Jan Terpstra

Jan Terpstra
Radboud University | RU · Centre for State and Law

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93
Publications
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877
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Publications

Publications (93)
Article
The management of crime and disorder is increasingly based not only on criminal law, but also on administrative law. This paper deals with the question of how this double strategy can be understood from the perspective of institutional logics. This analysis is based upon a study in the Netherlands about the use of administrative powers in relation...
Article
In de afgelopen jaren hebben zich belangrijke veranderingen voorgedaan in en rond de politie in Nederland en België. Deze ontwikkelingen en bijkomende nieuwe vragen vormen de aanleiding om een themanummer te wijden aan de 'Politie en burger in een veranderende context'. In deze inleiding van het themanummer schetsen we een aantal van de ontwikkelin...
Chapter
Over the past years, police organisations in many Western European countries have witnessed a range of important changes. To gain a better understanding of these changes, a new ideal-typical concept was introduced: the abstract police. Both in their internal and external relations, the police have become more at a distance, more impersonal and more...
Article
Several countries have introduced mandatory higher education for all police officers. However, we have scant empirical knowledge about the arguments and debates underlying these systems. This contribution unpacks the ‘politics of higher police education’ in Norway, Finland, and North Rhine-Westphalia. We discuss the circumstances and dominant actor...
Article
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Essay about the position and future prospects of municipal enforcement officers (BOA's). Written at the request of the Association of Dutch Municipalities.
Article
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The policing of measures to control the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is a core aspect of the current corona crisis. This article concentrates on differences in policing the corona crisis in France and the Netherlands. There are huge differences in policing the corona crisis between the two jurisdictions: France with a very strict, repressive appr...
Article
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Since the 1990s criminal justice systems in West European countries have increasingly been affected by the process of managerialization. The managerialization of criminal justice may result in fundamental tensions between different sets of values: efficiency and cost-effectiveness against values such as the rule of law or careful decision-making. T...
Article
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This paper concentrates on the ongoing conflict about the role and work of community police officers in the Netherlands. This conflict can be understood as a result of conflicting institutional logics. Although there are important differences between the community officers, there is the logic or perspective used by most of the community officers. T...
Article
Many police forces in Western and Northern Europe have been confronted with reform, aimed at drastic changes of their structure, organization, and governance. In this paper these police reforms are understood, not as instrumental, rational processes, but as processes of institutional change. The developments of the Dutch police reform since the lat...
Article
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This article deals with the social construction of police heroes, an important, but often neglected aspect in police research. The dramaturgical approach as developed by Goffman is used to understand how police heroes come into being and how they can fall into disgrace. The social construction of the police hero is studied first by looking at the p...
Article
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Against a background of recent structural reforms to police organisations in northern and western Europe, this paper examines the experiences of Scotland and the Netherlands where national police forces were established in 2013. Taking a comparative perspective, an analysis of the police reform proposals is followed by a review of the arguments for...
Article
Full-text available
As a consequence of the 2013 police reforms in the Netherlands and Scotland, the police in both countries have made a shift towards a fundamentally different kind of organisation: the Abstract Police. The increasing abstract character resulted in changes in the internal and external relations of the police. The police became more formalised and dep...
Article
This article concentrates on the local consequences of the introduction of the Netherlands’ National Police. Six local teams of the National Police were studied, using both interviews with officers and observations of police work. Despite the emphasis on standardization, this study showed that there are important differences between these teams. Th...
Article
Eind vorig jaar is de evaluatie van de Politiewet 2012 aan de Minister van Justitie & Veiligheid aangeboden door de commissie Evaluatie Politiewet 2012. Eerder werk van deze commissie werd kritisch beoordeeld. Gelet op het grote belang van deze evaluatie voor de verdere gang van zaken rond het Nederlandse politie-bestel en de kritiek op de kwalitei...
Article
Full-text available
For the past two or three decades many jurisdictions have experienced a pluralisation of policing. In addition to the regular public police, in most countries new providers have become involved in policing public and semi-public places. This paper deals with the differences in the ways that plural policing and its consequences are defined and asses...
Article
This study attempts to gain a clearer view of police officers’ beliefs about criminal justice and the factors that may contribute to their lack of trust in it. It is based on both qualitative interviews and an electronic survey of police officers in the Netherlands. The study shows that Netherlands’ police officers are generally highly critical of...
Book
Full-text available
Onderzoek naar de wijze waarop basisteams van de Nationale politie zijn ingericht en functioneren. Hoe geven basisteams vorm aan gebiedsgebonden werken? Er blijken grote verschillen tussen stedelijke teams en teams in plattelandsgebieden.
Article
Full-text available
One of the main developments over the past two decades in the field of policing and security has been the pluralisation of policing. Many countries were faced with the rise of new pro-viders of policing, in addition to the regular police. To a significant degree this process of pluralisation is a local phenomenon. Generally the new forms of policin...
Article
Full-text available
One of the almost undisputed findings of contemporary policing studies is that the past few decades have witnessed a far-reaching pluralization of policing. Many countries, in different regions of the world, were confronted with the rise of new non-police providers of policing services. Increasingly, the myth of one organization (the public police)...
Article
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One of the most influential approaches in the study of plural policing is the concept of nodal governance of security. This approach is presented as an alternative to the dominant, state-centred model of policing. This paper tries to understand the pluralisation of policing in a continental European context that focuses strongly on the state as the...
Article
In 2013 the governments of the Netherlands and Scotland established national police forces, replacing a tradition of largely autonomous regional police organizations. In both jurisdictions, these radical reforms have raised concerns about the consequences of these national police structures for local policing and for relationships with local commun...
Book
Full-text available
One of the almost undisputed findings of contemporary policing studies is that the past few decades have witnessed a far-reaching pluralization of policing. Many countries, in different regions of the world, were confronted with the rise of new non-police providers of policing services. Increasingly, the myth of one organization (the public police)...
Article
For the past few decades the numbers of private security officers have increased in many European countries, and the role of these officers in the public space has become more important. It is therefore increasingly relevant to gain a better view of the occupational culture of private security. This paper studies the occupational culture of the pri...
Article
During 2013 the national governments of both the Netherlands and Scotland have introduced radical reforms which have replaced largely autonomous regional police forces with a national police service. Despite these structural similarities, however, there are important differences in the underlying processes which have shaped these reforms and the br...
Article
In 2004, a miscarriage of justice in a case known as the Schiedam Park murder shocked Dutch society. Tunnel vision in the police investigating team was seen as the main cause of this failure of criminal justice. To remedy this, in 2006, critical review procedures were introduced in the Dutch police to prevent tunnel vision in criminal investigation...
Article
The standard model of police culture assumes that internal and external stress shapes police culture and that this culture promotes certain styles of policing. This model has been tested using a survey of police officers in the Netherlands. The street-level culture of the Dutch police has some elements in common with what we know from Anglo-Saxon s...
Book
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Dit onderzoek is in opdracht van Politie & Wetenschap uitgevoerd door een team van onderzoekers uit Nederland en België. Het onderzoek in de twee Nederlandse wijken werd verricht door medewerkers van het Criminologisch Instituut van de Radboud Universiteit te Nijmegen. Het Belgisch deel van het onderzoek werd uitgevoerd door de onderzoeksgroep ‘Gov...
Article
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In dit inleidende artikel van een themanummer over vernieuwing in de opsporing, wordt een korte schets gegeven van enkele belangrijke ontwikkelingen in de opsporing en van de achtergronden die daarbij een rol speelden. Dit vormt de context voor meer recente vernieuwingen in de opsporing. Vervolgens wordt afzonderlijk voor Nederland en België ingega...
Book
Full-text available
Dit nummer van de Cahiers Politiestudies handelt over vernieuwing in de opsporing. Juist met betrekking tot de opsporing hebben zich de afgelopen jaren binnen de politie veel vernieuwingen en veranderingen voorgedaan. Vooral ook in de opsporing wordt de behoefte gevoeld aan meer kwaliteit en effectiviteit en aan verbeterde verantwoording. Onder de...
Article
The work of Weber and Durkheim is regularly mentioned in police science, but the relevance of these two scholars to the field of study often remains implicit. Weber’s perspective concentrates on the police’s power to use force, highlighting the moral dilemmas involved with this power. The differences between a definition of the police in terms of f...
Article
Community policing presents its own distinct governance and accountability challenges. Local community police officers, for example, can find themselves stretched between the accountability demands of the local community and those flowing from professional, managerial and central government sources. Drawing on the results of a recent ethnographic s...
Article
Since 2005, the Dutch police have claimed a new warning and advisory task, whereby they should use information from their criminal investigations to warn and advise other public and private agencies, thus allowing these agencies to contribute to the management of crime. This new police task is intended to forge a link between police information and...
Article
This paper deals with the question of the extent to which the ambitions of community policing are realized in practice. Five elements may be considered as the main ambitions of community policing: proximity, a focus on a wide range of problems in the neighbourhood, prevention, cooperation with other agencies and the promotion of citizen involvement...
Article
This paper deals with the involvement of citizens (and local businesspersons) in the prevention and control of crime and disorder. Four models of citizen involvement in local security networks are distinguished. In each of these models the role of citizens concentrates on different functions: (1) providing information, (2) advising or participating...
Article
Purpose – The managerialization of the police may be seen as an effort to restore the legitimacy of the police. This paper aims to show that the managerialist strategy presently occurring within police forces creates new pitfalls and unintended consequences. Design/methodology/approach – The paper concentrates on the managerialization of the police...
Article
Full-text available
In the Netherlands, just as in many other Western European countries, there has recently been a growth in the number of local security networks. The police, local governments, and citizens are the main participants of these networks. This study shows that the intended participation of the police, local government, and citizens in the security netwo...
Article
In this article a detailed description is given of the subculture of a group of socially-excluded boys in The Netherlands. The relevance of some classical theories on youth subculture is assessed for understanding the lifestyles of today’s disadvantaged youth, especially in a developed welfare state. The subculture of the boys is not only an adapta...
Article
Local security networks are highly diverse in their goals, structure, participants, size and methods of intervention. This diversity is analysed by looking at the underlying network models. Four of these models are distinguished: participatory networks; mixed enforcement networks; preventive institutional networks; and re-active institutional netwo...
Article
Full-text available
‘Justice in the Community’ in The Netherlands promotes the cooperation between criminal justice and other organizations. It increases the visibility of the Public Prosecution to other partners and has an important symbolic function for citizens in multi-problem urban areas, which the state has not left alone with their problems. The scheme also pro...
Article
Since the early 1990s in the Netherlands a process of restructuring social security has been going on. A central element is the introduction of regional Centres of Work and Income, stimulating people living on benefits to return to paid work and making services more client-oriented. In these centres, social security organizations and employment ser...
Article
This article presents a diachronic perspective for implementation research. It analyzes implementation practices in relation to their changing institutional context. Therefore, a comparison is made between different styles of implementation. The relationship between implementation practices and institutional context is analyzed as a structuration p...
Article
Full-text available
In the Netherlands, people who are not able to find a job in a ?normal? way because of personal circumstances can go to work in social employment provision. Many of the people entering social employment experience the stigma of this provision. They consider their transition to social employment as a humiliation instead of a solution. To understand...
Article
During the last fifteen years remarkable changes occurred in policing and security arrangements in The Netherlands. These changes are closely related to the shift to late modern society. For many Dutch citizens today safety problems should be the highest priority of the government. Feelings of unease about crime often result from general insecuriti...

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