski i Żemojtel-Piotrowska, 2009). Jedynie roszczeniowość odwetowa wiązała się negatywnie z...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis of findings obtained from students samples from 27 countries (N = 6192) applicability of three-dimensional entitlement model on individual and cultural level were tested. In the article we present theoretical model allowing for cross-cultural comparisons of entitlement attitudes and its relations to socio- economic development of societ...
Article
Full-text available
background The communal/agentic model of narcissism is well accept- ed in the current research literature (Gebauer, Sedikides, Verplanken & Maio, 2012). This model could be particularly useful in examining the relation between narcissism and hedonistic and eudaimonic subjective well-being (SWB; Deci & Ryan, 2008). participants and procedure In an...
Article
Full-text available
The present article examines interrelationships between materialism, subjective well-being, and entitlement. Three entitlement attitudes (active, passive, and revengeful) are examined as possible outcomes of materialism, whereas subjective well-being (SWB) is regarded as a potential mediator and moderator of this relationship. The study analyzed da...
Article
Full-text available
In presented research the impact of a politician’s economic status on his/her assessment and electoral chances was tested. In study 1 (N= 90) a politician with a high status was assessed as less moral and more competent than a low-status politician. In study 2 (N = 120) participants from Ireland and Poland were compared. Irish participants assessed...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research examining the relationship between religion and attitudes about death have yielded mixed results due to over-simplified conceptualizations of constructs, lack of theory, and an over-reliance on Western samples. To overcome these issues, the present study examined the relationship between three types of religious orientation and tw...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the construction of the Scale of Spiritual Transcendence (STD), which is based on Ralph Piedmont’s conception of spiritual transcendence. Piedmont defined it as the ability to transcend a direct sense of time and place and to perceive life from a broader, more objective pers- pective. The obtained measure is characterized by goo...
Chapter
Artykuł prezentuje wyniki analiz wykonanych na próbie 1900 internautów dotyczące związków między postawami roszczeniowymi (aktywną, bierną i odwetową) a systemem wartości oraz na próbach studenckich pochodzących z 27 krajów o zróżnicowanym poziomie rozwoju ekonomicznego. Sprawdzano związki między natężeniem postaw roszczeniowych a różnymi wskaźnika...
Chapter
Full-text available
Artykuł prezentuje wyniki analiz wykonanych na próbie 1900 internautów dotyczące związków między postawami roszczeniowymi (aktywną, bierną i odwetową) a systemem wartości oraz na próbach studenckich pochodzących z 27 krajów o zróżnicowanym poziomie rozwoju ekonomicznego. Sprawdzano związki między natężeniem postaw roszczeniowych a różnymi wskaź...
Article
Full-text available
The studies explored the impact of being a controversial politician on his/her perception and electoral chances. In three studies carried out on student samples we examined factors modifying this impact. In Study 1 (N = 120) both the politician’s and the voter’s political orientation was taken into account. In Study 2 (N = 137) the politician’s par...
Chapter
Full-text available
In presented study (N = 121) the role of belief in life as zero-sum game in evoking entitlement attitudes was concerned. Presenting short story about Nepalese businessman with description of his business career resulted in increasing the level of entitlement attitudes when the elements of belief in zero-sum game were present (like competition and a...
Chapter
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Złość jest emocją o wyjątkowym znaczeniu społecznym. Prezentowany artykuł ma charakter teoretyczny. Złość została w nim przedstawiona w perspektywie ewolucyjnej i międzykulturowej, dyskutowane jest także jej znaczenie w regulacji relacji społecznych. Rozważane są rozmaite funkcje złości – od obrony swoich praw, mobilizacji do działania, poprzez fun...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Entitlement attitudes and related phenomena are widely discussed in nowadays societies, also because of recent events – visible eruption of social dissatisfaction. Obligations of governments toward all citizens, especially disadvantaged ones, and tendency to protect own rights start to be visible problem in public debate. Many sociological and psyc...
Article
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Artykuł przedstawia wyniki badania zrealizowanego na ogólnopolskiej próbie internautów (N = 1900) dotyczącego związku postaw roszczeniowych z wartościami w ujęciu Shaloma Schwartza. Uwzględniono trzy wymiary postaw roszczeniowych: roszczeniowość aktywną, bierną i odwetową. Roszczeniowość aktywna wiązała się z wartościami otwartości na zmianę przy j...
Article
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The aim of presented studies (N = 495) was to detect temperamental and personal predictors of entitlement attitudes: active, passive and revengefulness among adult persons. Authors assumed that only in the case of revengefulness the significant and important temperamental and personal predictors exist. There were used EAS and NEO-FFI methods. Entit...
Chapter
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W tekście poruszono problem związków postaw roszczeniowych z wykluczeniem społecznym. Zaprezentowano w nim dane pochodzące z badań nad roszczeniowością, zwłaszcza bierną oraz scharakteryzowano psychospołeczne skutki wykluczenia społecznego. Przedstawione dowody empiryczne skłaniają do przyjęcia tezy, że wśród osób wykluczonych społecznie dominuje r...
Conference Paper
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Spirituality plays very important role in self-regulation, because contains of 5 elements related to main spheres of personality: 1/ cognitive, 2/ emotional, 3/ behavioural, 4/ experiential and 5/ social. That was basic assumption to building the new method of measuring spirituality. As MacDonald claims, all these elements may be one, key dimension...
Chapter
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Badania nad jakością życia wpisują się w nurt tzw. psychologii pozytywnej. Jednym z wielu potencjalnych wyznaczników jakości życia mogą być zachowania konsumenckie związane z nabywaniem rozmaitych dóbr. Kluczowym mediatorem między zachowaniami konsumenckimi a jakością życia wydaje się materializm, stanowiący przejaw stosunku do nabywania i posiadan...
Chapter
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Rozdział prezentuje wyniki badania zrealizowanego na młodzieży ponadgimnazjalnej dotyczącego związku różnych form aktywności politycznej z wizją świata społecznego (orientacjami normatywnymi).
Article
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This article presents Entitlement Questionnaire (EQ), intended to measure entitlement attitudes, understood as proneness to raising claims and to concentrating on defending own rights. Questionnaire consists of three scales: fighting for one’s own rights scale, measuring proneness to fighting for own rights, scale of believing in obligations, measu...
Article
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Death Anxiety and Fascination Scale In this study, a novel questionnaire assessing human attitudes to death is introduced. Invented questionnaire comprises two scales: death anxiety and death fascination. Death anxiety refers to general fear of death, especially related to oneself. Death fascination contains not only purely cognitive interest in de...
Chapter
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Narzekanie i wysuwanie roszczeń związane jest bezpośrednio z ujawnianiem niezadowolenia. Zjawiska te wypływają z przekonań o niesprawiedliwości świata społecznego. Narzekanie, definiowane jako słowne wyrażanie niezadowolenia niezależnie od jego przeżywania (Wojciszke i Baryła 2005) jako zjawisko społeczne sprowadza się głównie do ujawniania niezado...
Article
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W niniejszym artykule podjęto próbę wykazania stosowania przez ludzi heurystyk "obcego" i "swojego człowieka". Dotyczą one szacowania stopnia bliskości w stosunku do innej osoby wskutek myślenia o niej w kategoriach o określonej treści. Założono, że w warunku wymuszenia stosowania kategorii sprawno-ściowych szacowany stopień bliskości będzie wyższy...
Article
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In the present study, two attitudes toward death are concerned: the Anxiety and the Fascination. The Death Anxiety referred to the fear of death in the generał meaning. The Death Fascination contained the cognitive interest in death and dying and the acceptance of committing suicide by examined persons. Among 149 subjects were tested the relation b...

Questions

Questions (3)
Question
I want to use it in my cross-cultural research on relation between supersitions and religiosity/spirituality
Question
I have to compare prosocialness level (measured at ordinal scale) between 3 experimental conditions. I decided to run chi-square test (was it a good decision?).
Chi-square is significant. I know that there is an effect of experimental manipulation. But how can I check which groups between A, B and C differ? I would like to know if A is not equal to B and C, but B and C are equal.
Please give advice.

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