Jan Christopher Cwik

Jan Christopher Cwik
University of Cologne | UOC · Department of Psychology

PD PhD (Dr. rer. nat.), Licenced Psychotherapist (CBT, PDT, ST)

About

77
Publications
24,248
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Jan Christopher Cwik currently works at the Department of Psychology, University of Cologne. Jan does research in Clinical Psychology, Abnormal Psychology, Psycho-oncology, and Biological Psychology. Their current projects are 'Integrated cross-sectoral psycho-oncology (isPO)' and 'Classification and Diagnosis of Mental Health Problems.'
Additional affiliations
May 2018 - May 2018
LWL-Universitätsklinikum Bochum
Position
  • Contract teacher
Description
  • DIPS- and Mini-DIPS-training
November 2017 - present
University of Cologne
Position
  • PostDoc Position
November 2017 - November 2017
Bielefeld University
Position
  • Contract teacher
Description
  • DIPS-training (Psychotherapie-Ambulanz der Universität Bielefeld (PAdUB))
Education
October 2020 - November 2021
University of Cologne
Field of study
  • Habilitation
June 2020 - October 2021
Akademie für angewandte Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Köln (APP Köln)
Field of study
  • Psychotherapy (systemic therapy)
April 2018 - October 2021
Akademie für angewandte Psychologie und Psychotherapie, Köln (APP Köln)
Field of study
  • Psychotherapy (psychodynamic therapy)

Publications

Publications (77)
Article
Full-text available
Background The investigation of patient-reported outcomes and psycho-oncological interventions mainly focuses on psychological distress or psychopathology. However, the recognition of the equal importance of positive mental health (PMH) has increased lately. The PMH-scale is a brief questionnaire allowing to assess well-being in individuals in the...
Article
Full-text available
The number of studies on fear conditioning in children and adolescents has increased in recent years. Most of these studies exclusively focus on data of completers while dropout rates, reasons for dropout, and specific characteristics of non-completers are underreported. This study systematically investigated data of 283 children and adolescents be...
Article
Full-text available
Background The annual incidence of new cancer cases has been increasing worldwide for many years, and is likely to continue to rise. In Germany, the number of new cancer cases is expected to increase by 20% until 2030. Half of all cancer patients experience significant emotional and psychosocial distress along the continuum of their disease, treatm...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Clinical practice guidelines present expert consensus on the treatment of mental disorders. Yet, studies have shown that knowledge of and adherence to recommendations are moderate. The aim of the present study was to investigate, whether and to what extent psychotherapists are aware of and follow the German guideline recommendations for...
Article
Die Vereinbarkeit von Wissenschaft und Familie ist für Eltern im Allgemeinen und Frauen im Besonderen eine große Herausforderung. Tagungsteilnahmen sind wichtige Karrierebausteine und eine organisatorische Herausforderung für Eltern. In diesem Positionspapier wird ein Stimmungsbild zu familienfreundlicheren Kongressgestaltung in der Fachgruppe (FG)...
Article
Full-text available
Background Dysfunctional appraisals are a key mechanism in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Experimental manipulations of appraisals via Cognitive Bias Modification-Appraisal (CBM-App) training targeting cognitions related to the ‘self’ has shown to affect analog trauma symptoms. The present study aimed to conceptually replicate and extend pre...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: The investigation of patient-reported outcomes and psycho-oncological interventions mainly focuses on psychological distress or psychopathology. However, the recognition of the equal importance of positive mental health (PMH) has increased lately. The PMH-scale is a brief questionnaire allowing to assess well-being in individuals in the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Positive affect and anhedonia are important but challenging targets for mental health treatments. Previous research indicates the potential of a computerised cognitive training paradigm involving generation of positive mental imagery, termed positive mental imagery training (PMIT), to increase positive affect and reduce anhedonia. Aims...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The World Health Organization Disability Assessent Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) assesses disability in individuals irrespective of their health condition. Previous studies validated the usefulness of the WHODAS 2.0 using classical test theory. This study is the first investigating the psychometric properties of the 12-items WHODAS 2.0 in patie...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung. Suizidales Erleben und Verhalten ist in klinischen Kontexten sehr verbreitet. Während international diverse Messinstrumente zur Erfassung von Suizidalität entwickelt und validiert wurden, gibt es nur wenige deutsche Messinstrumente. In der vorliegenden Studie wurde die neu entwickelte Skala Suizidales Erleben und Verhalten (SSEV) i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) comprises persistent deficits in (1) social communication and interaction across multiple contexts, and (2) restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. Due to these symptoms, ASD is associated with a significant impairment of quality of life. Identifying patients’ unique resources is crucial...
Preprint
Background: Positive affect and anhedonia are important but challenging targets for mental health treatments. Previous research indicates the potential of a computerized cognitive training paradigm involving generation of positive mental imagery, here termed positive mental imagery training (PMIT), to increase positive affect and reduce anhedonia....
Preprint
Background: Dysfunctional appraisals are a key mechanism in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Experimental manipulations of appraisals via Cognitive Bias Modification-Appraisal (CBM-App) training targeting cognitions related to the ‘self’ has shown to affect analog trauma symptoms. The present study aimed to conceptually replicate and extend pr...
Article
Introduction: Dysfunctional appraisals about traumatic events and their sequelae are a key mechanism in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Experimental studies have shown that a computerized cognitive training, cognitive bias modification for appraisals (CBM-APP), can modify dysfunctional appraisals and reduce analogue trauma symptoms amongst h...
Thesis
This thesis focuses on misdiagnoses and diagnostic processes and methods in clinical psychology research and practice.
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: The World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule 2.0 (WHODAS 2.0) assesses disability in individuals irrespective of their health condition. Previous studies validated the usefulness of the WHODAS 2.0 using classical test theory (CTT). This study is the first investigating the psychometric properties of the 12-items WHODAS 2.0...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: A proportion of cancer patients develop depression and anxiety as a consequence of the cancer diagnosis. The common-sense model of self-regulation is a theoretical framework focusing on cognitive-emotional processes that can explain associations between cancer and depression and anxiety. Based on this model, we constructed the Cognitive-...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Since individuals afflicted with cancer are at an elevated risk of dying by suicide, understanding suicide-related ideation and behaviours is critical in identifying vulnerable patients. The interpersonal theory of suicide (IPTS) provides a framework to research risk factors for suicide and has been validated in different samples. The a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Experiencing a traumatic event can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but not every traumatized person develops PTSD. Several protective and risk factors have been identified in civilians and veterans to explain why some individuals develop PTSD and others do not. However, no research has confirmed the relationship between em...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The German Capability for Suicide Questionnaire (GCSQ) wasdeveloped to measure fearlessness of death and pain tolerance– two constructs central to the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide. Initial scale development, definition of the factor structure and confirmation of the two-dimensional factor structure was performed in samples suffering...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: The concept of acute stress disorder (ASD) was introduced as a diagnostic entity to improve the identification of traumatized people who are likely to develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Neuroanatomical models suggest that changes in the prefrontal cortex, amygdala, and hippocampus play a role in the development of PTSD. METHO...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The aim of this study is to investigate the diagnostic accuracy, psychometric properties, and clinical utility of the German version of the clinician-administered post-traumatic stress disorder scale for DSM-5 (CAPS-5) in routine clinical settings. Methods and analysis: This study is a non-interventional, multitrait-multimethod design...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction International standards of care require the complete integration of psycho-oncological care into biomedical cancer treatment. The structured integrated, cross-sectoral psycho-oncological programme ‘isPO’ is aiming to ensure a provision of care in inpatient and outpatient settings according to a stepped-care approach. Up to now, psycho-...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Considering the heterogeneity of cancer entities and the associated disease progression, personalized care of patients is increasingly emphasized in psycho-oncology. This individualization makes the use of measurements of individual clinically significant change important when studying the efficacy and effectiveness of psycho-oncologic...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The present study aimed to validate the German version of the Short Defeat and Entrapment Scale (SDES). Methods: Validity and reliability were established in an online (N = 480), an outpatient (N = 277) and an inpatient sample (N = 296). Statistical analyses included confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) and group differences in defeat...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Long-term follow-ups several years after receiving cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) are scarce and most of the existing literature describes follow-up data of randomized-controlled trials. Thus, very little is known about the long-term effects of CBT in routine care. Methods: We investigated psychological functioning in a sample of...
Article
Full-text available
Intrusive re-experiencing is a hallmark symptom of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). According to prominent models of intrusive phenomena, intrusive memories may result from impairments in the efficiency of working memory capacity (WMC), more specifically proactive interference control. Yet, experimental research is scarce. Therefore, the prese...
Article
Full-text available
Dysfunctional appraisals play a key role in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The present study investigated a novel method to assess dysfunctional appraisals via an online study, in which participants (N = 93) were asked to specify a distressing, negative life event and were then presented with ambiguous, open-ended trauma-related scenarios. P...
Article
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often associated with alterations in the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. Previous findings are inconsistent, possibly due to trauma exposure of controls or different hormone measurement methods. We investigated cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate (DHEA-S) in adults with clinical...
Preprint
Autismus-Spektrums-Störungen (ASS) sind Störungen der neuronalen Entwicklung, die mit andauernden Defiziten in der sozialen Kommunikation und Interaktion sowie restriktiven, repetitiven Verhaltensweisen, Interessen oder Aktivitäten einhergehen. Diese Symptome können bei Betroffenen zu klinisch bedeutsamem Leiden führen, sodass sie sich psychotherap...
Article
Zusammenfassung Autismus-Spektrum-Störungen (ASS) sind Störungen der neuronalen Entwicklung, die mit andauernden Defiziten in der sozialen Kommunikation und Interaktion sowie restriktiven, repetitiven Verhaltensweisen, Interessen oder Aktivitäten einhergehen. Diese Symptome können bei Betroffenen zu klinisch bedeutsamem Leiden führen, sodass sie si...
Article
Full-text available
Intrusive re-experiencing is a hallmark symptom of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). According to prominent models of intrusive phenomena, intrusive memories may result from impairments in the efficiency of working memory capacity (WMC), more specifically proactive interference control. Yet, experimental research is scarce. Therefore, the prese...
Article
Full-text available
Background Enhancing the capacity to experience positive affect could help improve recovery across a range of areas of mental health. Experimental psychopathology research indicates that a computerized cognitive training paradigm involving generation of positive mental imagery can increase state positive affect, and more recent clinical studies hav...
Article
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary- adrenal (HPA) axis. Research over the past years has investigated potential changes of these alterations in the context of psychotherapy. Yet, no systematic review has been conducted. To summarize the current state of research on psychotherapy...
Article
Full-text available
Background Difficulties in emotion regulation have been related to psychological and physiological stress responses such as lower mood and lower parasympathetic activation (HF-HRV) under resting condition, but evidence on the potential link to the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning and to physiological stress responses during a s...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Influential theories of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) suggest that dysfunctional appraisals of trauma play a key role in the maintenance of symptoms, and this suggestion is increasingly supported by research. Experimental studies have indicated that a simple computerised cognitive training procedure, here termed cognitive bias...
Article
Dysfunctional appraisals are a key factor suggested to be involved in the development and maintenance of PTSD. Research has shown that experimental induction of a positive or negative appraisal style following a laboratory stressor affects analogue posttraumatic stress symptoms. This supports a causal role of appraisal in the development of traumat...
Article
Eine Krebsdiagnose ist für Betroffene und ihre Angehörigen häufig mit wesentlichen Veränderungen der alltäglichen Lebensführung und damit einhergehenden psychischen Belastungen verbunden. Die psychoonkologische Versorgung hat das Ziel, der Belastung der Betroffenen und ihrer Angehörigen mit psychosozialen und psychotherapeutischen Mitteln entgegenz...
Chapter
In diesem Kapitel informiert Sie über: - Anwendungsmöglichkeiten von Simulationspatientinnen und Simulationspatienten als Lehrinstrument im Rahmen der klinisch-psychologischen Ausbildung als auch als methodisches Instrument für die klinisch-psychologische Forschung - Überblick über die bisher veröffentlichte Literatur zu diesen Teilgebieten der Kl...
Article
Full-text available
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is characterised by dysfunctional appraisals of the trauma and its consequences including one’s own symptoms. Experimental studies have shown that Cognitive Bias Modification—Appraisal (CBM-App) training can reduce dysfunctional interpretations and analog trauma symptoms. One important question is how to enhance...
Article
Zusammenfassung Theoretischer Hintergrund Die Abklärung, ob eine psychische Störung bei Suizidanten vorgelegen hat, stellt im Rahmen der psychologischen Autopsie ein besonderes diagnostisches Problem dar und wird kontrovers diskutiert. Fragestellung Inwieweit stimmen patienten- und angehörigengenerierte DSM-5®-Diagnosen überein? Methode Mit 20 Pati...
Book
Full-text available
The DIPS-OA is a structured clinical interview for diagnosing mental disorders. It is applicable for adults and assesses current and lifetime diagnoses according to DSM-5 and ICD-10. The DIPS-OA covers the mental disorders most commonly seen in clinical settings: • Anxiety Disorders • Bipolar and Related Disorders • Depressive Disorders • Obsessi...
Book
Full-text available
The Mini-DIPS-OA is a short structured clinical interview for diagnosing mental disorders. The Mini-DIPS-OA is an abridged and reformatted version of the DIPS-OA allowing a fast yet reliable diagnosis. It is applicable for adults and assesses current and lifetime diagnoses according to DSM-5 and ICD-10. The Mini-DIPS-OA covers the mental disorders...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The present study aimed at validating the German version of the Brief Reasons for Living inventory (BRFL). Methods: Validity and reliability were established in a community (n = 339) and a clinical sample (n = 272). Convergent and discriminant validity were investigated, and confirmatory factor analyses were conducted for the complete B...
Article
Full-text available
Acute stress disorder (ASD) is predictive of the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In response to symptom provocation, the exposure to trauma-related pictures, ASD patients showed increased activation of the medial posterior areas of precuneus and posterior cingulate cortex as well as of superior prefrontal cortex in a previous s...
Article
Full-text available
Межличностная теория суицида постулирует, что для тяжёлой попытки суицида или завершенного суицида суицидент должен обладать желанием умереть и способностью совершить самоубийство. Способность, пред- положительно, обретается со временем путем повторяющегося опыта болезненных и провокационных собы- тий. Цель настоящего исследования – изучить линейны...
Article
Zusammenfassung. Psychische Störungen können über die ganze Lebensspanne auftreten. Strukturierte klinische Interviews sind zentrale Hilfsmittel für ihre rasche, zuverlässige und umfassende Diagnostik. Im deutschsprachigen Raum stehen mit den Verfahren der DIPS-Familie Interviews zur Diagnostik psychischer Störungen über die gesamte Lebensspanne zu...
Article
Background: Inconsistent nomenclature and classification of suicidal behaviour have plagued the field of suicidology for a long time. Recently, the United States Centers for Disease Control (CDC) advocated for the usage of a specific classification system. Aim of the current study was to determine the extent of misdiagnosed acts of self-directed vi...
Article
Funding information Alexander von Humboldt-Stiftung Despite the wide application and long history of diagnostic systems, several sources of diagnostic errors remain in the criterion-based diagnosing of mental disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the presentational order of diagnosis-relevant information and pretreatment repor...
Article
Full-text available
During the past 50 years, health insurance providers and national registers of mental health regularly report signi cant increases in the number of mental disorder diagnoses in children and adolescents. However, epidemiological studies show mixed e ects of time trends of prevalence of mental disorders. Overdiagnosis in clinical practice rather than...
Article
Objectives: Our study aimed to validate a previously published scale assessing attitudes towards suicide. Factor structure, convergent and discriminant validity, and predictive validity were investigated. Method: Adult German participants (N=503; mean age=24.74years; age range=18-67years) anonymously completed a set of questionnaires. An explora...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the utility of checklists in attaining more accurate diagnoses in the context of diagnostic decision-making for mental disorders. The study also aimed to replicate results from a meta-analysis indicating that there is no association between patients' gender and misdiagnoses. To this end, 475 psychotherapists were asked to judge...
Article
Full-text available
The interpersonal theory of suicide postulates that, for a serious suicide attempt or a suicide one has to possess a desire to die and the capability to die by suicide. The capability is proposed to be acquired over time by repeated experiences with painful and provocative events. Aim of the present study was to examine linear trends in two facets...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Inconsistent nomenclature and classi cation of suicidal behavior has plagued the eld of suicidology for a long time. Recently, the United States Centers for Disease Control (CDC) advocated for the usage of a speci c classi cation system. Aim of the current study was to determine the extent of misdiagnosed acts of self-directed violence – controllin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite the diagnostic systems’ wide application and long histories, there remain several sources of bias in diagnosing mental disorders according to their criteria. The aim of this study was to investigate whether pre-treatment reports and the presentational order of diagnosis-relevant information are associated with diagnostic biases. One hundred...
Thesis
Die Akute Belastungsstörung (ASD) ist eine Traumafolgestörung, die durch Dissoziations-, Wiedererlebens-, Vermeidungs- und Übererregungssymptome innerhalb des ersten Monats nach einem traumatischen Ereignisses gekennzeichnet ist. Persistieren diese Symptome länger als einen Monat, spricht man von einer Posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung (PTSD). Fü...