James R. Miller

James R. Miller
Association for Computing Machinery

About

35
Publications
711
Reads
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1,457
Citations

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the NLMenu System, a menu-based natural language understanding system. Rather than requiring the user to type his input to the system, input to NLMenu is made by selecting items from a set of dynamically changing menus. Active menus and items are determined by a predictive left-corner parser that accesses a semantic grammar and...
Article
This article focuses on the working of intelligent software agents in computers. Researchers feel that they should have the ability to inter appropriate high-level goals from user actions and requests and take action to achieve these goals. The system described here called Apple Data Detectors, meets the criteria of being unobtrusive, being able to...
Article
To make computers more useful, the development of interactive, graphical applications must be made cheaper, faster, and more effective. Making application development cheaper requires broadening the base of application developers so that people with few computer skills can develop applications. Making application development faster means providing...
Conference Paper
Task-specific application development environments enable end users to create their own applications. This is advantageous in two ways: users can draw on their own rich task knowledge to create the applications they really want, and reliance on the scarce, expensive expertise of professional programmers is greatly reduced. Extensible systems such a...
Article
In contrast to the common view of spreadsheets as “single-user” programs, we have found that spreadsheets offer surprisingly strong support for cooperative development of a wide variety of applications. Ethnographic interviews with spreadsheet users showed that nearly all of the spreadsheets used in the work environments studied were the result of...
Conference Paper
In contrast to the common view of spreadsheets as “single-user” programs, we have found that spreadsheets offer surprisingly strong support for cooperative development of a wide variety of applications. Ethnographic interviews with spreadsheet users showed that nearly all of the spreadsheets used in the work environments studied were the result of...
Article
IDEA is an application independent environment for the development of intelligent advisory systems for a wide range of interactive computer interfaces. Our work on IDEA addresses two particular aspects of these systems:
Article
This project has dealt with tutorial systems for computer programming languages, particularly, systems in which a student is trying to write a computer program and can, upon request, receive hints about errors in his program and ways he can correct these errors. This research had two phases: an experimental investigation of the interaction between...
Article
We are developing a pseudo-parallel, message-passing control structure to allow syntactic, semantic, discourse, and pragmatic information to be accessed at any point in the analysis. The advantages of this approach are two-fold. Firstly, partial results can be exchanged among components in a timely manner to be used to constrain the search space of...
Article
Complex systems are becoming more pervasive, yet in order for these systems to be used effectively, machine-based assistance is needed. With the advent of powerful personal systems it is anticipated that experts in various disciplines will become increasingly dependent on computational environments provided they are given a means of exploiting syst...
Article
A computer simulation that tests some of the recent proposals of semantic networks and spreading activation models of human memory is presented. In this model, a sentence is encoded by building a working memory structure from the words of the sentence and from semantic memory concepts that are related to the meaning of the sentence. Retrieval proce...
Article
A model has been developed for studying the relation between text structure and reading comprehension, emphasizing the reader's use of world knowledge and text-structural knowledge to evaluate and interpret meaning from text. When the highlights of the model are considered from the perspective of various expository texts used in research on compreh...
Article
Full-text available
We outline the rationale for using a DEC VAX-11/780 for the real-time control of psychological experiments. The properties of VAX hardware and software that make the system well suited to the requirements of many classes of psychological experiments, particularly those that require the concurrent control of several independent experiments or the co...
Article
Applies an extended and formalized version of W. Kintsch and T. A. Van Dijk's (1978) prose processing model to 20 texts of varying readability. Reading times and recall protocols from 600 undergraduates were collected. Each text was also analyzed by the processing model. This analysis allowed recall predictions based on the frequency of microstruct...
Article
This paper advocates the view of readability as an interaction between text structure and the cognitive processes and structures possessed by a reader. A simulation model of prose comprehension that yields predictions of both propositional recall and text readability based on the frequencies of different processing events is discussed. The paper no...
Article
Several mnemonic techniques involve forming interassociated mental structures to allow the retrieval of individual items. The present 2 experiments with 48 undergraduates investigated the nature of the target-designation process that enables Ss to remember which part of a mental structure is to be remembered. Ss were instructed to form composite vi...
Article
Individual subjects with or without musical training made similarity judgments of pairs of tones on a nine‐point scale. Each subject was run in three or four sessions of 351 trials each. The tones had structures like those of musical instruments, being made of all 27 combinations of three dimensions, each at three levels. In Experiment 1, the dimen...

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