Jamie Pugh

Jamie Pugh
Liverpool John Moores University | LJMU

About

31
Publications
9,408
Reads
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581
Citations
Citations since 2016
31 Research Items
580 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (31)
Article
Full-text available
The physiological effects of low energy availability (EA) have been studied using a homogenous daily EA pattern in laboratory settings. However, whether this daily EA pattern represents those of free-living athletes and is therefore ecologically valid is unknown. To investigate this, we assessed daily exercise energy expenditure, energy intake and...
Article
We examined the effects of carbohydrate (CHO) delivery form on exogenous CHO oxidation, gastrointestinal discomfort, and exercise capacity. In a randomised repeated measures design (after 24 h of high CHO intake (8 g·kg-1) and pre-exercise meal (2 g·kg-1)), nine trained males ingested 120 g CHO·h-1 from fluid (DRINK), semi-solid gel (GEL), solid je...
Article
Full-text available
Athletes from weight-sensitive sports are reported to consume low-fiber diets (LOW) to induce acute reductions in body mass (BM). However, evidence supporting their efficacy is anecdotal. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effect of a LOW on acute changes in BM. Nineteen healthy males (32 ± 10 years, 1.79 ± 0.07 m, 77.5 ± 8.1 kg) consumed their h...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Despite unequivocal evidence demonstrating high carbohydrate (CHO) availability improves endurance performance, athletes often report under-eating CHO during competition. Such findings may be related to a lack of knowledge though currently there are no practical or time-efficient tools to assess CHO knowledge in athletes. Accordingly, we ai...
Article
Full-text available
Probiotic supplementation, traditionally used for the prevention or treatment of a variety of disease indications, is now recognized in a variety of population groups including athletes and those physically active for improving general health and performance. However, experimental and clinical trials with probiotics commonly suffer from design flaw...
Article
Full-text available
Gastrointestinal symptoms are abundant among athletes engaging in endurance exercise, particularly when exercising in increased environmental temperatures, at higher intensities, or over extremely long distances. It is currently thought that prolonged ischemia, mechanical damage to the epithelial lining, and loss of epithelial barrier integrity are...
Article
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are recognized as important signaling molecules in healthy skeletal muscle. Redox sensitive proteins can respond to intracellular changes in ROS by oxidation of reactive thiol groups on cysteine (Cys) residues. Exercise is known to induce the generation of superoxide and nitric oxide, resulting in the activation of sev...
Article
Full-text available
Few data are available that describe how probiotics influence systemic metabolism during endurance exercise. Metabolomic profiling of endurance athletes will elucidate mechanisms by which probiotics may confer benefits to the athlete. In this study, twenty-four runners (20 male, 4 female) were block randomised into two groups using a double-blind m...
Article
Full-text available
As with much of science, the female athlete is under researched, particularly in the area of gastrointestinal (GI) physiology. Gut function is of pivotal importance to athletes in that it supports digestion and absorption of nutrients, as well as providing a barrier between the external environment and the circulation. While sex-derived differences...
Article
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are recognised as important signalling molecules in healthy skeletal muscle. Redox sensitive proteins can respond to intracellular changes in ROS via reactive thiol groups on Cysteine (Cys) residues. While exercise is known to induce the generation of ROS that results in the activation of a number of transcription fact...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: This is a review of the most up-to-date research on the effectiveness of probiotic supplementation for outcomes related to athletes and physical activity. The focus is on clinical research incorporating exercise and/or physically active participants on the nutritional effectiveness of single and multistrain preparations. Recent...
Article
Full-text available
Skeletal muscle generates superoxide during contractions which is rapidly converted to H2O2. This molecule has been proposed to activate signalling pathways and transcription factors that regulate key adaptive responses to exercise but the concentration of H2O2 required to oxidise and activate key signalling proteins in vitro is much higher than th...
Article
Full-text available
The microorganisms in the gastrointestinal tract play a significant role in nutrient uptake, vitamin synthesis, energy harvest, inflammatory modulation, and host immune response, collectively contributing to human health. Important factors such as age, birth method, antibiotic use, and diet have been established as formative factors that shape the...
Article
Athletes with high PSS-14 scores did not have greater odds of GI symptoms, except nausea (odds ratio [OR] = 2.21, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.02-4.78). High scores on the STICSA-trait were associated with nausea (OR = 3.43, 95% CI 1.57-7.50) and regurgitation/reflux (OR = 3.31, 95% CI 1.26-8.73). Among a sub-sample of 125 participants that compl...
Article
We hypothesised that probiotic supplementation (PRO) increases the absorption and oxidation of orally ingested maltodextrin during 2h endurance cycling, thereby sparing muscle glycogen for a subsequent time trial (simulating a road race). Measurements were made of lipid and carbohydrate oxidation, plasma metabolites and insulin, gastrointestinal pe...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To investigate the effects of exercise in combination with, or without, a leucine-enriched whey protein supplement on muscle mass, fat mass, myoelectrical muscle fatigue and health-related quality of life (HR-QOL) in older adults. Methods 100 community-dwelling older adults [52% women, age: 69 ± 6 years (mean ± SD)] were randomised to four...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Carbohydrate intake is key for endurance performance, but there is currently no practical and time-efficient tool available to assess athletes’ knowledge gaps of carbohydrate for competition. This study validated anew practical multiple-choice questionnaire designed to quickly deter-mine endurance athletes core knowledge of carbohydrate intake to m...
Article
Full-text available
Position statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review of the mechanisms and use of probiotic supplementation to optimize the health, performance, and recovery of athletes. Based on the current available literature, the conclusions of the ISSN are as follows: Probiotics are live microorgan...
Article
Full-text available
Key points: Reduced carbohydrate (CHO) availability before and after exercise may augment endurance training-induced adaptations of human skeletal muscle, as mediated via modulation of cell signalling pathways. However, it is not known whether such responses are mediated by CHO restriction, energy restriction or a combination of both. In recovery...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To evaluate the effects of probiotic supplementation on gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms, circulatory markers of GI permeability, damage, and markers of immune response during a marathon race. Methods Twenty-four recreational runners were randomly assigned to either supplement with a probiotic (PRO) capsule [25 billion CFU Lactobacillus acid...
Article
Full-text available
Using a cross-sectional survey concussion knowledge was evaluated among forty university-level athletes (n = 20, rugby union players; n = 20, Gaelic football players) and eight experienced team coaches (n = 2, rugby union; n = 2, Gaelic football; n = 1, soccer; n = 1, hockey; n = 1, netball; n = 1, basketball). Levels of knowledge of concussion wer...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) amongst recreational runners during a marathon race, and potential nutritional factors that may contribute. Recreational runners of the 2017 Liverpool (n = 66) and Dublin (n = 30) marathons were recruited. GIS were reported post-marathon and we con...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To examine the dose-response effects of acute glutamine supplementation on markers of gastrointestinal (GI) permeability, damage and, secondary, subjective symptoms of GI discomfort in response to running in the heat. Methods: Ten recreationally active males completed a total of four exercise trials; a placebo trial and three glutamine...
Article
Purpose To investigate the effects of high-intensity interval (HIIT) running on markers of gastrointestinal (GI) damage and permeability alongside subjective symptoms of GI discomfort. Methods Eleven male runners completed an acute bout of HIIT (eighteen 400 m runs at 120% VO<sub>2max</sub> ) where markers of GI permeability, intestinal damage and...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Probiotics have been shown to effect many of the potential causes of GI symptoms in clinical settings, but work is scarce in regards to exercise and sport. The aim of the project is to investigate the potential role of probiotics across a number of sports, while also identifying the specific mechanism of action.