Janice L Krieger

Janice L Krieger
University of Florida | UF · College of Journalism and Communications

PhD

About

148
Publications
38,249
Reads
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2,382
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2015 - present
University of Florida
Position
  • Director, STEM Translational Communication Research Program
August 2007 - July 2014
The Ohio State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
July 2007 - July 2014
Ohio State University
Position
  • Assistant/Associate Professor

Publications

Publications (148)
Article
Objective To determine the factors predicting the engagement of young adults who have sickle cell disease (SCD) or sickle cell trait (SCT) with an online reproductive health education intervention and engagement effects on knowledge. Methods The cross-sectional study included 167 participants who completed the web-based intervention either face-to...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Our specific aim was to develop and assess the consensus-based validity of common measures for understanding health behaviors and ancestry in Florida’s population subgroups and establish the feasibility of wide-scale implementation of the measures and biospecimen collection within three cancer centers’ catchment areas. Methods Using the Na...
Article
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Introduction: Racial disparities in colorectal cancer (CRC) can be addressed through increased adherence to screening guidelines. In real-life encounters, patients may be more willing to follow screening recommendations delivered by a race concordant clinician. The growth of telehealth to deliver care provides an opportunity to explore whether the...
Poster
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With rates of young-onset colorectal cancer (<50) on the rise, this research explores potential differences in message preferences that might require the adaptation of screening messages and interventions delivered using web-based technology.
Article
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Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening rates are suboptimal, partly due to poor communication about CRC risk. More effective methods are needed to educate patients, but little research has examined best practices for communicating CRC risk. This multi-method study tests whether tailoring CRC risk information increases screening intentions. Participants...
Article
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Clear and memorable environmental messaging has been scarce. Recycling contamination is an urgent environmental concern because the public is confused about which items can and cannot be recycled. Environmental campaigns utilizing message framing, a method used to emphasize either the benefits of performing or loss of avoiding an action, may help c...
Conference Paper
Purpose: Smoking rates are higher in rural regions compared to urban regions. Given the mobility within the United States, rural norms around tobacco use may persist even after individuals move to urban areas. Little research is available regarding the difference in smoking history by demographics and rural residence history. The purpose of the stu...
Article
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Targeted public education may offer an approach to achieving more effective treatment in countries like Bangladesh, where breast cancer is a leading cause of cancer death in women. Effective cancer education interventions address the target population's cultural and contextual needs. However, there is little published literature to guide the develo...
Article
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PurposeChemotherapy education provided by nurses to patients is a fundamental component of high-quality cancer care. The Quality Oncology Practice Initiative (QOPI ®) provides guidance on treatment-related aspects of chemotherapy education (diagnosis, goals, regimen, schedule, adverse events, follow-up), but recommendations on practical lifestyle i...
Article
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Introduction: Although the involvement of citizen scientists in research can contribute to scientific benefits, much remains unknown about participants' lived experiences in research. Thus, the purpose of this study was to explore how citizen scientists describe their role in, motivation for, and communication with researchers. Methods: In-depth...
Chapter
Effectively delivering health-promoting messages can persuade users to adopt healthy life-saving behaviors. Research in health-promoting media messages shows that higher social presence and transportation ratings can positively impact users’ trust and intentions to adopt healthy behaviors. Hence, social presence and transportation are essential mea...
Article
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Background Understanding how older, minoritized patients attend to cues when interacting with web-based health messages may provide opportunities to improve engagement with novel health technologies. We assess acceptance-promoting and acceptance-inhibiting cues of a web-based, intervention promoting colorectal cancer (CRC) screening with a home sto...
Article
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Researchers often communicate knowledge about biodiversity, especially information about where species are likely to be found, through maps. However, readers do not necessarily interpret such maps in the way the authors intend. We assessed undergraduate students' interpretations of mapped biodiversity data with a mixed-method approach: a survey ins...
Article
To influence user behaviors, Internet-based virtual humans (VH) have been used to deliver health interventions. However, Internet-based VH health interventions face challenges. The challenges can affect user perceptions of an Internet-based VH health intervention. In our work, we use an Internet-based VH health intervention to promote colorectal ca...
Article
Full-text available
In the US, Black adults are less likely than White adults to be screened for colorectal cancer (CRC). This study uses a subjective culture approach to describe and compare perceptions of a CRC screening intervention delivered via virtual health assistants (VHAs) among rural Black and White study participants. We analyzed 28 focus groups with Black...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Patients are more likely to complete colorectal cancer screening when recommended by a race-concordant healthcare provider. Leveraging virtual healthcare assistants to deliver tailored screening interventions may promote adherence to colorectal cancer screening guidelines among diverse patient populations. The purpose of this pilot stu...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Traditionally, the promotion of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among Black men was delivered by Community Health Workers (CHW), Patient Navigators, and decision aids (printed text or video media) at clinics and in the community setting. A novel approach to increase CRC screening of Black men includes developing and utilizing a patient...
Article
Background: Traditionally, promotion of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among Black men were delivered by Community Health Workers (CHW), Patient Navigators, and decision aids (printed text or video media) at clinics and in the community setting. A novel approach to increase CRC screening of Black men includes developing and utilizing a patient-...
Article
Background: Behavioral lifestyle interventions are the foundation of adolescent obesity treatment. Tailoring an intervention using adolescent stakeholder engagement during the development process could improve intervention effectiveness. Methods: Adolescents with overweight/obesity ages 14-19 (n = 41) participated in 11 sex-specific focus groups (...
Article
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Background Investigation of the microbiome during early life has stimulated an increasing number of cohort studies in pregnant and breastfeeding women that require non-invasive biospecimen collection. The objective of this study was to explore pregnant and breastfeeding women’s perspectives on longitudinal clinical studies that require non-invasive...
Article
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Background We assessed the feasibility and acceptability of a sequential approach of parent-targeted HPV vaccine reminders and phone-based Motivation Interviewing (MI). Methods In 2016, we selected all 11- to 12-year-old boys and girls seen in one clinic whose vaccine records did not include the HPV vaccine ( n =286). By gender, we individually ra...
Article
Full-text available
To influence user behaviors, Internet-based virtual humans (VH) have been used to deliver health interventions. When developing Internet-based VH health interventions, the developers have to make several design decisions on VH’s appearance, role, language, or medium. The design decisions can affect the outcomes of the Internet-based VH health inter...
Article
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Purpose: Patients are frequently asked to share their personal health information. The objective of this study was to compare the effects on patient experiences of 3 electronic consent (e-consent) versions asking patients to share their health records for research. Methods: A multi-arm randomized controlled trial was conducted from November 2017...
Article
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The cover image is based on the Paper Tailoring Virtual Human‐Delivered Interventions: A Digital Intervention promoting Colorectal Cancer Screening for Black Women by Melissa J. Vilaro et al., https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.5538.
Article
The perceived availability of online social support may contribute to patient-provider conversations about lung cancer screening. This study examines how the perceived availability of instrumental and emotional online social support is associated with patient-provider communication about lung cancer screening among adults who meet U.S. Preventive S...
Article
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The overutilization of antibiotics during pregnancy and early life are associated with adverse health outcomes for mothers and infants. In this study, we explored pregnant women’s opinions and concerns of antibiotics and how perceptions may affect their health-related decision-making. We conducted 18 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with pregna...
Article
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Objective: Despite efforts to reduce cancer disparities, Black women remain underrepresented in cancer research. Virtual health assistants (VHAs) are one promising digital technology for communicating health messages and promoting health behaviors to diverse populations. This study describes participant responses to a VHA-delivered intervention pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Electronic health records (EHRs) hold great potential for longitudinal mother-baby studies, ranging from assessing study feasibility to facilitating patient recruitment to streamlining study visits and data collection. Existing studies focused on the perspectives of pregnant and breastfeeding women regarding EHR use have been limited to...
Article
Full-text available
Background Electronic health records (EHRs) hold great potential for longitudinal mother-baby studies, ranging from assessing study feasibility to facilitating patient recruitment to streamlining study visits and data collection. Existing studies on the perspectives of pregnant and breastfeeding women on EHR use have been limited to the use of EHRs...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Limited regulatory guidance surrounding the use of social media channels for participant recruitment is an interdisciplinary challenge. Establishing stakeholder-informed, replicable procedures for using social media in research recruitment is essential to ethically and effectively recruiting research participants. OBJECTIVE The purpose...
Article
Background: Limited regulatory guidance surrounding the use of social media channels for participant recruitment is an interdisciplinary challenge. Establishing stakeholder-informed procedures is essential for ethical and effective use of social media for participant recruitment. Objective: This study aims to provide replicable procedures for de...
Article
Since prostate cancer incidence, prevalence and mortality are still highest among Black men in the United States, it is important to effectively address the factors that contribute to prostate cancer disparities in this at-risk population as well as their low participation in biomedical research/clinical trials. An effective communication strategy...
Chapter
While most cancer deaths occur in Low-to-Middle-Income countries (LMICs), little is known about cancer prevention in such places. Empirical research shows that culturally appropriate and theory-driven communication interventions for cancer prevention can produce expected health outcomes, but how it is done in LMICs like Bangladesh has not been scie...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES/GOALS: Guided by the health belief model and social identity theory, we aim to identify socio-cultural and psychological factors that influence rural tobacco users a) participation in research and b) quitting tobacco use. We also explore how citizen scientists are perceived as disseminators of messages. METHODS/STUDY POPULATION: In Phase...
Conference Paper
Traditionally, promotion of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among minority and rural populations including African American men was delivered by Community Health Workers (CHW), Patient Navigators, and decision aids (printed text or video media) at clinics. A novel approach to increase CRC screening of black men includes developing and utilizing a...
Conference Paper
Introduction: A key strategy to address the disproportionate burden of prostate cancer (CaP) seen in Black men (BM) is increased access to life-changing, scientific CaP discoveries, especially those with implications for primary and secondary preventive interventions as well as information that will enhance access to CaP clinical trials. In line wi...
Article
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Recent changes in the global economy make it imperative for U.S. recycling programs to reduce contamination, however, little is known about how local municipalities are responding to this need. The implementation of the Chinese National Sword policy banned most U.S. imported solid waste in 2018, but there has been an increased focus on implementing...
Article
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In 2017, Florida ranked 2nd nationally in prevalence and incidence rates of HIV infections in the United States. Due to the high burden of HIV and low viral suppression in Florida, it is of increased importance to study methods of HIV prevention such as preexposure prophylaxis(PrEP) in this state. Our study aimed to examine correlates of PrEP aware...
Article
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Background Little is known about designing research recruitment campaigns that connect with underserved, geographically isolated rural populations. A theoretically informed process is needed to assist research teams and practitioners in their evaluation of Facebook’s feasibility as a recruitment tool and development of online materials for recruiti...
Book
This book explores the ways in which Eastern and Western medical knowledge inform each other in the treatment of people in Asia across a wide range of health issues. To do so, it brings together health communication scholars from diverse disciplines both in Hong Kong and worldwide and combines their observations and expertise with those of clinicia...
Article
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Joining an online social support group may increase perceived membership to a community, but it does not guarantee that the community will be available when it is needed. This is especially relevant for adults with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), many of whom reside in rural regions and continually negotiate their illness identity. Dr...
Article
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Introduction: Health research registries have great potential to increase awareness of research opportunities among diverse patient populations and reduce disparities in clinical trial accrual. However, little research has focused on patients' intentions to participate in clinical trials once they are enrolled in the registry and their intentions...
Article
Theoretically informed measures of eHealth literacy that consider the social affordances of eHealth are limited. This study describes the psychometric testing of a multi-dimensional instrument to measure functional, communicative, critical, and translational eHealth literacies, as informed by the Transactional Model of eHealth Literacy (TMeHL). A 3...
Article
Full-text available
Among American women, the rate of breast cancer is only second to lung cancer. An estimated 12.4% women will develop breast cancer over the course of their lifetime. The widespread use of social media across the socioeconomic spectrum offers unparalleled ways to facilitate information sharing, in particular as it pertains to health. Social media is...
Article
Objective: In the context of patient broad consent for future research uses of their identifiable health record data, we compare the effectiveness of interactive trust-enhanced e-consent, interactive-only e-consent, and standard e-consent (no interactivity, no trust enhancement). Materials and methods: A randomized trial was conducted involving...
Conference Paper
To influence user behaviors, Internet-based virtual humans (VH) have been used to deliver health interventions. However, Internet-based VH health interventions face challenges. The challenges can affect user perceptions of an Internet-based VH health intervention. In our work, we use an Internet-based VH health intervention to promote colorectal ca...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Accumulating data suggest the health benefits of breastfeeding are, in part, mediated through interactions with the human microbiome. Despite these observations, recruitment of pregnant mothers in longitudinal clinical microbiome studies remains a significant challenge. The goal of this study is to develop data-driven strategies for re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Among American women, the rate of breast cancer is only second to lung cancer. An estimated 12.4% women will develop breast cancer over the course of their lifetime. The widespread use of social media across the socio-economic spectrum offers unparalleled ways to facilitate information sharing, in particular as it pertains to health. Social media i...
Article
Full-text available
An international priority is to engage patients at-risk of or living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in online research and self-management programmes to establish evidence for their efficacy and obtain patient perspectives about healthcare [1]. Participatory social media and electronic research registries pose opportunities for s...
Article
Information seeking is a cornerstone of patient activation in chronic disease self-management. To date, there are few brief and literacy-sensitive tools to measure intrinsic barriers of health information seeking. The Health Information National Trends Survey includes four items from the Information Seeking Experiences scale to measure frustration,...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this pilot study was to determine if a cancer research study website increased comprehension among patients and caregivers and if website evaluations differed across patient and caregiver groups. Participants (N = 200) were cancer patients and caregivers living in the USA. Comprehension was determined by the number of correct respons...
Article
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OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: Our overarching theoretical framework is the health belief model (HBM). Guided by HBM, we aim to identify rural adults’ perceived barriers and motivations to participating in research. Specifically, our research questions are listed below. RQ1: What socio-cultural factors influence rural tobacco users’ intentions to a) par...
Article
Background: The Internet is an important tool for empowering patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) to learn about and self-manage their condition. Purpose: To understand which aspects of the online experience facilitates or hinders the perceived ability of patients with COPD to achieve their information and self-management g...
Article
Full-text available
Meaningful science engagement beyond one-way outreach is needed to encourage science-based decision making. This pilot study aimed to instigate dialogue and deliberation concerning climate change and public health. Feedback from science café participants was used to design a panel-based museum exhibit that asked visitors to make action plans concer...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Patients are increasingly using mobile health applications (“apps”) to monitor their health and educate themselves about medical issues. Despite the increasing popularity of such apps, poor design and usability often lead to suboptimal continue use of these apps, and subsequently to poor adherence to the behavior changes at which they ar...
Article
Background: Patients are increasingly using mobile health (mHealth) apps to monitor their health and educate themselves about medical issues. Despite the increasing popularity of such apps, poor design and usability often lead to suboptimal continued use of these apps and subsequently to poor adherence to the behavior changes at which they are aim...
Article
Full-text available
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recently made changes to the nutrition facts label so that calories will be emphasized over all other nutrient information (U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), 2016a, August 3). In light of calories’ increased visibility, strategic health communicators need to understand both how individuals perceive...
Article
This study examined how cultural adaptation and delivery quality of the school-based intervention keepin' it REAL (kiR) influenced adolescent substance use. The goal of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the multi-cultural, urban (non-adapted) kiR intervention, a re-grounded (adapted) rural version of the kiR intervention and control con...
Conference Paper
Background and Objective: Although prostate cancer (CaP) mortality and morbidity have declined since the 1990s, Black men (BM) are still disproportionately affected by CaP. It will take a concerted and inventive effort to address the burden of CaP in BM. A unique approach that is of significant interest to our team is increased access to life-chang...
Article
Full-text available
OBJECTIVES/SPECIFIC AIMS: Cancer clinical trials (CCTs) are vital tools in the advancement of cancer prevention and treatment. Yet, only 3%–5% of eligible patients enroll in CCTs. Low participation can be attributed, in part, to poor communication as well as a lack of awareness and understanding about CCTs. In order to increase participation in tri...
Article
Cancer decision-making interventions commonly utilize narratives as a persuasive strategy to increase identification with the message source, promote involvement with the topic, and elicit greater willingness to adopt recommended behaviors. However, there is little empirical research examining the mechanisms underlying the effectiveness of this str...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Electronic health (eHealth) information is ingrained in the healthcare experience to engage patients across the lifespan. Both eHealth accessibility and optimization are influenced by lifespan development, as older adults experience greater challenges accessing and using eHealth tools as compared to their younger counterparts. The eHea...
Article
The present study seeks to understand how parents as prevention agents approach substance use prevention messages during the period of early adolescence. Students (N = 410) in a drug prevention trial completed surveys from 7th to 9th grade. Using longitudinal data, a series of latent transition analyses was conducted to identify major trends of par...