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Jaishankar Karuppannan

Jaishankar Karuppannan
International Institute of Crime and Security Sciences

PhD
Principal Director and Professor of Criminology and Crime Sciences

About

60
Publications
152,861
Reads
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720
Citations
Introduction
Professor K. Jaishankar, is currently the Principal Director and Professor of Criminology and Crime Sciences at the International Institute of Crime and Security Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India. He is the founder President of South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology (SASCV). He is the recipient of the National Academy of Sciences India (NASI) - SCOPUS Young Scientist Award, 2012 - Social Sciences. He is ranked 16th among the Top 25 Influential Criminologists in the World.
Additional affiliations
April 2016 - May 2020
Raksha Shakti University
Position
  • Head of Faculty
July 2003 - March 2016
Manonmaniam Sundaranar University
Position
  • Sr Assistant Professor (Stage III) - Equivalent to Erstwhile Reader
Education
July 1997 - June 2003
University of Madras
Field of study
  • Criminology

Publications

Publications (60)
Book
Full-text available
Cyber Crimes against Women in India reveals loopholes in the present laws and policies of the Indian judicial system, and what can be done to ensure safety in cyberspace. The book is a significant contribution to socio-legal research on online crimes targeting teenage girls and women. It shows how they become soft targets of trolling, online groomi...
Book
Full-text available
Although the literature and cultural practices of the South Asian region demonstrate a rich understanding of criminology, this handbook is the first to focus on crime, criminal justice, and victimization in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. South Asia’s rapid growth in population and economy continue...
Chapter
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Notably, some scholars do not perceive cyber crime victimization as a new form of victimization and some do not holistically group them. Invariably, many countries are dealing with cyber crime victimization through their conventional laws, without creating specific laws. These kinds of new issues have paved way to study the cyber victimization from...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this perspective article is to critically examine the development of Criminology in India and the state of embedding criminologists in the Criminal Justice System (CJS). The article starts with an overview of the history of Criminology in India that majorly covers the inception of Criminology in academia. With concern to the status o...
Preprint
Full-text available
This is a contribution which is a part of the 6th International Report on Crime Prevention and Community Safety
Article
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Criminologists seek to answer directly or indirectly to the questions of public policy such as: why some people commit crime? how to prevent (or reduce) the incidence of crime/victimization? and how to rehabilitate offenders?. Despite this seemingly natural connection, Indian Criminology has had little to no measurable effect on matters of public p...
Preprint
Full-text available
To examine Cyber Criminology as an academic sub-discipline of Criminology.  To examine the history, evolution, definition of Cyber Criminology.  To understand the contribution and impact of Cyber Criminology  To appreciate the challenges and opportunities in the field of Cyber Criminology.
Preprint
Full-text available
Objectives  To Examine the Space Transition Theory of cyber crimes  To understand how people behave differently when they move from physical space to cyber space.  To examine why criminals prefer to commit crimes in cyberspace.  To study how conflict leads to crime in cyber space
Article
Full-text available
Sexting, the portmanteau of Sex and Texting, has become a hot topic of debate between the legislators, researchers, educators, parents and teens' (Jaishankar, 2009, para 1). In spite of the considerable and growing body of literature on sexting, there are significant gaps in the current research. A review of research to date also reveals a dearth o...
Chapter
Full-text available
As one of the oldest civilizations of the world, India has experienced a number of seismic changes in culture, migration, invasion and displacement, in which violence has often played an integral part and which have brought with them changes in both patterns of homicide and responses to it. Codified Laws related to homicides were created in India a...
Book
Full-text available
Law is a multi-dimensional aspect of modern society that constantly shifts and changes over time. In recent years, the practice of therapeutic jurisprudence has increased significantly as a valuable discipline. Therapeutic Jurisprudence and Overcoming Violence Against Women is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly research on th...
Article
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The International Journal of Cyber Criminology (IJCC) is an interdisciplinary journal published biannually and devoted to the study of cyber crime, cyber criminal behavior, cyber victims, cyber laws and cyber policy. Ten years back in 2007, IJCC was launched by its founder Publisher and Editor-in-Chief K. Jaishankar with its website www.cybercrimej...
Article
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With the advent of internet and digital communication technology, online crimes targeting celebrities have gained a momentum. This article argues that, among the celebrities, actresses of Hollywood and Bollywood are particularly targeted online mainly because of their sex appeal and easy availability of contents including their images, video clippi...
Book
Full-text available
Based on peer-reviewed articles from the Second International Conference of the South Asian Society of Criminology and Victimology, Interpersonal Criminology investigates the roots of crime and victimization, rather than dissecting criminal behavior after the fact. The book divides crime by type, covering crimes against women, crimes against childr...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter deals with Policing Interpersonal Cybercrimes.
Research
Full-text available
This article critically examines the development of succession rights of Hindu women from the ancient to the modem period, from a feminist perspective. It also analyzes the present status of Hindu women as property owners. The article is divided into three parts. The first part examines the influence of the Hindu religion and socio-cultural factors...
Research
Full-text available
Harassment via WhatsApp in Urban and Rural India: A Baseline Survey Report (2015) is a research report of Centre for Cyber Victim Counselling (CCVC) India.
Article
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Community policing is a philosophically right strategy, but as yet its feasibility remains to be adequately established through scientific procedures. Impact assessment of community policing is much needed in contemporary literature. This paper comparatively examines the community policing movement between Mitra Police (Nagpur) and Friends of Polic...
Article
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There is emergent need to change with what public perceives and hold notions regarding police accountability and publics' willingness to cooperate. Due to continuation of colonial policing structure, the image of policing has deteriorated and also has elevated the fear of crime. However, modern forms of policing such as community policing and probl...
Article
Full-text available
Sexting, or “auto pornography,” is defined as ‘self photographing nude body or body parts and sending to others, as well texting obscene words to known persons (in most cases) using mobile phone’ (Jaishankar, 2009) and has become a style statement of modern day teenagers. Sexting has given rise to confusions over the interpretations of regulatory l...
Article
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In 2012, some tour operators in Andaman Islands used the Jarawa tribal women as private advertisements (Human Safari). The British Journalist Gethin Chamberlain brought this issue to the world’s attention (The Guardian, 7 January 2012). Later, some of the videos of this Human Safari were published in the YouTube, and these videos gave wide opportun...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – While there is a growing body of studies on the people's views of community policing, there have been a very few cross-national studies. The purpose of this paper is to compare and contrast students’ views on community policing from India and the USA. Design/methodology/approach – The data were from a survey from a total of 434 Indian an...
Article
Full-text available
Internet and digital communication technology (DCT) has created an enormous opportunity for people of all ages including student community to contribute and accumulate information.Similar to the urban population, the rural population are now getting connected to DCT network and they are being encouraged to participate in e-governance through variou...
Chapter
Full-text available
Newly Industrialized countries (NICs) are countries, which are based on a new classification, and they are between the developed and developing nations. I have selected Nine NICs for this paper: Brazil, China, India, Malaysia, Mexico, Philippines, South Africa, Thailand, and Turkey. One of the important features of the NICs is increased social free...
Book
Full-text available
Global criminology is an emerging field covering international and transnational crimes that have not traditionally been the focus of mainstream criminology or criminal justice. Global Criminology: Crime and Victimization in a Globalized Era is a collection of rigorously peer-reviewed papers presented at the First International Conference of the So...
Article
Full-text available
Sexting among teens has become a huge problem in the US as well as in India. This has given birth to numerous issues including issues related to child pornography, exploitation of images by perpetrators and revenge porn. While in the US laws are being created and tested for regulating sexting in relation to revenge porn, the situation is quite diff...
Article
Full-text available
While there is a large amount of research on public attitudes toward the police, far fewer studies have examined citizen’s views of the police in non-Western nations. Even less is known regarding Indian citizens’ perceptions of the police. Based on survey data collected from over 900 college students, this exploratory study compared and contrasted...
Book
Full-text available
Cyber Crime and the Victimization of Women: Laws, Rights and Regulations is a unique and important contribution to the literature on cyber crime. It explores gendered dimensions of cyber crimes like adult bullying, cyber stalking, hacking, defamation, morphed pornographic images, and electronic blackmailing. These and other tactics designed to infl...
Article
Full-text available
Gender harassment through cyberspace has become a common phenomenon in the internet era (Citron, 2009a6. Citron , K. D. 2009a. Cyber civil rights. Boston University Law Review, 89(61): 69–75. View all references). But harassment is worsened when victims face further victimization due to denial of justice at the hands of the criminal justice system...
Article
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This study examined the importance of formal and informal crime control in the United States and India. Formal crime control relies on the law and official government agencies to deter criminal actions and to respond to criminal activity. Informal crime control relies on moral and social institutions (e.g., family, peers, and neighbors) to promote...
Article
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Societies control crime through a variety of both formal and informal methods, and the balance between these methods varies widely by culture. This exploratory study surveyed a convenience sample of 434 students attending a university in Andhra Pradesh, India, in order to examine their social control views. Although there was strong support for bot...
Book
Full-text available
Victimization through the Internet is becoming more prevalent as cyber criminals have developed more effective ways to remain anonymous. And as more personal information than ever is stored on networked computers, even the occasional or non-user is at risk. A collection of contributions from worldwide experts and emerging researchers, Cyber Crimino...
Chapter
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This is an epilogue that deals with "Raising the Human Spirit and Restoring Order in the Information Super Highway"
Article
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Cyber crime and victimization in the cyber space had remained a subject of great trepidation in India. Lack of awareness of bizarre nature of attack, ever changing trends of victimization and limited knowledge of laws and rights of individual in the cyber space, among the common internet users contribute greatly towards forming a weird approach to...
Article
Full-text available
Views toward crime, criminals, punishment, and treatment are shaped by social forces, which differ across nations. Most of the research in this area has been conducted among citizens of Western nations, yet crime and responding to it is a worldwide occurrence. This study compared the crime views of Indian and U.S. college students. It was found tha...
Book
Full-text available
In a world of growing interdependence, crimes are no longer confined by national boundaries. In this context, the necessity to understand criminological developments across the globe becomes imperative. This book aims to offer cross-cultural perspectives of different criminological issues and criminal justice systems operating worldwide. This book...
Article
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The effect of media violence on children and youth is a prime topic of discussion among academics and researchers in the area. While many agree that media violence initiates aggression in children, some researchers argue that exposure to media violence does not necessarily cause aggression or desensitisation in children. In order to understand this...
Article
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Web 2.01 has redefined the virtual life of ordinary individuals and has given wide opportunities to internet users including women to exchange ideas, interact with like minded people and participate in the development of virtual societies as per one's own choices. Social networking websites (SNWs), a segment of Web 2.0 is very popular among th...
Article
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While research abounds on attitudes toward capital punishment in the United States, such work has been lacking in non-western nations — particularly in India, the world's largest democracy. Data recently collected have revealed variance in levels of support for the death penalty among Indian college students: 44 percent express some degree of oppos...
Article
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The Bangkok International Summit (2007) declaration on Policing Cyberspace is an outcome of the 7 th Annual Policing Cyberspace Summit of POLCYB held at Bangkok, Thailand during 5-9, November 2007, in collaboration with Council of Europe (COE), and co-hosted with the International Law Enforcement Academy (ILEA), Bangkok Thailand. The Society for th...
Article
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Last November/December 2007, I was invited to two prestigious events of Cyber Criminology. The POLCYB International Summit on Policing Cyberspace, 2007, Bangkok, Thailand and the UNODC core group meeting of Experts on Identity related Crime and ISPAC Conference at Courmeyeur, Italy. I was also entrusted the task of preparing the Bangkok Declaration...
Article
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There is a need to prevent online hate sites and usage of social networking sites for hate purposes. A spokeswoman for Facebook said that users are told they cannot post content that "makes threats of any kind or that intimidates, harasses, or bullies anyone, is derogatory, demeaning, malicious, defamatory, abusive, offensive or hateful" (Coyle, 20...
Article
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I have developed a theory called ‘Space Transition Theory’ in order to explain the causation of crimes in the cyberspace. I felt the need for a separate theory of cyber crimes because the general theoretical explanations were found to be inadequate as an overall explanation for the phenomenon of cyber crimes (Jaishankar 2008). I have published this...
Article
Full-text available
Hindu women's legal right to inherit property has been restricted from the earliest times in Indian culture. In the ancient text Manusmriti , Manu writes: “Her father protects her in childhood, her husband protects her in youth and her sons protect her in old age; a woman is never fit for independence.” However, women were not always excluded from...
Article
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More than sixty years have passed, since Frederick Wertham, Benjamin Mendelsohn and Hans von Hentig introduced the concept of ‘Victimology’, nevertheless, till date victimology has not been recognized as a distinct academic discipline. In 1985, Cressey declared that, victimology is “a non-academic programme under which a hodgepodge of ideas, intere...
Chapter
Full-text available
Some researchers have tried to explain cyber crimes with traditional theories such as social learning theory (Skinner and Fream 1997; Rogers 1999, 2001), Kohlberg’s moral development theory and differential reinforcement theory (Rogers 2001), Cohen’s strain theory (O’Connor 2003), deindividuation theory (Demetriou and Silke 2003), Gottfredson and H...
Article
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Indian constitution under Article 21 and 22 protects and safeguards the rights of convicts, under trials and offenders. The present analysis tries to find out different types of safeguards guaranteed to the prisoners along with a special attempt to search for the particular safeguards for the women offenders. In this study an attempt is made to bri...
Article
Full-text available
The word 'stalking' was not commonly known in India, until Priyadharshini Mattoo's case (1996) hit the headlines. Eve teasing, a colloquial word for gender harassment is popularly known and Tamil Nadu Prohibition of Eve-Teasing Act, 1998 on that was developed after the brutal killing of a girl named Sarika Shah in Chennai. Though, st...
Article
Full-text available
The problem of murder is not new phenomenon in India. Today large number of murders, attempt to murder are occurring for financial gain, besides stranger killing is also increasing. An attempt in the present study has been made to understand the nature and extent of victimization of attempted murder from the Indian Context. The aim of this study is...
Article
Full-text available
In India, though the Police agencies of Bangalore, Hyderabad, Goa, Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai and Trivandrum use customized GIS, its application is still in a rudimentary stage. There is a felt need for the fullest application of this potent technology in Indian policing. Hence, researchers in the University of Madras collaborated with the Che...
Article
Full-text available
Internet technology and the development of cyberspace have taken society to the next level of evolution. Cyberspace has defied the boundaries and has made geography (or place) irrelevant. Cyberspace presents myriad potential opportunities for society in the new millennium. In the 1990s, a new era was ushered in, in which Internet technology reigned...

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