Jan Patrick Roesner

Jan Patrick Roesner
Klinikum Südstadt Rostock · Clinic for Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine

Prof. Dr. med.

About

59
Publications
5,325
Reads
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1,093
Citations
Citations since 2017
10 Research Items
657 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Aims: Neointimal hyperplasia contributes to arterial restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or vascular surgery. Neointimal thickening after arterial injury is determined by inflammatory processes. We investigated the role of the innate immune receptor toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) in neointima formation after arterial injur...
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Full-text available
Background: Patients experiencing cardiac arrest (CA) and cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) often die or suffer from severe neurological impairment. Post resuscitation syndrome is characterized by a systemic inflammatory response. Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is a major mediator of inflammation and TLR4 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of...
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Background The aim of our study was the identification of genetic variants associated with postoperative complications after cardiac surgery. Methods We conducted a prospective, double-blind, multicenter, randomized trial (RIPHeart). We performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in 1170 patients of both genders (871 males, 299 females) from...
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Background: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) has been suggested to protect against certain forms of organ injury after cardiac surgery. Previously, we reported the main results of RIPHeart (Remote Ischemic Preconditioning for Heart Surgery) Study, a multicenter trial randomizing 1403 cardiac surgery patients receiving either RIPC or sham-RIP...
Article
Backround: Paraplegia due to spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is a serious complication after repair of thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysms. For prevention and early treatment of spinal ischemia intraoperative monitoring of spinal cord integrity is essential. This study was intended to improve recognition of SCI through a combination of transcranial moto...
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Background: Ischemic myocardial damage accompanying coronary artery bypass graft surgery remains a clinical challenge. We investigated whether xenon anesthesia could limit myocardial damage in coronary artery bypass graft surgery patients, as has been reported for animal ischemia models. Methods: In 17 university hospitals in France, Germany, It...
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Cardiac arrest (CA) followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with high mortality and poor neurological outcome. We compared the effects of pravastatin and simvastatin on survival and neurofunction in a murine model of CA/CPR. Pravastatin, a hydrophilic statin, increased survival and neurofunction during a 28-day follow-up perio...
Article
Background: Procalcitonin is used as a diagnostic tool for the identification and risk stratification of septic patients. Procalcitonin plasma concentrations tightly correlate with the severity of the ongoing inflammatory reaction and can rise up to 10,000-fold. Impairment of endothelial cell function plays an important role in the pathogenesis of...
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A side-by-side comparison of the decarboxylation efficacy of two pump-driven veno-venous extracorporeal lung assist devices, i.e. a first prototype of the new miniaturized ambulatory extracorporeal membrane ventilator, I-lung® versus the commercial system iLA-activve® over a period of 72 hours in a large animal model.Fifteen German Landrace pigs we...
Article
Objectives: The fibrin-derived peptide Bβ15-42 (FX06) has been proven to attenuate ischemia/reperfusion injury. We tested the hypothesis that Bβ15-42 improves survival rate and neurocognitive recovery after cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Design: Pig and mouse model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Setting: Two university hospitals. Subjects:...
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Introduction. Current treatment strategies for osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) focus on cement-associated solutions. Complications associated with cement application are leakage, embolism, adjacent fractures, and compromise in bony healing. This study comprises a validated VCF model in osteoporotic sheep in order to (1) evaluate...
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Background: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) is reported to reduce biomarkers of ischemic and reperfusion injury in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but uncertainty about clinical outcomes remains. Methods: We conducted a prospective, double-blind, multicenter, randomized, controlled trial involving adults who were scheduled for electi...
Article
Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) are one of the most common injuries in the aging population presenting with an annual incidence of 1.4 million new cases in Europe. Current treatment strategies focus on cement-associated solutions (kyphoplasty/vertebroplasty techniques). Specific cement-associated problems as leakage, embolism and the adjacen...
Article
This study analyses the effect of eptotermin α application into fractured vertebrae. It is hypothesized that eptotermin α is capable to enhance bony healing of the osteoporotic spine. In 10 Merino sheep osteoporosis induction was performed by ovariectomy, corticosteroid therapy and calcium/phosphorus/vitamin D-deficient diet; followed by standardiz...
Article
Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2)-deficiency is associated with the preservation of vascular function and TLR2-deficient (TLR2(-/-)) mice exhibit increased neovascularization following induction of hindlimb ischemia. Hematopoietic stem cells play an important role in ischemia-induced angiogenesis and we now investigated whether the effects observed in TL...
Article
Toll-like receptors (TLR) play a crucial role in early host defense against microorganisms. TLR2 polymorphisms have a prevalence of 10 %, functional defects of TLR2 are associated with higher susceptibility towards gram-positive bacteria and TLR2 deficiency has been associated with an impaired adrenal stress response. In the present study, we compa...
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Full-text available
Cardiac arrest (CA) followed by cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is associated with poor survival rate and neurofunctional outcome. Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) plays an important role in conditions of sterile inflammation such as reperfusion injury. Recent data demonstrated beneficial effects of the administration of TLR2-blocking antibodies in...
Article
Objective: Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) inhibition by function blocking antibodies (ABs) is associated with enhanced preservation of endothelial cell function during vascular disease. In the present study, we investigated the capacity of TLR2-blocking ABs to modulate the angiogenic response of endothelial cells in vitro and in vivo. Approach and r...
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Fragestellung: Trotz intensiver Forschungsarbeit sind die Behandlungsergebnisse von Patienten nach Herz-Kreislaufstillstand und Reanimation (CA/CPR) in Bezug auf das Überleben und die funktionell-neurologische Regeneration unbefriedigend schlecht. Nur 0,6-1,8 % der präklinisch reanimierten Patienten überleben ein solches Ereignis ohne neurologische...
Article
Minimal extracorporeal circulation (MECC) has been introduced in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, offering clinical benefits owing to reduced hemodilution and no blood-air interface. Yet, the effects of MECC on the intraoperative microvascular perfusion in comparison with conventional extracorporeal circulation (CECC) have not been stud...
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Transient ischaemia of non-vital tissue has been shown to enhance the tolerance of remote organs to cope with a subsequent prolonged ischaemic event in a number of clinical conditions, a phenomenon known as remote ischaemic preconditioning (RIPC). However, there remains uncertainty about the efficacy of RIPC in patients undergoing cardiac surgery....
Article
We report on an 82-year-old woman, who was admitted to our intensive case unit with anuria and incipient hyperkalaemia following an inadvertent overdose of vancomycin. To manage a severe soft tissue infection with gram-positive cocci the patient had previously undergone a 3-week treatment regime that included vancomycin (2 x 1g/ d i.v.). On admissi...
Article
Breath analysis could offer a non-invasive means of intravenous drug monitoring if robust correlations between drug concentrations in breath and blood can be established. In this study, propofol blood and breath concentrations were determined in an animal model under varying physiological conditions. Propofol concentrations in breath were determine...
Chapter
Als Psychopharmaka gelten alle Substanzen, die in zentralnervöse Prozesse eingreifen und psychische Abläufe beeinflussen. In den letzten Jahrzehnten ist diese Substanzgruppe enorm gewachsen, da viele Pharmaka aber auch Drogen und Genussmittel durch ihre „Nebenwirkung“ die o. g. Potenz haben. Gleichzeitig wurde auch das Indikationsgebiet erweitert....
Article
Pharmacological protection from myocardial reperfusion injury, despite plenty of approaches, has still not been realized in humans. We studied the putative infarct size (IS)-sparing capacity of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase inhibitor, INO-1001, and focused on cardiac functional recovery during reperfusion. Male farm-bred Landrace pigs were subjected t...
Article
The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 (also called FX06) has been shown to reduce myocardial infarct size following ischemia/reperfusion. Hemorrhagic shock (HS) followed by volume resuscitation represents a similar scenario, whereby a whole organism is vulnerable to reperfusion injury. We subjected male farm-bred landrace pigs ( approximately 30 kg...
Article
Haemorrhagic shock causes ischaemia and subsequent fluid resuscitation causes reperfusion injury, jointly resulting in high morbidity and mortality. We tested whether the anti-inflammatory fibrin-derived peptide, Bbeta(15-42), also called FX06, is tissue protective in a model of haemorrhagic shock. In a pig model, we standardised the severity of ha...
Article
Haemorrhagic shock can cause organ failure and high mortality. Uncontrolled bleeding, a predetermined bleeding volume or blood pressure controlled bleeding are traditionally used to study haemorrhagic shock. These models are influenced by compensatory mechanisms preventing accurate knowledge about the severity of cellular insult. We describe the us...
Article
Over the last 15 years, there has been growing interest in the noble gas xenon as a new inhalational anesthetic. This is due to its favorable pharmacological properties such as short onset and offset, as well as its hemodynamic stability. However, most volatile anesthetics appear to play an important role in the multi-factorial etiology of perioper...
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Lung ventilation through a thin transtracheal cannula may be attempted in patients with laryngeal stenosis or "cannot intubate, cannot ventilate" situations. It may be impossible to achieve sufficient ventilation if the lungs are spontaneously emptying only through the thin transtracheal cannula, which imposes high resistance to airflow, resulting...
Article
Liver disease stays undetected and clinical unapparent quite often before acute liver failure develops (8). The perioperative anaesthetic management aims for detection and improvement of preoperative hepatic dysfunctions and for maintenance of hepatic perfusion and oxygenation during surgical procedures and anaesthesia. This review deals with the m...
Article
The fibrin-derived peptide Bbeta15-42 has been shown to reduce infarct size in rodent models of ischemia-reperfusion injury. To increase its potential for translation into the clinic, we studied the effects of Bbeta15-42 in pigs, whose coronary anatomy is similar to that of humans. In addition, we evaluated the pharmacokinetics and safety of Bbeta1...
Article
Increased sympathetic nervous activity which induces vasoconstriction and decreases perfusion may be an underlying mechanism behind the development of perioperative liver damage. This animal study was designed to assess how clonidine-induced systemic sympathicolysis affects liver oxygenation with respect to induced hypotension and vasodilatation un...
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Background Increased sympathetic nervous activity which induces vasoconstriction and decreases perfusion may be an underlying mechanism behind the development of perioperative liver damage. This animal study was designed to assess how clonidine-induced systemic sympathicolysis affects liver oxygenation with respect to induced hypotension and vasodi...
Article
The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is still associated with a high mortality rate. Therefore, extensive research is performed in various animal models of acute lung injury (ALI) and ARDS. Our aim was to establish a hypoxemic and hemodynamically compromised, but stable and reproducible model of ALI in pigs over an investigation period of...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of the water-soluble poly-(ADP)-ribose-polymerase (PARP) inhibitor 5-aminoisoquinolinone (5-AIQ) on liver microcirculation and function after haemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. Controlled, randomized animal study. University animal care facility and research laboratory. Male Sprague-Dawley rats...
Article
Clonidine, which is used for induction of sympatholysis and prevention or treatment of alcohol withdrawal in anaesthesia and intensive care medicine, may have deleterious effects on intestinal mucosal perfusion. This study was designed to investigate the effects of clonidine on intestinal perfusion and oxygenation. Following ethical approval 17 ana...
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Xenon is a narcotic gas that might be able to replace volatile anaesthetics or nitrous oxide due to its favourable pharmacological properties, such as providing haemodynamic stability. Intestinal oxygenation is affected by most volatile anaesthetics as a result of cardiodepressive effects. Reducing oxygenation of the gut might be a factor leading t...
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During invasive mechanical ventilation due to the dryness of medical gases is necessary to provide an adequate level of conditioning. The hot water humidifiers (HWH) heat the water, thus allowing the water vapor to heat and humidify the medical gases. In the common HWH there is a contact between the medical gases and the sterile water, thus increas...
Article
Oxygen radicals have been implicated as important mediators in the early pathogenesis of acute pancreatitis, but the mechanism by which they produce pancreatic tissue injury remains unclear. We have, therefore, investigated the effects of oxygen radicals on isolated rat pancreatic acinar cells as to the ultrastructure, cytosolic Ca2+ concentration...

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