Jale Tosun

Jale Tosun
Universität Heidelberg · Institute of Political Science

PhD
In the process of establishing Climate Action (https://www.springer.com/journal/44168) as a top outlet

About

232
Publications
142,423
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Introduction
Jale Tosun currently works at the Institute of Political Science, Universität Heidelberg. Jale does research in comparative politics. one of her current projects is 'Innovations in Climate Governance and Policy (INOGOV) - A COST network of excellence.'
Additional affiliations
Education
April 2006 - December 2009
Universität Konstanz
Field of study
  • Political Science
October 2000 - April 2006
Universität Konstanz
Field of study
  • Administrative Sciences

Publications

Publications (232)
Article
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This editorial introduces the journal Climate Action to its audience and defines its aims and scope. It first calls for the need to understand climate action as the choices and behavior of international organizations, governments, civil society, businesses, and individuals. Next, it discusses both the facilitators and impacts of climate action. The...
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In this study we investigate the impact of individual, parental and social factors on young adults' job-finding intentions across countries and overall. We test our hypotheses by conducting binary logistic regressions on the basis of an original dataset that comprises responses from more than 5200 young adults and their parents from 11 European cou...
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Do work values affect attitudes and intentions regarding career development? Differentiating between work centrality, intrinsic and extrinsic work values, and using original survey data from German respondents, this study shows that these work values differ in their effect on career development. The empirical analysis examines three outcome dimensi...
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National policy ambition plays a central role in climate change governance under the Paris Agreement and is now a focus of rapidly emerging literature. In this contribution, we argue that policy ambition can be captured by the level of national policy activity, which in accordance with the existing literature should be referred to as "policy densit...
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The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress adopted the Anti-food Waste Law of the People’s Republic of China in April 2021 to guarantee grain security, conserve resources, and protect the environment. We pursue three research questions: Why has China implemented a law with sanctions to reduce food waste, and why now? Why does the law...
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Can relatively short-term political leadership affect long-term national policy styles, and if so, how? We examine these questions in order to explain the temporal dynamics in national policy styles observed in several recent studies whose findings have challenged the traditional view that policy styles lend continuity and stability to policy-makin...
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The concept of national policy styles differs between states in respect of whether their governments react to policy changes in an anticipatory or reactive fashion and whether they seek to achieve consensus with societal actors or impose decisions on them. To date, this conceptualization has been applied to a limited number of states and produced o...
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Adopting public policies to deliver the ambitious long-term goals of the Paris Agreement will require significant societal commitment. That commitment will eventually emerge from the interaction between policies, publics and politicians. This article has two main aims. First, it reviews the existing literatures on these three to identify salient re...
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This article departs from the assumption that the challenge of putting the Farm to Fork Strategy (F2F) into action stems from the broader challenge of attaining cross‐sectoral policy integration. Policy integration has been part of the EU's policy approach for a long time and has predominantly been achieved in the form of environmental policy integ...
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We examine stakeholder participation in the online debate on genetically modified organisms in China and assess how the debate has changed over time. Therefore, we compare messages posted between 2013 and 2020 on the Chinese microblog website Weibo by using discourse network analysis. Our findings reveal strong opposition to genetically modified cr...
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Many of the current scenario studies on future water extremes do not seem to adequately address their emerging wickedness. Instead, they often focus on one of the extremes: floods or droughts or pollution, but not on the complexity of interlinkages between extremes. Also, very few studies seem to integrate the natural and the social science perspec...
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Scholarship about both politics and policy tends to represent tools of direct democracy as veto points that are used to prevent policy change. In this study, we move beyond this unidimensional view and explain the conditions under which instruments of direct democracy can be conducive to policy change. We investigate both the direct and indirect ef...
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This study concentrates on the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) as one of several high-level global forums on climate change governance. The CEM can be conceptualised as a ‘polycentric’ organisation in which its members collaborate on a wide range of issues concerning the clean energy transition. Can we identify a set of domestic-level variables that...
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Die Landwirtschaftspolitik ist für die CDU von besonderer Bedeutung. In der Vergangenheit hat sie sich als Fürsprecherin der Landwirtinnen und -wirte gesehen. Die Grünen hingegen haben sich traditionell für die Integration von Natur- und Artenschutz in die Landwirtschaftspolitik und eine „Agrarwende“ ausgesprochen. Wie haben beide Parteien im Rahme...
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Global forums on climate action consist of groups of countries that take climate action outside of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. This analysis investigates in which global forums post-Communist countries participate and their motivation for it. The article draws from theories of policy diffusion to explain why post-Comm...
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In 2018, a citizens' initiative (CI) launched in the German State of Bavaria put forth the 'policy idea' of preserving and enhancing biodiversity and formulated a concrete policy proposal for implementing it. This policy idea diffused across Germany and resulted in the launch of similar CIs in the States of Baden-Württemberg, Brandenburg, Lower Sax...
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This study investigates the connection between the reasons why some young people end their education without attaining a university degree and the effect of this decision on the probability of becoming a NEET in a set of European countries. Young people face the highest degree of disadvantage in the Mediterranean and East European countries, wherea...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has forced governments to impose major restrictions on individual freedom in order to stop the spread of the virus. With the successful development of a vaccine, these restrictions are likely to become obsolete-on the condition that people get vaccinated. However, parts of the population have reservations against vaccination....
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This study investigates the participation of China and Russia in the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM). In which policy initiatives have these two countries participated? In which initiatives have they taken the lead? Building on the club theory and international relations literature, we approach the research questions by offering an in-depth analysis...
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Since its inception in 1991, the EBRD has had a strong environmental agenda, which it ‘exported’ to post-Communist Europe and Asia. We posit that the post-Soviet states have decreased their carbon emissions more than the average states borrowing from the EBRD as they were more affected by the economic crisis associated with the end of the Soviet Un...
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Policymakers increasingly perceive of micropollutants in water (e.g. pharmaceutical residues) as an issue that needs to be addressed. How do environmental groups, in their capacity as knowledge brokers between science and politics, contribute to evidence-based policymaking concerning aquatic micro pollutants? To address this research question, we c...
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How are environmental conflicts managed in China and Russia? Both states are territorially large non-democracies affected by environmental degradation due to industrialisation and economic growth, and both are characterised by collectivist culture resulting from pronounced historical legacies and Communism. Our analysis of China indicates the impor...
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Climate mitigation scenarios envision considerable growth of wind and solar power, but scholars disagree on how this growth compares with historical trends. Here we fit growth models to wind and solar trajectories to identify countries in which growth has already stabilized after the initial acceleration. National growth has followed S-curves to re...
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One of the European Union (EU) institutions' responses to the alleged "democratic deficit" in the EU is the introduction of the European Citizens' Initiative (ECI). The ECI provides an agenda-setting tool accessible to different advocacy groups. This study investigates the narrative strategies of ECI organizers to mobilize citizens across the EU. W...
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Slow onset events by definition occur gradually and it might be expected that policy-makers as a result pay less attention to them than to immediate risks or ‘shock’ crises. If this is true and what can be done about it are important issues for climate change policy-making, given the gradual nature of many climate related issues. Public bureaucraci...
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The European Commission’s Farm to Fork (F2F) strategy, under the European Green Deal, acknowledges that innovative techniques, including biotechnology, may play a role in increasing sustainability. At the same time, organic farming will be promoted, and at least 25% of the EU’s agricultural land shall be under organic farming by 2030. How can both...
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Citation: Simões, F.; Rocca, A.; Rocha, R.; Mateus, C.; Marta, E.; Tosun, J. Time to Get Emotional: Determinants of University Students' Intention to Return to Rural Areas. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5135. https:// Abstract: The social sustainability of rural areas is affected by the phenomenon of "brain drain" due to younger generations' outward mig...
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Since May 2019, several German cities and municipalities have declared a ‘climate emergency’, an action which makes climate impact assessments mandatory for all projects or policy proposals. How have the processes in the local governments changed in response to the emergency status? How have the processes in the city and municipal councils changed?...
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Parliamentary debates are an important instrument for setting the political agenda. We hypothesize that parliamentarians belonging to a Green party deliver more speeches on issues related not only to the environment, but also to agriculture, energy and transport as well as to citizen and minority rights. We conceptualize this mix of policy issues a...
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This chapter provides details on our methodological approach, including the types of interviews conducted, our interviewee sampling strategy, the way we conducted the interviews, and the analysis of the interview data. Since we adopt a qualitative approach, the analytical framework consists of general guidelines, which helps to attain our common re...
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In this chapter, we outline the theoretical framework that guides the case studies presented in the Chapters 4– 14. The empirical phenomenon, in which all contributions in this volume are collectively interested, is economic self-sufficiency as introduced in Chapter 1.
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This chapter provides the introduction to the edited volume. It first offers a conceptualisation of the main outcome variable, economic self-sufficiency, and then provides insights from the CUPESSE survey that forms the departure point of this analysis. Afterwards, the chapter gives an overview of the volume’s structure. Then the final part summari...
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In this chapter, we compare the findings reported by the authors of chapters 4 to 14 and offer some general reflections and conclusions. Our overall goal is to provide answers to the research questions posed in chapter 1 and to assess the conceptual model developed in chapter 2. To this end, we proceed as follows. First, we outline the dimensions o...
Book
European countries have faced profound changes in family structures and family forms over the last few decades. This volume provides insights from eleven European countries with varying welfare state arrangements, exploring the extent to which the intergenerational transmission of attitudes, resources and values matter with regard to the economic s...
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Studies examining styles have tended to focus on the national level and to contend that policy-making processes need to be studies through the lens of the manner in which the institutional make-up of a government generates the routines and standard operating procedures which constitute its decision-making structure and processes. Given the interest...
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In this study, we examine the extent to which socioeconomic institutions shape young people's perceptions of labour market opportunity structures and their employment attitudes (i.e. skills and retraining). Building on the varieties of capitalism approach, we expect young people (aged 18-35) in coordinated market economies (CMEs) with encompassing...
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The contributions to this special issue examine the politics of domestic and international climate policy, concentrating on the role of institutions, interests, ideas, and networks. The outcomes of the policymaking processes are assessed with regard to their proportionality, that is, the balance between the benefits and costs of a policy. The contr...
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Mit Blick auf die Positionierung von politischen Parteien hinsichtlich umstrittener Technologien stellt sich insbesondere die Frage, welche Bedeutung bestimmten innerparteilichen Akteuren zukommt und wie diese die Ergebnisse parteiinterner Aushandlungsprozesse beeinflussen. Um dies zu beleuchten, analysieren wir den Meinungsbildungsprozess von Bünd...
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Background: Addressing health in the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) calls for intersectoral strategies that mutually enhance both health promotion and sustainable development. Health in All Policies (HiAP) approach aims to address this as well as promote ownership among key stakeholders. Kenya was at the forefront of adopting the SDGs and ha...
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Why has the right-wing populist Freedom Party of Austria supported a total glyphosate ban proposed by the Social Democratic Party? We examine this research question and pursue two goals: first, to explain the specific empirical puzzle; second, to develop a general argument on the environmental policy profile of right-wing populist parties. We conte...
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Public policy analysis is interested in how policies emerge and develop in order to address societal problems. Issues related to water, such as the contamination of surface waters, floods, or plastic pollution in oceans are often highly complex, concern different jurisdictions, and require the collaboration of public and private actors. This comple...
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What motivated national governments to join the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM), a climate club founded in 2010? And to what extent have the club members participated in policy initiatives developed by the CEM? Our analysis shows that combinations of (a) the expected benefits of club membership and (b) the leadership of the USA induced the governmen...
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The concept of agenda-setting has resulted in vibrant research in political science. The aim of this Special Issue is to advance the state of research on water governance by alluding to the possibilities for applying this particular theoretical perspective to water issues. Agenda-setting concerns how and when issues enter the public debate (discuss...
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This article introduces a multidimensional concept of (de)politicization, comprising strategy, process and outcome, in order to set the stage for a theoretical model that connects (de)politicization to policy change. The politicization/depoliticization– policy change (PDPC) model facilitates hypothesizing the relationship between different types an...
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The challenges related to climate change and energy issues have induced a growing number of actors to participate in governance arrangements of information-sharing and mutual policy-learning. In recent years the increasing availability of data on policy outputs and outcomes has enabled researchers to observe variation in these governance arrangemen...
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The European Citizens’ Initiative enables advocacy organizations to place policy issues on the political agenda. Which frames did advocacy organizations use to mobilize the support of citizens for the initiative on banning glyphosate and to politicize this issue? The article shows for France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, and Spain that some advocacy o...
Chapter
Zahlreiche Forschungsarbeiten haben argumentiert, dass die gemeinsame Nutzung natürlicher Ressourcen nicht notwendigerweise zu einer Übernutzung dieser führen muss. Wenn es den beteiligten Akteuren gelingt, ein gemeinsames Verständnis vom Umgang mit natürlichen Ressourcen zu entwickeln und sich auf Regeln zu einigen, dann können diese nachhaltig ge...
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This chapter examines the process related to policy-making as well as potential determinants of policy choices. It begins with a discussion of conceptual models of policy-making, namely the institutional, rational, incremental, group, elite, and process models. It then considers the policy cycle, which models the policy process as a series of polit...
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Disarmament, demobilisation, and reintegration (DDR) programmes are an essential part of most contemporary post-conflict peacebuilding processes, but they are seldom the subject of academic analysis. In this study, we seek to reduce this gap by examining the Post-Amnesty Programme (PAP) introduced in Nigeria in 2009. Our analysis shows that the pro...
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Policy change in various conceptualizations represents a central research interest of comparative policy analysis. This chapter introduces the different conceptualizations of policy change and ways of operationalizing this phenomenon in one specific policy domain, namely environmental protection. The authors present and discuss three different conc...
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In several European countries and at the level of the European Union, we can observe political and societal attempts to promote the use of tap water. Most prominently, the European Commission proposed revisions for the Drinking Water Directive, which includes strategies for promoting the consumption of tap water. The strategies comprise the followi...
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The European Citizens’ Initiative (ECI) Right2Water asked for guaranteed water quality and quantity all over Europe, and demanded that water services remain in the hands of public entities. Support for Right2Water was particularly pronounced in Germany. The German organisers managed to collect 16 times more signatures than the minimum necessary to...
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The ever-increasing consumption of pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, detergents and food additives puts aquatic ecosystems under strain. Accordingly, respective regulation of micropollutants in surface waters is an issue that not only needs to include the perspective of public actors and producers but also that of the consumers. Complementing existing li...
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Here, we discuss options to reform the EU genetically modified organism (GMO) regulatory framework, to make risk assessment and decision-making more consistent with scientific principles, and to lay the groundwork for international coherence. We discussed the scope and definitions in a previous article and, thus, here we focus on the procedures for...
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We discuss options to reform the EU genetically modified organism (GMO) regulatory framework, make risk assessment and decision-making more consistent with scientific principles, and lay the groundwork for international coherence. In this third of three articles, we focus on labeling and coexistence as well as discuss the political reality and pote...
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We discuss options to reform the EU genetically modified organisms (GMO) regulatory framework, make risk assessment and decision-making more consistent with scientific principles, and lay the groundwork for international coherence. The first in a three-part series, this article focuses on reform options related to the scope of the legislation and t...
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We analyse data from the 2018 Eurobarometer survey to provide a debate on EU authority in the field of energy policy beyond the member states' preferences. More specifically, we look at why citizens are willing to confer authority to the EU in making energy policy and which policy priorities they indicate. Focusing on public opinion appears promisi...
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Unemployment experiences can have consequences for how people think about democracy and where they stand vis‐à‐vis the state. We investigate how young people's experiences with public employment services can shape levels of external political efficacy—the feeling that decision‐makers are responsive to citizen needs. The personal and direct experien...
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With Brexit imminent, the debate on the need for differentiated integration (DI) by means of opting-out has gained new momentum. At the same time, non-member states decide to adopt European Union (EU) rules as exemplified by the European Neighbourhood Policy. In light of these opposing observations, we examine the EU's disposition to supply DI. We...
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This paper addresses the institutional dimension of the Sustainable Development Goals and how it is influenced by political factors. National bodies to coordinate SDG implementation were being created as of lat e 2015. However, many countries yet have to transform their newly created legal frameworks into operational institutions. In a first step –...
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This study seeks to introduce the concept of Varieties of Capitalism to the study of multi-actor implementation arrangements. It illustrates the analytical value of this classification scheme by drawing from original empirical data, and addresses two key research questions: namely, how do public and private actors cooperate in delivering on public...
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Coordination has attracted considerable attention in the various sub-disciplines of political science. For example, public choice research on collective action problems acknowledges coordination as a situation in which ‘cheating’ among actors is not rewarded. Assuming that we have a game between two players A and B, both players are rewarded if the...
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In this contribution we examine an issue that requires the adoption of policy instruments for multiple target groups: youth unemployment. The selection of this problem area is motivated by the recent episode of youth unemployment in the European Union (EU). Youth unemployment – like unemployment in general – has many undesirable economic, social an...
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The problem‐solving capacity and problem‐generating potential of multilevel systems entail the need for the delegation of authority. When the problem concerned is about how to put an abstract policy concept into a practicable policy tool, the choice of the respective delegation trajectory depends on the policy models or the policy‐relevant knowledg...
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Die Verunreinigung von Gewässern in Deutschland ist wieder zunehmend Gegenstand der öffentlichen und politischen Debatte. Ende des 20. Jahrhunderts galt das Problem durch gesetzgeberisches Handeln auf deutscher und europäischer Ebene als weitgehend behoben. Neue wissenschaftliche Evidenz und die intensivere Berichterstattung in den Medien zur Verun...
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This entry offers a discussion of the causes, consequences, and management of the euro crisis starting in 2009. To this end, it first introduces the principles of the European Monetary Union and then sketches out the chronology of the euro crisis as it unfolded from 2009 to 2015. The presentation of the chronology of the crisis is accompanied by an...
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A growing number of cities in different world regions are forming transnational networks in order to mitigate and adapt to climate change. In this study, we are interested in the nexus between climate change and urban water management. How do transnational city networks for climate action perceive urban water management? What kind of activities do...
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What determines the willingness of renewable energy cooperatives (RECs) to strengthen their involvement in politics at the different levels of governments (local/regional, national, transnational)? We address this research question by using data from an original survey distributed to RECs in Germany. The descriptive analysis shows that the RECs are...
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Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) from fossil fuels and industry increased by 2.2% per year on average between 2005 and 2015¹. Global emissions need to peak and decline rapidly to limit climate change to well below 2 °C of warming2,3, which is one of the goals of the Paris Agreement⁴. Untangling the reasons underlying recent changes in emiss...
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In this study, we examine two research questions: Are the work values of young people determined by the work values of their parents? Is the transmission of work values conditioned by the young adults’ gender? We use original survey data for respondents aged 18–35 and their parents in Denmark, Germany, Turkey, and the UK to explore these questions....
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Are attitudes toward work and perceptions of the benefits of work transmitted from parents to youth similarly across a variety of cultural contexts? What determines the centrality of work to one’s life? How are intrinsic work values (intangible rewards such as autonomy, learning opportunities, and self-fulfillment) and extrinsic work values (such a...
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Work is one of the most valued activities of individuals’ lives. Attitudes toward work not only influence work-related outcomes, such as income, but also hold sway over personal well-being and satisfaction with politico-administrative institutions. Consequently, country-comparative research aimed at learning about the determinants of individuals’ w...