Jane Gilgun

Jane Gilgun
University of Minnesota Twin Cities | UMN · Department of Social Work

PhD, Syracuse University
Doing interviews on adversities, beliefs, violence, & resilience; writing up research; working other research projects

About

111
Publications
83,373
Reads
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2,276
Citations
Citations since 2016
19 Research Items
855 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
I do many kinds of writing and recently have begun writing for the general public. Academic researchers could contribute more to the common good by making our research more widely available. Also, an informed public supports effective social policy. I write books, articles, and children's stories available from on-line booksellers for many mobile devices. I also have a volume of autobiographical poetry called I Want to Show You, inspired by Carolyn Heilbrun, author of Writing a Woman's Life. Carolyn wrote that women must write their own stories and not conform to society's expections. Carolyn and I are both English majors. Professor Harry Frankfurt is another person who inspired me.
Additional affiliations
September 1984 - June 2021
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1984 - June 2021
University of Minnesota Twin Cities School of Social Work
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
Description
  • Professor at the Unversity of Minnesota for my entire academic career. A 35-year research project on how persons overcome adversities, the meanings of violence to perpetrators, & the develpment of violent behaviors that the MN. Agricultural Experiment Station funded. I had 24 community-based projects, leadership positions in qualitative social work & in qualitative family research. I taught human development, research & evaluation, & violence prevention. Awards for research & leadership.
Position
  • direct practice evaluation
Education
September 1983 - June 1984
University of Chicago
Field of study
  • social service administration
September 1979 - August 1983
Syracuse University
Field of study
  • Child & Family Studies
January 1978 - June 1979
University of Rhode Island
Field of study
  • English Literature

Publications

Publications (111)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social Work Day is the great qualitative social work get-together. Held each May at the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry (ICQI) in Urbana, IL, USA, Social Work Day attracts researchers from throughout the world. This is the premier global qualitative social work conference where scholars present cutting edge research using both traditi...
Preprint
Full-text available
This article reports on a study that tests whether concepts from the myth of redemptive violence, constructed for describing social and political violence (Wink, 1992, 1998), fit perpetrators’ descriptions of their acts of interpersonal violence. In seeking the perspectives of persons who perpetrate interpersonal violence, in its life history metho...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this chapter, I present the principles and perspectives of qualitative social work research. I locate the origins of these principles and perspectives in American pragmatism and show how they are foundational for qualitative social work research globally. Many aspects of the design of this research are generic, requiring the usual elements, such...
Presentation
Social Work Day is the great qualitative social work get-together. Held each May at the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry (ICQI) in Urbana, IL, USA, Social Work Day attracts researchers from throughout the world. This is the premier global qualitative social work conference where scholars present cutting edge research using both traditi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social Work Day is the great qualitative social work get-together. Held each May at the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry (ICQI) in Urbana, IL, USA, Social Work Day attracts researchers from throughout the world. This is the premier global qualitative social work conference where scholars present cutting edge research using both traditi...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this chapter, I show how social work’s intellectual history is rooted within American pragmatism, a school of thought that arose within the Progressive Era (1890s to c. 1918) of the United States and how American pragmatism is alive today in global contemporary qualitative social work research. Furthermore, I show how this tradition influences t...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to describe and illustrate methods that generate theory and knowledge about problems, policy and practice in social work. In my efforts to describe methods that generate theory and knowledge, I will present examples of methods that social workers apply to the multiple domains of social work. These examples will demons...
Article
Full-text available
Children may unexpectedly tell parents and professionals about being sexual abused. The following guidelines will help them to respond well. The purpose of the non-coercive method is to protect children from further coercion while enabling them to discuss their experiences of being sexually abused in an atmosphere of safety and trust
Article
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Most perpetrators are hard to detect before they commit violence. They often are indistinguishable from their less dangerous peers. How does the average person, or the trained professional, tell the difference between persons who will be violent from persons who threaten in the heat of the moment but will do no harm? The purpose of this article is...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purposes of this chapter are to describe a method of generating theory – as well as the development of descriptive research such as ethnographies and narratives – that I call deductive qualitative analysis (DQA), to show how DQA responds to Glaser’s and Strauss’s concerns about deductive research and imposition of concepts on data, and to situa...
Research
Full-text available
This guided tour of risk assessment in child welfare builds on two ideas: 1) the experiences of service providers can contribute to effective child welfare practice and 2) comprehensive assessments of clients require identifying resources and risks within an ecological framework. These ideas are the basis of the tools in this document. These tools...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
in this conference paper that I wrote in 1998,, I share many ideas about a book I'd like to write on family violence. Some of the ideas are probably pretty good, others only half-baked, and some not connected to anything else yet. Some of these ideas are destined to be discarded. I've developed ideas for this book during 14 years of life history re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This is the second issue of Qualitative Inquiry in Social Work where the feature articles are on abstracts accepted and rejected by the Society for Social Work and Research conference. Qualitative Inquiry in Social Work is a global publication where scholars throughout the world can share what they experience, learn, and do in their local contexts....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Social Work Day is the great qualitative social work get-together. Held each May at the International Congress of Qualitative Inquiry (ICQI) in Urbana, IL, USA, Social Work Day attracts researchers from throughout the world. This is the premier international qualitative social work conference where scholars pre-sent cutting edge research using both...
Research
Full-text available
Welcome to the first issue of Qualitative Inquiry in Social Work. This is a global publication that bridges gaps between oral transmission and journal articles. The writing will be informal, personal, and interesting and will match our experiences as qualitative inquirers. We chose the word "inquiry" over "research" because the term "inquiry" has a...
Article
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This article proposes a four-factor outcome model for case management services with children and families when the children have experienced complex trauma. The factors are relationships between service users and practitioners, personal characteristics of service users and practitioners, social service system influences, and external influences. Th...
Article
Full-text available
This article proposes a four-factor outcome model for case management services with children and families when the children have experienced complex trauma. The factors are relationships between service users and practitioners, personal characteristics of service users and practitioners, social service system influences, and external influences. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Grounded theory and deductive qualitative analysis share an intellectual heritage with social work. Common roots include a focus on lived experiences of research participants, who in social work typically are service users and service providers. They also incorporate other qualities associated with social work, such as understanding persons in cont...
Article
Full-text available
This article describes analytic procedures that build upon one another and lead toward interpretation and theory construction in qualitative social work research. Using examples from my own research and the research of others, I show relationships between descriptions, analysis, interpretation, and theorizing. Analytic procedures that move research...
Research
Full-text available
Shame is a sense of the self as defective and worthless. This is a painful state. As painful as shame is, it also can make us preoccupied and self-centered. We become emotionally unavailable to others. As we let go of shame, we create circles of security around us where people can be themselves, genuine, worthy, and imperfect. Dealing with shame is...
Article
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This article reviews the evidence that good human beings can do bad things. We can get caught up in a rush. We can have tunnel vision. Yet, we have to live with the guilt that eventually follows. There are ways to cope with guilt and to stop ourselves from doing the wrong thing in the first place. The final part of this article discusses them.
Article
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This article reports on case study research with four mothers who asked for help from their pastors when they learned, or had reason to believe, that their husbands had sexually abused children in their families. In their own words, mothers gave accounts of how the pastors responded. Some were helpful and knowledgeable, some appeared bewildered, an...
Article
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During investigations of child sexual abuse, forensic interviewers must maintain a delicate balance of providing support for the child while collecting forensic evidence about the abuse allegation required for credible evidence for court purposes. The use of narrative practice techniques can achieve both goals by creating conditions that facilitate...
Article
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This article is the introduction to a collection of readings called The Chicago School: Deductive Qualitative Analysis and Grounded Theory. The book brings together in one place the articles I have written about these two approaches to research. They originated in the Chicago School of Sociology, which provided the foundation for most types of qual...
Conference Paper
Background and Purpose: Research has shown that children who practice interview “rules” at the outset of an interaction demonstrate enhanced autonomy (Cordon, Saetermoe & Goodman, 2005; Waterman & Blades, 2011). Due to concerns that “rule setting” also serves to increase interviewer authority in the context of a child abuse investigation, practitio...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides guidelines for writing journal articles based on qualitative approaches. The guidelines are part of the tradition of the Chicago School of Sociology and the author’s experience as a writer and reviewer. The guidelines include understanding experiences in context, immersion, interpretations grounded in accounts of informants’ l...
Article
Full-text available
Child sexual abuse can be difficult to detect. Most children tell no one, and they often show no signs of abuse. This article reports on interviews with mothers of survivors of child sexual abuse. The purpose of the interview research was to understand mothers' experiences of the signs, the lack of signs, and the signs that made sense once the abus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Qualitative Social Work Day at the International Congress on Qualitative Research is the great social work research get-together. Here researchers throughout the world get together to discuss meanings of social issues and how to promote optimal social, institutional, family, and individual development.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The International Qualitative Social Work Day is the great social work researcher get-together. Social work researchers from all over the world come together to exchange ideas and enjoy good company and food. Y'all come.
Article
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The Interview on Readiness to Adopt Children with Special Needs (IRASS) is a guide to conversational interviews with prospective adoptive parents about their readiness to adopt children with special needs. Its purpose is to identify areas of strength in adoptive parents’ capacities and areas that require attention. By using this interview guide to...
Article
Full-text available
Jacinta is a beautiful, gifted young person with a great deal to give to the world. Instead, at 14, she wants to be pregnant by her baby daddy. She is on probation for running away. With her history of physical aggression and untreated, complex trauma, it is only a matter of time before she is locked up. In this article I tell Jacinta's story and a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background and Purpose: Research shows that children’s capacities to disclose sexual abuse appear to be related to one or several factors including age (Lamb et. al, 2003), gender (Lamb & Garretson, 2003), and relationship to the perpetrator (Alaggia, 2004). While demographic and contextual factors have been studied in relation to children’s abilit...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter begins with an overview of the history of qualitative family research. This section shows that today’s research builds upon a rich heritage that extends to the origins of social science research. This heritage is a source of enduring principles, methodologies, and methods, as well as a rich vocabulary that qualitative family researcher...
Article
Full-text available
Qualitative approaches have unique and indispensable roles to play in the design and development of interventions. Examples of how qualitative approaches contribute to interventions, however, remain in short supply. We edited this special issue on the contributions of qualitative approaches to intervention research to provide examples As Reid (200...
Article
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Contemporary qualitative family research has a rich intellectual heritage that provides researchers with ideas and language that guide them in the procedures of their work and helps them to explain to themselves and to others the traditions on which their work is based. The characteristics of qualitative research that I discuss in this article are...
Article
Full-text available
While humour is prevalent in social services, discussions of humour are rare in social work journals. The present article discusses the uses of humour among a team of service providers in a child and family service agency where the families are among the most high-risk in the county that the agency serves. We viewed humour as the amusement at incon...
Article
Full-text available
THIS BOOK IS FOR PEOPLE WHO WANT to understand child sexual abuse in new ways. Based on interviews, the book shows what child sexual abuse means to child and adult survivors, perpetrators, and mothers of survi-vors. The book also describes how survivors recover from child sexual abuse, describes treatment and prevention programs, and makes recommen...
Conference Paper
Purpose: The purpose of this oral presentation is to describe the gender-related belief systems of men and women who are survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Societal and individual beliefs related to gender play a significant role in informing and influencing the experiences of women and men survivors of child sexual abuse (Hunter, 1991; Dorais, 2...
Chapter
Full-text available
Definitions and Other FundamentalsThe Products of Qualitative ResearchUsing Qualitative Methods with Quantitative Methods Some Common ConcernsDiscussionNoteReferences
Article
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For more than 25 years, I have done research on perpetrators of violence and on persons who have risks for violence but lived law-abiding, pro-social lives. In this narrative, I describe my gradual understandings of the meanings of violence to perpetrators and of the violence that resides in my own heart and in my use of violent imagery and thought...
Article
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This article is concerned with the nature of science and the importance of trustworthy conceptual models. A trustworthy model is one of the products of the Chicago School traditions. Other first-order products are theories and descriptive research that are based on lived experience. I wrote this article in 2010 for Current Issues in Qualitative Res...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers can use grounded theory (GT) as an adaptable and open-ended approach to developing understandings of human experiences. When researchers view GT this way, the goal is to listen, hear, and understand what others are saying and doing, in their own terms as much as possible. Its open-endedness permits researchers to adapt it to their own p...
Article
Manganese poisoning (MP) is one of many chronic, degenerative conditions that result in spousal caregiver stress. Partners who were once fully functioning become strangers to those who love them. In time, spousal caregivers may come to view their erstwhile partners as patients, jailers, monsters, or bratty children. We explore spousal caregiver per...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this article is to contribute to knowledge about perpetrators of child sexual abuse in India. We do so by challenging certain myths and discuss what perpetrators themselves say about their sexually abusive behaviours towards children. In their own words, perpetrators show that how they think about child sexual abuse is very different...
Article
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When conducting phenomenological studies, researchers seek to understand the lived experience of research participants. This goal presents special challenges when the topic is the meanings of violence to perpetrators. The purpose of this article is to describe the transformations of a feminist woman's understandings of the meanings of violence to m...
Article
Full-text available
When conducting phenomenological studies, researchers seek to understand the lived experience of research participants. This goal presents special challenges when the topic is the meanings of violence to perpetrators. The purpose of this article is to describe the transformations of a feminist woman’s understandings of the meanings of violence to m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper is a chapter from a book of readings called Chicago School Traditions: Deductive Qualitative Analysis and Family Theory Building, available on Amazon. The purpose of this paper is to move thinking about qualitative methods and theory development beyond what until now has been an either/or situation: Either researchers begin with a concep...
Article
Full-text available
An international mixed methods study of resilience of 14 sites in eleven countries identified seven tensions that youth resolve in culturally specific ways. Resolution of these tensions is foundational to experiences of resilience. This paper reports on the qualitative findings from interviews with 89 youth. Results support a culturally embedded un...
Article
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Evidence-based practice (EBP) is more than the application of best research evidence to practice. Advocates for evidence-based medicine (EBM), the parent discipline of EBP, state that EBP has three, and possibly four, components: best research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient preferences and wants. Person-centered physicians also advocate...
Article
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This paper is a response to trends in the evidence-based practice (EBP) movement that emphasizes evidence for interventions over evidence for assessment and treatment planning. I show the relevance of descriptive, non-experimental research to assessment and treatment planning, which are the foundations of effective practice. I also wanted to contri...
Article
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The balance between what we learn from research and what others have said about similar topics can pose dilemmas for qualitative researchers. How many citations are enough? How much allegiance do we owe to other scholars and how much to informants' lived experiences, our theoretical analyses, and the lessons we draw about methods and methodologies...
Article
Full-text available
Qualitative approaches have much to offer family psychology. Among the uses for qualitative methods are theory building, model and hypothesis testing, descriptions of lived experiences, typologies, items for surveys and measurement tools, and case examples that answer questions that surveys cannot. Despite the usefulness of these products, issues r...
Article
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Qualitative researchers have an array of choices in how to write up their research. Yet many write in distanced, third-person voices and give short shrift to the voices of informants, as if neither they nor their informants were part of the research. In doing so, they might believe that their writing style is scientific. Unfortunately, such styles...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to place evidence-based practice within its wider scholarly contexts and draw lessons from the experiences of other professions that are engaged in implementing it. The analysis is based primarily on evidence-based medicine, the parent discipline of evidence-based practice, but the author also draws on evidence-based...
Article
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This narrative is a fictionalization of a story an informant shared during a research interview. The story was so compelling that standard social science formats did not seem to fit. Although the core narrative is faithful to the man’s account, details from the life history accounts of other informants who had sexually abused children and/or who ha...
Article
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Practitioners are under increased pressure to demonstrate effectiveness and to do so in as short a time as possible. In addition, evidence-based practice calls for practitioners to take into consideration not only best research evidence but also the wants and preferences of patients, and their own clinical expertise. In light of these demands, stan...
Article
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This paper is a report on a field test of the 4-D, a set of four clinical assessment tools that is based on the Circle of Courage, an American Indian Medicine Wheel that is widely used in youth-caring agencies throughout the United States and internationally (Brendtro, Brokenleg, & Van Bockern, 1990). This article is a companion to an earlier artic...
Research
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The 4-D are a set of four clinical rating scales for work with youth ages 12-19 who have experienced adversities. They are belonging, mastery, autonomy, and generosity. They represent the four dimensions of the Circle of Courage, an American Indian Medicine Wheel that integrates 15,000 years of idigrnous wisdom about child and youth socialization w...
Article
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In this article, I review ‘Qualitative Methods in Health Research’, a document sponsored by three offices of the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). The document has the purpose of educating qualitative researchers on how to fit proposals based on qualitative approaches to NIH requirements for funding. I show that the NIH document provides help...
Article
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The four themes of the Circle of Courage, a Native American medicine wheel that focuses on child socialization, connect with and add to key ideas from Western theories of human development. These themes are belonging, mastery, independence, and generosity. The purpose of this paper is to present a framework developed from the integration of the Cir...
Article
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In this commentary, the authors respond to challenges that Denzin’s article poses. (See Denzin, this issue.) We draw upon our own experiences as qualitative social work researchers to reflect upon several issues, such as personal connections with research participants; the match between qualitative approaches and the complexities of practice; the r...
Article
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This study was a test of general hypotheses on the significance of resources to risk-only models. Its purpose was to test whether adding resources to models of risk would move some participants from high-risk to lower risk categories. To do this test, the authors used a known-group logistic hierarchical regression analysis composed of 1,311 male an...
Conference Paper
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This article is part one of a two-part series on the Clinical Assessment Package for Assessing Client Risks and Strengths (CASPARS), a newly developed set of five instruments that give equal consideration to client strengths and risks. Part two will appear in the next issue of Families in Society and shows the clinical applications of the CASPARS....
Article
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This article is a feminist, semiotic analysis of a narrative text provided by a man who killed his two toddler sons, his girlfriend, an unrelated woman, and possibly two other women, including his wife. The author’s purposes were (a) to do a close analysis of the text to link the narrator’s account to gendered cultural themes and practices and (b)...
Article
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This articles shows applications of the CASPARS instruments to the cases of two boys and their families. The CASPARS helps practitioners to identity client resources and strengths within an ecological framework and shows how pre-treatment assessments guide practitioners and clients to develop effective treatment plans. Children who are high on reso...
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Methodological pluralism is the hallmark of contemporary research on families Such pluralism is not likely to go away because it is firmly embedded in tradition and in the methodological transformations current in the social and human sciences. Practicing in a wide array of disciplines, family scholars are being swept up in—and helping to create—th...
Article
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This article, part 2 of a study that sought to delineate processes leading to good and poor outcomes among individuals who have experienced childhood adversities, uses a life-history interview method to report on three patterns of development found under conditions of adversity: the model of the wounded well, a social-deficits model, and a social-a...
Article
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This article is part one of a two-part series on human development and adversity. The author presents a conceptual framework combining developmental psychopathology and its associated concepts of resilience, protective factors, and risk factors with social work's ecological, phenomenological, and strengths-based approach. Separately, each framework...
Article
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Defines case study research, presents guidelines for evaluating case studies, and shows the relevance of case studies to social work research. It is suggested that the guidelines for evaluation also provide guidelines for developing and interpreting case studies that will meet the rigorous demands of scientific research and be useful to social work...
Article
This article describes the process of generating hypotheses from empirical, qualitalive data. Arguing that a discovery oriented, qualitative method of hypothesis generation has great potential for the development of social work knowledge, the paper shows how the grounded theory method originated by Glaser and Strauss (1976) builds on both induction...
Article
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Conducted life-history interviews to determine the thoughts, feelings, and misgivings of 3 men (aged 27–32 yrs) who were sexually abused as children and who tried to come to terms with their sexual identity. Ss' accounts illustrate 3 types of sexual orientation among such victims of sexual abuse: homosexual, heterosexual, and unsure but possibly bi...
Article
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14 male perpetrators (aged 21–54 yrs) of child sexual abuse, recruited from maximum security prisons and community-based treatment programs, underwent structured interviews. Transcripts of these interviews were then content analyzed using the computer program Ethnograph (J. V. Seidel et al, 1985). Ss reported experiencing a great deal of pleasure i...
Article
Self-centeredness has been identified as a quality of the adult male perpetrator of child sexual abuse, but little or no effort has been expended toward defining the concept clearly. In this paper, the research literature on the perpetrator and psychoanalytic writings on narcissism are reviewed for the purpose of developing a comprehensive definiti...
Article
Interdisciplinary teams for the treatment of child abuse and neglect are becoming more common. Studies have shown that decisions made by groups who have had the opportunity to discuss their perspectives are more accurate than judgments made by individuals. Why this may be true is not clear. The purpose of the present study was to discover the proce...
Article
Research and theory development on the origins of sexually abusive behavior toward children are progressing well. These developments are taking place on the individual, family systems, and structural levels of analysis. Current work not only is contributing to theory development but is solidly grounded on previous research and theory. © 1987 Journa...
Article
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This research reports on open-ended interviews with 20 sexually abused girls on their knowledge of sexuality and child sexual abuse. Most received little or no information from parents or the schools on these subjects. The few who received warnings about molestation were unable to connect the warnings to the perpetrator's behavior. Sex education an...
Article
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Suggests that the current focus on what children can do to prevent child sexual abuse overlooks the power of the offender in determining whether abuse takes place. Offenders are most often male, a generation older than their victim, and notable for their disregard for the feelings of others. The ways in which social and family roles are related to...
Article
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I wrote this article in 1984 and could not find a publisher. I just found it on my computer and thought it could be helpful to social service professionals. Thank you, ResearchGate and scribd, for making it possible for me to share this article that I wrote 28 years ago.
Article
Typescript. Binder's title: "Song of Myself" and the codes of S/Z. Thesis (M.A.)--University of Rhode Island, 1979. Includes bibliographical references (leaf 200).

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Theory is important in qualitative research. When it is introduced appears to vary. I'm wondering what other researchers think the conditions are for the timing of the use of theory in the form of concepts and hypotheses.

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Projects (3)
Project
. In this paper, I show that when people commit acts of interpersonal violence, they think they are doing something good, at least for themselves and sometimes for others, too. As I show, there is nothing wrong with their goal. Who doesn’t want the consequences of their actions to result in something good? The problem with violence is that perpetrators’ idea of good has harmful consequences for others, and, in the long run, often for themselves. Policies, programs, and treatment approaches are likely to be more effective if they are premised on the idea that the purpose of violent acts is to being about something good. Programs, policies, and practices would affirm desires to bring about good for the self but aid in the transformation of people who use violence to achieve ends they value. If they dig deep enough and feel safe and protected as they do, they will change strategies and let go of their beliefs that violence is a viable and even valid way to attain something good for themselves.