Jane Setter

Jane Setter
University of Reading · English Language and Applied Linguistics

PhD in Phonetics

About

72
Publications
16,201
Reads
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459
Citations
Citations since 2016
40 Research Items
189 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030
20162017201820192020202120220102030
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - July 2019
University of Reading
Position
  • Departmental Director of Teaching and Learning

Publications

Publications (72)
Article
This paper presents data for a tightly controlled recognition and production study of English language intonation in reading by speakers of British English and second language learners of English in Hong Kong. We demonstrate a relatively high correlation between the scores for the two studies when data are separated by utterance type (statement, ec...
Article
Speech physiology consists of the articulatory structures, including the respiratory system, the larynx and various vocal tract articulators, plus the sensory organs, which provide auditory, somatosensory and visual inputs that map the feature space in which speech is produced and perceived. In this chapter the focus is on the neurophysiology of th...
Article
This chapter addresses the issue of measuring consonants from an acoustic perspective. After reviewing some of the historic precedents that laid the foundations of acoustic analysis relevant for speech, the chapter provides a detailed report of the techniques for measuring the acoustic information of consonants of six manners of articulation (frica...
Article
Consonants are speech sounds produced with a closure or near complete constriction of the vocal tract. All languages systematically exploit place of articulation to differentiate consonants. Eight other phonetically independent parameters are used to create consonant contrast: airstream, constriction degree, laryngeal setting, nasality, laterality,...
Article
This chapter surveys issues related to the production of tone in the world’s languages. Here the term ‘tone’ refers to the localised (within-syllable) use of fundamental frequency that contrasts lexical meanings (thus excluding pitch accent and stress languages). A comprehensive review of tonal phonetics is presented covering the acoustic correlate...
Article
This chapter gives an overview of critical issues in contemporary research on the phonetics of intonation, arising from a survey of historical and recent trends in the field. We begin with a brief introduction to some of the key concepts to be used in the description of intonation in the chapter, which is based primarily on the Autosegmental Metric...
Article
Phonetics is studied by students on a variety of courses, where it may be either elective or obligatory, and its inclusion in the syllabus can be implicit or explicit. In all cases, however, the teaching of phonetics must take into account the needs of students in relation to the rest of their programme, and the use they will make of phonetics in t...
Article
Building machines to converse with human beings through automatic speech recognition (ASR) and understanding (ASU) has long been a topic of great interest for scientists and engineers, and we have recently witnessed rapid technological advances in this area. Here, we first cast the ASR problem as a pattern-matching and channel-decoding paradigm. We...
Article
This paper covers the methods for measuring rhythm and the main paradigms used to study rhythm perception. An overview of ideas about speech rhythm is provided, starting with the traditional view of isochrony and rhythm classes. Production and perception methods used to establish rhythm-class differences are presented and critically reviewed, as ar...
Article
This chapter provides an introduction to the acoustic and perceptual measurement of vowels. The measurable acoustic properties of vowels are formants, duration, pitch and intensity. Perceptual measurements include identification and discrimination of natural or synthesised vowels. After a brief review of the historical representation of the vowel s...
Article
This chapter addresses the bidirectional interface between phonetics and speech-language therapy/pathology, focusing on the application of phonetic principles and methods within the clinical domain. The history of clinical phonetics as a phonetic subdomain is charted, including the birth of the extensions to the IPA for disordered speech (extIPA)....
Article
In this chapter, we review phonetics in pronunciation teaching and learning from a historical perspective, before going on to look at paradigms for pronunciation and second language (L2) phonology with a focus on phonetic issues. Research identifying the importance of access to phonetic cues, auditory and visual, both in experimental and classroom...
Article
Connected speech is defined here as any speech in units larger than single words, including phenomena that happen at word boundaries even in careful speech, as well as phenomena of spontaneous or conversational speech. The former includes abstract phonological processes that are triggered by word boundaries (e.g. insertion of /r/ in some English di...
Article
This chapter examines voice quality as the long-term, relatively constant or habitually recurring phonetic characteristics of an individual’s speech. The identification of voice quality settings relates the auditory/acoustic components of the voice quality strand of an individual’s accent (i.e. habitual manner of speaking) to the articulatory postu...
Article
Eye-tracking has proven to be a fruitful method to investigate how listeners process spoken language in real time. This chapter highlights the contribution of eye-tracking to our understanding of various classical issues in phonetics about the uptake of segmental and suprasegmental information during speech processing, as well as the role of gaze d...
Article
Pitch, the subjective impression of whether individual speech sounds are perceived as relatively high or low, is an important characteristic of spoken language, contributing in some languages to the lexical identity of words and in all languages to the perception of the intonation pattern of utterances. Pitch corresponds to the physiological parame...
Article
The observation and measurement of the movement of the organs of the vocal tract during speech is relevant for the understanding of phonetic phenomena, from descriptions of under-documented languages and cross-linguistic comparison of speech sound production, to investigations of factors impacting speech motor planning, and to testing models of the...
Article
The phonetics/phonology interface refers to the relationship between the physical dimensions of phonetics and the abstract arrangement of phonemes and their manifestations within the phonological systems of languages. This chapter provides an overview of a range of approaches to the investigation of the phonetics/phonology interface, with particula...
Article
This chapter introduces the application of phonetics to various legal situations involving speech. In these situations, the identity of a speaker is in question or the linguistic content is disputed. Forensic phonetics focuses on the differences between members of a speech community resulting from physiological differences as well as choices under...
Article
Vowels are traditionally viewed as one of the two major classes of speech sound. Vowels lack contact between the tongue and the roof of the mouth, and they are normally voiced. Importantly, the speaker receives little proprioceptive feedback from their speech organs, meaning that it is not fully appropriate to define a vowel in terms of place and m...
Article
This chapter provides an overview of research that combines phonetics and psycholinguistics. It underscores a number of papers that highlight a story about the history, issues and trends in the field. In doing so, papers that can serve as good pointers to different subfields are examined. The chapter oscillates between foundational work and more re...
Article
This chapter provides an overview of research questions and methods found in sociophonetic work. We begin by providing a historical overview of the field, and then describe commonly used methods alongside the research questions they are used to explore. For those interested in teaching a course on sociophonetics, we describe how we approach teachin...
Article
When speech sounds are produced, articulatory movements for one sound overlap with those of the surrounding sounds, generating articulatory and acoustic signals that at any point in time are informative about two or more sounds, not just one. This process of intermingling of information about several speech sounds in the articulatory and acoustic s...
Article
In this chapter, we provide a historical and a contemporary overview of the hearing brain. We will review how various brain-imaging methods are employed to study how sounds and meanings are represented in the brain. These studies have provided the foundation from which network models of the brain are built. We will conclude with a discussion of the...
Article
In this chapter, we provide an overview of past and current research on developmental phonetics. We situate our work within the body of literature on child language phonetics and phonology, which describes speech production patterns, often in the context of other aspects (e.g. phonological, lexical) of the child’s larger linguistic system. Research...
Article
This chapter covers two related prosodic phenomena: stress, i.e. the relative perceived prominence of individual syllables, and speech rhythm, the distributed prominence of syllables across stretches of speech and their perceived regularity in time. Both stress and rhythm can be viewed from the angles of perception and production, and speakers of d...
Article
As synthetic voices enter the mass market, there is an increasing need for voice personalisation, that is, a voice for the text-to-speech system that not only conveys information but also exudes a persona much like the human voice. We begin this chapter with a historical overview of the field starting with model-based approaches, to concatenative s...
Article
Aims and objectives This study investigates the acquisition of Setswana speech rhythm, considered to be typically syllable-timed, by early sequential Setswana–English bilingual children aged 6–7 years old growing up in Botswana, a country with a diglossic setting, where English is the dominant high-status language in educational and public contexts...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper contributes data towards a phonological description of intonation in Hong Kong English (HKE), an emergent, 'nativising' but under-described variety of English spoken primarily as the second language of L1 Cantonese speakers. We demonstrate choice and realisation of nuclear tones for ten HKE-speaking and ten British English (BrE)-speaking...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study examines the relative duration of the penultimate syllable vowel (PSVL) in multisyllabic Setswana words in the speech of 20 Batswana (citizens) primary school children aged 6-7 years growing up in Botswana. Setswana phonology requires the lengthening of the vowel in the penultimate syllable of multisyllabic words. The participants are 10...
Article
Full-text available
In the field of phonetics and phonology, it has been argued that Arabic emphatic sounds /sˤ/, /ðˤ/, /dˤ/, and /tˤ/ are distinctive and unique to Arabic and they are considered the most difficult sounds for L2 learners of Arabic to acquire. This research included investigating the ability of a group of Arabic L2 learners to perceive and produce thes...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Investigations of the link between the perception and production of prosody by language learners can inform theories of prosody perception and production, especially with regard to Second Language Acquisition (SLA), and for the implementation of prosody in Foreign Language Teaching (FLT). The perception and production of prosody in L2 speech are of...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Previous research suggests that intonation is a particularly challenging aspect of L2 speech learning. While most research focuses on speech production, we widen the focus and study the perception of intonation by L2 learners. We investigate whether advanced German learners of English have knowledge of the appropriate English intonation patterns in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study examined the Arabic L2 learners’ ability to perceive and produce the emphatic sounds /sˤ/, /ðˤ/, /dˤ/, and /tˤ/ in a group of L2 learners of Arabic. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of traditional-based and technology-based instruction in enhancing learners’ perception and production of these sounds. Data were collect...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial grammar learning is an empirical paradigm that investigates basic pattern and structural processing in different populations. It can inform how higher cognitive functions, such as language use, take place. Our study used artificial grammar learning to assess how children with Williams syndrome (WS; n = 16) extract patterns in structured...
Article
This paper presents the findings of a study on the intonational features in ten proficient Malay Speakers of English (MSEs), focusing on a distinct rising tone (the Cooperative Rise, CR). Using Brazil’s (1985) Discourse Intonation as a framework for analysis, the CR discourse function differs from the rise and fall-rise of Standard Southern British...
Article
The Development of Prosody in Children with Williams and Down’s Syndrome and in Typically Developing English-Speaking Children The aim of the present study is to investigate the developmental profile of three aspects of prosody function, i.e. affect, focus and turn-endings in children with Williams and in those with Down’s syndrome compared to typi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Studies of vowels in Hong Kong English (HKE) have revealed that it has diphthongs which are not dissimilar from British English (BrE). However, impressionistically, diphthongs in HKE can and do sound different. This paper looks at two perceptual phenomena: monophthongisation of GOAT; and coda consonant loss in words containing closing diphthongs fo...
Article
Down syndrome (DS) and Williams syndrome (WS) are genetic disorders resulting from different types of genetic errors. While both disorders lead to phonological and speech motor deficits, particularly little is known about vowel production in DS and WS. Recent work suggests that impaired vowel articulation in DS likely contributes to the poor intell...
Article
The subtle juncture cues in older varieties of English such as Received Pronunciation can be difficult for speakers of new English varieties to perceive. This study looks at the perception of word juncture characteristics in three varieties of English (British, Hong Kong and Singapore) among British, Hong Kong and Singaporean listeners in order to...
Article
The aim of this study was to compare the prosodic profiles of English- and Spanish-speaking children with Williams syndrome (WS), examining cross-linguistic differences. Two groups of children with WS, English and Spanish, of similar chronological and nonverbal mental age, were compared on performance in expressive and receptive prosodic tasks from...
Article
This paper presents some preliminary data from a study which investigates the intonation patterns of Malay speakers of English (MSEs). The study examines the MSEs' intonation using Brazil's [4] Discourse Intonation (DI) approach as the main method of analysis, with a view to modifying DI for this variety in view of how meaning is conveyed and under...
Article
Full-text available
The subtle juncture cues in traditional English can be difficult for speakers of new English varieties to perceive. This preliminary study looks at the perception of word juncture characteristics in three varieties of English, British English (BE), Hong Kong English (HKE) and Singapore English (SE), amongst British and Hong Kong listeners in order...
Article
Full-text available
Although there have been a large number of studies on English intonation and intonation teaching there has been little research on intonation assessment other than [1], [3] and [4]. This paper evaluates the intonation of native speakers (NSs) and non-native speakers (NNSs) of English with and without knowledge of intonation theory in spontaneous an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The subtle juncture cues in traditional English can be difficult for speakers of new English varieties to perceive. This preliminary study looks at the perception of word juncture characteristics in three varieties of English, British English (BE), Hong Kong English (HKE) and Singapore English (SE), amongst British and Hong Kong listeners in order...
Article
This study investigates the intonation of Chinese and Arabic learners of English using the computerized test battery Profiling Elements of Prosody for Speech and Communication (PEPS-C). The aims were to ascertain which aspects of intonation are difficult for these learners, and to determine whether PEPS-C can be used to assess the intonation of adu...
Book
This volume provides an overview of all aspects of Hong Kong English in a style designed for undergraduates and general readers. As a former British colony, Hong Kong used English as the language of government, law and education in the early days of colonial rule. Since the Handover from British to Chinese rule in 1997, it is no longer used as the...
Article
We welcome the lead article (Peppé, 2009) which raises important issues with regard to the definition of the term prosody, the characterization of prosodic impairments and issues of prosody intervention. We take this opportunity to focus on the issue of prosodic impairment in two developmental conditions: a population with speech and language impai...
Article
This study investigates consonant clusters and phonotactics in the English spoken by Hong Kong Cantonese speakers. A computer dataset of Hong Kong English speech data amounting to 4,404 syllables was used. Syllables were categorised according to structure, and then compared to 1,847 syllables from an existing corpus of British English speakers. It...
Article
Full-text available
The authors investigated expressive and receptive intonation abilities in children with Williams syndrome (WS) and the relation of these abilities to other linguistic abilities. Fourteen children with WS, 14 typically developing children matched to the WS group for receptive language (LA), and 15 typically developing children matched to the WS grou...
Article
The aim of the current study was to investigate expressive affect in children with Williams syndrome (WS) in comparison to typically developing children in an experimental task and in spontaneous speech. Fourteen children with WS, 14 typically developing children matched to the WS group for receptive language (LA) and 15 typically developing childr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports the pitch range and vowel duration data from a group of children with Williams syndrome (WS) in comparison with a group of typically developing children matched for chronological age (CA) and a group matched for receptive language abilities (LA). It is found that the speech of the WS group has a greater pitch range and that vowel...
Article
This study investigated syllable duration as a measure of speech rhythm in the English spoken by Hong Kong Cantonese speakers. A computer dataset of Hong Kong English speech data amounting to 4,404 syllables was used. Measurements of syllable duration were taken, investigated statistically, and then compared with measurements of 1,847 syllables fro...
Article
HELEN FRASER, Teaching Pronunciation: A Guide for Teachers of English as a Second Language and Learn to Speak Clearly in English. Fyshwick, Australia: Catalyst Interactive, 2001. Windows CD-ROM. Requires Quick Time (included). Funded under the ANTA Adult Literacy National Project by the Commonwealth through the Department of Education, Training and...
Article
Books reviewed: Kingsley Bolton (ed.), Hong Kong English: Autonomy and Creativity.
Article
Full-text available
This article is organised in five main sections. It begins by outlining the scope of pronunciation teaching and the role of pronunciation in our personal and social lives. The second section surveys the background to pronunciation teaching from its origins in the early twentieth century to the present day, and includes a discussion of pronunciation...
Article
RICHARD CAULDWELL, Streaming Speech: Listening and Pronunciation for Advanced Learners of English. Birmingham: Speech in Action, 2002. Windows CD-ROM - - Volume 33 Issue 2 - Jane Setter
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the appearance of additional final consonants in the English of speakers from Hong Kong and Singapore. In the data examined, three types of sound added word finally are identified: alveolar fricative, which we label /s/, alveolar plosive, labelled /t/, and velar plosive, labelled /k/. Some of the occurrences of these sounds co...
Article
This paper presents the results of a study of rhythm and timing in English spoken by Hong Kong Cantonese speakers, for whom English is a second language. A corpus of Hong Kong English (HKE) speech data was collected on computer, and measurements of syllable duration were made. These measurements were then compared statistically with syllable measur...
Article
This paper describes and analyses the phenomenon of consonant cluster simplification in the English of two native Cantonese speakers in Hong Kong. We show that this process is systematic in that it targets the alveolar plosives and removes them when they are members of a coda consonant cluster in spite of the fact that the details of the simplifica...
Article
A study of emotional speech has resulted in a collection of some five hours of recorded material. The analysis of this material has required computer-based annotation incorporating prosodic and paralinguistic transcription as well as the coding of various psychological variables. A version of the prosodic and paralinguistic transcription devised by...
Article
Full-text available
Expressive and receptive speech prosody in a group of children with Williams syndrome and Down's syndrome are compared with each other and also with typically developing children using a computerized test battery. It is found that the WS children outperform the DS children on all expressive aspects of prosody, despite having comparable receptive la...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the ability of Vietnamese learners of English to perceive features of English intonation, more specifically, tonicity and tone. An action research paradigm is adopted which takes into account individual language learning strategies (LLS). The performance of three groups of learners, cycle one (C1), cycle two (C2) and a contr...

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