Jakob Lauring

Jakob Lauring
Aarhus University | AU · Department of Management

PhD

About

171
Publications
124,414
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Introduction
Jakob Lauring currently works at the Department of Management, Aarhus University. Jakob Lauring does research in relation to international management and diversity. More specifically, Jakob Lauring focuses on expatriate management and multicultural team management - virtual as well as collocated.
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - present
Aarhus University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (171)
Article
In human resource management research it has become a highly relevant issue to try to understand the challenges that an online work environment pose for the inclusion of marginalized employees. In this regard, inclusiveness scholars have focused on the role that dissimilarities play for organizational inclusion of employees but rarely on how this t...
Article
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Although language has become a central theme in international business and management research, this stream still holds many unexplored research avenues. One area that has attracted some attention, but lacks extensive systematic assessment, is the connection between language and personal reputation. Qualitative research has offered tentative insigh...
Article
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While the job characteristics model has generally portrayed a positive relation between job autonomy and work outcomes, researchers have started to suggest that under certain circumstances, the role of autonomy is more ambivalent. For example, social context can affect the perception of autonomy, so it is seen as a type of neglect if exercised in c...
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Purpose The COVID-19 pandemic has forced global organizations to adopt technology-driven virtual solutions involving faster, less costly and more effective ways to work worldwide even after the pandemic. One potential outcome may be through virtual global mobility (VGM), defined as the replacement of personal physical international interactions for...
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Purpose This paper aims to explore the interplay between burnout, national identity and career satisfaction among diplomats. In particular, the authors focus on the roles of home and host country identification as an emotional resource for overcoming the negative effects of job-related burnout. Design/methodology/approach Survey responses from 123...
Article
Despite the vital role that trailing partners play for successful expatriation, we still know very little about what actually causes partners to thrive and integrate effectively into the new cultural context. However, as indications have emerged that the personality of partners could be key to a favorable acculturation trajectory, we set out to exp...
Article
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Working at a distance has become a hot topic since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. One type of work unit that naturally faces both physical and social distance is the Global Virtual Teams (GVT). While distance has been debated in the GVT literature, there is still a scarcity of research on how to deal with distance related problems. Guided b...
Preprint
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Based on our experience this chapter provides some advice on how to collect multimethod qualitative data using a fieldwork approach. In particular, we focus on experience in relation to what has often been termed the iterative or circular research process. This involves generating field relevant research questions, collecting the data, logging the...
Article
In this paper, we address how different types of positive attitude towards international diversity among team members can influence team outcomes. Our study explores whether openness to language diversity could contribute to the effect of openness to value diversity becoming more salient. Data was collected from 1085 team leaders of highly globalis...
Chapter
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Charter tourism as a concept has come to denote package trips consisting of pre-arranged services, including transport, accommodation, and often meals and options for associated activities. Apart from sun and beach tourism, this can also include ski tourism, city tourism and cruise ship tourism. Most commonly, charter agencies hire planes from diff...
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Despite strong interest in the effects of working from home and using technology for work communication, exploration of the impact of different types of virtuality has not received much attention. Drawing upon social cognitive theory, we examine the effects of two contextual dimensions of virtual work (workplace mobility and distributed work) and e...
Article
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This study set out to investigate the effects of positive affectivity (PA) on expatriate creativity and perceived performance in the host country workplace. Most importantly, the study examined the moderating role of perceived cultural novelty in the relationship between PA and creativity and its consequences for the indirect association between PA...
Book
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In this chapter we suggest that globalization of businesses brings with it three new challenges that teams need to face. These include an increase in the number of internal and external stakeholders to manage; the need to interact across more and different types of boundaries; and an increasing necessity to integrate local responsiveness and global...
Article
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Individuals’ involvement has been found to be vital to the functioning of diverse work groups. Work group involvement, however, is difficult to achieve in the increasingly internationalized environment that exists in knowledge intensive organizations. Based on developments in social identity theory and sports team psychology we set out to explore t...
Article
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Drawing from the Job Characteristics Model, this study elucidates the joint effects of job autonomy and job clarity on expatriate academics’ job satisfaction and explores if the combined effects of job autonomy and job clarity vary depending on perceived cultural novelty. Based on a sample of 428 expatriate academics, we test our hypotheses using m...
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Personal proactivity and emotional self‐regulation have been shown to be central aspects in a successful international relocation process. However, we do not know how these elements function in combination. Drawing from the proactive motivation model, we examine if and how low emotional self‐regulation, in the form of angry temperament, interacts w...
Preprint
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This chapter concerns the importance of race for the complex negotiation of researcher roles and relations to the participants in intercultural fieldwork. Based on the authors' own experience, we propose that more attention to race is needed because physical first impressions may have consequences for researcher 'insider-outsiderness' for gaining a...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual framework of severe expatriate crises focusing on the occurrence of “fit-dependent” crisis events, which is when the crisis is “man made” and triggered by expatriates’ maladjustment or acculturation stress in the host country. The authors focus on the causes, prevention and management of...
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore how interaction adjustment influences personal development for expatriates and to examine whether the effect differs between adults that have, and have not, lived abroad during their adolescence. Design/methodology/approach The authors use survey responses from 424 business expatriates in Asia distin...
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Free access to read-only full article: https://rdcu.be/bG2Vu While gender diversity is slowly becoming an expected characteristic of teams, both academics and practitioners still need to better understand the relation between contextual characteristics and team composition for the performance of gender diverse teams. In this article, we investigate...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this chapter we suggest that globalization of businesses brings with it three new challenges that teams need to face. These include an increase in the number of internal and external stakeholders to manage; the need to interact across more and different types of boundaries; and an increasing necessity to integrate local responsiveness and global...
Chapter
Full-text available
Recently, researchers have begun to use the term self-initiated expatriate (SIE) to account for a special highly skilled type of business migrant. Contrary to traditional expatriates, these individuals are not sent by a sponsoring home corporation but relocate on their own initiative. Still, we know relatively little about how these varying migrati...
Article
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The understanding of culture in international management (IM) research has often been approached from two different theoretical orientations. One stream of research has proposed that culture is a set of relatively stable collective values that are transmitted to the individual in a straightforward and linear manner. In this functionalist perspectiv...
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This introductory article asks if there are silenced and neglected voices in current cross-cultural management research, and if so, what we can learn from them. Taking departure in the six articles selected for this guest issue we argue that there are indeed valuable fringe voices and that some are neglected while others are instead silenced. From...
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The conceptualization of immigrant entrepreneurs has recently expanded to consider some of them as a sub-type of self-initiated expatriates that move across national borders to engage in entrepreneurial activities and opportunities. Known as “expat-preneurs,” and in spite of their growing numbers, this segment of the immigrant entrepreneur populati...
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Although the number of global virtual teams has been growing rapidly, it is still a great challenge to achieve internal collaboration across geographic, cultural, and linguistic barriers. Two factors that have been identified to improve productivity are inclusive group attitudes in the team and the right leadership from the team leader. Although th...
Article
Studies exploring the difference of assigned expatriates (AEs) and self-initiated expatriates (SIEs) have recently started to emerge. However, so far few results have been connected to theory developed in this area. In the current study, we use responses from 324 business expatriates in China and take departure in the two elements of the person-env...
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Purpose A growing number of academics relocate abroad to work as expatriates in the university sector. While this employee group seems to have a highly constructive influence on the performance of university organizations, some problems in relation to effective inclusion of these individuals have been noted. In order to further advance our theoret...
Article
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Linguistic and cultural differences have often been conceived as the main obstacles when communicating in international business settings. While acknowledging that such differences are of great importance, this article goes one step further in investigating the role of intercultural communication in international management settings. Hence, it is o...
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The purpose of this article is to assess how management level as a contextual factor interacts with personal characteristics in predicting expatriate performance. In particular, we focused on proactive personality (the individual’s disposition to change the organizational environment) and self-control (the individual’s disposition to change oneself...
Article
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Purpose This paper aims to identify antecedents for, and consequences of, low-intensity inter-unit conflict in multinational corporations (MNCs). Inter-unit conflict in MNCs is an important and well-researched theme. However, while most studies have focused on open conflict acknowledged by both parties, much less research has dealt with low-intensi...
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This article addresses the role of language use in international business. It argues that the impact of linguistic differences on the daily workings of international business activities and communication is shaped by the way in which these differences intersect with the social and professional structures of international firms. Thus, the analysis of...
Article
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Purpose While there is a growing interest in expatriate academics, their specific role as teachers with daily contact to local students seems to have been largely ignored when examining their adjustment and work outcomes. Based on the job demands-resources model the authors predict that good teacher-student relations, as a supportive job resource,...
Chapter
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PurposeIn this chapter, we focus on expatriate CEOs who are assigned by the parent company to work in a subsidiary and compare them to those who themselves have initiated to work abroad as CEOs. Since we do not know much about these individuals, we direct our attention to: (1) who they are (demographics), (2) what they are like (personality), and (...
Conference Paper
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While there is a growing interest in expatriate academics, their specific role as teachers with daily contact to local students seems to have been ignored when examining their adjustment and work outcomes. Here, we focus on how teacher-student relations affect expatriate academics' job performance and job satisfaction. Moreover, we study the modera...
Article
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Purpose The purpose of this article is to further the understanding of how the transfer and adoption of HQ-imposed work practices is shaped by ongoing struggles among the multiple actors of a subsidiary. We suggest an alternative perspective for theorizing and researching the management practices and structures that emerge in face of HQ demands for...
Chapter
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Article
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While engagement seems to have promising prospects for predicting organizational behavior in domestic organizations, few scholars have included this in cross-cultural management research. We use survey results from 640 self-initiated expatriate academics in Greater China to study the relation between work engagement and intercultural adjustment. We...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this study is to assess differences between the adjustment of expatriates in Germany and France. Most research has focused on the individual in relation to expatriate adjustment. The general conditions of the host country, however, could represent an important contextual factor that needs to be explored further. Design/met...
Article
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Research on various outcomes of foreign assignments has seldom involved the specific organizational context. This study examines the acculturation of self-initiated expatriates in local and foreign-owned organizations. Based on the choice-within-constraints framework in new institutional theory, we propose that self-initiated expatriate academics i...
Article
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Virtual work has become an increasingly important part of the international business environment. In particular, two components of virtual work; workplace mobility and distributed work, depicting physical and psychological distance to the workplace, have gained substantial scholarly attention. However, while the main stream of the international bus...
Article
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Purpose – Job engagement has attracted much attention recently. However, very little research distinguishes between how the context may affect different engagement dimensions differently. Based on a theory of resource exhaustion, the purpose of this paper is to focus on a cognitively demanding work context in order to explore variations in effect o...
Chapter
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PurposeWe propose team-based organizing as an alternative to more traditional forms of hierarchy-based organizing in global firms. Methodology/approachAdvancements in the study of global teams, leadership, process, and outcomes were organized into four themes: (1) openness toward linguistic and value diversity as enhancing team creativity and perfo...
Article
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Few studies have dealt with inclusive language use in multicultural organizations. This is unfortunate because it has been hypothesized that such organizations will be more creative and will perform better than mono-cultural organizations if communication issues are dealt with correctly by managers. In this study, we test the general hypothesis tha...
Chapter
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Global Mobility usually covers physical international mobility for work purposes by white-collar or skilled workers or professionals. Global Mobility reflects changes in the corporate world, using various alternative forms of global employment, as well as changes in today's mobile society, where movement of people across national borders is becomin...
Article
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Adjustment of spouses of expatriates is a highly relevant research topic considering the critical importance of this group of accompanying persons for work outcomes of their counterparts. Unfortunately, little is known about the adjustment of spouses of self-initiated expatriates who do not enjoy the support of an assigning organization and who are...
Conference Paper
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Multicultural teams are increasingly employed by organizations as a way to achieve international coordination, particularly when creativity and innovation are desired. Unfortunately, studies often fail to demonstrate the purported benefits associated with these teams, reporting difficulties with communication and social integration, inhibiting crea...
Conference Paper
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Team gender diversity has been much debated in many different contexts – not least since the search for a main effect of diversity on performance was launched. However, results have so far been inconclusive, and a number of scholars suggest that more attention should be directed at contextual factors which could influence the effect of gender diver...
Article
Full-text available
Few studies have dealt with inclusive language use in multicultural organizations. This is unfortunate because it has been hypothesized that such organizations will be more creative and will perform better than mono-cultural organizations if communication issues have been dealt with correctly by managers. In this study, we test the general hypothes...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated 640 self-initiated expatriate academics residing in Greater China. We examined whether their inherent demographic characteristics (age/gender) and acquired demographic characteristics (marital status/seniority) differentiated their work outcomes regarding job adjustment, time to proficiency, performance and satisfaction. We also exp...
Article
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Increasing global mobility has directed attention to the self-initiated relocation of workers from one country to another. However, not all individuals are equally suited to start up a new life in another country, and self-initiated expatriates (SIEs) could be particularly vulnerable due to having no support from a home organization. Accordingly, t...
Article
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Abstract: While some expatriates could feel deeply unhappy trying to deal with the challenges of living and working abroad, few rigorous academic studies have presented evidence of the association between unhappiness among expatriates and their work outcomes. That is surprising since unhappiness could well have a substantial effect on performing ce...
Article
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Research on international relocations has habitually treated holidaymakers, sojourners, and immigrants as quite discrete categories while developments in global mobility patterns have assumingly amplified blurring of such categories. Based on this point of departure, this article explores boundaries and relations between leisure tourism and interna...
Article
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Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has attracted increasing attention in business and research. Studies have documented how management concepts such as diversity management are translated and adapted to differential local sociocultural contexts outside their countries of origin. More research is needed concerning how CSR concepts are translated...
Chapter
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Article
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Multinational corporations (MNCs) are highly dependent on a corporate language to control and coordinate their distributed operations. However, research on the impact of language differences on intra- and inter-unit communication is still underdeveloped. In this study, we focus on corporate language-based communication avoidance (CLBCA) which has r...
Article
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Scientists and academics increasingly work on collaborative projects and write papers in international research teams. This trend is driven by greater publishing demands in terms of the quality and breadth of data and analysis methods, which tend to be difficult to achieve without collaborating across institutional and national boundaries. Yet, our...
Article
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Purpose – Post‐secondary educational organizations are currently some of the most diverse settings to be found. However, few educational studies have dealt with staff diversity and hardly any has looked outside the USA. The purpose of this paper is to present a study of members of international university departments in Denmark. The authors set out...
Article
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Despite the apparent increasing internationalization of the academic world, research on expatriate academics has remained negligible compared to the literature on business expatriates, which has increased rapidly in recent years. This is regrettable, since it is not obvious to what extent research findings regarding business expatriates also are ap...
Article
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Although research on private-sector expatriates is abundant, not much is known about their public-sector counterparts, especially self-initiated expatriates, who themselves initiate the move to live and work abroad. Comparing work outcomes and creativity of self-initiated expatriates in the private vs. the public sector, the results of a survey inc...
Article
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Technological developments and internationalization have made virtual communication a central part of everyday life in many larger organizations. In recent years this trend has been intensified by travel-budget cuts imposed by the global financial crisis. Accordingly, the use of virtual media for internal knowledge sharing is now more important tha...
Article
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How the two components of dispositional affectivity, positive affectivity, representing the predisposition to respond positively to environmental stimuli, and negative affectivity, depicting the opposite reaction, influence work has been the focus of much research. Although dispositional affectivity appears to be a promising construct to explain an...
Article
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While the concern with demographic diversity in organizations has increased during recent years, international diversity management still remains an understudied area. This is unfortunate since the transfer of diversity management practices within multinational corporations faces particular challenges in balancing between global integration and loc...
Article
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Two great human resource management challenges face organizations in many parts of the world. The workforce is aging leaving fewer young people to take over. At the same time, globalization leads to a pressure for internationalization with great consequences for internal collaboration in many organizations. Accordingly, the link between employee ag...
Article
Full-text available
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has attracted increasing attention in business and research. Studies have documented how management concepts such as diversity management are translated and adapted to differential local sociocultural contexts outside their countries of origin. More research is needed concerning how CSR concepts are translated...
Article
Full-text available
Joint work among academic staff is important for solving the ever-increasing number of complex tasks that are becoming part of everyday activities in higher education. At the same time, diversification and internationalisation may challenge collaboration processes and communication demands. Speaking a shared language consistently could be a way of...
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This exploratory article examines the paradox of being open-minded while ethnocentric as expressed in Danish international management practices at the micro level. With a population of 5.4 million, Denmark is one of the smallest European countries. The pressure on many small advanced countries to keep up the process of globalization may be substant...
Article
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In educational settings, substantial scholarly interest has focused on student engagement as an antecedent for educational development and positive school outcomes. Very limited research, however, has focused on the engagement of academic staff members. This may be a crucial oversight because engagement has been argued to lead to more satisfied, mo...
Article
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As only very few large-scale studies have investigated multi-cultural university staff and as none of these studies have dealt with diversity and group processes, this survey was directed toward staffs in 16 science departments from three large universities in Denmark. Results based on the response from 489 university staff members showed that age...
Chapter
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Increasing globalization of the business world has led to a marked scholarly interest in cross-national personnel transfer in the form of expatriation (cf. Bhaskar-Shrinivas et al., 2005; Hechanova, Beehr and Christiansen, 2003). Despite little attempt to make any distinction between different types of expatriates, the overwhelming majority of such...
Article
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Purpose – Intercultural communication problems are most often argued to be caused by differences in cultural values. This exploratory paper aims to argue that attention should not only be directed at national differences. Alternatively, it aims to argue that more interest should be paid to the actual use of those differences in communication. Desi...