Jan Cornelissen

Jan Cornelissen
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Infectie biologie

ING.

About

126
Publications
6,494
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2,162
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
Full-text available
In assessing species susceptibility for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and in the search for an appropriate animal model, multiple research groups around the world inoculated a broad range of animal species using various SARS-CoV-2 strains, doses and administration routes. Although in silico analyses based on receptor...
Article
Farmers prefer fast, sensitive, and on-site tests for treatment decisions on mastitis. Due to the time to results of the currently available diagnostic tools, these are rarely used for that purpose. Genotypic tests that do not require a growth step may be suitable for on-site testing, for example loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), which...
Article
Full-text available
Small mammals such as rodents can to carry zoonotic pathogens. Currently, there is impaired knowledge on zoonotic pathogens in rodents and insectivores in the Netherlands. This limits opportunities for preventive measures and complicates risk‐assessments for zoonotic transmission to humans. Leptospira spp. and Toxoplasma gondii are present on a lis...
Article
Full-text available
Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) are a major cause of antibiotic-associated diarrhea. It is hypothesized that CDI develops due to the antibiotic-induced disruption of the intestinal microbial community structure, which allows C. difficile to flourish. Here, we pre-treated weaned pigs with the antibiotics Clindamycin or Ciprofloxacin for 1 day...
Article
Rodents contribute to the life cycle of the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii as an intermediate host and key prey animal of cats, the definitive host. As there is limited scientific knowledge available about the incidence and prevalence of T. gondii in commensal rodents in many Asian countries, we tested rodents from a commercial rice mill and...
Article
In cattle, antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii infection are frequently detected, but evidence for the presence of T. gondii tissue cysts in cattle is limited. To study the concordance between the presence of anti-T. gondii IgG and viable tissue cysts of T. gondii in cattle, serum, liver and diaphragm samples of 167 veal calves and 235 adult cattle wer...
Poster
Full-text available
In order to complete its parasitic cycle of life, Toxoplasma gondii reproduces in feline animals as these are the protozoan's definite host. Because rodents are prey animals to cats, rodents contribute to the transmission and reproduction of Toxoplasma gondii. Not much is known or scientifically published about the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Pasteurella multocida, Mannheimia haemolytica, Histophilus somni and Trueperella pyogenes are four bacterial agents commonly associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD). In this study a bacterial multiplex real-time PCR (the RespoCheck PCR) was evaluated for the detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of these four bacteria...
Article
Full-text available
Animal health benefits from a stable intestinal homeostasis, for which proper development and functioning of the intestinal microbiota and immune system are essential. It has been established that changes in microbial colonization in early life (the first 2 wk post hatch) impacts the functioning of the adult gut and the associated crosstalk between...
Article
Full-text available
Background In this study we evaluated the RespoCheck Mycoplasma triplex real-time PCR for the detection in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of Mycoplasma (M.) dispar, M. bovis and M. bovirhinis, all three associated with bovine respiratory disease (BRD). Primers and probes of the RespoCheck Mycoplasma triplex real-time PCR are based on the V3/V4...
Article
A loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to detect Streptococcus uberis in raw milk was developed and evaluated. Three genes (sodA, pauA, cpn60) were assessed for their suitability as targets in LAMP. The analytical sensitivity was 120, 120, and 12 fg per assay for the sodA, pauA, and cpn60 assays, respectively, with a detectable sign...
Article
Full-text available
High numbers of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in the environment are a risk factor to humans. The environmental contamination might be reduced by vaccinating the definitive host, cats. An experimental challenge model is necessary to quantitatively assess the efficacy of a vaccine or drug treatment. Previous studies have indicated that bradyzoites are h...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in common moles, Talpa europaea, was investigated in order to determine whether moles can serve as an indicator species for T. gondii infections in livestock. In total, 86 moles were caught from 25 different sites in the Netherlands. Five different trapping habitats were distinguished: pasture, garden, forest, ro...
Article
Abstract Using reverse genetics (rg), we generated two reassortant viruses carrying the NS1 gene of two closely related HPAIV and LPAIV H7N1 variants (designated rgH7N7 HP(HPNS1) and rgH7N7 HP(LPNS1), respectively) in the backbone of the HP H7N7 strain A/Chicken/Netherlands/621557/03 (rgH7N7 HP). Comparison of these reassortants allowed us to deter...
Article
Full-text available
A novel orthobunyavirus, named "Schmallenberg virus" (SBV), was first detected in the blood of cattle at the end of the summer in Germany in 2011, and subsequently in late autumn from the brain of a stillborn malformed lamb in The Netherlands. Full genome sequences, including 5' and 3' terminal "panhandle" sequences of the L, M, and S segments of t...
Article
Full-text available
We studied the immunological responses in the lung, brain and spleen of ducks and chickens within the first 7 days after infection with H7N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI). Infection with HPAI caused significant morbidity and mortality in chickens, while in ducks the infection was asymptomatic. The HPAI viral mRNA load was higher in all i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Since we were able to isolate viable virus from brain and lung of H7N1 low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAIV) infected chickens, we here examined the distribution of different LPAIV strains in chickens by measuring the viral AI RNA load in multiple organs. Subtypes of H5 (H5N1, H5N2), H7 (H7N1, H7N7) and H9 (H9N2), of chicken (H5N2...
Data
GenBank Accession Numbers KC355457-KC355459 represent sequences from the three segments of Schmallenberg virus. ##Assembly-Data-START## Assembly Method :: Tablet v. 1.12.08.29 Sequencing Technology :: Illumina ##Assembly-Data-END##
Data
GenBank Accession Numbers KC355457-KC355459 represent sequences from the three segments of Schmallenberg virus. ##Assembly-Data-START## Assembly Method :: Tablet v. 1.12.08.29 Sequencing Technology :: Illumina ##Assembly-Data-END##
Data
GenBank Accession Numbers KC355457-KC355459 represent sequences from the three segments of Schmallenberg virus. ##Assembly-Data-START## Assembly Method :: Tablet v. 1.12.08.29 Sequencing Technology :: Illumina ##Assembly-Data-END##
Data
GenBank Accession Numbers KC355454-KC355456 represent sequences from the three segments of Schmallenberg virus. ##Assembly-Data-START## Assembly Method :: DNASTAR Lasergene v. 10 Sequencing Technology :: Sanger dideoxy sequencing ##Assembly-Data-END##
Data
GenBank Accession Numbers KC355454-KC355456 represent sequences from the three segments of Schmallenberg virus. ##Assembly-Data-START## Assembly Method :: DNASTAR Lasergene v. 10 Sequencing Technology :: Sanger dideoxy sequencing ##Assembly-Data-END##
Data
GenBank Accession Numbers KC355454-KC355456 represent sequences from the three segments of Schmallenberg virus. ##Assembly-Data-START## Assembly Method :: DNASTAR Lasergene v. 10 Sequencing Technology :: Sanger dideoxy sequencing ##Assembly-Data-END##
Article
Full-text available
Ducks and chickens are hosts of avian influenza virus, each with distinctive responses to infection. To understand these differences, we characterized the innate immune response to low-pathogenicity avian influenza virus H7N1 infection in chickens and ducks. Viral RNA was detected in the lungs of chickens from day 0.8 to 7, in ducks mainly at day 4...
Article
Full-text available
Avian influenza virus (AIV) is classified into two pathotypes, low pathogenic (LP) and high pathogenic (HP), based on virulence in chickens.Differences in pathogenicity between HPAIV and LPAIV might eventually be related to specific characteristics of strains, tissue tropism and host responses. To study differences in disease development between HP...
Article
Full-text available
Avian influenza virus can be divided into two groups, highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAI) and low pathogenic avian influenza virus (LPAI) based on their difference in virulence. To investigate if the difference in clinical outcome between LPAI and HPAI in chickens is due to immunological host responses in the lung within the first 24 hou...
Article
It is well known that broilers may be infected by different Eimeria strains at the same time and that different species infect specific parts of the gut. Cell mediated responses play a major role in the immune response in broilers after infection with Eimeria species. The cell mediated responses could be intestinal site specific and if this site sp...
Article
Abstract It is well known that broilers may be infected by different Eimeria strains at the same time and that different species infect specific parts of the gut. Cell mediated responses play a major role in the immune response in broilers after infection with Eimeria species. The cell mediated responses could be intestinal site specific and if thi...
Article
Full-text available
Inadequate rodent control is considered to play a role in Toxoplasma gondii infection of pigs. This issue was addressed in the current study by combining a 4-month rodent control campaign and a 7-month longitudinal analysis of T. gondii seroprevalence in slaughter pigs. Three organic pig farms with known rodent infestation were included in the stud...
Article
The (T-cell) immune responses of two different broiler lines to a primary Eimeria acervulina infection were investigated. The lines used were a commercial fast-growing broiler line and a slow-growing type of broiler as used in organic farming. Seven-day-old broilers of both lines were infected with 5 x 10(4) oocysts of E. acervulina. The animals we...
Article
Full-text available
Effects of low-density broiler breeder diets on offspring performance and mortality were studied using 2,100 female and 210 male Cobb 500 breeders. Breeder treatments involved 4 experimental groups and a control group with normal density diets (ND, 2,600 kcal of AME/kg during rearing and 2,800 kcal of AME/kg during laying). In treatment 2, nutrient...
Article
Full-text available
Toxoplasma gondii is een onderschatte voedsel gerelateerde zoönose waarvan de ziektelast voor de mens waarschijnlijk gelijk is aan salmonellose. Modernisering van de varkenshouderij heeft geleid tot een verdwijning van Toxoplasma infecties, maar een heropleving is recent geconstateerd in de welzijnsvriendelijke varkenshouderij. Dit project geeft st...
Article
Full-text available
A short written questionnaire was used to study certain characteristics of the organic pig production chain in The Netherlands and the circumstances on the farm that might play a role in the transmission of Toxoplasma infection to the pigs. Of the 81 certified organic slaughter pig farmers present in the Netherlands in 2006, 52 responded to the que...
Article
T-cell responses are supposed to be the major immune reactions in broilers infected with Eimeria. The nature of such T-cell responses is influenced by the species of Eimeria involved, age of the host, amount of parasites and the preceding infection history. In young chicks the intestine is still developing in length while the lymphocyte populations...
Article
Full-text available
In organic livestock production systems, farm-management factors are thought to play an important role in the on-farm prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii. Serological results and the results of an HACCP analysis were combined to determine important risk factors for the prevalence of this protozoan parasite. Mathematical analysis demonstrated that feedi...
Article
Fasciola hepatica juveniles express immunodominant cathepsin L proteins, which are mainly found in their immature, procathepsin form. A gene encoding such a procathepsin L (FheCL3) was expressed by a baculovirus recombinant and by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The glycosylated FheCL3 proteins obtained by both systems were used in a vaccination/challeng...
Article
Full-text available
Consumption of undercooked pork meat products has been considered a major risk factor for contracting toxoplasmosis in humans. Indoor farming and improved hygiene have drastically reduced Toxoplasma infections in pigs over the past decades. Whether introduction of animal-friendly production systems will lead to a reemergence of Toxoplasma infection...
Article
Cathepsin L (CL)-like proteases are important candidate vaccine antigens for protection against helminth infections. We previously identified an immunogenic 32 kDa protein specifically present in newly excysted juveniles (NEJs) of Fasciola hepatica. Here we show by N-terminal protein sequencing that this protein represents a CL-like protease still...
Article
1. Several studies have shown that genetic variation exists in response to various Salmonella strains in mammals and poultry. In the current study immunocompetence traits related to natural resistance to Salmonella were measured in 7 genetic groups of meat-type chickens (in total 296 chickens involved). 2. Variables were measured of both innate (ph...
Article
A diagnostic ELISA with recombinant Fasciola hepatica cathepsin L-like protease as antigen was developed to detect antibodies against F. hepatica in sheep and cattle. The recombinant cathepsin L-like protease was generated by functional expression of the cDNA from adult stage F. hepatica flukes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Specificity and sensitivi...
Article
The efficacy of triclabendazole in sheep experimentally infected with Fasciola hepatica was studied. Two groups of 12 lambs were infected with a susceptible (S) or a resistant (R) strain of F. hepatica. Eight weeks after infection, six lambs of each group (ST and RT) were treated with triclabendazole (10mg/kg). The other lambs were used as untreate...
Article
Abomasa, blood samples and faecal samples for examination of nematode infections were collected from 125 dairy cows during the period November 1997-October 1998. Of these, 12 had no grazing history and were, therefore, excluded from this study. From the remaining 113, 88.5% had nematode eggs in the faeces. Larval identification of the positive cult...
Article
Crude antigens of adult Fasciola hepatica and of newly excysted juveniles (NEJ) and a low-molecular-weight fraction of antigen from NEJs were tested for inducing protective immunity in rats. Two routes of vaccination were applied. The results showed that intraperitoneal vaccination induced significantly better protection (P <0.05) than intramuscula...