Jaroslav David

Jaroslav David
University of Ostrava · Department of Czech Language

Today, my research is focused on the analysis of proper names in texts. I do the project "Quantitative Onomastics".

About

49
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Introduction
I do research on proper names on the wide scale of interdisciplinary approaches. Today, my research is focused on the analysis of proper names in texts. I do the project "Quantitative Onomastics" supported by the Czech grant agency GAČR. I (with my colleagues) also complete a book on onomastic research methodology and its application. But I am also still working on favorite and long-term topics of the relationship between politics, identity, and proper names or literary onomastics.

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
The contribution focuses on the use and collocation analysis of basic notions linked to the field of onomastics, including those that are specialized (e.g., “proprium”, “anthroponym”, “toponym”, “chrematonym”, etc.) and the ones that are commonly used (e.g., “proper name/naming”). In the latter case, attention will be paid to whether these terms ar...
Article
The paper explores how the topic of German place names (toponyms) was viewed in Czech opinion journalism in 1945 and 1946. At that time, during the removal (expulsion) of German-speakers from Czechoslovakia, the “degermanization” process (also sometimes referred to as “rebohemization”) culminated. In connection with these events, German place names...
Chapter
The text focuses on German forms of place names in the Czech Republic, especially their revitalisation, restoration and preservation after 1989. Unlike during the interwar period, there is no German minority in the Czech Lands today. Thus, we argue that the current usage of German names illustrates that: (1) the German names lost their national cha...
Article
Full-text available
The paper is aimed at personal names (anthroponyms) in newspaper reports on Rudolf Slán-ský's staged trial, which was held against the leaders of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia-mostly of the Jewish origin-who were "uncovered" as political enemies; the trial took place in an anti-Semitic atmosphere. The examined texts were published in the pe...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the study (published in Czech) is to examine the semantics of adjectives staročeský [old-Czech], staroslovanský [old-Slavic], and staroslověnský [old-Church-Slavic]. The analysis is based on their collocations in the Czech National Corpus data, specifically in the synchronic written corpus SYN, version 8; there, their appearances are co...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of the text is to summarise and analyse commemorative strategies and trends that were used in case of the Czechoslovak and Czech president Václav Havel (1936–2011; 1989–2003, in office) and that were especially expressed through proper names, mostly street names. The research is primarily based on selected archival sources and opinion jour...
Article
Full-text available
CZECH BRAD PITT, MORAVIAN MATA HARI ‒ ANTHROPONYMIC VARIATION IN THE CURRENT CZECH NEWSPAPER OPINION ARTICLES (the text is written in Czech) The goal of the study is to present the metaphorical usage of personal names in the newspaper opinion articles contained in the Czech National Corpus. The analysis is aimed at attributive collocations with ad...
Article
Full-text available
PLACE NAMES VARIANTS AND VARIATION IN THE CZECH POLITICAL DISCOURSE IN THE 1945-1989 PERIOD (the text is written in Czech) The study is aimed at variants and variation of place names in the Czech political discourse in the period between 1945 and 1989. It is illustrated with the place names Podkarpatská Rus / Zakarpatská Ukrajina (Carpathian Ruthe...
Article
Full-text available
The text is published in the Czech language. The word svoboda (‘liberty’) in the perspective of linguistic analysis – as illustrated with texts from the period 1948–1989 The text deals with the semantics of the word svoboda (‘liberty’) as it is illustrated in the selected source material from the period 1948–1989, known as “the time of the absence...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study is to reflect upon the construction and use of the Old Czech language in Czech literary criticism, linguistics, and historical fiction. The usage of Old Czech – as a (re-)constructed language – in historical fiction, mostly in characters’ speech, is regarded as one of the elements that make fictional characters realistic and...
Article
The goal of the study is to present the metaphorical usage of personal names in the newspaper opinion articles contained in the Czech National Corpus. The analysis is aimed at attributive collocations with adjectival forms český/moravský/slezský (Czech, Mora-vian, Silesian), and pražský/brněnský/ostravský (Prague ‒ Praha, Brno, Ostrava in the adjec...
Article
Full-text available
The paper is focused on the spatial appearance of two place names in the public space in the background of the transonymization process; there are the Czech place names of Anděl (' Angel'; a busy crossroads, Prague) and Kuří rynek ('Chicken Market'; a small square, Ostrava). The paper attempts to provide answers to the following research questions:...
Article
Full-text available
The paper focuses on German forms of place names in Czechia and Slovakia, and Hungarian forms of place names in Slovakia, especially on their revitalization and perception after 1989. This concerns their thematization, which is illustrated on the Czech National Corpus and the Slovak National Corpus materials, and on the 1990s discussions about thei...
Article
This text focuses on place names and their thematization in Czech opinion journalism in the mid-20 th century. After describing general features of the thematization of proper names and the ways in which this process is accomplished – i.e. (re-)semantization through the use of collocations, onymic allusions, and symbolization –, the authors turn th...
Article
Full-text available
Příspěvek se zabývá německými variantami českých toponym a zejména jejich revitalizací v období po roce 1989. Soustředí se na obecné otázky používání německých variant (na materiálu Českého národního korpusu), věnuje pozornost rovněž diskuzím o přejmenování či možném přejmenování vybraných lokalit. Sleduje také procesy, při nichž dochází k přesunu...
Article
Full-text available
The text (in Czech language) is focused on the cult of Petr Bezruč (1867–1958), a Czech poet, and its reflection in Czech post-1945 proper names. This is both effected, and proposed cases of (re-)namings of selected localities in the Moravian-Silesian region connected with Bezruč’s life and poetry; the research is focused on the period of 1940s and...
Article
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The text (in Czech language) is focused on the toponymy of the industrial area of the Ostrava and Karviná regions (the Czech Republic); the research being centred on (the local) exonyms. Exonyms were used for naming coal-miners’ colonies and districts, or newly built housing estates. The oldest layer of exonyms-based toponymy originated at the begi...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the toponymy of the North Bohemian city of Most, Czech Republic, and its development during the second half of the 20th century. The city of Most makes a unique case, as the old city, first documented in the 11th century, was demolished between 1964 and 1982 to pave the way for coal mining, and replaced by a new one of the sa...
Article
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This text focuses on Czech travelogues about Soviet Russia (and later the Soviet Union) dating from the period 1917–1968. The material-consisting of 72 published books-provides new insights into the historical perception of the Soviet Union. Most of the books represent the genre of ideological travel literature. They were written not only by journa...
Book
The monograph Obrazy z cest do země sovětů [Images from Journeys to the Land of the Soviets] presents an analysis of Czech travelogues describing journeys to Soviet Russia (and later the Soviet Union) between 1917 and 1968. The analysis reveals how Czechoslovak society’s perception and image of Soviet Russia changed during the course of the 20th ce...
Article
Full-text available
The article (published in English) explores the thematization of proper names (anthroponyms, chrematonyms and toponyms, including street names) in Czech travelogues describing Soviet Russia (and later the Soviet Union). The material for the study comprised 40 travelogues published in book form and relating to the period 1917–1956. The aim of the ar...
Book
Full-text available
The book of studies (in Czech, edited by Jaroslav David), written by 14 authors, presents both the texts dealing with common problems, and the studies aimed at the place name materials. Place names are presented in specifi c situations where the crucial role is played by their cultural and place -memory-creating values. The important focus is also...
Book
Full-text available
The book of studies, written by 14 authors, presents both the texts dealing with common problems, and the studies aimed at the place name materials. Place names are presented in specific situations where the crucial role is played by their cultural and place-memory-creating values. The important focus is also given to interdisciplinarity and applica...
Article
This study is focused on the survey of a non-standardized (popular) toponymy of the fifth district of the municipal borough of Ostrava-Poruba, which was established, as a prototypical socialistic housing estate, from the 1940s to the 1980s. The green-field establishment of a self-sufficient city, the yard-based shaping of the construction, and the...
Article
Full-text available
DAVID, J., SEMIAN, M. (2015): Bohemian Manchester, Moravian Klondike and Silesian Versailles: Attributive structures of foreign place names in contemporary Czech journalism. Slovo a Slovesnost 76/2, pp. 129-147. Exonyms – i.e. toponyms of the type Rakousko, Benátky (‘Austria’, ‘Venice’) – were introduced to the Czech landscape (along with foreign...
Article
Full-text available
Figuratively speaking, street names (urbanonymy) are witnesses and mirrors of the local history of every particular city or town, just as they mirror and bear witness to national history. If we focus on the system and the stimulus behind street naming in most European cities, there are several key periods in their development from the early Middle...
Article
The text focuses on the process by which the personal names of characters in literary texts become typified. The typification of anthroponyms belonging to salient literary character types in a given genre can be seen in the process of appellativization and the parodic imitation of such names. The typification of personal names is illustrated with e...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes the thematic characteristics of journalistic texts written by the Czech Catholic intellectual and journalist Ladislav Jehlička (1916-1996) and the writer, journalist and representative of pre-war democracy Karel Čapek (1890-1938). The main aim of the article is to illustrate how Jehlička's pre-war journalism does not correspond...
Article
Full-text available
Place names have been systematically studied by various disciplines, including linguistics, history, geography, and anthropology. Most of these studies have, however, focused on the historical value of place names in documenting language change, the spread of human settlement, distribution of geomorphological objects and the evolution of legal prac...
Article
Full-text available
Place names have been systematically studied by various disciplines, including linguistics, history, geography, and anthropology. Most of these studies have, however, focused on the historical value of place names in documenting language change, the spread of human settlement, distribution of geomorphological objects and the evolution of legal prac...
Article
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the distinctive features of a particular type of geographical name, referred to as commemorative place names: e.g. Bat´ov, Gottwaldov, Frunze, Leningrad, or Stalingrad. These features are illustrated with primarily Czech toponymic material, presented in comparison to Slovak, Russian, Yugoslav, and Bulgarian place names. Commem...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on the subject of classification of commemorative place names. The main purpose of the research is to show the relation between the motivation for the place name and its linguistic form, i.e. the toponymic models and particular formants used to create a place name. The specificity of commemorative place names is illustrated on t...
Article
This text focuses on new type of place names created as for the advertisement of newly built residences and blocks of flats. They are presented as new, sunny, city or country areas suitable for living, e.g. Nové Petřiny, Sluneční vrch, City Park Jihlava and Výhledy Hostivař. They use mostly English appellatives such as city, hill, park and river an...
Article
Full-text available
The article focuses on the mutual relationship between toponomastics and environmentalism. At the moment, their existing contacts are not too intensive. The works and texts that could be considered as environmentalistic using the evidence of place-names and their analysis are presented in the paper. The author shows their relations and refers to th...
Article
List of internet map sources for toponomastics.
Article
Full-text available
The text focuses on non-scholarly etymology. This language phenomenon is illustrated using Czech place names. Attention is devoted to the following problems: 1. The method of non-scholarly interpretation of the words. 2. The role of non-scholarly etymology as a rhetorical device in medieval literature. 3. The usage of the non-scholarly etymology of...
Article
The author, departing from the material of 615 nicks used in the chat communication, tries to describe how toponyms are used in nicks and to specify if their use is functionally determined.

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