Jaime E Sidani

Jaime E Sidani
University of Pittsburgh | Pitt · Department of Medicine

PhD, MPH, CHES

About

84
Publications
85,192
Reads
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3,711
Citations
Citations since 2016
66 Research Items
3356 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Additional affiliations
May 2011 - present
University of Pittsburgh
Position
  • Senior Research Specialist, Center for Research on Media, Technology, and Health
January 2003 - June 2006
University of Toledo
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Objectives: Effective interprofessional (IP) communication is crucial to high-quality patient care, but significant obstacles remain regarding implementing IP communication curricula for undergraduate medical students. As such, as part of a bootcamp required for University of Pittsburgh graduating medical students in 2021, we developed and evaluat...
Article
Objective To conduct a scoping review of published literature examining the influence of health storylines from fictional television programs on viewers. Data Source We performed literature searches in Medline, PsycINFO, and Mass Media Complete in October 2021, and examined bibliographies of included articles and conducted forward searching using...
Article
The average United States (U.S.) adult spends approximately one hour interacting directly with a healthcare professional but 2,000 hours watching primetime television annually. Thus, television storylines may be a powerful vehicle for promoting awareness about Alzheimer’s disease and caregiving, which affect an estimated 9 million U.S. adults. We u...
Article
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to conduct an innovative seminar that was developed by using clips from the television program ER to teach/reinforce key concepts of effective communication for didactic phase physician assistant (PA) students. Methods: Interactive, 2-hour, small group seminars were conducted as part of the PA curricul...
Article
Full-text available
Even with vaccine mandates, COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy remains a concern among healthcare workers, in part due to their role in promoting vaccination among patients and communities. To examine COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, acceptance, and promotion among healthcare workers, we conducted a mixed-methods analysis of (1) survey responses about COVID-19...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeLesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth living in rural areas who feel isolated are at high risk of depression and suicidality. Given the lack of support in their offline communities, many rural-living LGBTQ youth turn to social media for social support. In this qualitative study, we examined rural LGBTQ youth's social m...
Article
Background: Puff Bars are e-cigarettes that continued marketing flavored products by exploiting the US Food and Drug Administration exemption for disposable devices. Objective: This study aimed to examine discussions related to Puff Bar on Twitter to identify tobacco regulation and policy themes as well as unanticipated outcomes of regulatory lo...
Article
Background: Despite widespread use, little is known about how adolescents and young adults (AYA) with cancer use social media (SM). This research characterized use and self-reported SM experiences among AYA with cancer. Procedure: AYA, aged 12-26 years, receiving cancer care completed a mixed-methods survey regarding SM experiences. Clinical inf...
Article
Background. Twitter provides an opportunity to examine misperceptions about nicotine and addiction as they pertain to electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). The purpose of this study was to systematically examine a sample of ENDS-related tweets that presented information about nicotine or addiction for the presence of potential misinformation...
Article
The 2020 National Youth Tobacco Survey reported a decline in youth electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use from the previous year, reversing an increasing trend. Although reported use of all e-cigarettes fell to 19.6% and 4.7% among high school and middle school students, respectively, the use of disposable e-cigarettes increased 1000% and 400% for...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of social media interactions on mental health is not fully understood, despite increasing use. This qualitative investigation explored positive and negative effects of social media for individuals with and without depressive symptoms. The authors conducted an online survey of US adults ages 18–30 in March 2018. Two open-ended questions a...
Article
Background In response to growing anti-vaccine activism on social media, the #DoctorsSpeakUp event was designed to promote pro-vaccine advocacy. This study aimed to analyze Twitter content related to the event to determine (1) characteristics of the Twitter users who authored these tweets, (2) the proportion of tweets expressing pro-vaccine compare...
Article
E-cigarette use has been increasing among middle school students. Intervention programs to prevent e-cigarette initiation administered by authority figures are met with more resistance from youth compared to peer-led programs. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the feasibility, acceptability, and implementation process of using social network an...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Puff Bars are e-cigarettes that continued marketing flavored products by exploiting the US Food and Drug Administration exemption for disposable devices. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to examine discussions related to Puff Bar on Twitter to identify tobacco regulation and policy themes as well as unanticipated outcomes of regulatory loopho...
Article
Full-text available
Background The growing use of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) among adolescents is a public health concern. Taxation of these products is a viable approach to reduce ENDS use, particularly among adolescents. Opponents of taxation posit that it puts specialty retailers (ie, vape shops) out of business, thereby reducing availability of EN...
Article
Full-text available
Background After the US Surgeon General declared youth electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use an epidemic in 2018, the number of youth e-cigarette users continued to surge, growing from 3.8 million in 2018 to over 5 million 2019. Youth who use e-cigarettes are at a substantially higher risk of transitioning to traditional cigarettes, becoming regul...
Preprint
BACKGROUND There exists an alarming amount of misinformation and conspiracy theories related to COVID-19 and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS). Some of this may stem from early reports suggesting a lower risk of severe COVID-19 in nicotine users. Additionally, a common conspiracy is that the E-cigarette, or Vaping Product Use-Associated L...
Article
Background: Misinformation and conspiracy theories related to COVID-19 and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) are rampant. Some of this may stem from early reports suggesting a lower risk of severe COVID-19 in nicotine users. Additionally, a common conspiracy is that the E-cigarette, or Vaping Product Use-Associated Lung Injury (EVALI) ou...
Article
Full-text available
Background Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons are disproportionately affected by depression and have high social media use rates. Negative social media experiences may modify depressive symptoms among LGB persons. We sought to assess the potential influence of negative social media experiences on the association between LGB orientation and de...
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to assess associations between parental social media comparison (PSMC)—the degree to which individuals compare their parenting with others on social media (SM)—and depressive symptoms. In March 2018 we conducted a survey of 528 parents ages 18-30 with children under the age of 18. Participants were asked about SM use, PSMC, and depressive...
Article
Introduction Previous studies have demonstrated cross-sectional associations between social media use and depression, but their temporal and directional associations have not been reported. Methods In 2018, participants aged 18–30 years were recruited in proportion to U.S. Census characteristics, including age, sex, race, education, household inco...
Article
Young adults use social media (SM) to share life events, including loss of loved ones. In a national sample of U.S. young adults (n = 1,119), “grievers” were identified as those who had experienced the loss of a loved one who had a SM account (n = 415, 37%). Logistic regression analyses found that grievers and non-grievers did not differ by sociode...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons are disproportionately affected by depression and have high social media (SM) use rates. Negative SM experiences might modify depressive symptoms among LGB persons. OBJECTIVE We sought to assess the potential influence of negative SM experiences on the association between LGB identity and depress...
Article
Objectives We sought to examine the association of positive and negative experiences using social media (SM) and sleep disturbance in a national survey of U.S. young adults. Methods Experiences using SM were assessed with 2 items asking participants about the percentage of time using SM that involved a negative/positive experience that they were p...
Article
Background. The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarette) offers potential to facilitate cigarette smoking cessation, yet potentially increases risk of cigarette smoking initiation. This relationship has been primarily modeled in mathematical ways that often do not represent real-world complexities, which could inform decisions regarding local pre...
Article
Previous research suggests that television programming may influence viewers’ health-related knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors but has yet to examine patient–provider interactions on the most popular primetime television programs. We aimed to characterize the frequency and nature of patient-centered communication (PCC) behaviors on these progra...
Article
Previous research suggests that television programming may influence viewers’ health-related knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors but has yet to examine patient–provider interactions on the most popular primetime television programs. We aimed to characterize the frequency and nature of patient-centered communication (PCC) behaviors on these progra...
Preprint
BACKGROUND While vaping is considered to be safer than smoking tobacco and can help with successful smoking cessation, there is rising concern that it increases addiction among non-smokers, especially adolescents. Twitter presents a relevant, valuable, and feasible social media platform to study perspectives related to vaping. OBJECTIVE Our object...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Twitter presents a valuable and relevant social media platform to study the prevalence of information and sentiment on vaping that may be useful for public health surveillance. Machine learning classifiers that identify vaping-relevant tweets and characterize sentiments in them can underpin a Twitter-based vaping surveillance system. C...
Article
Exposure to e-cigarette (e-cig) marketing through traditional and online media can increase the risk of e-cig use among adolescents. Though popular e-cig brand JUUL has scaled back its social media promotions, outside vendors and individual users create posts about JUUL unregulated. Instagram’s image-focus offers an opportunity to document promotio...
Article
Background: Initial reports suggest that JUUL, a popular e-cigarette, is being used in schools and other locations in which cigarette smoking is illegal or discouraged. However, there is little scholarly research documenting this. We aimed to make a systematic analysis of JUUL use themes and sentiment on Twitter. Methods: Data were collected fro...
Article
Purpose Although there is evidence of associations between social media (SM) use and mental well-being among the general population, these associations among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons are poorly understood. This study compared the influence of SM experiences on mental well-being between LGB and non-LGB persons. Design and Setting On...
Article
This study addresses ethical questions about conducting health science research using network data from social media platforms. We provide examples of ethically problematic areas related to participant consent, expectation of privacy, and social media networks. Further, to illustrate how researchers can maintain ethical integrity while leveraging s...
Article
Background: Emotional support is highly protective against poor mental health. Though several measures of emotional support exist, none specifically addresses social media (SM) as a source of emotional support. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to determine if SM-based emotional support is an extension of or distinct construct from face...
Article
Background: JUUL-a novel electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS)-comprises most of the ENDS market share. Additionally, JUUL has a high nicotine content and utilizes a patented nicotine salt formulation aimed to speed absorption. Many JUUL users are not aware of the nicotine content and therefore may not be expecting acute nicotine effects or p...
Article
Background. Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS or “hookah”) is common among adolescents and college students in the United States. However, there has not yet been a large-scale, nationally-representative study independently examining WTS among young adults who are not in college. Objective. This study sought to examine associations between attitudes, n...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To examine the association between positive and negative experiences on social media (SM) and perceived social isolation (PSI). Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: One large mid-Atlantic University. Participants: A total of 1178 students aged 18 to 30 were recruited in August 2016. Measures: Participants completed an online s...
Chapter
Depression and anxiety, the leading causes of morbidity worldwide, are increasing in prevalence. Social media use, which is also rapidly increasing worldwide, has a complex relationship with mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety. For example, some studies suggest that having a larger social media audience has been associated with...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Over 90% of adults in the United States have at least one social media account, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) persons are more socially active on social media than heterosexuals. Rates of depression among LGB persons are between 1.5- and 2-fold higher than those among their heterosexual counterparts. Social media allows users to...
Article
Full-text available
Social media allows users to explore self-identity and express emotions or thoughts. Research looking into the association between social media use (SMU) and mental health outcomes, such as anxiety or depressive symptoms, have produced mixed findings. These contradictions may best be addressed by examining different patterns of SMU as they relate t...
Article
Full-text available
1 Background Social media (SM) may confer emotional benefits via connection with others. However, epidemiologic studies suggest that overall SM is paradoxically associated with increased depressive symptoms. To better understand these findings, we examined the association between positive and negative experiences on SM and depressive symptoms. 2 M...
Article
Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS or 'hookah') is common among adolescents and college students in the USA. However, there has not yet been a large-scale, nationally representative study independently examining WTS among young adults who are not in college. Objective: This study sought to examine associations between attitudes, normativ...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Use of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS, or hookah smoking) and electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS, such as e-cigarettes) is rapidly increasing. However, legislatures have been slow to update policy measures related to them. Therefore, we aimed to assess knowledge, attitudes and likelihood to take future action regarding WTS and...
Article
Full-text available
Although increased social media use (SMU) has been linearly associated with increased real-life social isolation (SI), it is unknown whether these associations differ by personality characteristics. With a nationally-representative sample of 1768 U.S. young adults aged 19–32, we assessed SI using a 4-item Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Infor...
Article
Objectives: Individuals use social media with varying quantity, emotional, and behavioral at- tachment that may have differential associations with mental health outcomes. In this study, we sought to identify distinct patterns of social media use (SMU) and to assess associations between those patterns and depression and anxiety symptoms. Methods:...
Article
Objectives To form population-level comparisons of total smoke volume, tar, carbon monoxide and nicotine consumed from waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) and cigarette smoking using data from a nationally representative sample of smokers and non-smokers aged 18–30 years. Methods In March and April 2013, we surveyed a nationally representative sample...
Article
Objective: To examine the association between degree of real-life closeness of social media (SM) contacts and depressive symptoms. Participants: Students ages 18-30 (N = 1124) were recruited in August 2016. Methods: Participants completed an online survey assessing SM use and depression. We used multivariable logistic regression to assess asso...
Article
Full-text available
Background: While electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) may help some smokers quit, some young adult never-smokers are now using e-cigarettes recreationally, potentially increasing their risk for initiation of smoking. We aimed to determine the association between baseline e-cigarette use and subsequent initiation of cigarette smoking among initial...
Article
Full-text available
Study Objectives Social media (SM) use has been positively associated with disturbed sleep among young adults. However, previous studies have not elucidated the specific importance of SM use immediately before bed. We aimed to determine the independent association of SM use during the 30 minutes before bed and disturbed sleep while controlling for...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction While increased time spent on social media (TSSM) has been associated with depression and anxiety, the independent role of using multiple social media (SM) platforms is unclear. Methods We surveyed a nationally-representative sample of 1787 U.S. young adults ages 19–32. Depression and anxiety symptoms were measured using the Patient-R...
Article
Rationale: Depression is the leading cause of disability worldwide. The suggested association between social media use (SMU) and depression may be explained by the emerging maladaptive use pattern known as problematic social media use (PSMU), characterized by addictive components. Objective: We aimed to assess the association between PSMU and de...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Perceived social isolation (PSI) is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Social media platforms, commonly used by young adults, may offer an opportunity to ameliorate social isolation. This study assessed associations between social media use (SMU) and PSI among U.S. young adults. Methods: Participants were a nation...
Article
Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is increasing in popularity despite evidence of harm and potential for dependence. Intervention development has been hampered by a lack of longitudinal, nationally-representative data on usage patterns and factors independently associated with WTS initiation. Therefore, we aimed to characterize key trans...
Article
Full-text available
Professional social networking websites are commonly used among young professionals. In light of emerging concerns regarding social networking use and emotional distress, the purpose of this study was to investigate the association between frequency of use of LinkedIn, the most commonly used professional social networking website, and depression an...
Article
Full-text available
Low emotional support is associated with poor health outcomes. Engagement with face-to-face social networks is one way of increasing emotional support. However, it is not yet known whether engagement with proliferating electronic social networks is similarly associated with increased emotional support. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The etiology of eating concerns is multifactorial, and exposure to media messages is considered to be a contributor. Although traditional media, such as television and magazines, have been examined extensively in relation to eating concerns risk, the influence of social media has received relatively less attention. Objective: To exam...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Social media (SM) use is increasing among U.S. young adults, and its association with mental well-being remains unclear. This study assessed the association between SM use and depression in a nationally representative sample of young adults. Methods: We surveyed 1,787 adults ages 19 to 32 about SM use and depression. Participants wer...
Article
Introduction: Many factors contribute to sleep disturbance among young adults. Social media (SM) use is increasing rapidly, and little is known regarding its association with sleep disturbance. Methods: In 2014 we assessed a nationally-representative sample of 1788U.S. young adults ages 19-32. SM volume and frequency were assessed by self-report...
Article
Introduction: Use of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is now prevalent among U.S. adolescents. However, the more clinically relevant questions are whether users exhibit sustained patterns of use and whether use is increasing over time relative to other tobacco products. We aimed to examine factors associated with sustained WTS among U.S. adolescent...
Article
Full-text available
Background and AimsWaterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is increasingly prevalent in the U.S., especially among young adults. We aimed to (1) adapt items from established dependence measures into a WTS dependence scale for U.S. young adults (the “U.S. Waterpipe Dependence Scale”), (2) determine the factor structure of the items, and (3) assess associati...
Article
Introduction: Water pipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is associated with substantial toxicant exposure. Water pipe steam stones (WSS) are marketed as a healthier alternative. The purpose of this study was to determine, in a nationally representative sample, young adults' familiarity with, perceptions regarding, and use of WSS. Methods: A survey about W...
Article
Introduction: Waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) is an increasingly prevalent form of tobacco use in the United States. Its appeal may stem from its social, ritualistic, and aesthetic nature. Our aim in this study was to understand WTS as a social ritual with the goal of informing prevention efforts. Methods: We conducted a covert observational stu...
Article
While cross-sectional studies have shown that hookah tobacco smoking (HTS) is an increasingly popular behavior among university students, little is known about factors associated with initiation. This study sought to determine associations between knowledge, attitudes, and normative beliefs and initiation of HTS among university students. Data were...
Article
Full-text available
Hookah tobacco smoking is associated with substantial toxicant exposures and is increasing among college students in the United States. Greek (fraternity/sorority) students, especially those living in Greek housing, have high rates of risky alcohol use. The extent to which this is true for other substances, including hookah tobacco smoking, is not...
Article
Full-text available
Segmentation of populations may facilitate development of targeted substance abuse prevention programs. The authors aimed to partition a national sample of university students according to profiles based on substance use. The authors used 2008-2009 data from the National College Health Assessment from the American College Health Association. The sa...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Rates of cigarette smoking are much higher in adults with mental health issues. Research indicates that use of the 5 As for smoking cessation as brief interventions with individuals with mental illnesses increases quit rates, although it is not heavily utilized by health care providers who work with this population. This study examine...
Article
Full-text available
Organizations recommend media literacy to reduce tobacco use, and higher media literacy has been associated with lower smoking among high school students. The relationship between smoking media literacy and tobacco use, however, has not been systematically studied among college students. The purpose of this study was to determine the association be...
Article
Full-text available
Although waterpipe tobacco smoking seems to be increasing on U.S. university campuses, these data have come from convenience samples. We aimed to determine the prevalence of and associations with waterpipe tobacco smoking among a random sample of students. We surveyed a random sample of graduate and undergraduate students at a large, urban universi...
Article
This study describes a survey of Ohio community mental health center psychiatrists' perceptions and practices regarding smoking cessation activities using the 5A's method of smoking cessation. Of the 150 psychiatrists surveyed, 80 (53%) were returned. The majority of psychiatrists reported asking their patients about cigarette smoking status as wel...
Article
This national study examined the practices and perceptions of smoking cessation activities among child and adolescent psychiatrists. A random sample of child and adolescent psychiatrists was identified from the membership list of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and was mailed a valid and reliable 34-item questionnaire. A tot...
Article
A group (n=170) of inner-city, predominantly African American, health clinic patients were asked to identify the characteristics they desired in a new clinic health educator. A plurality (44%) of the patients perceived a bachelor's degree would be a sufficient level of education. The vast majority of patients claimed the sex of the health educator...
Article
This article has three purposes: to explain the two different uses of power analysis that can be used in health education research; to examine the extent to which power analysis is being used in published health education research; and to explain the implications of not using power analysis in research studies. Articles in seven leading health educ...
Article
This study assessed mail survey return rates published in seven general health education journals for the 13-year period, 1990-2002: "American Journal of Health Behavior," "American Journal of Health Education," "American Journal of Health Promotion," "Health Education & Behavior," "Health Education Research," "Journal of American College Health,"...

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