Janelle A. Kerlin

Janelle A. Kerlin
Georgia State University | GSU · Department of Public Management and Policy

PhD

About

50
Publications
20,329
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2,070
Citations
Citations since 2017
17 Research Items
1260 Citations
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Introduction
Janelle Kerlin’s current research involves comparative studies of social enterprise development across countries and trends in nonprofit and for-profit social enterprise in the United States.

Publications

Publications (50)
Chapter
Use of the term social enterprise has been growing in popularity since the mid-1980s, though the activity itself has long been in existence. Generally defined as any market-based activity to address a social issue, social enterprise has by some accounts become a global movement to sustain socially beneficial activities largely by means other than t...
Article
In China, the development of social enterprises based on Western concepts marked the entrance of an institutional innovation with strong institutional forces working against its survival. This study examines how social enterprises in China persisted in the face of high isomorphic pressures that urged their conformity with existing institutions Draw...
Article
This study conducts a comparative analysis of social enterprise intermediaries in China and India to better understand how they legitimize social enterprises in new settings. To address theoretical weakness in this sphere, it combines several institutional theories to capture disruptions created by institutional innovation and also legitimizing pro...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a definition of volunteering that will help organizations and workers, especially those engaged in commercial activity for a social purpose, determine when U.S. organizations can legally draw on volunteer labor. By drawing on recent U.S. court cases, the intentions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to protect vulnerable w...
Article
Full-text available
This policy brief proposes a tax credit with related qualifying conditions that address the serious deficiencies related to abuse and neglect found in the current for-profit long-term care space. It also seeks to address the lack of government accountability for huge outlays of taxpayer dollars in the form of Medicare and Medicaid payments to these...
Article
In this Special Issue, we hope to reframe the conversation about context and bring back context to the front and centre of our way of knowing and theorizing in the field of social entrepreneurship. We philosophize about context and then propose a typology of context in the field of social entrepreneurship (broadly defined) and identify domains of c...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to improve upon the initial quantitative assessment of Kerlin’s macro-institutional social enterprise (MISE) framework (Monroe-White et al., 2015) to test for the effect of country-level institutions on the social enterprise sector. Major improvements are the inclusion of the civil society variable and expansion of the cultu...
Book
'Shaping Social Enterprise' offers the first tested framework that helps identify institutional influences affecting social enterprise. For well over a decade, scholars and practitioners have known that social enterprise looks different in different contexts but few have attempted to understand why. Kerlin's work in this area is the first to consid...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Kerlin (2013) offers a conceptual framework for country social enterprise models that allows countries to retain their unique understanding of social enterprise and better understand the factors influencing its development. This paper provides the first large data-set regression analysis to test Kerlin’s (2013) macro-institutional social en...
Article
This article analyzes the impact of a number of external events on major funding streams for U.S.-based international nongovernmental organizations (INGOs) to inform government and organizational policy relevant to INGO managers. The first years of the twenty-first century saw three events that influenced INGO financing: the 2001 economic downturn,...
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Full-text available
This paper explores whether nonprofits are increasingly adopting mixed revenue strategies, and the sustainability of these strategies over time. We constructed a panel using NCCS data from 1998 and 2007, and divided nonprofits into three groups: Commercial, Donative, and Mixed Revenue. We found no evidence that nonprofits are increasingly adopting...
Article
This study proposes a conceptual framework for institutional processes shaping social enterprise that spans regional differences in the term. Over time, countries and regions have come to identify different definitions and concepts with the term social enterprise, leading to a debate among researchers and practitioners on how to define the concept....
Chapter
‘Social enterprise’ is a term that is increasingly used across the globe to describe new business solutions to a myriad of social and environmental problems (Alter, 2006). This discourse is often characterized by the shared human sentiments of social justice, sustainability, participation, inclusiveness, and empowerment. In Zimbabwe, the Collective...
Chapter
Over the past several decades the concept of social enterprise has grown dramatically in many regions of the world. Defined as the use of nongovernmental, market-based approaches to address social issues, social enterprise often provides a ‘business’ source of revenue for many types of socially oriented organizations and activities.1 However, withi...
Article
This article examines whether there has been an increase in nonprofit commercial revenue and if so whether declines in government grants and private contributions were behind the rise. A number of nonprofit scholars have held that nonprofit commercial activity increased significantly during the 1980s and 1990s. Following on resource dependency theo...
Article
This article examines factors behind a post–September 11, 2001, increase in the number of U.S.-based Afghan nonprofits registering or filing with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for the first time. The nonprofit literature suggests that increased government scrutiny of charitable activities has caused nonprofits to change their behavior. However...
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Full-text available
This article compares the emerging concept, practice, and context of social enterprise across seven regions and countries of the world. Broadly defined as the use of market-based approaches to address social issues, social enterprise provides a "business" source of revenue for civil society organizations. However, within these broad parameters, wor...
Article
This article examines the diffusion of a state-level nonprofit program to other states across the United States. Current literature on innovation diffusion largely overlooks the diffusion of nonprofit program innovation. Although several streams of related diffusion research have considered organizational change and government policy transfer, they...
Article
This article examines nonprofit environmental groups to demonstrate the impact of Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and Federal Election Commission (FEC) regulation on nonprofit organizations interested in advocacy work. This regulation encourages nonprofits interested in extended advocacy to form additional, related tax-exempt entities, creating comp...
Book
Social enterprise--the use of market-based, civil society approaches to address social issues--has been a growing phenomenon for over twenty years. Gathering essays by researchers and practitioners from around the globe, this volume examines, from a local perspective, the diverse ways in which social enterprise has emerged in different regions. Eac...
Article
The fall of Communist regimes in Eastern Europe raised the complex question of how social services were to be distributed and administered in countries with legacies of highly centralized state. In Poland, a series of reforms attempted to modify and decentralize social service programs. Yet with Poland's second round of decentralization, long-held...
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Full-text available
Since the 1980s both the United States and Europe have experienced a simultaneous expansion in social enterprise. However, little has been written comparing and contrasting American and European conceptions of social enterprise resulting in difficulty communicating on the topic and missed opportunities to learn and build on foreign experience. To a...
Book
The fall of Communist regimes in Eastern Europe raised the complex question of how social services were to be distributed and administered in countries with legacies of highly centralized state. In Poland, a series of reforms attempted to modify and decentralize social service programs. Yet with Poland’s second round of decentralization, long-held...
Article
This dissertation analyzes the politics and social service outcomes of governmental decentralization in Poland. Poland's 1999 public administration reform reduced the number of provinces from 49 to 16, restored 373 counties, and decentralized public programs and services to these two levels. In the process it dramatically altered many social servic...
Article
A new rehabilitation model for drug-addicted individuals developed by psychologist and director, Jaroslaw Straszny, and his colleagues and patients is currently being implemented in two rehabilitation centers in Czechowice-Dziedzice and Bielsko-Biala, Poland. The model approaches drug addiction treatment from the human psychology perspective and un...
Article
A new rehabilitation model for drug-addicted individuals developed by psychologist and director, Jaroslaw Straszny, and his colleagues and patients is currently being implemented in two rehabilitation centers in Czechowice-Dziedzice and Bielsko-Biala, Poland. The model approaches drug addiction treatment from the human psychology perspective and un...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the politics and social service outcomes of the second round of decentralization in Poland. Poland's 1999 public administration reform reduced the number of provinces from 49 to 16, restored 373 counties, and decentralized public programs and services to these two levels. In the process it dramatically altered many programs in s...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
See call for papers at https://think.taylorandfrancis.com/rapp-social-entrepreneurship-in-context/ Abstract Deadline: April 30, 2019 Invited Full Paper Deadline: October 30, 2019
Project
Shaping Social Enterprise offers the first tested framework that helps identify institutional influences affecting social enterprise including government, economy, civil society, and culture. Specifically, it provides an in-depth assessment of Kerlin’s theoretically-based framework for understanding these and other influences by means of quantitative analysis and qualitative critiques from eight countries. It helps researchers, policymakers, practitioners, and international development actors better understand paths of social enterprise development and the location of institutional strengths and weaknesses.