Jana Bressem

Jana Bressem
Technische Universität Chemnitz · Faculty of Humanities

Dr. phil
Head of Center for Gesture Studies and Speech Sciences

About

37
Publications
9,950
Reads
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647
Citations
Citations since 2017
15 Research Items
476 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - present
Technische Universität Chemnitz
Position
  • Research Assistant
January 2011 - September 2012
Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
Position
  • Research Assistant
October 2009 - December 2010
Europa-Universität Viadrina Frankfurt (Oder)
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (37)
Chapter
Dieser Beitrag entfaltet vor dem Hintergrund von Wiederholungen als elementarem Prinzip der Einheitenbildung in Laut- und Gebärdensprachen die These, dass Wiederholungen auch bei redebegleitenden Gesten ein Grundverfahren der Musterbildung darstellen (vgl. Bressem 2012). Ausgehend von der Rolle und Funktion von Wiederholungen als syntagmatischem Mi...
Chapter
Developed against the framework of concepts from spoken and signed languages (Hurch 2005; Wilbur 2005), the chapter presents an empirically based twofold semantic classifica- tion of gestural repetitions within gesture phrases (Bressem 2012). By addressing structural and functional characteristics, the chapter discusses gestural repetitions from a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Based on a study investigating gestures used for the expression of refusal, rejection, exclusion and negation in Savosavo, a Papuan language spoken in Solomon Islands in the Southwest Pacific, the article discusses how a particular type of pragmatic gesture, the holding away gesture, may highlight and structure the spoken utterance. It will be show...
Chapter
The chapter presents a repertoire of recurrent gestures of German. It shortly discusses the data basis on which the repertoire is based and the steps in identifying and analyzing mem- bers of the repertoire before presenting the gestures in detail. Particular focus is put on the semantic themes of the gestures as well as possible semantic relations...
Chapter
Full-text available
Based on an analysis accounting for the whole body as a possible articulator in the depiction of actions, this chapter argues for an expansion of the notion of ‘character viewpoint gestures’ to a notion of ‘multimodal action depiction from a character viewpoint’. Our study shows that speakers may deploy only single articulators, providing a semanti...
Article
This paper discusses how a particular type of recurrent gesture, the holding away gesture, highlights and structures spoken utterances in German and Savosavo, a Papuan language spoken in Solomon Islands in the Southwest Pacific. In particular, the paper poses the following questions: What kinds of discursive functions of this gesture are observable...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper addresses the conceptualization and expression of plurality in speech and gesture. For this purpose, a specific gestural pattern will be focused on that is tightly linked with the verbal marking of plurality in spoken language use. Based on this phenomenon, two arguments will be presented: First, it is suggested that gestures themselves...
Book
Das Buch „Gesten -gestern, heute, übermorgen: Vom Forschungsprojekt zur Ausstellung', herausgegeben von Ellen Fricke und Jana Bressem, ist eine Publikation zwischen Katalog, Kunst und Wissenschaft. Aus unterschiedlichen Perspektiven wird ein Rundgang durch die Ausstellung „Gesten - gestern, heute, übermorgen' präsentiert, die im Industriemuseum Che...
Chapter
Full-text available
Poster
Full-text available
Reading existing literature on the interplay between gestural and explicit verbal negation, one might get the impression that they co-occur frequently. However, our research shows that, at least for Savosavo, this impression is misleading. In fact, we find rather few instances of gestures associated with negation co-occurring with explicit verbal n...
Article
Departing from a short overview on pragmatic gestures specialized for the expression of refusal and negation, the article presents first results of a study on those gestures in Savosavo, a Papuan language spoken in the Solomon Islands in the Southwest Pacific. The paper focuses on two partly conventionalized gestures (sweeping and holding away) and...
Research
Full-text available
Call for Papers: For the 15th International Conference 2017: „Borders and Boundaries. Contact – Communication – Contrast“ (Passau, 12. – 16. September 2017), the sections ‘linguistics’ (Jana Bressem, Ellen Fricke and Roland Posner) and ‘bodily semiotics’ (Irene Mittelberg) invite submissions to the panel.
Chapter
Full-text available
Ausgehend von der These, dass neue mediale Formate wie Autorenclips oder Buchtrailer die körperliche Präsenz des Autors als Spielfläche zur Inszenierung und Vermarktung der Person und des Werkes nutzen, stellt der vorliegende Beitrag die Körperlichkeit von Autoren in Buchtrailern in das Zentrum seiner Überlegungen. Basierend auf einer explorativen...
Chapter
Departing from an overview of research on gesture families and, in particular, on “gestures of negation” (Kendon 2004), the chapter describes “the family of Away gestures” along with their structural motivations: shared formational features, shared motivations, and shared semantic themes. Building upon Kendon’s analysis of two gesture families, the...
Book
Volume II of the handbook offers a unique collection of exemplary case studies. In five chapters and 99 articles it presents the state of the art on how body movements are used for communication around the world. Topics include the functions of body movements, their contexts of occurrence, their forms and meanings, their integration with speech, an...
Chapter
Beyond an atomistic view, research on semasiologically oriented gesture families and ono- masiologically oriented gestural fields offers two different approaches to the analysis of gestural groupings. This chapter, firstly, introduces the linguistic concepts of word family and field theory, secondly, gives an overview of current research on gesture...
Chapter
This paper offers an analysis of a multimodal pattern of negative assessment, which takes as the starting point a particular recurrent gesture: the Throwing Away gesture. Recurrent gestures are characterized by a stabilized form-meaning pairing. In the case of the Throwing Away gesture, form and meaning are grounded in an “Away-Action-Scheme”: i. e...
Article
Full-text available
This paper shows that an analysis of gestures based on the four parameters hand shape, orientation, movement, and position in gesture space, introduced for the notation of sign language (Battison 1974; Stokoe 1960) can uncover recurrent patterns and structures in gestures. By presenting two studies we argue for a discovery procedure that rests upon...
Chapter
Departing from Kendon’s (2004) notion of “features of manifest deliberateness” and their particular movement characteristics: “Deliberate expressive movement was found to be movement that had a sharp boundary of onset and offset and that was an excursion, rather than resulting in any sustained change of position” (Kendon 2004: 12), the chapter pres...
Chapter
This chapter presents a notation system for gestures, which, by focusing solely on gestures’ physical appearance, directs the attention to the different facets of a gesture’s form and focuses on its detailed characterization. The system is grounded in a linguistic-semiotic approach to gestures, assuming a heuristic separation of form, meaning, and...
Chapter
This chapter gives a brief overview of gesture research from a linguistic point of view. It begins with a short overview of the history of research on gestures as part of spoken language and an attempt to understand the longstanding lack of linguistic interest in considering gestures a relevant topic – or a relevant feature of language. It then sho...
Chapter
The chapter presents a concise overview of existing transcription system for gestures, speech, prosody, postures, and gaze aiming at a presentation of their theoretical back- grounds and methodological approaches. After a short introduction discussing the under- standing of the term “transcription”, the article first focuses on transcription system...
Chapter
This chapter outlines an annotation system for gestures grounded in a cognitive linguistic approach to language use and provides guidelines for the annotation of gestures (gesture units and phases, form and motivation of form), the annotation of speech as well as the relation of gestures with speech on a range of levels of linguistic description (p...
Chapter
This chapter presents a proposal for the description of gesture phases derived from articulatory characteristics observable in their execution. It is grounded in a linguistic approach to gestures which stresses the separation of gestural forms and functions in the analytic process. By presenting a context-independent and a context-sensitive descrip...
Chapter
The chapter presents a concise overview of empirical research of body, language, and communication in the 20th century. Starting from a discussion of Wundt’s semiotic classification of bodily behavior (Wundt 1921) and the work of Efron (1971) on gestures as expression of cultures, the paper moves on to a discussion of empirical research on body, la...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a proposal for the description of gesture phases derived from articulatory characteristics observable in their execution. Based on the results of an explorative study examining the execution of gesture phases of ten German speakers, the paper presents two sets of articulatory features, i.e., distinctive and additional features b...
Article
Full-text available
Ulrike Bohle widmet sich in ihrem Buch "Das Wort ergreifen - das Wort über- nehmen" der Organisation des Sprecherwechsels - einem "zentralen Aspekt der Kommunikation und Interaktion" (S.11). Ziel ist es, durch eine Verbindung der methodischen Ansätze von Konversati- onsanalyse und Gestikforschung, "zu einem umfassenderem Verständnis vom Ge- spräch...
Article
Full-text available
In this talk we will argue that a description of coverbal gestures based on the four parameters "hand shape", "orientation", "movement" and "position in gesture space" first introduced for the notation of Sign Language (Battison 1972; Stokoe 1960, 1972) can be fruitful for characterizing the physical appearance of gestures. Combined with a descript...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Talking Bodies – Der Wissenschaftspodcast rund um Sprache und Gestik www.talkingbodies.de Von Begrüßungen in Pandemiezeiten über Metaphern in der Alltagssprache bis hin zu Emojis auf Twitter – wir werfen ein Licht auf ganz verschiedene Alltagspraktiken. Wir werfen in unserem Podcast einen Blick auf sprachliche und gestische Praktiken der Alltagskommunikation. Mit einem Augenzwinkern machen wir die faszinierende Welt der Kommunikation greifbar. Auf verständliche Weise, alle zwei Wochen. Wissenschaft zum Anfassen für jede und jeden! #wisskomm
Project
The project is part of the CRC1410 "Hybrid Societies: Humans interacting with embodied digital technologies" at the TU Chemnitz. The project investigates how intentionality and joint attention are indicated by verbal, gestural, and other bodily markers. The project aims at basic insights into the nature of intentionality in multimodal interaction and establishes grounds for transferring these findings to human-machine interaction. To achieve these goals, the project combines empirical and experimental studies with methods and concepts from empirical gesture studies, linguistics, semiotics, and formal logic.
Project
In this project, we investigate the relation of speech and gestures in Savosavo, a Papuan language spoken on the Solomon Islands.