Jaime Prohens

Jaime Prohens
Universitat Politècnica de València | UPV · Institute for the Conservation and Improvement of Valencian Agro-diversity (COMAV)

Full Professor

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322
Publications
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Publications

Publications (322)
Article
Full-text available
Increased interest in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) production requires breeding to create new cultivars with highly marketable values (e.g., regarding quality, nutrition, and health) and valuable sensorial parameters. The purpose of this research was to compare four tomato commercial hybrids—two newly created and two used as controls in the bre...
Article
The Mediterranean basin countries are considered secondary centres of tomato diversification. However, information on phenotypic and allelic variation of local tomato materials is still limited. Here we report on the evaluation of the largest traditional tomato collection, which includes 1499 accessions from Southern Europe. Analyses of 70 traits r...
Article
Full-text available
A comprehensive collection of 1254 tomato accessions, corresponding to European traditional and modern varieties, early domesticated varieties, and wild relatives, was analyzed by genotyping by sequencing. A continuous genetic gradient between the traditional and modern varieties was observed. European traditional tomatoes displayed very low geneti...
Article
Full-text available
Marigolds (Tagetes spp.) are multifunctional flowering plants belonging to the Asteraceae family, well-known and widespread for their ornamental value and many other uses. In this study, morphological differences and genetic relationships among 21 cultivars of three species of marigold (Tagetes patula, T. erecta and T. tenuifolia) were analysed. Re...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC) populations facilitate the genetic dissection of complex quantitative traits in plants and are valuable breeding materials. We report the development of the first eggplant MAGIC population (S3 Magic EGGplant InCanum, S3MEGGIC; 8-way), constituted by the 420 S3 individuals developed from the inter...
Article
Full-text available
During the last century, the progressive substitution of landraces with modern, high yielding varieties, led to a dramatic reduction of in situ conserved crop diversity in Europe. Nowadays there is limited and scattered information on where landraces are cultivated. To fill this gap and lay the groundwork for a regional landrace in situ conservatio...
Article
Wild relatives of eggplant (Solanum melongena) are of interest for breeding for tolerance to drought. To assess the potential of eggplant wild relatives from different gene pools, 18 accessions belonging to eggplant and eight wild relatives were evaluated for water stress tolerance. Plants grown in pots were normally irrigated or subjected to water...
Article
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The wild species Solanum incanum has been used as a donor parent for the development of a set of eggplant introgression lines (ILs), which are of interest for breeding for stress tolerances and relevant morpho-agronomic traits but could also be useful for breeding for fruit quality, due to the generally higher content in health-promoting compounds...
Chapter
Glucosinolates are sulfur compounds responsible at least in part of the the characteristic flavor of cruciferous vegetables and condiments. The glucosinolates [and their cognate bioactive forms, the isothiocyanates (ITCs) and indoles] have been studied for decades because of their antimicrobial, anticancer and antiinflammatory bioactivities Eating...
Poster
The development of organic farming in Europe is affected by different issues including the limited quantity and the poor quality of seeds available for the growers. The objectives of the workpackage 4 of the EU H2020 BRESOV project is to develop protocols and tools to maximize yield (T4.1) and ensure high sanitary quality (T4.2) and high genetic pu...
Article
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In horticulture, grafting is a popular technique used to combine positive traits from two different plants. This is achieved by joining the plant top part (scion) onto a rootstock which contains the stem and roots. Rootstocks can provide resistance to stress and increase plant production, but despite their wide use, the biological mechanisms drivin...
Article
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Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is the globally most consumed vegetable. The objective of this research was to analyze physico-chemical, nutritional and sensorial components (taste and flavor) in two new commercial hybrids (AS 300 F1 and AS 400 F1) and their four F7 parental lines. Two widely grown F1 hybrids (Precos F1 and Addalyn F1) were used as c...
Preprint
Full-text available
A comprehensive collection of 1,254 tomato accessions corresponding to European heirlooms and landraces, together with modern varieties, early domesticates and wild relatives, were analyzed by genotyping by sequencing. A continuous genetic gradient between the vintage and modern varieties was observed. European vintage tomatoes displayed very low g...
Article
Full-text available
Background Opportunity and challenges of the agriculture scenario of the next decades will face increasing demand for secure food through approaches able to minimize the input to cultivations. Large panels of tomato varieties represent a valuable resource of traits of interest under sustainable cultivation systems and for genome-wide association st...
Article
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The tree tomato (Solanum betaceum Cav.) is an underutilized fruit crop native to the Andean region and phylogenetically related to the tomato and potato. Tree tomato fruits have a high amount of nutrients and bioactive compounds. However, so far there are no studies at the genome or transcriptome level for this species. We performed a de novo assem...
Chapter
Peppers (Capsicum spp.) and eggplants (Solanum spp.) are vegetable crops from the Solanaceae family that have spread worldwide and are important as a source of health-related compounds for humans. Several pepper and eggplant species have been domesticated, and a large number of wild relatives exist for both crops. Over 25,000 domesticated and wild...
Chapter
Access to high-throughput next-generation sequencing is now becoming affordable also for non-model crops and small laboratories. In addition, for the most important economic crops, their wild relatives are being sequenced and exploited for the introgression of important traits and to unravel the crops domestication history. Despite the importance o...
Preprint
Full-text available
MAGIC populations facilitate the genetic dissection of complex quantitative traits in plants and are valuable breeding materials. We report the development of the first eggplant MAGIC population (S3MEGGIC; 8-way), constituted by 420 S3 individuals developed from the intercrossing of seven cultivated eggplant (Solanum melongena) and one wild relativ...
Article
Full-text available
Selection and breeding of eggplant (Solanum melongena) materials with good performance under low nitrogen (N) fertilization inputs is a major breeding objective to reduce environmental degradation, risks for human health, and production costs. Solanum elaeagnifolium, an eggplant wild relative, is a potential source of variation for introgression br...
Chapter
Brinjal eggplant (Solanum melongena) is an annual vegetable cultivated for its edible fruits, which are variable in shape, size and color. Scarlet eggplant (S. aethiopicum) and gboma eggplant (S. macrocarpon) are also cultivated but more locally in Africa. Domestication of brinjal eggplant took place in India and China, but today the plant is culti...
Article
Full-text available
Peppers (Capsicum spp.) are recalcitrant to in vitro culture regeneration, making the application of in vitro-based breeding strategies difficult. We evaluated the impact of different combinations of auxins, cytokinins and micronutrients on the induction of direct organogenesis in cotyledon and hypocotyl explants of C. annuum, C. baccatum and C. ch...
Article
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Genebanks collect and preserve vast collections of plants and detailed passport information, with the aim of preserving genetic diversity for conservation and breeding. Genetic characterization of such collections has the potential to elucidate the genetic histories of important crops, use marker–trait associations to identify loci controlling trai...
Article
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Antiviral treatments inhibiting Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) replication may represent a strategy complementary to vaccination to fight the ongoing Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) pandemic. Molecules or extracts inhibiting the SARS-CoV-2 chymotripsin-like protease (3CLPro) could contribute to reducing or suppressin...
Poster
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of different levels of water stress on seven pepino cultivars (Mur1-Mur7). Three water stress treatments were applied: fully irrigated control (C), a moderate water stress (WS-M), and a severe water stress (WS-S). We investigated the behavior of traits related to growth, photosynthetic pigments,...
Article
The development of genetically transformed plants is an elusive landmark in Cannabis sativa L. breeding. Despite its economic interest, at present, protocols for producing transgenic C. sativa plants are scarce. We studied the ability of hypocotyl, cotyledon and meristem explants from six C. sativa hemp varieties for transgenic plant regeneration....
Article
The pepino (Solanum muricatum) is a neglected crop from the Andean region with potential for expansion to many areas of the world. However, there is a lack of studies in pepino related to its response to water stress. In this study, we have subjected plantlets of seven pepino cultivars (Mur1-Mur7) to three treatments consisting of a fully irrigated...
Article
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The study of the diversity within and between major Solanaceae crops (pepper, tomato, eggplant) is of interest for the selection and development of balanced diets. We have measured thirty-six major fruit composition traits, encompassing sugars, organic acids, antioxidants and minerals, in a set of 10 accessions per crop for pepper, tomato and eggpl...
Thesis
Full-text available
Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is a very important vegetable in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. It is the third most produced Solanaceae in the world, but despite its importance, genetic resources and biotechnological tools for research have not been sufficiently developed. With the current climate change situation, many of the area...
Article
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Development of double haploids is an elusive current breeding objective in Cannabis sativa L. We have studied the whole process of anther and pollen grain formation during meiosis, microsporogenesis, and microgametogenesis and correlated the different microgametophyte developmental stages with bud length in plants from varieties USO31 and Finola. W...
Article
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Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) is an important horticultural crop and one of the most widely grown vegetables from the Solanaceae family. It was domesticated from a wild, prickly progenitor carrying small, round, non‐anthocyanic fruits. We obtained a novel, highly contiguous genome assembly of the eggplant ‘67/3’ reference line, by Hi‐C retrofitti...
Article
Eggplant fruit shape is an important quantitative agronomic trait. The use of introgression lines (ILs) for QTLs identification is a powerful tool for the elucidation of the genetic control of eggplant fruit shape. In the present study, a set of 16 eggplant ILs, each harboring a single marker-defined chromosomal segment from the wild eggplant relat...
Article
Full-text available
The pepino (Solanum muricatum) is an Andean vegetable crop closely related to tomato. In the last decades it has been introduced in the Mediterranean region and other parts of the world as a potential new crop. However, several tomato major pathogens may threaten the expansion of pepino cultivation. We identified Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersi...
Article
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The ‘de penjar’ tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) is a group of local varieties from the Spanish Mediterranean region carrying the alc mutation, which provides long shelf-life. Their evolution under low-input management practices has led to the selection of resilient genotypes to adverse conditions. Here we present the first evaluation on nutrition...
Article
European horticulture, especially in the southern states, must exploit new qualities to increase the added value of its vegetables. This article aims to analyze the situation of the European geographical quality labels Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indication (PGI) to ascertain whether they are useful for this pur...
Article
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Improving the productivity of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) plants subjected to combined salinity and heat stresses is a significant challenge, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions. Gianco F1 cucumbers were grafted onto five cucurbit rootstocks and, together with an ungrafted control, were grown in Egypt in a net house with saline soil during...
Article
Full-text available
Improving the productivity of cucumbers (Cucumis sativus L.) subjected to combined salinity and heat stresses is a significant challenge, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions. Gianco F1 cu-cumbers were grafted onto five cucurbit rootstocks and, together with an ungrafted control, were grown in Egypt in a net house with saline soil during the...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Boyaci H.F., Kabas A., Aysan Y., Prohens J. (2021): Screening of eggplant genotypes for resistance to bacterial wilt disease caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis. Plant Protect. Sci., 57: 112-121. Abstract: Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis (Cmm) is one of the phytopathogenic bacteria causing bacterial wil...
Article
Commercial varieties of eggplant, Solanummelongena, are vulnerable to future challenges related to the effects of climate change. It is therefore important to provide plant breeders and farmers with plant material that can meet these new challenges by exploiting some of the natural abilities of wild relatives.The aim of this study was to appreciate...
Chapter
The use of antimitotic agents such as colchicine has been common to obtain polyploid organisms. However, this approach entails certain problems, from its toxicity to the operators for being carcinogenic compounds to the instability of the individuals obtained, and the consequent reversion to its original ploidy because the individuals obtained in m...
Article
Full-text available
Polyphenol oxidases (PPOs) catalyze the oxidization of polyphenols, which in turn causes the browning of the eggplant berry flesh after cutting. This has a negative impact on fruit quality for both industrial transformation and fresh consumption. Ten PPO genes (named SmelPPO1 - 10 ) were identified in eggplant thanks to the recent availability of a...
Article
Full-text available
The wild Solanum pimpinellifolium (SP) and the weedy S. lycopersicum var. cerasiforme (SLC) are largely unexploited genetic reservoirs easily accessible to breeders, as they are fully cross-compatible with cultivated tomato (S. lycopersicum var. lycopersicum). We performed a comprehensive morphological and genomic characterization of four wild SP a...
Article
Full-text available
Bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacerum is one of the most economically and destructive eggplant diseases in many tropical and subtropical areas of the world. The objectives of this study were to develop interspecific hybrids, as potential rootstocks, between the eggplant (Solanum melongena) bacterial wilt resistant line EG203 and four wild...
Article
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Whiteflies and spider mites are amongst the most harmful eggplant (Solanum melongena) pests. Considering the need for reduction of chemical applications for whitefly and spider mite control, the exploitation of wild relatives of eggplant as sources of pest resistances represents an important strategy in order to improve cultivated eggplant. The obj...
Article
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The development of double haploids (DHs) is a straightforward path for obtaining pure lines but has multiple bottlenecks. Among them is the determination of the optimal stage of pollen induction for androgenesis. In this work, we developed Microscan, a deep learning-based system for the detection and recognition of the stages of pollen development....
Article
Full-text available
Double digest restriction-site associated sequencing (ddRAD-seq) is a flexible and cost-effective strategy for providing in-depth insights into the genetic architecture of germplasm collections. Using this methodology, we investigated the genomic diversity of a panel of 288 diverse tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) accessions enriched in 'da serbo'...
Article
Full-text available
The compelling need to increase global agricultural production requires new breeding approaches that facilitate exploiting the diversity available in the plant genetic resources. Multi-parent advanced generation inter-cross (MAGIC) populations are large sets of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) that are a genetic mosaic of multiple founder parents. M...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The use of sequencing and genotyping platforms has undergone dramatic improvements, enabling the generation of a wealth of genomic information. Despite this progress, the availability of high-quality genomic DNA (gDNA) in sufficient concentrations is often a main limitation, especially for third-generation sequencing platforms. A varie...
Article
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This study investigated the physiological and biochemical responses to salinity stress of Solanum melongena and its wild relative, Solanum torvum, commonly used as eggplant rootstock. Young plants of both species were watered during 25 days with NaCl aqueous solutions at the following four final concentrations: 0 (for the controls), 100, 200, and 3...
Article
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Islands provide unique opportunities to integrated research approaches to study evolution and conservation because boundaries are circumscribed, geological ages are often precise, and many taxa are greatly imperiled. We combined morphological and hybridization studies with high-throughput genotyping platforms to streamline relationships in the enda...
Article
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The efficient management and distribution of experimental data from pre‐breeding projects is important to ensure uptake of valuable germplasm into breeding and research programmes. Being able to access and share this data in standard formats is essential in this process. The adoption of a common informatics platform for crops which may have limited...
Article
Biochemical markers are of great utility in screening for salt tolerance of crops. In common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris), lower levels of proline under stress have been associated with a better stress resistance of cultivars. In the present study, the responses to salinity have been analysed in six cultivars of common beans: four local landraces fro...
Article
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The selection of stress-resistant cultivars, to be used in breeding programmes aimed at enhancing the drought and salt tolerance of our major crops, is an urgent need for agriculture in a climate change scenario. In the present study, the responses to water deficit and salt stress treatments, regarding growth inhibition and leaf proline (Pro) conte...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of heterotic groups may provide an important advantage for hybrid eggplant (Solanum melongena) breeding. In this study, we evaluated the combining ability and heterotic patterns of eggplant lines in order to develop improved eggplant cultivars resistant to Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. melongenae (FOM). A set of 62 inbred lines was e...
Article
Wall rocket (Diplotaxis erucoides) is a wild edible herb traditionally consumed in the Mediterranean regions with a characteristic, pungent flavour. However, little is known about its acceptance as a potential new crop. In the present study, an hedonic test with 98 volunteers was performed in order to evaluate the potential of wall rocket as a new...
Article
Full-text available
Crop wild relatives (CWRs) have been barely used in eggplant (Solanum melongena) breeding. However, introgression breeding may help coping with the challenges posed by climate change. We evaluated during the rainy and dry seasons nine accessions of eggplant, nine accessions of seven related species, of which six are CWRs and one a cultivated relati...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment of the diversity of reproductive traits and genetic variation is of great relevance to the conservation of genetic resources and management of silver fir (Abies alba) populations. We have evaluated reproductive characteristics associated with female cones and seed morphology, as well as seed germination after subjecting seeds to five sto...
Article
Full-text available
Eggplant (Solanum melongena) has been described as moderately sensitive to salinity. We characterised the responses to salt stress of eggplant and S. insanum, its putative wild ancestor. Young plants of two accessions of both species were watered for 25 days with an irrigation solution containing NaCl at concentrations of 0 (control), 50, 100, 200,...