Jared Reser

Jared Reser
University of Southern California | USC · Department of Psychology

Ph.D., M.A., M.A.

About

20
Publications
6,015
Reads
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155
Citations
Citations since 2016
7 Research Items
97 Citations
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Introduction
I spent the last 20 years developing a model of working memory and consciousness. I have laid this out in a series of 25 diagrams illustrating the process and "shape" of thought. Now I am interested in implementing this model within a computer to develop artificial superintelligence. See this article: A Computational Architecture for Machine Consciousness and Artificial Superintelligence: Updating Working Memory Iteratively

Publications

Publications (20)
Preprint
Full-text available
This theoretical article examines how to construct human-like working memory and thought processes within a computer. There should be two working memory stores, one analogous to sustained firing in association cortex, and one analogous to synaptic potentiation in the cerebral cortex. These stores must be constantly updated with new representations...
Book
Full-text available
"Did you know the most dominant apes and monkeys are usually the kindest? They share the most food, groom others more often, break up fights, are slow to anger, and breathe in a relaxed manner. Those on the bottom of the social hierarchy are the opposite. They are stingy, combative, irritable, anxious, depressed, and they breathe shallowly. It is n...
Article
Full-text available
This opinion article explores how sustained neural firing in association areas allows high-order mental representations to be coactivated over multiple perception-action cycles, permitting sequential mental states to share overlapping content and thus be recursively interrelated. The term “state-spanning coactivity” (SSC) is introduced to refer to...
Article
Full-text available
Prolonged psychological stress and accompanying elevations in blood cortisol are known to induce hypometabolism and decreasing synaptic density in the hippocampus and the prefrontal cortex (PFC). This article evaluates and explores evidence supporting the hypothesis that these, and other, selective effects of prolonged stress constitute a neuroecol...
Article
Full-text available
The present article examines several lines of converging evidence suggesting that the slow and insidious brain changes that accumulate over the lifespan, resulting in both natural cognitive aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD), represent a metabolism reduction program. A number of such adaptive programs are known to accompany aging and are thought to...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article presents an artificial intelligence (AI) architecture intended to simulate the human working memory system as well as the manner in which it is updated iteratively. It features several interconnected neural networks designed to emulate the specialized modules of the cerebral cortex. These are structured hierarchically and integrated in...
Article
Full-text available
Tourette syndrome, and the closely related spectrum of tic disorders, are inherited neuropsychiatric conditions characterized by the presence of repetitive and stereotyped movements. Tics are elicited by either environmental experiences or internal signals that instruct the basal ganglia to initiate automatic or procedural movements. In most verteb...
Article
Full-text available
This opinion article explores how sustained neural firing in association areas allows high-order mental representations to be coactivated over multiple perception-action cycles, permitting sequential mental states to share overlapping content and thus be recursively interrelated. The term “state-spanning coactivity” (SSC) is introduced to refer to...
Article
Full-text available
Species of solitary mammals are known to exhibit specialized, neurological adaptations that prepare them to focus working memory on food procurement and survival rather than on social interaction. Solitary and nonmonogamous mammals, which do not form strong social bonds, have been documented to exhibit behaviors and biomarkers that are similar to e...
Thesis
Full-text available
This dissertation examines the psychological foundations of personal belief by conducting a review of classical and contemporary thought about belief, by hypothesizing about ways to conceptualize belief and by presenting new evidence about belief from empirical studies. Two studies measured the contributions of various constructs to belief strength...
Article
Full-text available
This article reviews etiological and comparative evidence supporting the hypothesis that some genes associated with the autism spectrum were naturally selected and represent the adaptive benefits of being cognitively suited for solitary foraging. People on the autism spectrum are conceptualized here as ecologically competent individuals that could...
Chapter
Full-text available
It is clear that the modern epidemic of obesity, cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus, and associated comorbidities is largely a product of our modern environment. Artificially high levels of sugars, fats, and processed foods, along with sedentary behavior constitute an “obesogenic” environment which makes us more susceptible to the metabolic...
Chapter
Full-text available
Individuals with schizophrenia are at a high risk of developing life-shortening illnesses and are especially prone to developing metabolic diseases. Epidemiological evidence has demonstrated that schizophrenia is closely associated with the metabolic syndrome and its associated disorders, including type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease,...
Book
Full-text available
This book examines the foundations of personal belief by conducting a review of classical and contemporary thought about beliefs, by experimenting with new and innovative ways to conceptualize beliefs and by presenting new evidence about beliefs from empirical studies. Beliefs, although often vaguely defined in discourse, can be conceptualized in m...
Article
Full-text available
This article will suggest that moderate sleep apnea may have an adaptive benefit, the reduction of nocturnal, respiratory heat loss, that may have caused it to be selected for despite the associated disadvantages. Sleep apnea is caused by the collapse of the throat, specifically the pharyngeal airway, during sleep and can result in discomfort and h...
Article
Full-text available
The present article presents epidemiological, and comparative evidence supporting the hypothesis that rheumatoid arthritis (RA) may represent a thrifty adaptation selected to compel animals to minimize voluntary energy expenditure. The autoimmune, pathophysiological manifestations underlying RA are framed here as constituting an evolved, protective...
Article
Full-text available
Psychological correlates of certainty strength: Measuring the relative influence of evidence, opinion of personal contacts & importance to self-identity
Article
Full-text available
It is well recognized that investigation into the relationship between early life programming and subsequent neurological disorders may have powerful implications for understanding the human vulnerability to psychopathology. The present article will propose that schizophrenia may be adaptively programmed by early environmental adversity permitting...
Article
Full-text available
This paper will suggest that the Down syndrome phenotype would have been well suited, physiologically, for a deprived environment and that it may represent a predictive, adaptive response to severe maternal deprivation. A trisomy of the 21st chromosome, prior to, or at conception is responsible for Down syndrome and is known to increase in incidenc...
Article
Full-text available
This article will propose that humans have an adaptive vulnerability to certain forms of mental retardation, specifically, neuropathological disorders that cause decreased energy expenditure in the hippocampus and the cerebral cortex. This hypothesis will be analyzed in terms of the thrifty phenotype paradigm according to which adverse prenatal eve...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Model the nonlinear pattern of cocative cortical assemblies responsible for working memory. Do so by describing the pattern of neural turnover responsible for updating in a manner that can inform the construction of artificial intelligence architectures.