Jamie Cummins

Jamie Cummins
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology

PhD

About

25
Publications
6,667
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88
Citations
Introduction
I am a postdoctoral researcher at the Learning and Implicit Processes lab in the Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University. My current work is focused on developing and using a relational training programme to improve cognitive abilities in children, adults, and the elderly. I am also interested in implicit measures, functional accounts of (verbal) behaviour, Open Science, and meta-science.
Education
January 2018 - December 2020
Ghent University
Field of study
  • Psychology
September 2016 - October 2017
September 2013 - May 2016

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Full-text available
Implicit measures have been hypothesized to allow researchers to ascertain the existence and strength of relations between stimuli, often in the context of research on attitudes. However, little controlled behavioral research has focused on whether stimulus relations, and the degree of relatedness within such relations, are indexed by implicit meas...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Affect Misattribution Procedure has attracted considerable attention and use in psychological science as a measure of evaluations, attitudes, and biases. The AMP’s appeal to researchers is based in large part on the promise that it taps into unintentional and unaware (i.e., implicit) psychological processes. However, past claims about the impli...
Article
Full-text available
For more than twenty-five years implicit measures have shaped research, theorizing, and intervention in psychological science. During this period, the development and deployment of implicit measures have been predicated on a number of theoretical, methodological, and applied assumptions. Yet these assumptions are frequently violated and rarely met....
Article
Full-text available
Objective Implicit and explicit drinking self-identity appear to be useful in predicting alcohol-related outcomes. However, there are several different implicit and explicit measures which can be used to assess drinking self-identity. Some of these implicit measures can also capture relational information (e.g., I am a drinker, I should be a drink...
Article
Full-text available
The Propositional Evaluation Paradigm (PEP; Müller and Rothermund, 2019) has recently shown promise as a relational implicit measure (i.e., an implicit measure which can specify how stimuli are related). Whereas the standard PEP measures response times, mousetracking is becoming increasingly-popular for quantifying response competition, with distin...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims Social media use can sometimes become excessive and damaging. To deal with this issue, scholars and practitioners have called for the development of measures that predict social media use. The current studies test the utility of evaluation and self-identification measures for predicting social media use. Method Study 1 examined...
Article
Full-text available
The Affect Misattribution Procedure (AMP) is used in many areas of psychological science based on the assumption that it not only taps into attitudes and biases but does so without a person’s awareness. Across eight preregistered studies (N = 1603) plus meta-analyses we reexamined the ‘implicitness’ of AMP effects, and in particular, the idea that...
Article
Full-text available
Some learning psychologists refer to relational cues (Crels) and functional cues (Cfuncs) in their analyses of verbal behavior. However, past research about Crels and Cfuncs is limited in two ways. First, there has been relatively little research into how Crels and Cfunc functions can be acquired, and whether such acquisition is similar to the acqu...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers commonly use the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to assess the automatic attitudes of individuals and groups. Although contended by some, the IAT is used in large part due to its psychometric properties, which are generally superior relative to most other measures of automatic cognition. Much focus has therefore been dedicated to the IA...
Article
The measurement of automatic attitudes towards sleep, in addition to reflective self-reports, might improve our ability to predict and explain sleep-hindering practices. Two types of implicit association tests (IATs), a sleep-related evaluations IAT and a sleep-related self-identity IAT, were developed to evaluate their efficacy for assessing autom...
Article
Full-text available
Research on automatic stereotyping is dominated by the idea that automatic stereotyping reflects the activation of (group-trait) associations. In two preregistered experiments (total N=391) we tested predictions derived from an alternative perspective that suggests that automatic stereotyping is the result of the activation of propositional represe...
Preprint
Research on automatic stereotyping is dominated by the idea that automatic stereotyping reflects the activation of (group-trait) associations. In two preregistered experiments (total N=391) we tested predictions derived from an alternative perspective that suggests that automatic stereotyping is the result of the activation of propositional represe...
Article
Full-text available
How can we maximize what is learned from a replication study? In the creative destruction approach to replication, the original hypothesis is compared not only to the null hypothesis, but also to predictions derived from multiple alternative theoretical accounts of the phenomenon. To this end, new populations and measures are included in the design...
Article
Full-text available
How can we maximize what is learned from a replication study? In the creative destruction approach to replication, the original hypothesis is compared not only to the null hypothesis, but also to predictions derived from multiple alternative theoretical accounts of the phenomenon. To this end, new populations and measures are included in the design...
Article
Drawing on the concept of a gale of creative destruction in a capitalistic economy, we argue that initiatives to assess the robustness of findings in the organizational literature should aim to simultaneously test competing ideas operating in the same theoretical space. In other words, replication efforts should seek not just to support or question...
Thesis
Full-text available
The assessment of the thoughts and evaluations of human beings is a central feature of modern psychological science. Further to this, many researchers are specifically interested in the automatic thoughts and evaluations of individuals. To assess automatic thoughts and evaluations, researchers typically use a range of measurement procedures whose o...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing evidence suggests that the relatedness of stimuli within the Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST) methodology is sensitive to the learning histories of participants. For example, this method is sensitive to differences in the amount of baseline training provided toestablish stimulus equivalence relations using arbitrary stimuli (Cummin...
Article
Full-text available
An increasing body of evidence shows the importance of accommodating relational information within implicit measures of psychological constructs. Whereas relational variants of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) have been proposed in the past, we put forward the Truth Misattribution Procedure (TMP) as a relational variant of the Affect Misattribut...
Preprint
Full-text available
Increasing evidence suggests that the Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST) is capable of measuring differences in stimulus relatedness, both in experimental and real-world contexts. In experimental contexts, FAST scores have been shown to change commensurate to differences in the relatedness of stimuli, as controlled by the amount of training pro...
Preprint
Full-text available
An increasing body of evidence shows the importance of accommodating relational information within implicit measures of psychological constructs. Whereas relational variants of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) have been proposed in the past, we put forward the Truth Misattribution Procedure (TMP) as a relational variant of the Affect Misattribut...
Article
Full-text available
The Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST) has shown recent evidence as an effective tool for the quantification of stimulus relatedness. The current study assessed the potential of the FAST in measuring the effects of the presentation of positively or negatively valenced messages on relatedness between stimulus relations with regard to safe-sex be...
Article
Full-text available
The Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST) has shown recent evidence as an effective tool for the quantification of stimulus relatedness. The current study assessed the potential of the FAST in measuring the effects of the presentation of positively- or negatively valenced messages on relatedness between stimulus relations with regard to safe sex b...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Implicit testing procedures have become highly prevalent in recent years in both social-cognitive and behaviour-analytic domains as a means of assessing associations between stimuli. In spite of this, comparably little conceptual research has been conducted to investigate the nature of the scores produced by these tests using experimentally-control...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The current project intends to investigate differential outcomes on implicit measures as a function of varying stimulus relatedness. Research will seek to systematically assess the effect of variations in relatedness between stimuli on scores in the Function Acquisition Speed Test (FAST), as well as other implicit measures. Relatedness can be varied as a function of nodal distance in equivalence relations (Fields & Verhave, 1987), but may also be varied as a function of number of training sessions and via a variety of other means. A number of tangential interests are contained within this research project, including analysing the effect of procedural and metrical variations in the FAST procedure on subsequent scores (e.g., response window variation, changing criteria for completion of task, scoring methods, etc.). As well as this, the most efficient means of training equivalence relations is also of interest in the current project, and a new procedure will be attempted to be developing in order to train relations most effectively. The overarching aim of this research agenda is to expand on basic research centering on implicit measures and stimulus equivalence, and to ultimately come to understand indirect measurement procedures in much greater and intricate detail.