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James F. Taulman

James F. Taulman
Independent Researcher

PhD zoology

About

33
Publications
14,326
Reads
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490
Citations
Introduction
James F. Taulman currently works at Independent Researcher. James does research in Wildlife behavior and ecology.
Additional affiliations
June 2014 - present
Independent Researcher
Position
  • Researcher
August 2008 - May 2014
Park University
Position
  • associate professor biology
August 2008 - May 2014
Park University
Position
  • Associate Professor of Biology
Description
  • taught conservation biology, zoology, evolution, ecology, ornithology, renewable energy technology, GIS; original research on ecology of vertebrate populations and habitat in mixed hardwood forest, alone and with students, with pubs resulting

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Full-text available
Using ESRI ArcMap in 2002, I created a database containing information on all available fatal traffic accidents in the three counties of the Pine Ridge Reservation and five counties in the Black Hills of South Dakota covering the years 1983-2001. There was a total of 830 fatalities recorded in 683 accidents, including drivers, passengers, and pedes...
Article
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Mammal use of downed logs as travel corridors. Remote camera documentation.
Article
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We conducted a new survey of biologists throughout the southern and central United States, in order to update our last analysis of the range expansion and distributional limits of the nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) since 1994. While the armadillo's range has remained stationary to the west along a line corresponding to about 50 cm ann...
Article
Full-text available
The fixed-width strip-transect and fixed-radius point-count survey methods for breeding birds were evaluated side-by-side in 2009, 2010, and 2011 in a 200-ha mixed hardwood forest surrounded by urban development in Parkville, MO. One 2-ha strip transect (80 m x 250 m) and four 0.5-ha fixed-radius plots (40 m radius, 150 m separation) were surveyed...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigated the home range and habitat selection of three eastern gray squirrels (Sciurus carolinensis) in 2010 and two in 2011 (one a recapture from 2010) in a mixed hardwood forest adjacent to Park University, Parkville, Missouri. We tracked squirrels on foot, using hand held receivers and antennas, acquiring an average of 41 diurn...
Article
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This paper presents step-by-step instructions for taking an animal location data set, creating a set of kernel home range utilization distribution contours, and formatting and manipulating those contour files for display in Google Earth. The intent of this paper is to assist researchers studying animal movement and habitat use patterns in overcomin...
Article
Full-text available
SummaryWe investigated home range and habitat selection behaviors of 44 and 50 southern flying squirrels (Glaucomys volans), respectively, on 5 study areas during the summers of 1994 through 1996 in the Ouachita National Forest of Arkansas. Study areas consisted of fragmented forests around 15-ha core stands in which squirrels were captured in nest...
Article
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In view of the continuing appropriation and conversion of natural land areas in North America for human uses, there is growing concern about the impacts of changing land use on terrestrial bird species. In order to promote conservation of critical remaining habitats for birds, Partners in Flight (PIF) initiated a project in 1997 in which bird conse...
Article
Full-text available
Information on habitat selection behavior is vital to effective conservation and management of native terrestrial fauna, particularly in disturbed, fiagmented habitats. Application of the kernel probability density estimation method to the description of animal home ranges, coupled with the mapping and analytical capabilities available in geographi...
Article
Full-text available
Natural nest-site selection was investigated in 50 radiocollared southern flying squirrels Glaucomys volans during spring and summer, 1994–1996, in the Ouachita National Forest of Arkansas. Squirrels nested in 226 trees in a variety of habitats at five study areas. Contrary to previous reports describing southern flying squirrels as habitat general...
Article
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The relative abundances of bird species and the ecological characteristics of the overall avian community were quantified within 20 late-rotation pine-hardwood sites in the Ouachita and Ozark National Forests in Arkansas and Oklahoma during 1992 and 1993. In addition, similarities in species composition and guild representation were compared with t...
Article
Full-text available
Habitat relationships of birds are well known compared to those of other taxa. However, a major obstacle to developing rigorous management plans for birds is the collation and transfer of information from widely scattered technical and academic publications to a form that can be applied directly to the management of species. Recognizing this dilemm...
Article
Full-text available
A study was conducted on the mature pine-hardwood forest type to gather baseline data on flying squirrel (Glaucomys volans) population demographics, to identify any habitat features influencing squirrel habitat use, to investigate any differences in groups of stands according to future treatment type or replicated group, and to identify ectoparasit...
Article
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This study investigated responses of populations of southern flying squirrels to a range of experimental even-aged and uneven-aged timber-harvest practices along a gradient of increasing disturbance intensity. The goals were to determine whether mea- surable demographic parameters of squirrels in experimental forests would change after logging; whe...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated responses of populations of southern flying squirrels to a range of experimental even-aged and uneven-aged timber-harvest practices along a gradient of increasing disturbance intensity. The goals were to determine whether measurable demographic parameters of squirrels in experimental forests would change after logging; wheth...
Article
Full-text available
A model of disturbance equilibration The contemporary ‘non-equilibrium’ paradigm in ecology acknowledges that ecosystems and their component floral and faunal communities show historic dynamism, not unchanging constancy (Shugart & West 1981; Pickett et al. 1992; Hengeveld 1994). In formulating a hierarchical view of landscape ecology, Urban et al....
Article
Full-text available
Maternal Southern Flying Squirrels, Glaucomys volans, do not appear aware of the number of nestlings in a litter. After young are relocated from one nest cavity to another, a final search of the primary nest is performed to confirm that no nestlings remain.
Article
Full-text available
Thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, 1997. "May 1997." Includes bibliographical references (leaves 156-170).
Article
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Prior to the mid 1850s armadillo dispersal may have been inhibited by native subsistence hunters, the Rio Grande acting as a physical hindrance, and natural habitat barriers posed by fire-maintained grasslands. European colonists settled south Texas in mass during the latter half of the 19th century and largely removed existing impediments to armad...
Article
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We offered a random assortment of six foods to nine captive Raccoons (Procyon lotor) during 10 days in February 1991 and to l0 Raccoons during 9 days in January 1992: Persimmon, (Diospyros virginiana); Southern Red Oak acorn, (Quercus falcata); chicken egg; crayfish (Cambarus bartoni); corn (Zea mays); and Earthworm (Lumbricus terrestris). Foods we...
Article
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We captured 38 intraspecific pairs of five species of small mammals in single-capture Sherman live traps during 76,508 trap nights over 14 combined years in four separate studies in Texas and Arkansas, While random nonsynchronous encounters cannot be completely ruled out for doublecapture events in single-capture live traps, double-capture data mee...
Article
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We describe the design and use of a plexiglass anesthetizing box to be placed over an occupied live trap and used with an inhalant anesthetic. This apparatus is inexpensive, safe and easy to use, provides short induction and recovery times, and may minimize stress on the captured raccoon (Procyon lotor).
Article
Full-text available
Bottles were tested as traps for small mammals. Used in conjunction with three types of snap traps over 30,240 trap nights, bottles captured eight (2%) of the total 421 mammals taken. Bottles were inefficient in capturing small mammals compared to snap traps.
Article
Full-text available
Hoary marmots (Marmota caligata) observed on Mt. Cashmere in the eastern Washington Cascades showed a bimodal activity cycle in late summer. However, in mid-September above-ground time decreased and active periods became erratic. Individuals were widely dispersed and foraged alone until September, when distances between individuals decreased dramat...
Article
Full-text available
Scent marking in hoary marmots (Marmota caligata) appears to serve several functions including: ( I ) outlining the territorial boundary, (2) imparting a "home" scent to refuge burrows in the f ield, (3) expressing dominance over another marmot, and (4) communicating the identity of individual marmots.
Thesis
Full-text available
The diurnal behavior of the hoary marmot was studied in an undisturbed colony during the summer of 1975. Auditory, tactile, visual and olfactory communication is described. Maintenance behaviors are described along with agonistic and amicable interactions. Sexual behavior outside the breeding season is noted. Behavioral ontogeny is described in you...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
testing and evaluation of bird and mammal survey methods
Project
Food preferences, ecology