Janpeter Schilling

Janpeter Schilling
Universität Koblenz-Landau · Department of Environmental Sciences

PhD

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57
Publications
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2,489
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Publications

Publications (57)
Article
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People in the department of Madre de Dios/Peru, the state of Acre/Brazil, and the department of Pando/Bolivia experience similar conflicts over land, land use, and access to resources. At the same time, each conflict reveals distinct characteristics and dynamics, arising from its history, legal regulation, institutional (in-)capacities, and cultura...
Article
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A growing body of literature analyses the conflict implications of REDD+ (Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries). However, the way these conflicts unfold is little understood. We address this research gap through the following question: What are the pathways that connect REDD+ projects and conflicts be...
Article
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The Lake Chad region is facing a nexus of interconnected problems including fragility, violent conflict, forced displacement, and scarcity of water and other resources, further aggravated by climate change. Focusing on northeast Nigeria, this study aims to answer the following questions: (1) What role does access to water and farming play in out-mi...
Conference Paper
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In a quarantined world, global interdependencies become particularly tangible when value chains and entire economic sectors collapse—eroding livelihoods and intensifying inequalities. At the same time, the empowering value of locally rooted structures and knowledge treasures such as indigenous and traditional forms of self-organization raise hopes...
Article
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This paper analyzes how the governance of non-renewable natural resources affects different dimensions of human security in local sites of extraction. We show how the analysis of human security can be embedded in a multi-scalar political ecology perspective to combine the strong suits of both approaches: a detailed, multi-dimensional assessment of...
Article
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For almost two decades, the Lake Chad Basin (LCB) in general and northeast Nigeria in particular have been subject to the insurgency of the Islamist terrorist group Boko Haram. This region is also known for its poor environmental conditions that mostly manifest in land desertification and water scarcity. We analyze the impact of the insecurity and...
Article
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North Africa is considered a climate change hot spot. Existing studies either focus on the physical aspects of climate change or discuss the social ones. The present article aims to address this divide by assessing and comparing the climate change vulnerability of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia and linking it to its social implications...
Article
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Climate change was conceived as a “risk multiplier” that could exacerbate security risks and conflicts in fragile regions and hotspots where poverty, violence, injustice, and social insecurity are prevalent. The linkages have been most extensively studied for the African continent, which is affected by both climate change and violent conflict. Toge...
Article
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Purpose of Review: The aim of this paper is to explore the nexus of climate change, land use, and conflict. A particular focus is placed on the human security risks associated with the three elements. Recent Findings: Climate change has been perceived as a “threat multiplier,” directly aggravating human security risks, such as food and water insec...
Article
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In north-western Kenya, significant oil reserves have been discovered and the first oil trucks have left Turkana County in June 2018. On the east side of Lake Turkana, the largest wind power project on the African continent was completed in mid-2017. This article applies a local to global perspective to explore the benefits and externalities for th...
Article
This article serves as an introduction to the special issue ‘A Local to Global Perspective on Resource Governance and Conflict’. It advances the debate on natural resource governance and conflict by bringing together three different strands of literature with the aim of developing a local to global research perspective and framework for analysis. F...
Article
Climate change is one of the key challenges the world is facing in the 21st century. Concerns are increasingly raised that climate change might not only undermine the livelihoods of millions of people across the globe but that it might actually act as a multiplier of risks and threats that could result in violent conflict. In 2014 the Intergovernme...
Article
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Recent years have seen an upsurge in the numbers of studies investigating the potential link between climate variability and conflict—and particularly so quantitative studies of this relationship—without reaching any consensus on causal pathways or main findings. This study sets out to explore what the main causes of conflict between resource-user...
Chapter
Gender is a topic that every large development and peacebuilding organisation mainstreams in its programming. However, often “gender” implies a focus on women. We argue that this is not enough to utilise the full potential of a meaningful and effective integration of gender in specific projects, particularly in the peacebuilding and the water secto...
Article
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Resilience is a widely used concept among development, environmental, security and peacebuilding organizations. However, resilience has rarely been applied in conjunction with the potentially complementary concept of environmental security. Therefore, this paper explores how the concepts of resilience and environmental security can be jointly appli...
Article
In Kibera, an informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya, major development efforts are underway – namely, the Kenya Slum Upgrading Programme (Kibera Pilot), the Nairobi Railway Relocation Action Plan, and the National Youth Service-led Kibera Slum Upgrade Initiative. This paper assesses how such interventions affect the social contract and social cohes...
Chapter
The role of climate change as a potential cause of violent conflict has been debated in the scholarly and policy communities for several years. We review the most recent quantitative and qualitative literature and find that research on the issue has produced little consensual findings so far. Further, we discuss major theoretical, conceptual and em...
Article
The county of Turkana, located in northwest Kenya, has a long history of violent conflicts. These are fought by pastoral groups over scarce water, land, pasture and livestock resources. Now oil has been found in Turkana, fuelling both hopes for a resource blessing and fears of a resource curse. The discovery of oil coincides with four other major d...
Article
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Groundwater is a highly important resource, especially for human consumption and agricultural production. This study offers an assessment of groundwater quality in the coastal areas of Sindh province in Pakistan. Fifty-six samples of groundwater were taken at depths ranging from 30 to 50 m. Bacteriological and physico-chemical analyses were perform...
Article
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Turkana, in northwest Kenya, is the country's poorest and least developed county. Pastoralism in Turkana is well adapted to the harsh climatic conditions, but an increase in drought frequency associated with global climate change and intensifying violent conflicts between pastoral groups poses significant challenges for local communities. The confl...
Article
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Turkana, in northwest Kenya, is the country's poorest and least developed county. Pastoralism in Turkana is well adapted to the harsh climatic conditions but an increase in drought frequency associated with global climate change and intensifying violent conflicts between pastoral groups, poses significant challenges for local communities. The confl...
Article
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For approximately the past two decades, a large and growing body of both academic and grey literature from non-governmental organizations (NGOs) or international agencies has looked at issues of gender and of natural resources (or, more broadly, the environment) and the role they play in both conflict and peacebuilding. The discussions have, on the...
Article
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Bangladesh and India are among the world’s most populous but also most vulnerable countries to environmental risks. In addition to storms, sea-level rise, floods and droughts, local communities face a multitude of pre-existing and concomitant economic and socio-political risks. To understand these risks and how communities respond to them is critic...
Article
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Recent studies discuss the link between climate change and violent conflict, especially for East Africa. While there is extensive literature on the question whether climate change increases the risk of violent conflict onset, not much is known about where a climate-conflict link is most likely to be found. We address this question by analyzing the...
Article
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A recent Climatic Change review article reports a remarkable convergence of scientific evidence for a link between climatic events and violent intergroup conflict, thus departing markedly from other contemporary assessments of the empirical literature. This commentary revisits the review in order to understand the discrepancy. We believe the origin...
Article
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In the face of global climate change, strengthening community resilience becomes increasingly important, especially in conflict affected countries with fragile governance. Nepal is such a country, recovering from a decade of civil war while facing several climate and environmental risks, including floods, droughts and landslides. We aim to contribu...
Article
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Addressing deficits of current research on the link between climate change and violent conflict, this article aims to contribute to a more systematic understanding of the violence concept in the context of environmental change. We present a theoretical framework and potential pathways between climate change and violence and an agent-based approach...
Article
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To understand resilience to climate and environmental changes in fragile and conflict-affected societies is particularly important but equally challenging. In this paper, we first develop a conceptual framework to explore the climate-fragility-conflict and climate-resilience-peace nexus. Second, we discuss approaches to promote pathways from climat...
Chapter
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Turkana in northern Kenya is highly vulnerable to climatic changes. More frequent and prolonged droughts in combination with socio-economic developments and the availability of small arms have increasingly overwhelmed existing adaptive capacities. Under these conditions inter-pastoral conflicts, which are closely related to violent livestock raidin...
Article
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Nepal and Pakistan face a triple challenge of political instability, weak governance and vulnerability to climate change. Communities are highly vulnerable to floods, landslides and droughts. However, the reasons for their vulnerability are complex and differ from location to location. This study has two objectives. First, we analyze and compare th...
Article
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Water is both a key and limited resource in the Okavango Catchment of Southern Africa. It is vital for the ecosystem and the three riparian states Angola, Botswana and Namibia who use the water of the catchment for multiple purposes including pastoralism, farming and tourism. Socioeconomic changes, primarily strong population growth and increasing...
Article
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To enhance the understanding of potential security risks posed by climate change, a framework for integrated assessment of climate security hot spots in the Mediterranean region is developed, with the Nile river basin as a case study. It is expected that the Mediterranean region will be severely affected by global warming. Rising temperatures and c...
Article
The Nile River Basin can be considered a climate security hot spot, as it is expected that this region will be severely affected by climate change. Rising temperatures and changing precipitation patterns exacerbate already existing problems of desertification, water scarcity, and food production, posing a challenge for the stability of the entire r...
Conference Paper
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While climate change has the potential to contribute to conflict, conflict also has the potential to increase the vulnerability of a society to climate change. We explore this two-way relationship on three levels in Kenya. On the national level, we analyse the country’s general vulnerability which includes its climate change exposure, sensitivity a...
Article
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Recent research has provided new insights into the relationship between climate change and violent conflict. In this review we compare the results, methodologies, and data applied in the peer-reviewed literature to recap the current state of the debate. While long-term historical studies suggest a coincidence between climate variability and armed c...
Article
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Current debates over the relation between climate change and conflict originate in a lack of data, as well as the complexity of pathways connecting the two phenomena.
Chapter
The authors of this volume argue that research into the effects of climate change on human security, on societal stability, and on violent conflict is still in its early stages. There is, as yet, little in terms of established knowledge beyond the generally accepted proposition that climate change, if extensive, will have major effects on people, s...
Chapter
In its Fourth Assessment Report (AR4), the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) addresses serious risks that could undermine the living conditions of people all over the world (IPCC 2007). Impacts on food and water availability, flood and storm disasters, and large-scale events such as loss of the monsoon, breakdown of the thermohaline...
Article
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Conflicts related to livestock raiding are not new phenomena in many pastoral societies in the Horn of Africa. Traditionally, various pastoral communities use raiding as a cultural practice for restocking of herds, especially after periods of drought or outbreaks of diseases. However, in recent years, livestock raiding has become more frequent, vio...
Article
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Turkana in northern Kenya is shaped by pastoralism which is well adapted to the harsh climatic conditions. Yet, more frequent and prolonged droughts in combination with socio-economic developments and the availability of small arms have increasingly overwhelmed existing coping capabilities. Violence among different groups (Turkana of Kenya, Tepeth...
Article
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For centuries, Arab nomads and African villagers alternately skirmished and supported each other as they raised livestock and tended fields under resource-constrained conditions. The delicate balance has been upset by drought, desertification, crop failure and wide-spread food insecurity. While the interactions are not sufficiently understood, ther...
Article
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A rapidly depleting resource-base combined with an ever growing demand for energy and food creates a great challenge to the world of the 21st century. What makes this challenge unique is that humankind is beginning to experience the outcomes of its own unsustainable environmental behaviour on a global scale. With climate change we are becoming thre...
Technical Report
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Various studies suggest that climate change aggravates environmental degradation and resource scarcity, which may contribute to violent conflict in a number of ways, including resource captures, mass migrations, and conflicts over the distribution of risks and costs between countries. However, it is also possible that addressing the problems and ri...
Article
Droughts are not a recent phenomenon in Kenya. For centuries, pastoralists and farmers have adjusted their livelihoods to periods of resource scarcity. However, the combination of unsustainable resources use, inadequate national policies and intensifying climate change threaten to overwhelm the existing adaptive capabilities. This paper focuses on...

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Projects (4)