Jared G Smith

Jared G Smith
St George's, University of London | SGUL · Population Health Research Centre

About

72
Publications
8,408
Reads
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1,079
Citations
Citations since 2016
48 Research Items
762 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Education
March 2000 - February 2004
Victoria University of Wellington
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (72)
Research Proposal
Studies from across the world have been using the HBM to understand what predicts COVID-19 vaccine intention in different adult populations. The HBM suggests that one’s ability or failure to uptake a health behaviour can be predicted by one or more of its six constructs (i.e. perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, perceiv...
Article
Full-text available
Background Internationally, an increasing proportion of emergency department visits are mental health related. Concurrently, psychiatric wards are often occupied above capacity. Healthcare providers have introduced short-stay, hospital-based crisis units offering a therapeutic space for stabilisation, assessment and appropriate referral. Research l...
Article
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Limited information is available on the numbers and trajectories of detained young people with Neurodevelopmental Disorders (NDD) disorders. We completed a census in all types of secure establishments for young people from England. From this, we sought to find the point prevalence of Neurodevelopmental Disorders in young people in secure settings....
Article
Aims: To explore the prevalence of clinically significant anxiety and depression in adult patients with chronic orofacial pain (COFP) conditions. Methods: A systematic online search of the Medline (PubMed) and Ovid databases was performed for articles published from 2006 to 2019. Observational studies- including cross-sectional, case-control, an...
Article
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Background: Emerging evidence suggests that distant placements and multiple moves may be detrimental to young people in care settings. Less is known about the characteristics of young people in secure care most affected by these processes. Aims: This study examined distance from home and number of previous placements in English young people detain...
Article
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Background: Emerging evidence suggests that distant placements and multiple moves may be detrimental to young people in care settings. Less is known about the characteristics of young people in secure care most affected by these processes. Aims: This study examined distance from home and number of previous placements in English young people deta...
Article
Background Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and headaches are prevalent among the global population. Patients often suffer from both conditions, and they are likely to be associated in a bidirectional way. However, the nature of the association remains unclear. Understanding the epidemiological aspects of the relationship between these conditions...
Article
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Introduction Cannabidiol (CBD) is now a legal substance in Europe and is available in ‘high street shops’, usually as CBD oil. However, in the United Kingdom (UK), there is no clear consensus among healthcare professionals and organisations over how to manage CBD use in their patients. This is an important issue as CBD is a constituent of ‘medicina...
Article
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Background The system of secure care for young people in England and Wales comprises youth justice, welfare and mental health facilities. Empirical studies have failed to investigate the system as a whole. The National Adolescent Study in 2016 was the first to provide comprehensive system wide information. This paper, derived from that data set, ad...
Article
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Background Burning mouth syndrome is a chronic idiopathic intractable intraoral dysaesthesia that remains a challenge to clinicians due to its poorly understood pathogenesis and inconsistent response to various treatments. Aim This review aimed to study the short- (≤3 months) and long-term (>3 months) effectiveness and sustainable benefit of diffe...
Article
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Background Stigmatized attitudes towards people with mental illness may influence treatment choice for oneself and others. Aim To gauge the attitudes of the UK general public towards treatment at home for mental illness and to assess the extent to which non-acceptability was related to stigmatized attitudes. Methods Two hundred and two (101 femal...
Article
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The long‐term effects of childhood abuse have been well studied though the effects of abuse of specific types in adult psychiatric service users are less known. This study aimed to assess the association between childhood abuse and the development of harmful social and behavioural outcomes among adult psychiatric service users. Adult psychiatric se...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The system of secure care for young people in England and Wales comprises youth justice, welfare and mental health facilities. Empirical studies have failed to investigate the system as a whole. The National Adolescent Study in 2016 was the first to provide comprehensive system wide information. This paper, derived from that data set, ad...
Article
Full-text available
Psychiatric decision units have been developed in many countries internationally to address the pressure on inpatient services and dissatisfactory, long waits people in mental health crisis can experience in emergency departments. Research into these units lags behind their development, as they are implemented by healthcare providers to address the...
Article
Background Little is known about pain catastrophising, pain self‐efficacy and chronic pain acceptance in burning mouth syndrome (BMS) and their effect on health‐related quality of life (HRQoL) and symptoms of anxiety and depressive disorders. Objectives To describe pain catastrophising, pain self‐efficacy and pain acceptance in BMS patients and ex...
Article
Background: Functional neurological disorder (FND) is a common diagnosis within Neurology. Effective communication of the diagnosis is known to be an important part of treatment and can result in reduction or cessation of symptoms, as well as decreased healthcare utilisation. A single group education session, facilitated by professionals commonly...
Article
Objectives Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is a controversial and under-researched area, despite most traumatic brain injuries being classed as mild. Our objective was to review the evidence underpinning these approaches to treat mTBI including educational, psychological, rehabilitative and pharmacological approaches and discuss their efficacy....
Presentation
Demand on mental health services has increased at a time when both inpatient and community mental health services are facing financial constraints, with many people accessing care at a time when they are experiencing an acute mental health crisis. The 2014 Crisis Care Concordat tasked service providers to improve access to appropriate care before a...
Article
Full-text available
Background While the psychosocial morbidity of orofacial pain (OFP) is widely recognised, the differential impact of musculoskeletal, neuropathic and neurovascular symptoms on pain and psychosocial function in individuals with and without coexisting OFP conditions is unclear. Materials and methods This was a comparative cross‐sectional study of 35...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The UK mental health system is stretched to breaking point. Individuals presenting with mental health problems wait longer at the ED than those presenting with physical concerns and finding a bed when needed is difficult – 91% of psychiatric wards are operating at above the recommended occupancy rate. To address the pressure, a new type...
Article
Purpose: To describe the positive and negative impacts of spasticity across different neurological disorders using the Patient Reported Impact of Spasticity Measure (PRISM), deduce any associations between severity of spasticity and its impact, and assess for differences across diagnostic subgroups. Materials and methods: PRISM, a spasticity-specif...
Article
Background. Childhood maltreatment is a global public health, human rights and moral issue and a fundamental risk factor for adult health and is associated with a substantial social and health burden. Aims. This study aimed to assess the association between childhood maltreatment and the development of harmful social and behavioural outcomes among...
Cover Page
Staff attitudes to completely smoke-free policies and smoking cessation practices in a mental health setting A Ratier-Cruz, J G Smith, M Firn, M Rinaldi
Article
Full-text available
Background Mental health trusts across England were expected to become completely smoke-free and embed smoking cessation practices by 2018. Such policies are fraught with concerns and have received mixed support from mental health staff. Understanding staff attitudes to these practices prior to enforcement of the policy could help design an effecti...
Article
Full-text available
A pilot-randomised controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of a brief mindfulness-based intervention (MBI) on persistent pain patients and assessed the feasibility of conducting a definitive RCT. A brief (15 min) mindfulness body-scan audio was compared with an active control administered in a clinic and then used independently over 1 month. Im...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Traditional mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been applied successfully across many populations. The time commitment for these programs is often a barrier, and while brief MBIs have become popular, the impact of these on health-related outcomes is unclear as they have not yet been reviewed. Methods A search of databases, inclu...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Neuropsychiatric symptoms are a major component of dementia irrespective of severity or subtype. We aimed to determine the feasibility of biographical films to reduce neuropsychiatric symptoms in people with moderate to severe dementia over a 32-week period. Method: A total of 11 people with dementia situated in a residential care hom...
Poster
Full-text available
Objectives: Rigorous, comprehensive assessment of MDHUs using non-trial methods to provide an evidence base for their effectiveness, value for money and optimum configuration. Background: Acute crisis care is a difficult area in which to run a randomised controlled trial. There is interest in alternative research methods. The setting of this resea...
Article
Objective: The Personal Problems Questionnaire (PPQ) is a measure designed to assess acquired cognitive, emotional, and physical complaints. The present study sought to develop a normative database to allow clinicians and researchers to assess self-reported complaints among people with disabilities, and evaluate the response consistency and validi...
Article
Child food allergy is increasingly prevalent, and caring for such children is associated with elevated parental anxiety. We previously carried out a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) of brief cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) for parental anxiety associated with child food allergy which found that treatment to be effective. This study describes t...
Article
Limited research suggests that Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (GCBT) is an effective treatment in relieving symptoms of Hoarding Disorder (HD), although interventions have often included more than 15 sessions with high attrition rates. This study presents findings from 24 patients with HD referred to a specialist mental health tertiary service...
Article
Aims: To compare the impacts of trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and painful posttraumatic trigeminal neuropathy (PPTTN) on psychologic function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) using a comprehensive quantitative assessment. Methods: This was a comparative cross-sectional study. A total of 97 patients diagnosed with PPTTN and 40 patients diag...
Article
This study assessed the impact of collaborative working with a headache neurologist on diagnoses of patients attending orofacial pain (OFP) clinic. Patient diagnostic data was collected from adult patients attending an Orofacial Pain Service from January 2013 to January 2017. A liaison headache neurologist was appointed late 2015; OFP clinics were...
Article
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an established treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but there is increasing evidence for its use beyond PTSD. EMDR can be effective at treating distressing memories not associated with PTSD, as well as somatic symptoms (like chronic pain), and as such could potentially...
Article
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an established treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but there is increasing evidence for its use beyond PTSD. EMDR can be effective at treating distressing memories not associated with PTSD, as well as somatic symptoms (like chronic pain), and as such could potentially b...
Article
Self-harm and violence in women’s prisons in England are common and occurring with increasing frequency. We aimed to describe the characteristics and patterns of violent and/or self-harming behaviours in women in prison by conducting a retrospective analysis of routine data about self-harm incidents and adjudications. Incidence rates of self-harm a...
Article
Background: Mothers of children with food allergy have increased anxiety, which may be influenced by healthcare professionals' communication of risk. Objective: To evaluate a brief psychological intervention for reducing anxiety in mothers of children with food allergy. Methods: Two hundred mothers of children with food allergy were recruited...
Article
A high proportion of patients presenting at epilepsy clinics experience functional non-epileptic attacks (FNEA), and while psychological treatment is generally thought to be the required intervention, evidence regarding psychological treatment of FNEA is limited. A small number of psychoeducation treatments have been evaluated, with promising resul...
Article
Objectives: To examine the associations with symptoms of 1) burnout and 2) work-related posttraumatic stress, in adult and pediatric intensive care staff, focusing on the particular contributions of resilience and coping strategies. Design: Point prevalence cross-sectional study. Setting: Three adult ICUs and four PICUs. Subjects: Three hund...
Article
Background: It is important to ensure that tools are valid and reliable in the context in which they are used. The development of age and country norms is part of this process. Objectives: The primary aim of the present study was to examine the performance of the Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire - Parent Form (FAQLQ-PF) in a countrywid...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The burden of chronic pain is a major challenge, impacting the quality of life of patients. Intensive programmes of mindfulness-based therapy can help patients to cope with chronic pain but can be time consuming and require a trained specialist to implement. The self-management model of care is now integral to the care of patients with...
Article
This study explored the relationship between quality of friendships, motivation to change and peer support among young people receiving inpatient treatment for Anorexia Nervosa (AN). Thirty participants were recruited from three inpatient wards. Questionnaires assessed motivational stage, friendship functions and characteristics of friendships spec...
Article
Objective: What are the attitudes of general hospital doctors toward patients with comorbid mental illness? Do certain characteristics of the health professional related to attitude valence to patients with comorbid mental illness? Method: An anonymous questionnaire was sent out to a cohort of doctors working in three General Hospitals in South...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Observational studies using routinely collected data indicate that pain management programmes (PMPs) based on cognitive-behavioural principles are associated with clinically meaningful improvements for individuals with chronic pain. This study evaluated change across functional measures in a sample of chronic pain patients attending a 4...
Article
Full-text available
Previous work has shown patients commonly misuse adrenaline auto-injectors (AAI). It is unclear whether this is due to inadequate training, or poor device design. We undertook a prospective randomised controlled trial to evaluate ability to administer adrenaline using different AAI devices. We allocated mothers of food-allergic children prescribed...
Article
Background: We report on clinical outcomes from the first 10 years of operation of an Adolescent Assertive Outreach Team (AAOT) which forms part of an integrated Tier 4 service offering inpatient, day-patient and intensive community treatment. Method: Prospective data were recorded at pre- and post-treatment for patients accepted for treatment b...
Article
Full-text available
Aims and method To describe the liaison psychiatry services of all 30 general hospitals in Greater London and to determine whether services met national recommendations. The results were compared with a similar survey conducted 8 years previously to determine whether there had been significant service development. Results We identified wide variati...
Article
Aims: To explore the impact of trigeminal nerve injuries on quality of life, including the effect of pain on psychological and affective function. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional survey design was employed. Fifty-six patients with inferior alveolar nerve injury (IANI) and 33 patients with lingual nerve injury (LNI) completed standardi...
Article
The PainDETECT questionnaire (PD-Q), originally developed and validated in a multicentre study of neuropathic pain (NeP) patients with back pain, is increasingly being applied to other pain conditions. The present study assessed whether the PD-Q would be a suitable screening tool for detecting NeP in patients with post-traumatic inferior alveolar n...
Conference Paper
Objective: To ascertain whether the painDETECT questionnaire (PD-Q) would be a suitable screening tool for detecting NeP in patients with post traumatic inferior-alveolar nerve injury (IANI) and lingual nerve injury (LNI). Method: A prospective cohort of patients with clinically diagnosed neuropathy, were given the PD-Q at their clinic appointmen...
Chapter
A new referral-to-treatment care pathway was introduced onto a multidisciplinary pain management programme (PMP) in order to provide patients with more pre-programme information, make assessment more multidisciplinary, and allow a stronger patient role in the treatment process. The impact of the new pathway on patients' psychological function at pr...
Article
The utility of a new questionnaire, the Personal Problems Questionnaire (PPQ), designed to assess cognitive, emotional and physical complaints after traumatic brain injuries, pain, and other acquired conditions, was evaluated. The PPQ comprises twelve Clinical subscales designed to assess common complaints associated with acquired conditions and th...
Article
The present study examined how asymmetrical motor symptomatology helps predict the pattern of perceptual judgements of body-scaled aperture width in lateralised Parkinson's disease (PD). Eleven patients with PD predominantly affecting the left side of their body (LPD), 16 patients with PD predominantly affecting their right side (RPD), and 16 healt...
Article
A new referral-to-treatment care pathway was introduced onto a multidisciplinary pain management programme (PMP) in order to provide patients with more pre-programme information, make assessment more multidisciplinary, and allow a stronger patient role in the treatment process. The impact of the new pathway on patients’ psychological function at pr...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the sequence learning performance of 16 non-demented patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) was compared with 18 age-matched healthy controls on a verbal version of the serial reaction time (SRT) task intended to encapsulate both visuomotor- and judgment-linked learning processes. Visuomotor sequence performance in PD patients was cl...
Article
To relate lateralized impairments of visual perception in Parkinson's disease to asymmetries in the severity of motor symptoms. Ten patients with worse left-sided motor symptoms (LPD), 15 with worse right-sided (RPD), and 13 healthy age-matched controls (all right-handed) viewed mirror-imaged pairs of emotional chimeric faces, (left side smiling, r...
Article
The present research sought to investigate the role of the basal ganglia in timing of sub- and supra-second intervals via an examination of the ability of people with Parkinson's disease (PD) to make temporal judgments in two ranges, 100-500 ms, and 1-5 s. Eighteen non-demented medicated patients with PD were compared with 14 matched controls on a...
Article
Although there is strong evidence that human category learning is mediated by qualitatively distinct systems, the neural substrates of procedural category learning remain largely unclear. The present research sought to investigate the role of the basal ganglia in the acquisition of categorical knowledge via an examination of the ability of people w...
Article
Despite the wealth of research investigating the serial reaction time (SRT) learning abilities of people with Parkinson's disease (PD), the role of the basal ganglia in implicit sequence learning remains largely unclear. The present research sought to examine the ability of people with PD to implicitly learn simultaneously operating sequences and i...
Article
Although neuroimaging studies have strongly implicated basal ganglia involvement in implicit sequence learning, serial reaction time (SRT) studies with Parkinson's disease (PD) patients have yielded mixed results. The present research sought to examine the ability of people with PD to implicitly learn sequences with different sequential structures...
Article
Thirteen nondemented patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) were compared with age-matched controls on two standard tests of implicit learning. A verbal version of the Serial Reaction Time (SRT) task was used to assess sequence learning and an artificial grammar (AG) task assessed perceptual learning. It was predicted that PD patients would show im...

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