James Davis Reimer

James Davis Reimer
University of the Ryukyus · Department of Chemistry, Biology, and Marine Science

Ph.D.

About

525
Publications
149,205
Reads
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7,420
Citations
Citations since 2017
212 Research Items
4946 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,000
Introduction
Interested in all things marine science, particularly understudied beasts and Okinawa.
Additional affiliations
April 2013 - present
University of the Ryukyus
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
May 2012 - June 2012
Naturalis Biodiversity Center
Position
  • Visiting Researcher
January 2009 - March 2013
University of the Ryukyus
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (525)
Article
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Loss of biodiversity from lower to upper trophic levels reduces overall productivity and stability of coastal ecosystems in our oceans, but rarely are these changes documented across both time and space. the characterisation of environmental DNA (eDNA) from sediment and seawater using metabarcoding offers a powerful molecular lens to observe marine...
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Identifying how past environmental conditions shaped the evolution of corals and their skeletal traits provides a framework for predicting their persistence and that of their non-calcifying relatives under impending global warming and ocean acidification. Here we show that ocean geochemistry, particularly aragonite–calcite seas, drives patterns of...
Article
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Benthic cnidarians are suspension feeders that ingest items ranging from particulate organic matter to macrozooplankton. Additionally, many species receive photosynthetic products from associated endosymbiotic microalgae (Symbiodiniaceae). Although benthic cnidarians are ubiquitous to reef ecosystems, variation in their nutrition acquisition strate...
Article
Hexactinellid sponges are important members of deep-sea benthic ecosystems because they provide available hard substrate habitats for filter-feeding invertebrates. However, symbioses between hexactinellid sponges and their symbionts are poorly known. Zoantharians associated with hexactinellid sponges have been reported widely from deep-sea marine e...
Article
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Family Xanthidae comprises 15 subfamilies and over 600 accepted species; they are represented well in the foreshore marine environments. Members of family Xanthidae are multi-colored crabs, usually inhabiting rocky coasts, coral reefs, and mud flats, all of which are well represented along the Egyptian coast of the Red Sea. Here, we utilized cytoch...
Article
Photograph records of four holothurian individuals upon which colonial ascidians were associated epizoically are reported from the waters around Akajima Island, Kerama Islands, Okinawa, Japan. Although holothurians are known to be hosts of many organisms, these new observations add a new perspective to understanding the ecological role of holothuri...
Article
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The term Marine Animal Forest (MAF) was first described by Alfred Russel Wallace in his book “The Malay Archipelago” in 1869. The term was much later re-introduced and various descriptions of MAFs were presented in great detail as part of a book series. The international research and conservation communities have advocated for the future protection...
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Sea cucumbers are important ecological engineers in marine ecosystems. However, the fishery demand of some species, especially large-epifaunal and commercially used (LEC) sea cucumbers, has risen drastically, resulting in serious depletion of local populations for many species. Despite this problem, basic ecological data on sea cucumbers, such as p...
Article
Colour patterns in fish are often used as an important medium for communication. Anemonefish, characterized by specific patterns of white bars, inhabit host anemones and defend the area around an anemone as their territory. The host anemone is used not only by the anemonefish, but also by other fish species that use anemones as temporary shelters....
Article
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Octocorals possess sclerites, small elements comprised of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3 ) that are important diagnostic characters in octocoral taxonomy. Among octocorals, sea pens comprise a unique order (Pennatulacea) that live in a wide range of depths. Habitat depth is considered to be important in the diversification of octocoral species, but a la...
Article
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Understanding species-specific resource requirements is paramount in managing and protecting biodiversity in a world where environmental quality is in decline. Dietary data can inform predator–prey relationships and how changes in prey availability impact different species. However, for many coral reef fishes, prey and predatory events can be diffi...
Article
We report the presence of the coral-killing sponge species Chalinula nematifera (de Laubenfels, 1954) in southern Japan via photographic records and specimens. The species appears to be a substrate generalist on scleractinians and occasionally octocorals, and is found across a wide variety of depths (0 to 24 m), as has been recently reported for th...
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Predicting the viability of species exposed to increasing climatic stress requires an appreciation for the mechanisms underpinning the success or failure of marginal populations. Rather than traditional metrics of long‐term population performance, here we illustrate that short‐term (i.e. transient) demographic characteristics, including measures of...
Article
Among family Zoanthidae (Anthozoa: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia), Zoanthus and Isaurus are widespread benthos on coral reefs, but the reproductive biology of both genera is generally unknown. Accordingly, sexual reproduction of two Zoanthidae species in Japan, Zoanthus kuroshio in Okinawa, and Isaurus tuberculatus in Okinawa and Kochi, was investigated...
Article
Savalia savaglia is an Atlantic-Mediterranean zoantharian species with a patchy geographic and bathymetric distribution. Due to its longevity, S. savaglia may form large-sized colonies which play a crucial role in the ecosystem as habitat formers. Despite its ecological importance, little is known about the population structure and intraspecific ge...
Article
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Species of the genus Peronia Fleming, 1822, are air-breathing onchidiid sea slugs that inhabit intertidal reef flats of temperate to tropical zones. In the Ryukyu Islands of southern subtropical Japan, Peronia species are a traditional food source for local people. To date, there have been three species recorded around Okinawajima Island; P. verruc...
Preprint
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Within microeukaryotes, genetic and functional variation sometimes accumulate more quickly than morphological differences. To understand the evolutionary history and ecology of such lineages, it is key to examine diversity at multiple levels of organization. In the dinoflagellate family Symbiodiniaceae, which can form endosymbioses with cnidarians...
Article
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Scleractinian corals provide habitats for a broad variety of cryptofauna, which in turn may contribute to the overall functioning of coral symbiomes. Among these invertebrates, hydrozoans belonging to the genus Zanclea represent an increasingly known and ecologically important group of coral symbionts. In this study, we analysed 321 Zanclea colonie...
Article
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Zoantharians (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia: Zoantharia) of the genus Palythoa are ubiquitous species that occupy reef habitats in every tropical ocean. Disagreements among classifications based on morphology, reproductive traits, and molecular techniques have generated taxonomic challenges within this group. Molecular studies provide limited phylogenetic...
Article
The first occurrence of the cyanobacteriosponge Terpios hoshinota was reported from coral reefs in Guam in 1973, but was only formally described in 1993. Since then, the invasive behavior of this encrusting, coral-killing sponge has been observed in many coral reefs in the West Pacific. From 2015, its occurrence has expanded westward to the Indian...
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There have been few detailed studies on the associations between cnidarians and gastropod mollusks. Several hypotheses have been suggested to explain the origins of these symbioses. However, respective benefits for gastropod mollusks and cnidarians have generally not been well examined, as there are many understudied cnidarian taxa associated with...
Article
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Tropicalization is rapidly restructuring subtropical marine communities. A key driver for tropicalization is changes in herbivory pressure that are linked with degrading ecosystem stability. Consequently, subtropical algal beds are being displaced by climate-mediated colonisation of coral communities. This process is thought to be aided by the elev...
Preprint
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Ocean warming is increasing the incidence, scale, and severity of global-scale coral bleaching and mortality, culminating in the third global coral bleaching event that occurred during record marine heatwaves of 2014-2017. While local effects of these events have been widely reported, the global implications remain unknown. Analysis of 15,066 reef...
Article
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1. Urbanized coral reefs experience anthropogenic disturbances caused by coastal development, pollution, and nutrient runoff, resulting in turbid, marginal conditions in which only certain species can persist. Mortality effects are exacerbated by increasingly regular thermal stress events, leading to shifts towards novel communities dominated by ha...
Article
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The coral reefs of the Coral Triangle and nearby marine regions are the most biodiverse marine ecosystems in the world, providing ecosystem services to hundreds of millions of people. However, like coral reefs in other regions, these ecosystems are in decline due to a myriad of anthropogenically-induced stressors. To mitigate this decline, active c...
Article
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The taxonomy of species of Bivesicula Yamaguti, 1934 is analysed for samples from holocentrid, muraenid and serranid fishes from Japan, Ningaloo Reef (Western Australia), the Great Barrier Reef (Queensland), New Caledonia and French Polynesia. Analysis of three genetic markers ( cox 1 mtDNA, ITS2 and 28S rDNA) identifies three strongly supported cl...
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Marine community datasets are key to the effective management and conservation of marine ecosystems, including coral reefs, which are increasingly threatened by a myriad of stressors. Although community information exists for many comparatively well-studied taxa, other common groups remain to be examined for even such basic information. In this stu...
Article
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Species identities of Goniobranchus nudibranchs with white bodies and various marginal bands have long been problematic. In this study, specimens of these Goniobranchus nudibranchs from the Philippines, Peninsular Malaysia, Japan, Papua New Guinea, and Madagascar were analyzed and molecular data were obtained in order to re-examine the relationship...
Article
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The Indo-Pacific zooxanthellate scleractinian coral genus Montipora is the host of many coral diseases. Among these are cyanobacterial Black Band Disease (BBD) and Skeletal Growth Anomalies (GAs), but in general data on both diseases are lacking from many regions of the Indo-Pacific, including from Okinawa, southern Japan. In this study, we collect...
Article
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Ankistromeces Nolan & Cribb, 2004 and Phthinomita Nolan & Cribb, 2006 are sister genera of threadlike blood flukes (Trematoda: Aporocotylidae) infecting teleost fishes of the tropical Indo-west Pacific. Here, we report new collections of these genera from Australia, Indonesia, and Japan. A new species of Ankistromeces, Ankistromeces kawamurai n. sp...
Article
The recently erected macrocnemic family Hydrozoanthidae comprises relatively few species recorded from tropical and subtropical regions. In the Atlantic Ocean, this family has been reported only from three locations: the Caribbean Sea, the Argentine continental shelf and the Cape Verde Islands. Based on a study of colonies collected during scuba di...
Article
Shoreline armouring has progressively affected the coastal landscapes of countries all over the world, and armouring construction will increase in coming years as a consequence of climate change. Armouring has the potential to affect coastal environments and induce changes in the abundance and diversity of marine communities, and its effects might...
Article
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Substrate surface area and fractal complexity have been reported to influence the abundance and diversity of mobile cryptic animal communities. Surfaces with higher fractal dimensions not only offer additional space for colonization, but bias space availability toward smaller size ranges, increasing the number of available niches. Conversely, small...
Preprint
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The current exposure of species assemblages to high environmental variability may grant them resilience to future increases in climatic variability. In globally threatened coral reef ecosystems, management seeks to protect resilient reefs within variable environments. Yet, our lack of understanding for the determinants of coral population performan...
Article
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Terpios hoshinota is an aggressive, space‐competing sponge that kills various stony corals. Outbreaks of this species have led to intense damage to coral reefs in many locations. Here, the first large‐scale 16S rRNA gene survey across three oceans revealed that bacteria related to the taxa Prochloron, Endozoicomonas, SAR116, Ruegeria, and unclassif...
Article
Hexactinellid sponges are important members of deep-sea benthic ecosystems because they provide available hard substrate habitats for filter-feeding invertebrates. However, symbioses between hexactinellid sponges and their symbionts are poorly known. Zoantharians associated with hexactinellid sponges have been reported widely from deep-sea marine e...
Article
Full-text available
Recently, sea cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) have been over-exploited in many areas of the world, including in the Ryukyu Islands, southern Japan, due to increases in their economic importance. Nevertheless, management and protection of sea cucumbers are insufficient worldwide. The black sea cucumber Holothuria (Halodeima) atra Jaeger, 18...
Article
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Phylogenetic analyses may suffer from multiple sources of error leading to conflict between genes and methods of inference. The evolutionary history of the mollusc clade Vetigastropoda makes them susceptible to these conflicts, their higher level phylogeny remaining largely unresolved. Originating over 350 million years ago, vetigastropods were the...
Article
The mutualistic relationships between anemonefish (Amphiprion; Pomacentridae) and host sea anemones are well known, but host anemones are also used as shelter by damselfish (Pomacentridae), wrasses (Labridae) and cardinalfish (Apogonidae). The threespot dascyllus Dascyllus trimaculatus (Pomacentridae) is known to live on or near host anemones in th...
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Offshore Onna Village, Okinawa Island, Japan, there is a large and densely covered coral assemblage of free-living mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) on a reef slope at depths from 20 m to 32 m, covering an area of approximately 350 × 40 m 2. From previous research, it is known that migration distances of mushroom corals may depend on coral...
Article
Symbioses between invertebrates are common in the ocean although usually the diversity and specificity of their interactions are not well understood. Parazoanthidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Zoantharia) is one of the most diverse zoantharian families in terms of numbers of genera and species. Species in this family are commonly associated with various o...
Article
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Coral research is being ushered into the genomic era. To fully capitalize on the potential discoveries from this genomic revolution, the rapidly increasing number of high-quality genomes requires effective pairing with rigorous taxonomic characterizations of specimens and the contextualization of their ecological relevance. However, to date there i...
Article
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Zoantharians (Cnidaria: Hexacorallia: Zoan-tharia) of the genus Palythoa are ubiquitous species that occupy reef habitats in every tropical ocean. Disagreements among classifications based on morphology, reproductive traits, and molecular techniques have generated taxonomic challenges within this group. Molecular studies provide limited phylogeneti...
Article
Full-text available
Pigmentation patterning systems are of great interest to understand how changes in developmental mechanisms can lead to a wide variety of patterns. These patterns are often conspicuous, but their origins remain elusive for many marine fish species. Dismantling a biological system allows a better understanding of the required components and the deci...
Article
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Coral-crinoid associations, where a coral overgrew a crinoid's stem, were among the very common Palaeozoic benthic associations, lasting until the end of the Palaeozoic. Many skeletal overgrowths described so far document syn vivo relationships. This type of interaction is unknown from later, Meso-and Cenozoic deposits, and to date has been unknown...
Article
The diversity of symbiotic dinoflagellate Symbiodiniaceae hosted by anthozoans is known to be driven by the environment where the hosts are found. This study examined how environmental variations (<1 to 100s m) can influence the diversity of Symbiodiniaceae within the zoantharian Palythoa tuberculosa . We monitored the dominant Symbiodiniaceae line...
Article
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Coral reefs are complex ecosystems composed of many interacting species. One ecologically important group consists of zoantharians, which are closely related to reef-building corals. Like corals, zoantharians form mutualistic symbioses with dinoflagellate micro-algae (family Symbiodiniaceae), but their associations remain underexplored. To examine...
Article
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A new species of zoantharian within the genus Antipathozoanthus is described based on specimens collected from the coast of mainland Japan, northwest Pacific Ocean. Antipathozoanthus tubus sp. nov. is characterized by its substrate (epibiotic on polychaete tube) and habitat (exposed rock). As well, the results of molecular phylogenetic analyses usi...
Article
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Ocean warming and acidification caused by increases of atmospheric carbon dioxide are now thought to be major threats to coral reefs on a global scale. Here we evaluated the environmental conditions and benthic community structures in semi-closed Nikko Bay at the inner reef area in Palau, which has high pCO2 and seawater temperature conditions with...
Preprint
We examined genetic diversity and connectivity of two indigenous Mediterranean goatfish species (Mullus barbatus and M. surmuletus), and a Lessepsian migrant species (Upeneus moluccensis), across the Nile Delta outflow using two mitochondrial DNA markers (COI and cyt b). Genetic diversity was high for the two Mediterranean species but relatively lo...
Article
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This paper reviews all currently known records of copepod crustaceans of the family Lamippidae (Cyclopoida). The lamippids are highly modified endosymbionts found only on octocorals in the channels of mesoglea and gall-like proliferations of the host tissues. 54 species and 11 genera of copepods have been reported associated with 42 species, 33 gen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Terpios hoshinota is a ferocious, space-competing sponge that kills a variety of stony corals by overgrowth. Outbreaks of this species have led to intense coral reef damage and declines in living corals on the square kilometer scale in many geographical locations. Our large-scale 16S rRNA gene survey across three oceans revealed that the core micro...