Jannis Körner

Jannis Körner
University Hospital RWTH Aachen

Doctor of Medicine

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13
Publications
1,054
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38
Citations

Publications

Publications (13)
Article
Full-text available
Sensory neurons are responsible for the generation and transmission of nociceptive signals from the periphery to the central nervous system. They encompass a broadly heterogeneous population of highly specialized neurons. The understanding of the molecular choreography of individual subpopulations is essential to understand physiological and pathol...
Article
Full-text available
The long history of local anesthetics (LAs) starts out in the late 19th century when the content of coca plant leaves was discovered to alleviate pain. Soon after, cocaine was established and headed off to an infamous career as a substance causing addiction. Today, LAs and related substances-in modified form-are indispensable in our clinical everyd...
Article
Voltage-gated sodium channels are crucial for pain perception. This is illustrated by several human genetic conditions that lead to either chronic pain or, vice versa, to congenital painlessness. The type of mutation, its impact on neuron excitability as well as the affected sodium channel subtype delineates a complex picture of the disorders. Gene...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 are linked to human pain. The Nav1.7/N1245S variant was described before in several patients suffering from primary erythromelalgia and/or olfactory hypersensitivity. We have identified this variant in a pain patient and a patient suffering from severe and life-threatening orthostatic hypotension...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in voltage-gated sodium channels (Navs) can cause alterations in pain sensation, such as chronic pain diseases like inherited erythromelalgia (IEM). The IEM-causing mutation Nav1.7 p.I848T is known to induce a hyperpolarized shift in the voltage dependence of activation in Nav1.7. So far, however, the mechanism to explain this increase in...
Article
Full-text available
Background & purpose: The voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 is essential for adequate perception of painful stimuli. Mutations in the encoding gene, SCN9A, cause various pain syndromes in human patients. The hNav1.7/A1632E mutant causes symptoms of erythromelalgia and paroxysmal extreme pain disorder (PEPD), and its main gating change is a stron...
Chapter
Synopsis Voltage-gated sodium channels (VGSCs) are responsible for the fast upstroke of the action potential. Fine-tuned regulation and naturally occurring mutations of VGSCs modify neuronal and muscle function. In this chapter we highlight structure, function and disease relevance of VGSCsbased on recent cryo-EM structures, findings on gating, ass...
Article
Full-text available
In cardiomyocytes, electrical activity is coupled to cellular contraction, thus exposing all proteins expressed in the sarcolemma to mechanical stress. The voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.5 is the main contributor to the rising phase of the action potential in the heart. There is growing evidence that gating and kinetics of Nav1.5 are modulated b...
Preprint
Full-text available
The voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 is essential for an adequate perception of painful stimuli. Its mutations cause various pain syndromes in human patients. The hNav1.7/A1632E mutation induces symptoms of erythromelalgia and paroxysmal extreme pain disorder (PEPD), and its main gating change is a strongly enhanced persistent current. Using mol...
Article
Key points: The voltage-gated sodium channel Nav1.7 is a key player in neuronal excitability and pain signalling. In addition to voltage sensing, the channel is also modulated by mechanical stress. Using whole-cell patch-clamp experiments, we discovered that the sodium channel subunit β1 is able to prevent the impact of mechanical stress on Nav1.7...

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