Jakub Ripa

Jakub Ripa
Masaryk University | MUNI · Department of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics

PhD

About

132
Publications
10,748
Reads
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623
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
MTA-Eötvös Loránd University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2018 - present
Charles University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
August 2015 - July 2017
National Taiwan University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2001 - May 2011
Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics
Field of study
  • Physics, Astronomy and Astrophysics

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
We study in detail the sensitivity of the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) to possible Formula Presented point source fluxes detected via Formula Presented-lepton-induced air showers. This investigation is framed around the observation of four upward-going extensive air shower events very close to the horizon seen in ANITA-IV. We find...
Article
We discuss the results of a proton irradiation campaign of a GAGG:Ce (Cerium-doped Gadolinium Aluminum Gallium Garnet) scintillation crystal, carried out in the framework of the HERMES-TP/SP (High Energy Rapid Modular Ensemble of Satellites — Technological and Scientific Pathfinder) mission. A scintillator sample was irradiated with 70 MeV protons,...
Preprint
Full-text available
We study in detail the sensitivity of the Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) to possible $\nu_\tau$ point source fluxes detected via $\tau$-lepton-induced air showers. This investigation is framed around the observation of four upward-going extensive air shower events very close to the horizon seen in ANITA-IV. We find that these four up...
Preprint
Full-text available
We discuss the results of a proton irradiation campaign of a GAGG:Ce (Cerium-doped Gadolinium Aluminium Gallium Garnet) scintillation crystal, carried out in the framework of the HERMES-TP/SP (High Energy Rapid Modular Ensemble of Satellites -- Technological and Scientific Pathfinder) mission. A scintillator sample was irradiated with 70 MeV proton...
Article
Full-text available
We developed an X-ray detector using 36 arrays, each consisting of a 64-pixellated yttrium oxyorthosilicate (YSO) scintillation crystal and a 64-channel multi-anode photomultiplier tube. The X-ray detector was designed to detect X-rays with energies lower than 10 keV, primarily with the aim of localizing gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). YSO crystals have n...
Article
The Cubesats Applied for MEasuring and LOcalising Transients (CAMELOT) initiative proposes to deploy a fleet of 3U nanosatellites in order to localise GRBs with all-sky coverage. The operation is based on measuring the time delay of the event trigger between satellites that are otherwise uniformly distributed around the Earth in low-Earth orbit (bet...
Article
Full-text available
The ANtarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) long-duration balloon experiment is sensitive to interactions of ultrahigh-energy (E>1018 eV) neutrinos in the Antarctic ice sheet. The third flight of ANITA, lasting 22 days, began in December 2014. We develop a methodology to search for energetic neutrinos spatially and temporally coincident with...
Preprint
Full-text available
In recent years the number of CubeSats (U-class spacecrafts) launched into space has increased exponentially marking the dawn of the nanosatellite technology. In general these satellites have a much smaller mass budget compared to conventional scientific satellites which limits shielding of scientific instruments against direct and indirect radiati...
Preprint
The timing-based localization, which utilize the triangulation principle with the different arrival time of gamma-ray photons, with a fleet of Cubesats is a unique and powerful solution for the future all-sky gamma-ray observation, which is a key for identification of the electromagnetic counterpart of the gravitational wave sources. The Cubesats A...
Article
We report the radiation damage results of two new types of Multi-Pixel Photon Counter (MPPC) under the 200 MeV proton beam, for cosmic gamma-ray observations with CubeSats. The new MPPCs, S13360-6050CS and S14160-6050HS, have recently become commercially available by Hamamatsu Photonics K.K. (HPK). After 100 rad irradiation, the dark current increa...
Preprint
Space radiation is well-known to pose serious issues to solid-state high-energy sensors. Therefore, radiation models play a key role in the preventive assessment of the radiation damage, duty cycles, performance and lifetimes of detectors. In the context of HERMES-SP mission we present our investigation of AE8/AP8 and AE9/AP9 specifications of near...
Preprint
A software toolkit for the simulation of activation background for high energy detectors onboard satellites is presented on behalf of the HERMES-SP collaboration. The framework employs direct Monte Carlo and analytical calculations allowing computations two orders of magnitude faster and more precise than a direct Monte Carlo simulation. The framew...
Preprint
Full-text available
GAGG:Ce (Cerium-doped Gadolinium Aluminium Gallium Garnet) is a promising new scintillator crystal. A wide array of interesting features, such as high light output, fast decay times, almost non-existent intrinsic background and robustness, make GAGG:Ce an interesting candidate as a component of new space-based gamma-ray detectors. As a consequence...
Preprint
Full-text available
GRBAlpha is a 1U CubeSat mission with an expected launch date in the first half of 2021. It carries a 75 x 75 x 5 mm CsI(Tl) scintillator, read out by a dual-channel multi-pixel photon counter (MPPC) setup, to detect gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The GRB detector is an in-orbit demonstration for the detector system on the Cubesats Applied for MEasuring...
Preprint
The ANtarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) long-duration balloon experiment is sensitive to interactions of ultra high-energy (E > 10^{18} eV) neutrinos in the Antarctic ice sheet. The third flight of ANITA, lasting 22 days, began in December 2014. We develop a methodology to search for energetic neutrinos spatially and temporally coincident...
Preprint
It is well-known that there are two types of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs): short/hard and long/soft ones, respectively. The long GRBs are coupled to supernovae, but the short ones are associated with the so called macronovae (also known as kilonovae), which can serve as the sources of gravitational waves as well. The kilonovae can arise from the merging...
Preprint
The separation of the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) into short/hard and long/soft subclasses, respectively, is well supported both theoretically and observationally. The long ones are coupled to supernovae type Ib/Ic - the short ones are connected to the merging of two neutron stars, where one or even both neutron stars can be substituted by black holes....
Article
Full-text available
This study presents a background estimation for the CubeSats Applied for MEasuring and LOcalising Transients (CAMELOT), which is a proposed fleet of nanosatellites for the all‐sky monitoring and timing‐based localization of gamma ray transients with precise localization capability at low Earth orbits. CAMELOT will allow us to observe and precisely...
Preprint
This study presents a background estimation for the Cubesats Applied for MEasuring and LOcalising Transients (CAMELOT), which is a proposed fleet of nanosatellites for the all-sky monitoring and timing based localization of gamma-ray transients with precise localization capability at low Earth orbits. CAMELOT will allow to observe and precisely loc...
Article
Full-text available
The new, small satellite‐based gamma‐ray detectors, like Cubesats Applied for MEasuring and Localizing Transients, will provide a new way to detect gamma transients in the multimessenger era. The efficiency and the detection capabilities of such a system will be compared with current missions, for example, Fermi Gamma‐ray Burst Monitor (GBM). We us...
Article
Full-text available
The ANtarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) NASA long-duration balloon payload completed its fourth flight in December 2016, after 28 days of flight time. ANITA is sensitive to impulsive broadband radio emission from interactions of ultrahigh-energy neutrinos in polar ice (Askaryan emission). We present the results of two separate blind analy...
Article
Full-text available
Previously, we proposed a novel method to inspect the isotropy of the properties of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), such as their duration, fluences and peak fluxes at various energy bands and different time-scales, complementary to existing studies of the spatial distribution of GRBs by other authors. The method was then applied to the Fermi Gamma-ray Bu...
Article
We are designing a fleet of nanosatellites to perform accurate position determinations of short-duration gamma-ray bursts by measuring arrival time differences. To achieve sufficient photon statistics to measure the arrival times precisely under the severe limitations of size, mass and power consumption, we propose the use of large-area CsI(Tl) sci...
Article
It is well-known that there are two types of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs): short/hard and long/soft ones, respectively. The long GRBs are coupled to supernovae, but the short ones are associated with the so called macronovae (also known as kilonovae), which can serve as the sources of gravitational waves as well. The kilonovae can arise from the merging...
Article
The separation of the gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) into short/hard and long/soft subclasses, respectively, is well supported both theoretically and observationally. The long ones are coupled to supernovae type Ib/Ic - the short ones are connected to the merging of two neutron stars, where one or even both neutron stars can be substituted by black holes....
Preprint
Full-text available
Due to recent advances in nanosatellite technology, it is now feasible to integrate scintillators with an effective area of hundreds of square-centimeters on a single three-unit cubesat. We present the early test results for the digital payload electronics developed for the proposed CAMELOT (Cubesats Applied for MEasuring and LOcalising Transients)...
Article
Full-text available
The Antarctic Impulsive Transient Antenna (ANITA) is a NASA long-duration balloon experiment with the primary goal of detecting ultra-high-energy ($>10^{18}\,\mbox{eV}$) neutrinos via the Askaryan Effect. The fourth ANITA mission, ANITA-IV, recently flew from Dec 2 to Dec 29, 2016. For the first time, the Tunable Universal Filter Frontend (TUFF) bo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We propose a fleet of nanosatellites to perform an all-sky monitoring and timing based localisation of gamma-ray transients. The fleet of at least nine 3U cubesats shall be equipped with large and thin CsI(Tl) scintillator based soft gamma-ray detectors read out by multi-pixel photon counters. For bright short gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), by cross-corr...
Conference Paper
With the detection of gravitational wave emissions from from merging compact objects, it is now more important than ever to effectively mine the data-set of gamma-satellites for non-triggered, short-duration transients. Hence we developed a new method called the Automatized Detector Weight Optimization (ADWO), applicable for space-borne detectors s...
Conference Paper
Classification of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) into groups has been intensively studied by various statistical tests since 1998. It has been suggested that next to the groups of short/hard and long/soft GRBs there could be another class of intermediate durations. For the Swift/BAT database Veres et al. 2010 (ApJ, 725, 1955) it was found that the interme...
Article
Full-text available
The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory (UFFO) Burst Alert and Trigger Telescope (UBAT) has been designed and built for the localization of transient X-ray sources such as Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). As one of main instruments in the UFFO payload onboard the Lomonosov satellite (hereafter UFFO/Lomonosov), the UBAT’s roles are to monitor the X-ray sky, to rap...
Article
Full-text available
The payload of the UFFO (Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory)-pathfinder now onboard the Lomonosov spacecraft (hereafter UFFO/Lomonosov) is a dedicated instrument for the observation of GRBs. Its primary aim is to capture the rise phase of the optical light curve, one of the least known aspects of GRBs. Fast response measurements of the optical emission o...
Article
To observe the early optical emissions from gamma ray bursts (GRBs), we built the Slew Mirror Telescope. It utilizes a 150 mm motorized mirror to redirect incoming photons from astrophysical objects within seconds and to track them as compensating satellite movements. The SMT is a major component of the UFFO-pathfinder payload, which was launched o...
Conference Paper
Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory pathfinder(UFFO-p) was launched onboard Lomonosov on 28th of April, 2016, and now is under various types of calibration for detection of Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). Since last September UFFO-p has taken X-ray data in space with UFFO Burst Alert & Trigger telescope (UBAT), those X-rays are mostly diffused backgrounds howeve...
Conference Paper
UFFO Burst Alert and Trigger telescope (UBAT) is the X-ray trigger telescope of UFFO/Lomonosov to localize X-ray source with coded mask method and X-ray detector. Its Xray detector is made up of 36 8×8 pixels Yttrium OxyorthoSilicate (Y2SiO5:Ce, YSO) scintillation crystal arrays and 36 64-channel Multi-Anode PhotoMultiplier Tubes (MAPMTs) for space...
Conference Paper
Taiwan Astroparticle Radiowave Observatory (TAROGE) is an antenna array on the cliff of Taiwan's East coast to monitor ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECR, > 10^19 eV). The antennas face the Pacific Ocean to detect radiowave signals emitted by the UHECR-induced air shower. The unique terrain of TAROGE site allows the antennas to collect both the d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The UFFO/Lomonosov has been successfully launched into Sun synchronous orbit and is operational through tests and calibrations since its launch on Apr. 28, 2016. As a pathfinder of UFFO, it will be the first space instrument to use a fast slewing mirror which reduce the trigger latency of optical telescope, less than a second, to explore early time...
Article
Full-text available
The sky distribution of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) has been intensively studied by various groups for more than two decades. Most of these studies test the isotropy of GRBs based on their sky number density distribution. In this work, we propose an approach to test the isotropy of the universe through inspecting the isotropy of the properties of GRBs...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The parallel session on "Relativistic and Particle Astrophysics" was held on 14th December 2015. Here a short summary of each presentation of this parallel session is given.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article gives an overview of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and their relation to astroparticle physics and cosmology. GRBs are the most powerful explosions in the universe that occur roughly once per day and are characterized by flashes of gamma-rays typically lasting from a fraction of a second to thousands of seconds. Even after more than four dec...
Article
Full-text available
Classification of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) into groups has been intensively studied by various statistical tests in previous years. It has been suggested that there was a distinct group of GRBs, beyond the long and short ones, with intermediate durations. However, such a group is not securely confirmed yet. Strangely, concerning the spectral hardnes...
Article
Taiwan astroparticle radiowave observatory for geo-synchrotron emissions (TAROGE) is an antenna array on the high mountains of Taiwan’s east coast for the detection of ultra-high energy cosmic rays (UHECRs) in an energy above (Formula presented.)(Formula presented.)eV. The antennas point toward the ocean to detect radiowave signals emitted by the U...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Published articles concerning the intermediate (third) subgroup of GRBs are surveyed. From a statistical perspective this subgroup may exist, however its significance depends on which data set is used. Its astrophysical meaning is unclear because the occurrence of this subgroup can also be an artificial selection effect. Hence, GRBs from this subgr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Ultra-Fast Flash Observatory pathfinder (UFFO-p) is a new space mission dedicated to detect Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) and rapidly follow their afterglows in order to provide early optical/ultraviolet measurements. A GRB location is determined in a few seconds by the UFFO Burst Alert & Trigger telescope (UBAT) employing the coded mask imaging tech...