Jarkko Saarinen

Jarkko Saarinen
University of Oulu · Department of Geography

Professor, PhD

About

205
Publications
132,761
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4,948
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Introduction
I'm a Professor of Human Geography at the University of Oulu, and Distinguished Visiting Professor (Sustainability Management) at the University of Johannesburg. My research interests include tourism and development, sustainability, tourism-community relations, political ecology, tourism and climate change and community-based natural resource management. Currently I'm Editor for Tourism Geographies and Associate Editor for Annals of Tourism Research and Journal of Ecotourism.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
University of Johannesburg
Position
  • Distinguished Visiting Professor
August 2008 - May 2010
University of Botswana
Position
  • Professor
February 2007 - present
University of Botswana
Position
  • External Programme Leader
Education
May 2001 - May 2001
University of Oulu
Field of study
  • Human Geography

Publications

Publications (205)
Article
Purpose - The aim of this study was to analyse website disclosures of sustainability practices by major hotel chains in Zimbabwe. Design - Five major hotel chains in Zimbabwe were purposively selected for this study. The corporate websites of the selected hospitality chains were visited to determine their disclosure of sustainability practices. Met...
Article
Full-text available
The role of domestic tourism as a substitute for international tourism has not received adequate attention in the literature. However, the potential for substitution has become particularly important in the COVID-19 pandemic context which has significantly impacted travel flows as well as the urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Drawing...
Article
Despite the expanded use of sanctions as a soft foreign policy tool in the post-Cold War era, there is yet little knowledge on the implications of this coercive tool in relation to justice, ethics and sustainability in destinations to which sanctions are applied. Using Iran as a case study and grounded in international relations and political scien...
Book
This book explores the nature of climate change in southern Africa, its impacts on tourism and the resilience, adaptation and governance needs in various tourism operations and environments. Previous studies on climate change and tourism have mainly focused on the Global North and specific forms of tourism such as snow-based winter activities. Draw...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal environments, in particular heavily populated semi-enclosed marginal seas and coasts like the Baltic Sea region, are strongly affected by human activities. A multitude of human impacts, including climate change, affect the different compartments of the environment, and these effects interact with each other. As part of the Baltic Earth Asse...
Article
Despite the growing body of research on consumer activism, little is understood about tourists’ digitally mediated boycott consumption behaviours in relation to pro-sustainability concerns. Drawing upon research grounded in political consumerism and consumer sustainability behaviour and through a constructivist grounded theory lens via a series of...
Article
Drylands range across more than half of the global terrestrial area and harbour about a quarter of continental vertebrate species, many of them endemic. However, this fauna is being increasingly threatened, in particular the one that inhabits deserts, one of the last biomes on earth. This work tracks the most relevant global change drivers acting o...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the community’s trust in government and the levels of community involvement and participation in Ecotourism. The study employed a social capital and mixed-method research approach, based on two case study areas in Cameroon: the Mount Cameroon National Park (MCNP) and the Douala Edea Wildlife Reserve (DEWR). Key...
Preprint
Full-text available
Coastal environments, in particular heavily populated semi-enclosed marginal seas and coasts like the Baltic Sea region, are stongly affected by human activities. A multitude of human impacts, including climate change, affects the different compartments of the environment, and these effects interact with each other. As part of the Baltic Earth Asse...
Article
Full-text available
Since the early 1990s, sustainability has formed a development paradigm for tourism. Recently, however, researchers and policymakers have shown considerable interest in the notion of responsibility in tourism. While responsible and sustainable tourism share many common elements, their ideological context and societal background may involve critical...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research note is to introduce and discuss the idea of post-Arctic tourism. We will do this by using a post-apocalyptic studies perspective that is typical for research on literature and films depicting the aftermaths of catastrophes, dystopian futures and (potentially) following societal regeneration (Stifflemire, 2017). In the Anth...
Poster
Full-text available
Southeast Asia has seen rapid growth in tourism development. According to the World Tourism and Travel Council (WTTC), the tourism sector directly contributing 119.7 billion USD to the South East Asian economy in 2016, whilst Bangkok was the world’s most-visited city in 2018, hosting more than 22 million international tourists. As tourism becomes a...
Article
Desert environments remain largely neglected by the society and their potential to provide benefits to people remain understudied. Hotspots of cultural ecosystem services have been identified in some deserts; yet, knowing which countries need to strengthen efforts to satisfy people’s demand for those services is timely needed. Here, we show the per...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic brought the global tourism industry to a screeching halt in 2020. With vaccines starting to be rolled out, there is hope international travel can resume soon, but exactly when — and how — is the million-dollar question. Before COVID-19, there was much concern about whether tourism had grown too big for our planet. There were...
Book
Full-text available
For more than two decades, Arctic destinations have experienced ever-growing tourism figures and an increasing global interest in the North and its attractions. This has contributed to the establishment of alternate livelihoods and new hope, at least in those places and regions that have recently suffered from de-industrialization and out-migration...
Article
Full-text available
It is my privilege to serve as founding editor of our new journal, Tourism and Hospitality, and my pleasure to welcome you to its pages [...]
Article
Climate change poses an existential crisis for tourism and destinations. Nordic researchers have been at the forefront of research on climate change impacts, adaptation and mitigation. The review provides a brief account of some of the main themes in Nordic climate change research from a regional and international perspective and potential future r...
Article
Central parts of southern Africa are expected to face major environmental and economic changes in the near future, calling for proactive thinking on how local people could diversify their livelihoods. In Botswana, the tourism industry is considered as a major option for economic diversification and current tourism policies include a strong emphasis...
Article
Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) emphasises the role and benefits of local communities in order to promote a sustainable utilisation of natural resources. This study aims to identify and analyse the locally perceived benefits and challenges of CBNRM practices in Hwange National Park, Zimbabwe. A specific focus is on Communal Area...
Article
Climate change poses significant challenges to the tourism sector, with snow-based tourism particularly threatened. Snow-based tourism is largely dependent on adaptation, including snowmaking practices and product diversification. In the global south, the limited snow-based tourism products face similar challenges to the global north, but with sign...
Article
Full-text available
Human-mediated global environmental change threatens ecosystem services worldwide. Detailed cultural ecosystem services mapping is crucial to counteract ecosystem degradation, but such mapping exercises have been confined to small-scale analyses in developed countries. Additionally, disturbances constraining the supply of cultural ecosystem service...
Article
Effects of global climate change may include more extreme weather events that can harm lifeline infrastructure such as road access. Weather-induced road closures lead to worries about road travel and numerous practical problems. Still, many people are able to adjust to reduce their vulnerability. Community characteristics such as available services...
Article
Tourism is an important economic sector in the Global South. It is however vulnerable to the risks and variations associated with global climate change. The paper qualitatively investigates how issues surrounding uncertainty in the climate change discourse have influenced policy makers’ response to climate change in Botswana’s tourism sector. The a...
Article
The growth of ecotourism has an impact on the livelihoods of people living within and adjacent to protected areas, where ecotourism activities often take place. In some cases, evolving ecotourism has compromised the ability of locals to sustain and diversify their livelihoods. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of ecotourism and conser...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to discuss the external and internal factors that support or challenge a possible transformation of Arctic Sweden into a major ski destination under a changing climate. Design/methodology/approach The paper questions future availability of the physical and the human factors that foster ski tourism development i...
Article
Exclusively planned tourism destinations, such as all-inclusive resorts, gated resort communities, private cruise liner-owned islands and privatized beaches, have increased over the last few decades. Researchers have analyzed these kinds of tourism environments as enclaves, which are typically driven by external forces and actors, strongly supporte...
Article
Transfrontier peace parks are seized with the challenge of creating a more inclusive and sustainable conservation agenda in the officially designated peaceparks in southern Africa. The quest for inclusivity and sustainability has witnessed sustained lobbying from the local communities calling for more meaningful involvement in the conservation and...
Presentation
Full-text available
Objectives: Cultural ecosystem services (CES) derive non-material benefits to people and are being adopted worldwide to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Mapping CES, including recreation and ecotourism, is crucial to allocate resources efficiently, although several issues (conflict or transboundary constraints not considere...
Presentation
Full-text available
Here I present the work I have been developing during my PhD Thesis. The works presented allowed to strengthen collaborations with other researchers from other countries working on drylands
Article
Full-text available
The economic and political importance of the Arctic has grown considerably in recent decades, and the region’s role and visibility in tourism has also significantly increased. The idea of Arctic tourism has been discussed in academia for a long time, but there is no consensus on the definition of the concept. This review paper aims to discuss diffe...
Book
The key motivation for producing this edited volume stems from the increasingly important fact that contemporary borders can be simultaneously both closed and open, and have multiple functions and even locations, as contemporary territories are not merely bounded units but also relationally constituted. This is the material and discursive basis of...
Book
Sustainability and resilience are complex ideas and their relationships can be conceptualized and applied in multiple ways. This edited book approaches these concepts as interwoven processes working with change in socio-ecological system contexts. Although there are some key differences between the concepts, resilience is approached here as an inte...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluating flagship species and their potential for biological preservation and ecotourism development is a key issue for many audiences within the conservation and social fields. Despite several methods available to identify flagships, their application is often constrained in remote, poorly studied regions. Developments are needed in statistical...
Chapter
Deserts harbor unique natural and cultural heritage that is found nowhere else in the world. However, threats to these heritage resources are rising due to increasing levels of accessibility, human population and exploitation of natural resources. Thus, new alternative tools are needed to safeguard these fragile environments. In this respect, ecoto...
Article
Full-text available
This paper outlines the general context of tourism, and the changes it underwent, in the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries post-1990. The role of European Union enlargement is also discussed, allowing for an overall highlighting of the outcomes for tourism of the CEE countries’ political, administrative and institutional transformations. I...
Article
This paper outlines the general context of tourism, and the changes it underwent, in the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) countries post-1990. The role of European Union enlargement is also discussed, allowing for an overall highlighting of the outcomes for tourism of the CEE countries’ political, administrative and institutional transformations. I...
Article
Full-text available
Climate and weather are important resources for tourism. In particular, nature-based tourism activities and operations are largely dependent on and affected by environmental conditions and changes. Due to the significant socio-economic role of the nature-based tourism and the tourism industry, in general, in the region of southern Africa it is impo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Climate change presents a range of challenges for the tourism industry. Rising temperatures and changes in humidity and precipitation pose significant threats to the snow-based tourism industry and exacerbate its vulnerability to climate change in the long term. However, in the short term the differences between anticipated and experienced weather...
Article
Full-text available
Tourism is increasingly seen as a pathway to development. However, a condition for the developmental role of tourism is that it is properly planned and managed. This is usually based on specific tourism policy frameworks and research providing guidance and targets for planning and development actions. This research note is contextualised within a t...
Article
Full-text available
Previous literature on social equity has focused on procedure, distribution and recognition related to land use governance. We propose novel approach to examine social equity by following ideational turn with an aim to explore globally used and locally persistent myths that (mis)inform governance in practice and effect on the three dimensions of so...
Presentation
Full-text available
I discuss some of the works I have conducted so far to preserve the biodiversity and enhance the local economies of Sahara-Sahel
Article
In global imaginaries, wilderness areas are considered to represent the last parts of “original” nature, untouched by civilization and modernization. In most cases, this is misleading as wilderness environments have been exploited, explored and also converted into administrative units in various protected area networks. Indeed, most wilderness area...