Jan Vávra

Jan Vávra
The Czech Academy of Sciences | AVCR · Institute of Sociology

PhD
Researching food, gardening and sustainable regional development.

About

51
Publications
32,134
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
414
Citations
Citations since 2016
20 Research Items
359 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Introduction
Researcher in the Local and Regional Studies Department of Institute of Sociology of the Czech Academy of Sciences. I'm interested in various topics of environmental sociology including alternative food networks, informal food production, climate change and sustainable & regional development in general.
Additional affiliations
September 2012 - June 2015
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2011 - present
Council on International Educational Exchange
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Lecturer of human-environmental course.
February 2010 - April 2012
University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Research assistant mostly focused on the 7FP EU research project GILDED (energy consumption of European households and social perception of climate change).
Education
September 2008 - June 2012
Charles University in Prague
Field of study
  • Theory of Culture - Culturology
September 2002 - September 2008
Charles University in Prague
Field of study
  • Theory of Culture - Culturology

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
Východiskem úvah o strategiích udržitelnosti regionálního rozvoje jsou Cíle udržitelného rozvoje (SDGs) a jak se promítají na místní úroveň. Článek soustřeďuje pozornost na cíl č. 4 – vzdělávání, které může významně podporovat implementaci dalších cílů, pokud cílí na důležité aktéry udržitelného rozvoje. Tuto (transformativní) roli by mělo vzdělává...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of the city-region food system is gaining attention due to the need to improve food availability, quality and environmental benefits, for example through sustainable agri-food strategies. The COVID-19 pandemic has reinforced the importance of coherent and inclusive food governance, especially regarding food resilience, vulnerability and...
Article
While alternative food networks (AFNs) have become the leading conceptualisation of sustainable food systems, vibrant scholarship on food self‐provisioning (FSP) in Central and Eastern Europe has remained confined to the geopolitical region it investigates. This article brings these two bodies of thought closer together in two steps. First, we trac...
Article
Full-text available
In this text we are interested in the preconditions for, and opportunities provided by sustainable development at local level in non-metropolitan areas, i. e., in rural areas and villages. These areas are generally seen as having an important role in achieving sustainability. The literature review highlights the general principles of endogenous dev...
Article
Full-text available
The United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is generally accepted as an overarching framework to cope with various global challenges. Many of them are manifested locally and need to be solved at the regional or local level. National strategies of regional development and top-down funding are important drivers of the activities of va...
Article
Full-text available
The production of food within cities through urban agriculture can be considered as a nature-based solution and is argued to be an important response to the current COVID-19 pandemic as well as to climate change and other urban challenges. However, current research on urban agriculture is still fragmented, calling for a systematic and integrative a...
Article
Full-text available
Unsustainable food practices in the global North have brought a lot of attention to the concept of alternative food networks. However, prevailing research perspectives have focused on urban areas or market-related activities and tended to overlook the widespread yet neglected food growing in home gardens, especially in rural areas. This paper uses...
Article
Full-text available
Within the scholarly debate, Urban Agriculture (UA) has been widely acknowledged to provide diverse environmental and socio-cultural ecosystem services (ESs) for cities. However, the question of whether these potential benefits are also recognized as such by the involved societal groups on the ground has not yet been investigated. This paper aims a...
Article
Cities have become major contributors to sustainability problems and, in the meantime, seedbeds for sustainability transformation. Urban nature-based solutions, such as greening strategies that foster urban food production as a cross-cutting issue, promise to have multidimensional benefits for sustainable urban development. However, a conceptual un...
Chapter
Full-text available
The notion of Environmental Citizenship embodies behaviour – an actively involved citizen who exercises his/her environmental rights and obligations in the private and public spheres. Education for Environmental Citizenship implies behavioural change; its goal is to facilitate an individual’s intellectual growth (cognitive domain) and emotional cap...
Article
Full-text available
Soil erosion by water is the most common cause of land degradation and traditionally coincides with agricultural production. This paper presents the results of a sociological case study comparing the perceptions of soil erosion of stakeholder groups from southern Moravia, an intensive agricultural and erosion-prone region in the Czech Republic. The...
Chapter
This chapter is focused on describing some potential pitfalls that are embedded in the concept and practice of bioeconomy, especially in the cases of biofuels production and land grabbing. We analyse whether biofuel production in Brazil is based on the expansion of land used for cropping or on increasing crop yields driven by innovation within the...
Chapter
This chapter is focused on describing some potential pitfalls that are embedded in the concept and practice of bioeconomy, especially in the cases of biofuels production and land grabbing. We analyse whether biofuel production in Brazil is based on the expansion of land used for cropping or on increasing crop yields driven by innovation within the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper provides an excursion to the urban allotment gardens’ specifics in a country located in the Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). The paper introduces briefly the key aspects of historical overview of allotments in former Czechoslovakia and defines significant periods which influenced urban gardening and the society in general. We capture th...
Article
Resilience and food self-provisioning (FSP), terms that until recently were deployed primarily in the study of livelihoods in the Global South, are now attracting attention from alternative food scholarship in the Global North. Drawing on a large-scale survey conducted in the Czech Republic, this article investigates FSP as a social resilience-enha...
Article
Full-text available
Allotment gardens have played a significant role in Czech and Slovak society for decades, building upon a rich history of gardening. This article elaborates on Czech and Slovak allotments in the European context and identifies their core functions, services, and benefits. We provide a thorough historical review of allotments in this region, reachin...
Article
Food self-provisioning, also labelled as household food production, is a traditional activity persisting in the countries of the Global North. Recently, it has become an object of sustainability oriented research due to the positive social, health and environmental outcomes. However, little is known about the rate of self-sufficiency of the food se...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents the results of an international comparative study on food self-provisioning, an activity still widespread in the countries of the Global North. We collected the data in a sociological survey done in 2010 as a part of the household energy use research project GILDED. We selected a region with urban and rural areas as a case stu...
Chapter
Full-text available
The EU roadmap for a low carbon economy in 2050 suggests scenarios for massive decarbonization by 2050, aiming to achieve a 80% decrease of overall GHG emissions (compared to 1990) and almost the total decarbonization of the energy sector (European Union 2011). The bio-economy, which is based on bio-energy produced from biomass and waste opens up t...
Chapter
The chapter presents a sociological case study of the perception of soil erosion by various social groups (urban and rural dwellers and farmers) carried out in South Moravia, a region with intensive agriculture and a high level of soil erosion in the Czech Republic. The chapter is embedded in the broader context of the role of soil for human beings...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents results of a study of heating habits (particularly the reported temperature in the living room during the heating season) in three EU regions: Aberdeenshire in Scotland, Brandenburg state in Germany, and South Bohemia in the Czech Republic. Data were collected using a questionnaire study carried out in 2010. There were approximat...
Article
Full-text available
A shift from flood protection to flood risk management is occurring in many Western countries, but less is known about the social perception of floods and flood management changes in Central and Eastern Europe. The objective of this paper is to study the social perception of selected water-related issues and to find possible compatibilities with ex...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the boom of photovoltaic electricity sector in the Czech Republic in years 2007–2010. According to the 2001 EU directive, a legislation supporting the renewable electricity production passed through the Czech parliament in 2005. It was not flexible enough to allow responsible institutions to change the guaranteed subsidies (fe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Kapitola se zabývá aplikací principů zelené ekonomiky v EU v období před a po finanční a ekonomické krizi. Mezi sledované indikátory patří emise např. CO2, HDP, nezaměstnanost, materiálová produktivita, investice do vědy a výzkumu. Výsledky ukazují určité pozitivní posuny z pohledu ekonomické a environmentální udržitelnosti, ale nelez hovořit o důs...
Book
Full-text available
Řešení globálních výzev dnešního světa, ať už politických, environmentálních, nebo finančních, staví před ekonomickou vědu požadavek na uvažování v širších souvislostech. Tím máme na mysli sociální, environmentální, ale i filozofický nebo etický kontext ekonomického myšlení, včetně jeho teoretických předpokladů a praktických důsledků. Cílem knihy E...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Czech-English abstracts from the 4th year of interdisciplinary conference Our Common Present.
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change is probably the biggest present-day environmental problem and a great global challenge. The impact of climate change, direct or indirect, can aff€ect whole societies as well as individuals. We wanted to explore the perception of possible climate change impacts in two Central European countries with di€fferent climate change awareness...
Book
Full-text available
Special monothematic socio-environmental issue of journal published by Charles University in Prague.
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with daily print media coverage of climate change in the Czech Republic in time period 1997–2010. Together 5663 articles from six countrywide daily newspapers, including four prestige-press, one tabloid and one political party affiliated newspapers, were chosen for the content analysis focused on the intensity of media coverage. Sev...
Book
Full-text available
Collective monograph with 8 chapters focused on the current socio-environmental problems of the Central Europe. All chapters can be downloaded here: http://www.ecoology.org/english/publications/ce-challenges
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter summarising some of the current social and environmental challenges of Central Europe and outlining the conception of the book.
Chapter
Full-text available
Book chapter focused on the present of green economy and green growth in the Czech Republic. Special attention is paid to the problems of brown coal mining and solar electricity production.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This essay tries to describe the present state of environmental and ecological economics among the economic scholars from the Czech Republic. It is based on the assumption, that recent financial, debt and economic crisis was an opportunity to change the current growth paradigm. Brief introduction covering the history of the concept of sustainable d...
Article
Full-text available
Dne 24. dubna 2013 se na Filozofické fakultě Univerzity Karlovy v Praze konal třetí ročník mezinárodní konference “Naše společná přítomnost” (Our Common Present). Letos byly tématem této interdisciplinární konference “Současné výzvy Střední Evropy”. Článek představuje hlavní přednášející, jejich příspěvky a závěry z konference.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper focuses on the perception of the role of institutions in the low carbon transition. We surveyed about 2500 respondents in the UK (Scotland), the Netherlands, Germany, the Czech Republic and Hungary and investigated perceived effort of institutions in lowering energy demand and their importance for respondents’ own energy relevant behaviou...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We focus on the public perception of possible consequences of climate change among the regional population of South Bohemia in the Czech Republic. We conducted a questionnaire survey of 500 respondents in 2010 and asked them to evaluate the potential consequences of climate change on di erent levels (personal, state, World). Respondents paid atten...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Book of abstracts.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
From the historical point of view, some type of food self-provisioning was the most typical way of households’ subsistence. Economic development in 20th century accompanied with the urbanization and lifestyle changes caused the decrease of food self-provisioning. Despite this, the self-provisioning of some food (mostly fruits and vegetables) is sti...
Article
Full-text available
In our quantitative case study we deal with the sample of respondents from the Czech Republic, their assessment of climate change, carbon footprint of their households and relationship between their opinions and CO2 emissions. Individuals and households are important participants in climate mitigation process – households produce substantial part o...
Article
Full-text available
Odpověď organizátorů na článek Názory účastníků konference „Naše společná přítomnost“
Article
Full-text available
The paper explains the concept of contemporary cultural ecology, a scientific approach reflecting the relationship between human society and natural environment. This approach is used by the scholars of Faculty of Arts at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. Special attention is paid to the links between cultural ecology and landscape ecol...
Article
Recent social scientific research has often dealt with public perceptions of climate change as an isolated topic. In contrast, we explored through qualitative interviews (n = 202) across five European countries how members of the public conceptualized climate change within a wider context of energy and the future, drawing on social representation t...
Book
Full-text available
Collective monograph with 6 chapter focused on socio-environmental relationship. Published in Czech language. Kolektivní monografie zabývající se v 6 kapitolách vztahem společnosti a životního prostředí z pohledu různých sociálních věd.
Book
Full-text available
Special monothematic environemntal issue of sociological journal of Faculty of Arts, Charles University in Prague. In Czech language. Monotematické environmentální číslo časopisu AUC.
Article
Full-text available
Today, the character and role of cultural ecology as a scientific discipline reflecting the relationship between human society and natural environment is questioned under the light of contemporary global environmental and societal issues. The introductory article of the initiators and organizers of the conference entitled Our Common Present complet...
Chapter
Full-text available
Tato kapitola se zabývá spotřebou energie a uhlíkovou stopou jihočeských domácností. V dotazníkovém šetření jsme na jaře 2010 získali data o chování 500 domácností z Jihočeského kraje. Na základě těchto dat jsme vypočítali domácnostem průměrnou uhlíkovou stopu, tedy množství emisí oxidu uhličitého vyprodukovaného jednou osobou za rok. Metodika kalk...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study focuses on the opinions on economic crisis, environmental issues and technology related to lowering energy demand and greenhouse gases. We conducted a sociological survey with approximately 2500 respondents in five EU countries: the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Germany, the Czech Republic and Hungary. The differences in perception of...
Article
Citizens’ support for policies that aim to curb carbon emissions and energy use is often seen as informed by their values, attitudes and perceptions of the environmental problem in question. We argue that we also need to understand how people conceptualise policies and the governance approaches underpinning them to be able to judge the likely accep...
Article
Full-text available
Conference poster at conference "European Landscapes in Transformation: Challenges for Landscape Ecology and Management" organized in 2009 in Salzburg by IALE.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)
Archived project
The POWER4BIO project aims at increasing the capacity of regional and local policy makers and stakeholders to structure their bioeconomy and to support the emergence of a thriving bio‐based sector. Adequate knowledge and best practice exchange and networking within and among regions, across the EU. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 818351. www.power4bio.eu
Project
Practices of food self-provisioning and sharing have recently attracted heightened attention of social scientists. In this project we build on our previous research which suggested that informal networks of household food production and sharing were more extensive and socially, environmentally and economically more important than fashionable market based food alternatives. This research also showed that the extent and value of such networks is significantly higher in Central Europe compared to Western Europe, while it is qualitatively different from postcolonial societies. The objective of the proposed project is a deeper understanding of food self-provisioning and sharing networks; in particular in terms of its participants’ social values and motivations, of these networks’ spatiality, environmental effects of garden food production, and its developmental prospects. The major source of data will be interviews with active participants and an extensive quantitative survey. The project results will deepen understanding of social embeddedness of diverse economies.