Janet R. Vos

Janet R. Vos
Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc) · Department of Human Genetics

PhD

About

30
Publications
1,685
Reads
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345
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
317 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - February 2016
University of Groningen
Position
  • PhD Student
September 2012 - March 2016
University of Groningen
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Pathogenic PTEN germline variants cause PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS), a rare disease with a variable genotype and phenotype. Knowledge about these spectra and genotype-phenotype associations could help diagnostics and potentially lead to personalized care. Therefore, we assessed the PHTS genotype and phenotype spectrum in a lar...
Article
Full-text available
Background: PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS) is a rare syndrome with a broad phenotypic spectrum, including increased risks of breast (BC, 67-78% at age 60), endometrial (EC, 19-28%) and thyroid cancer (TC, 6-38%). Current risks are likely overestimated due to ascertainment bias. We aimed to provide more accurate and personalized cancer risks....
Article
Full-text available
Colorectal cancer surveillance (CCS) with colonoscopy every five years is advised for PTEN Hamartoma Tumour Syndrome (PHTS) patients aged ≥40 due to an increased colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. However, data to support CCS guidelines are scarce and available CRC risks are low (0–5% at age 50) and likely overestimated. We aimed to assess the detection...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Women with PTEN Hamartoma Tumor Syndrome (PHTS) are offered breast cancer (BC) surveillance because of an increased BC lifetime risk. Surveillance guidelines are, however, expert opinion-based because of a lack of data. We aimed to assess the yield and effectiveness of BC surveillance and the prevalence and type of breast disease in wo...
Article
PTEN germline variants cause PTEN Hamartoma Tumour Syndrome (PHTS). Of individuals fulfilling diagnostic criteria, 41–88% test negative for PTEN germline variants, while mosaicism could be an explanation. Here we describe two individuals with PTEN mosaicism. First, a 21-year-old female presented with macrocephaly and a venous malformation. Next gen...
Article
Patients with PTEN Hamartoma Tumour Syndrome (PHTS) are at increased risk of developing cancer. Many adult PHTS patients are not recognized as such and do not receive the cancer surveillance they need. Our aim was to define phenotypic characteristics that can easily be assessed and manifest by early adulthood, and hence could serve as red flags (i....
Article
Full-text available
Background Histology restricted genetic predisposition testing of ovarian carcinoma patients is a topic of debate as the prevalence of BRCA1/2 pathogenic variants (PVs) in various histological subtypes is ambiguous. Our primary aim was to investigate the proportion of germline BRCA1/2 PVs per histological subtype. Additionally, we evaluated (i) pro...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with PTEN hamartoma tumor syndrome (PHTS, comprising Cowden, Bannayan‐Riley‐Ruvalcaba, and Proteus‐like syndromes) are at increased risk of developing cancer due to pathogenic PTEN germline variants. This review summarizes age‐, sex‐, and type‐specific malignant cancer risks for PHTS patients, which is urgently needed for clinical manageme...
Article
Full-text available
Universal mismatch repair deficiency (dMMR) testing of colorectal cancer (CRC) is promoted as routine diagnostics to prescreen for Lynch syndrome. We evaluated the yield and experience of age‐related molecular investigation for heritable and nonheritable causes of dMMR in CRC below age 70 to identify Lynch Syndrome. In a prospective cohort of 3602...
Article
Full-text available
PTEN hamartoma tumour syndrome is a diverse multi-system disorder predisposing to the development of hamartomatous growths, increasing risk of breast, thyroid, renal cancer, and possibly increasing risk of endometrial cancer, colorectal cancer and melanoma. There is no international consensus on cancer surveillance in PHTS and all current guideline...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Women with epithelial ovarian cancer (OC) have a higher chance to benefit from PARP inhibitor (PARPi) therapy if their tumor has a somatic or hereditary BRCA1/2 pathogenic variant. Current guidelines advise BRCA1/2 genetic predisposition testing for all OC patients, though this does not detect somatic variants. We assessed the feasibil...
Article
Full-text available
Each year approximately 15,000 patients are diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) in the Netherlands, of whom 5–10% are associated with a hereditary syndrome. To enable future research into hereditary CRC, we established a collaborative biobank for hereditary CRC in all eight University Medical Centers (UMCs) in the Netherlands in 2009. This Bioba...
Article
Biallelic germline mutations affecting NTHL1 predispose carriers to adenomatous polyposis and colorectal cancer, but the complete phenotype is unknown. We describe 29 individuals carrying biallelic germline NTHL1 mutations from 17 families, of which 26 developed one (n = 10) or multiple (n = 16) malignancies in 14 different tissues. An unexpected h...
Article
Full-text available
Approximately 27–36 million patients in Europe have one of the ~ 5.000–8.000 known rare diseases. These patients often do not receive the care they need or they have a substantial delay from diagnosis to treatment. In March 2017, twenty-four European Reference Networks (ERNs) were launched with the aim to improve the care for these patients through...
Article
This observational study aimed to investigate whether the reported association between family history (FH) of breast cancer (BC) or ovarian cancer (OC) and OC risks in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers can be explained by mutation position on the gene. In total, 3310 female BRCA1/2 mutation carriers participating in a nationwide prospective cohort (Heredit...
Article
Full-text available
Approximately one million patients in the Netherlands and 27-36 million patients in Europe have one of the 5,000-8,000 known rare diseases. These patients often do not receive the care they need or with a substantial delay from diagnosis to treatment. As of March 2017, 24 European Reference Networks (ERNs) were launched with the aim to improve the...
Article
Full-text available
With great interest, we read the letter to the editor from Evans and colleagues ([1][1]) on the parent-of-origin effect on breast cancer risk in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, which addressed our recent findings on this issue ([2][2]). In our Dutch national cohort of BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, no parent
Article
Background:Paternal transmission of a BRCA mutation has been reported to increase the risk of breast cancer in offspring more than when the mutation is maternally inherited. As this effect might be caused by referral bias, the aim of this study was to assess the parent-of-origin effect of the BRCA1/2 mutation on the breast cancer lifetime risk, whe...
Article
Objectives: Assessing the combined impact of mutation position, regarding the ovarian cancer cluster region (OCCR), and type of cancer family history (FH) on age-related penetrance of ovarian cancer (OC) in women from BRCA1/2 families from the northern Netherlands. Study design: A consecutive series of 1763 mutation carriers and their first-degree...
Article
Assessing the combined impact of mutation position, regarding the ovarian cancer cluster region (OCCR), and type of cancer family history (FH) on age-related penetrance of ovarian cancer (OC) in women from BRCA1/2 families from the northern Netherlands. A consecutive series of 1763 mutation carriers and their first-degree relatives from 355 proven...
Article
Full-text available
Recommendations for treating patients who carry a BRCA1/2 gene are mainly based on cumulative lifetime risks (CLTRs) of breast cancer determined from retrospective cohorts. These risks vary widely (27% to 88%), and it is important to understand why. We analyzed the effects of methods of risk estimation and bias correction and of population factors...
Article
Annual MRI and mammography is recommended for BRCA12 mutation carriers to reduce breast cancer mortality. Less intensive screening is advised ≥60 years, although effectiveness is unknown. We identified BRCA1/2 mutation carriers without bilateral mastectomy before age 60 to determine for whom screening ≥60 is relevant, in the Rotterdam Family Cancer...
Article
Background: We aimed to quantify previously observed relatively high cancer risks in BRCA2 mutation carriers (BRCA2 carriers) older than 60 in the Northern Netherlands, and to analyze whether these could be explained by mutation spectrum or population background risk. Methods: This consecutive cohort study included all known pathogenic BRCA1/2 carr...
Article
Background: Risk estimates for proven non-carriers in BRCA mutation families are inconsistent for breast cancer and lacking for ovarian cancer. We aimed to assess the age-related risks for breast and ovarian cancer for proven non-carriers in these families. Methods: A consecutive cohort study ascertained 464 proven non-carriers who had a first-d...

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