Jan Skopek

Jan Skopek
Trinity College Dublin | TCD · Department of Sociology

Dr.

About

86
Publications
30,180
Reads
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939
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
Trinity College Dublin
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
June 2016 - August 2016
European University Institute
Position
  • Visiting Fellow
June 2016 - August 2016
Institute of Family Research, University of Bamberg
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
This study connects two lines of research—trend studies on social change in housework time and life-course studies on individual- and couple-level change in housework time. This novel approach allowed us to link the macro-level trend of gender convergence in housework time to the micro-level mechanisms underlying it. Using long-running panel data (...
Article
This study examines educational reproduction of East and West German men and women born between 1930 and 1950. In a prospective design, we study the importance of mobility and fertility pathways of reproduction, considering not only the social reproduction of education as an attribute but also the demographic reproduction of individuals who carry t...
Article
When in children's lives do gaps by family socioeconomic status (SES) in cognitive skills emerge, how large are they before children enter school, and how do they develop over schooling? We study the evolution of achievement gaps by parental education from birth to adolescence in Germany. We exploit data from fifty-seven tests taken from the age of...
Article
Does schooling affect socioeconomic inequality in educational achievement? Earlier studies based on seasonal comparisons suggest schooling can equalize social gaps in learning. Yet recent replication studies have given rise to skepticism about the validity of older findings. We shed new light on the debate by estimating the causal effect of 1st-gra...
Article
Full-text available
T his comparative study addressed three open questions about the demography of grandparenthood in contemporary societies: First, at what age do people become grandparents? Second, how is grandparenthood sequenced with other transitions in later life? Third, how long is the grandparent life stage? To answer these questions, we analyzed retrospective...
Preprint
Children of migrant origin often face inequalities in academic opportunities, with research suggesting that achievement gaps are present even early in the life course. Early childhood education and care (ECEC) is often put forward as a possible equaliser. However, there is a need for more population-level studies as well as more research in the Eur...
Article
In today’s increasingly diverse societies, a key question is how to foster the structural integration of immigrants and their descendants. While research indicates that migrant educational underachievement is a serious issue, relatively little is known about achievement gaps at younger ages and in relatively new immigration countries. The current s...
Preprint
Many scholars highlight the potentially equalising effects of early childhood education and care, which may be particularly relevant for children with a migration background. To properly understand the effects, it is important to consider which children are more likely to experience certain types of care. Drawing on recent, nationally representativ...
Article
Full-text available
Social gaps in children’s educational achievement emerge early in life and remain stable over schooling. Does social origin constantly shape achievement or is social inequality in school just an echo of inequality settled before schooling? We extend the previous research by studying the origins of social gaps in language achievement among primary-s...
Preprint
Although extensive research has examined how partner search behavior and the educational composition of partner markets have changed over time, we lack insight into the extent to which these changes have contributed to trends in educational homogamy. This study analyzed trends in educational homogamy and heterogamy in Ireland over the past three de...
Preprint
Education is key to the structural integration of immigrants and their children. While research indicates that migrant educational underachievement is a serious issue, relatively little is known about when, how and why migrant gaps develop. Hitherto, longitudinal research on skill gaps is scarce. The current paper adds to the literature by investig...
Chapter
Full-text available
Research on grandparenthood and the multigenerational family has been greatly expanding. However, surprisingly little is known about how the demographic fabric of multigenerational relations has been changing over time. Focusing on the grandparent-grandchild type of multigenerational relationship, the aim of this chapter is twofold. First, I review...
Preprint
In today’s increasingly diverse societies, one of the key questions is how to foster the structural integration of immigrants. Education is centre stage here because it is one of the main prerequisites for social and economic integration. While research indicates that migrant educational underachievement is a serious issue, relatively little is kno...
Preprint
Full-text available
Does schooling affect social inequality in educational achievement? Earlier studies based on seasonal comparisons suggested schooling to equalize social gaps in achievement, but recent replication studies gave rise to skepticism about the validity of older findings. We propose an alternative causal design that identifies schooling exposure effects...
Preprint
Full-text available
We estimate the degree to which socioeconomic status (SES) gaps in children’s language skills observed in primary schooling are already determined before children enter school in Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. We use representative and longitudinal cohort data and apply instrumental variable estimation to deal with measurement er...
Article
Our paper adds to a growing literature of doctoral training by studying factors that drive time-to-completion based on a new and unique data set from an international European graduate school. While previous research focused on individual factors, we inspect the role of institutional factors and the organization of PhD programs for PhD completion....
Article
This article discusses key findings from eduLIFE, a cross-national project that examined the emergence of social inequalities in 17 countries characterized by different models of secondary education. First, we build upon existing international studies and propose a broader classification of forms of differentiation in secondary education. Second, w...
Article
This literature review looks at the current state of research on early childhood education and care (ECEC) from a sociological point of view. We summarize how children's experiences and benefits from participation in ECEC are related to their families’ socioeconomic position in modern industrial nations. By bringing together child development and i...
Article
Using longitudinal data, this chapter studies the development of educational inequalities over the life course in 12–17 different industrialized societies. By comparing highly-standardized country case studies in specific phases of the educational career, it provides evidence of major communalities in modern societies. First, the cross-national fin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents a comprehensive longitudinal study of social and migration gaps in educational achievement in a European-wide comparative perspective. We analyse the evolution of achievement gaps in children from infancy and preschool age up to end of compulsory schooling in five country cases: Germany, Netherlands, Norway, the United Kingdom,...
Preprint
Full-text available
When do socially-determined gaps in cognitive achievement emerge, how large are they before children enter school, and how do they develop over schooling? Exceeding previous research, we study the evolution over time of social gaps in achievement from birth to adolescence in Germany. Our theoretical framework juxtaposes two sets of compensation and...
Article
Full-text available
Graduate and doctoral schools around the world struggle to shorten the long time to degree and to prevent high dropout rates. While most of previous research studied individual determinants of PhD completion, we analyze the impact of two structural reforms of the doctoral program on thesis completion at a selective European graduate school. Exploit...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge about gender convergence in housework time is confined to changes studied across repeated cross-sections of data. This study adds a dynamic view that links broader social shifts in men’s and women’s housework time to individual life-course profiles. Using panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (1985–2015), our analysis is t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Prospective models of intergenerational reproduction consider not only the social reproduction of attributes such as education, but also the demographic reproduction of individuals who carry these attributes. This study introduces a method that substantially reduces the data requirements of prospective models. The method allows estimating prospecti...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Despite recent advances, the demographic understanding of grandparenthood remains limited. OBJECTIVE Our study examines educational differences in the transition to grandparenthood. Comparing East and West Germany, we analyze educational differences in a) the chance of becoming a grandparent, and b) the timing of grandparenthood for bot...
Book
Recognizing that social change over recent decades has strengthened the need for early childhood education and care, this book seeks to answer what role this plays in creating and compensating for social inequalities in educational attainment. Compiling 13 cross-national and multidisciplinary empirical studies on three interrelated topics, this bo...
Research
Full-text available
Full report: http://isotis.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/ISOTIS_D1.1-Inequality-in-Various-Stages-of-the-Educational-Career-Patterns-and-Mechanisms_Literature-Review.pdf
Article
Objectives To examine how transitions to retirement influenced the division of household labor in dual earner couples. We tested hypotheses about changes (a) between a couple?s preretirement and postretirement stage and (b) across the transitional phase during which both spouses retired. Method We estimated fixed-effects models for the effects of...
Chapter
In this chapter, we present a longitudinal approach to the classification of education as applied to data from Starting Cohort 6 of the NEPS. Arguing that educational achievement is a time-dependent process involving the timing and sequence of transitions in an educational state, we examine the following two questions: 1) How can inter-and intra-in...
Chapter
This chapter provides an introduction to conceptual, technical, and workflow issues of the National Educational Panel Study's remote-data-access solution. We illustrate that RemoteNEPS is capable not only of providing safe and highly controlled access to sensitive individual-level data, but moreover of offering an innovative, user-oriented, and ver...
Chapter
A major goal of the NEPS is to provide scientific use data to the international research community. For this purpose, the NEPS has set up a Research Data Center (RDC) that offers a comprehensive portfolio of services, allowing researchers to gain access to and work with NEPS data effectively. The RDC's support concept combines well-known approaches...
Book
Full-text available
This book addresses a broad array of pressing challenges of longitudinal surveys and provides innovative solutions to methodological problems based on the example of the NEPS. It covers longitudinal issues such as sampling, weighting, recruiting and fieldwork management, the design of longitudinal surveys and the implementation of constructs, condu...
Chapter
Full-text available
Using longitudinal data from the National Educational Panel Study, this chapter examines the development of gender differences in education and at labor market entry in West Germany. Results show that women in younger cohorts have indeed surpassed men in terms of the educational level held at the time of labor market entry. However, women have not...
Book
For much of the twentieth century, women lagged considerably behind men in their educational attainment. However, in recent decades, young women have become an important source of human capital for labor markets in modern societies, as well as potential competitors to the male workforce. This book asks whether or not women have been able to convert...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides an overview of the results from the 13 in-depth country-specific case studies analyzing gender differences and inequalities at labor market entry. Women’s relative gains in educational attainment and the expansion of the service sector suggest that gender inequalities in occupational returns are diminishing or even reversing....
Research
Full-text available
This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on how educational systems impact on academic performance in secondary schools by studying the impact of tracking on achievement in secondary education in Germany. We exploit federal heterogeneity in the 16 German states’ educational systems by classifying them into three tracking regimes. Using recent,...
Research
Full-text available
This paper contributes to the ongoing debate on how educational systems impact on academic performance in secondary schools by studying the impact of tracking on achievement in secondary education in Germany. We exploit federal heterogeneity in the 16 German states’ educational systems by classifying them into three tracking regimes. Using recent,...
Article
Full-text available
This research examined 2 hypotheses about the effect of retirement on couples' division of household labor. The continuity hypothesis posits that the gender gap in household labor remains unaffected by retirement, whereas the convergence hypothesis expects it to close. The authors tested these hypotheses using longitudinal data from the German Soci...
Article
Full-text available
This research explored the delay of grandparenthood in East and West Germany, investigating how the timing and life-course context of this transition have changed across cohorts. The authors estimated the timing of passages into the grandparent role as well as demographic overlap with worker, parent, and filial roles. Data from the German Aging Sur...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides the theoretical framework for a cross-national comparative project on gender differences and inequalities at labor market entry. Women’s relative gains in educational attainment and the expansion of the service sector would suggest that gender inequalities in occupational returns are diminishing or even reversing. By assessing...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides a theoretically guided analysis of how interviewers might manipulate responses to filter questions (‘triggering rate’) in survey interviews. Drawing on principal-agent theory, we examined how the triggering rate varies by survey mode and across interviewers’ experience with the survey. Using data from a German survey and multile...
Article
Full-text available
This study provides a theoretically guided analysis of how interviewers might manipulate responses to filter questions (‘triggering rate’) in survey interviews. Drawing on principal-agent theory, we examined how the triggering rate varies by survey mode and across interviewers’ experience with the survey. Using data from a German survey and multile...
Article
Full-text available
Grandmothers provide far more childcare than grandfathers do. The present study investigated whether, and to what extent, this gender gap was explained by grandparent couples' division of labor into market work and childcare. The analysis was based on panel data from two waves of the SHARE, comprising respondents from 10 European countries. Linear...
Article
Full-text available
Survey topic as a factor influencing participation rates is becoming increasingly important, as there is a growing trend in social science research for surveying specific populations about specific topics. Previous research has shown that respondents with high topic interest (often referred to as salience) are more likely to participate in surveys....
Chapter
Der Beitrag bietet einen Überblick zu soziologisch-demographischen Zugängen zu Heirat und Scheidung als elementare familiale Prozesse. Der klassisch demografische Blickwinkel setzt dabei vornehmlich bei der Erfassung und Quantifizierung von entsprechenden Kenngrößen in der Bevölkerung an. Die Soziologie stellt vor allem auf die soziale Strukturiert...
Chapter
Die folgende Untersuchung analysiert Muster bildungsspezifischer Homophilie und Heterophilie bei der Wahl von Kontaktpartnern im Online-Dating. Es geht um die Frage, ob auf dem digitalen Partnermarkt Personen mit ähnlichen oder unähnlichen Bildungsniveaus in Kontakt kommen und welche Unterschiede sich in bildungsspezifischen Kontaktmustern von Männ...
Chapter
Dieses Kapitel soll nun in Vorgriff auf die Erörterungen in Vor- und Hauptuntersuchung einen Überblick zu theoretische Perspektiven der Partnerwahl geben, die im Hinblick auf die empirische Untersuchung relevant erscheinen. Ziel und Sinn liegen darin, einen theoretischen Grundrahmen zu schaffen, auf dessen Basis in der Untersuchung empirisch überpr...
Chapter
In den vorangegangenen Kapiteln wurde anhand des geschilderten Datensatzes aus einer Online-Kontaktbörse untersucht, wie Männer und Frauen Kontaktpartner für erste Zuschriften auswählen. Es ging also um die Frage, wer wen im Online-Dating kontaktiert. Eine Beobachtung war, dass die Erstkontaktierung hinsichtlich sozialstrukturell bedeutsamer Merkma...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel wird abschließend noch kurz auf dieWahl von Kontaktpartnern hinsichtlich Merkmalen der physischen Erscheinung eingegangen. In Anlehnung an die Untersuchung bildungs- und altersspezifischer Mechanismen (Kapitel 8 und 9) wird nun untersucht, welche Nutzer mit welchen persönlichen Merkmalen der physischen Erscheinung welche anderen N...
Chapter
Im Mittelpunkt dieser Arbeit steht die Untersuchung der Teilnahme an Online- Kontaktbörsen sowie eine Analyse der Wahl von Kontaktpartnern auf einer exemplarischen Kontaktplattform. Zu diesem Zweck ist es wichtig, die Tatsache zu berücksichtigen, dass die Suche nach Partnern über derartige Online-Dienste eine für Männer und Frauen neue Variante med...
Chapter
Für eine Analyse von Prozessen der Partnerwahl auf Online-Kontaktbörsen ist eine Auseinandersetzung mit den soziodemografischen Relationen der Internetpartnersuche unabkömmlich. Erstaunlicherweise liegen – trotz erster Einzelstudien zum Thema Online-Partnersuche – kaum Arbeiten vor, die sich explizit der Frage widmen, „wer“ überhaupt Online-Kontakt...
Chapter
Die Hauptuntersuchung analysiert in den Kapiteln 7–11 Prozesse der Kontaktwahl beim Online-Dating, aus jeweils unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln und mit jeweils unterschiedlichen inhaltlichen Fragestellungen. Insgesamt stützt sich die Arbeit dabei auf eine empirische Analyse von elektronischen Prozessdaten, die von einem Betreiber einer größeren deuts...
Chapter
Die Hauptuntersuchung beginnt mit einer dynamischen Analyse geschlechtsspezifischer Strategien der Kontaktanbahnung. Am Anfang jeder Beziehung, auch im Online-Dating, muss jemand den „ersten Schritt“ unternehmen und die Initiative bei der Kontaktanbahnung ergreifen. Im Online-Dating geschieht das durch das Versenden einer ersten Kontaktanfrage via...
Chapter
Nachdem in Kapitel 3 das theoretische Rüstzeug erörtert und in Kapitel 4 die soziodemografischen Rahmenbedingungen empirisch geklärt wurden, folgt nun die Analyse der Wahl von Kontaktpartnern im Online-Dating als empirischer Schwerpunkt der Arbeit. Auf Basis umfangreicher elektronischer Prozessdaten zu Nutzerprofilen und E-Mail-Interaktionen einer...
Chapter
Die folgende Untersuchung analysiert Muster altersspezifischer Homophilie und Heterophilie bei der Wahl von Kontaktpartnern im Online-Dating. Es geht um die Frage, auf welche Weise Kontaktpartner anhand des Alters selektiert werden und welche Unterschiede sich dabei (1) generell zwischen Männern und Frauen, (2) zwischen verschiedenen Altersklassen...
Chapter
Die vorliegende Arbeit hat eine quantitative Analyse von Strukturen und Prozessen der Partnersuche im Internet vorgenommen. Das Hauptziel der Arbeit bestand darin, Prozesse der Auswahl von Partnern mittels nicht-reaktiver Daten aus dem Online-Dating und einer quantitativen empirischen Analyse nachzuzeichnen. Hierzu wurde ein zweistufiges Untersuchu...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses innovative data from online dating to analyze men’s and women’s preferences regarding the age of a partner. These data include observations on how individuals behaved on online dating platforms as well as information on which preferences individuals stated in a survey from an online panel. The paper analyzes how male and female age...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an overview of the results from a cross-nationally comparative project analyzing gender differences and inequalities at labor market entry. Women’s relative gains in educational attainment and the expansion of the service sector suggest that gender inequalities in occupational returns are diminishing or even reversing. In asse...
Article
Full-text available
Data from an online dating platform are used to study the importance of education for initiating and replying to online contacts. We analyse how these patterns are influenced by educational homophily and opportunity structures. Social exchange theory and mate search theory are used to explain online mate selection behaviour. Our results show that e...
Article
Full-text available
Die vorliegende Studie setzt unsere Analysen der Kontaktierungsprozesse im Online-Dating (KZfSS 2/2009) fort. Da Paarbeziehungen auf einer konsensuellen Entscheidung für eine gemeinsame Beziehung beruhen, widmet sich der vorliegende Beitrag der Frage, wie Männer und Frauen auf Erstkontaktversuche reagieren. Die Datenstruktur von Online-Dating-Börse...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to analyze the role of educational qualification in the process of partner choice in “digital marriage markets”. Using unique interaction data of individuals participating in an online dating site, we are able to reconstruct early processes of partner choices of men and women. Our results show that there is a clear tendency...
Article
Full-text available
Die Indikation partnerschaftlicher Präferenzen mithilfe der Mi-schung von Befragungs-und Prozessdaten. Das Beispiel von Einstellung und Verhalten bei der Online-Partnersuche«. Web-based process-generated data is produced by social agency of users and recorded by the respective provider without any originally scientific purpose. We support our idea...
Article
Full-text available
'Online-Befragungen stellen mittlerweile ein Standardwerkzeug der empirischen Sozialforschung dar, dessen Potentiale und Grenzen seit längerem diskutiert werden. Im Kontext vieler Internetanwendungen fallen jedoch zusätzliche Daten an, deren Verwendung für sozialwissenschaftliche und methodische Fragestellungen noch keine vergleichbare Verbreitung...
Article
Full-text available
This paper seeks to identify, who is using online dating sites in Germany. Theoretically, it is drawn on the debate about the digital divide of society and the findings of sociological mate selection research. Several hypotheses are presented on how individuals using internet dating vary in socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. These consi...