Jaime Kulisevsky

Jaime Kulisevsky
Hospital de la Santa Creu i Sant Pau · Neurology Services

MD,PhD

About

439
Publications
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Publications

Publications (439)
Article
Full-text available
Background Patients with Huntington’s disease (HD) exhibit a variable predominance of cognitive, behavioral and motor symptoms. A specific instrument focusing on the impact of cognitive impairment in HD over functional capacity is lacking. Objective To address the need for a brief and specifically developed HD questionnaire able to capture functio...
Article
Background: Cognitive dysfunction is a disabling complication in Parkinson's disease (PD). Accuracy of diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment in PD (PD-MCI) depends on the tests performed, which limits results generalization. Blood-based biomarkers could provide additional objective information for PD-MCI diagnosis and progression. Blood neurofila...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Apathy is highly prevalent and disabling in Parkinson's disease (PD). Pharmacological options for its management lack sufficient evidence. Objective: We studied the effects of safinamide on apathy in PD. Methods: Prospective, 24-week, two-site, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group exploratory study in non-de...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of the present study was to analyze the progression of non-motor symptoms (NMS) burden in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients regarding the development of motor fluctuations (MF). Methods: PD patients without MF at baseline, who were recruited from January 2016 to November 2017 (V0) and evaluated again at a 2-year follow-up (V2) fr...
Article
Background and objective: Caregiver burden in Parkinson's disease (PD) has been studied in many cross-sectional studies but poorly in longitudinal ones. The aim of the present study was to analyze the change in burden, strain, mood, and quality of life (QoL) after a 2-year follow-up in a cohort of caregivers of patients with PD and also to identif...
Article
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Importance: The accurate diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is hampered by imperfect clinical-pathological correlations. Objective: To assess and compare the diagnostic value of the magnetic resonance parkinsonism index (MRPI) and other magnetic resonance imaging-based measures of cerebral atrop...
Article
Background: Apathy represents a core neuropsychiatric symptom in Parkinson's disease (PD). As there is currently no established effective treatment for apathy in PD, further investigating the biological origin of this symptom is needed to design novel therapeutic strategies. Among the multiple neurotransmitter alterations that have been associated...
Article
Full-text available
The progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) syndrome encompasses different entities. PSP disease of sporadic origin is the most frequent presentation, but different genetic mutations can lead either to monogenic variants of PSP disease, or to other conditions with a different pathophysiology that eventually may result in PSP phenotype. PSP syndrome of...
Article
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Background: The criteria for PD-MCI allow the use of global cognitive tests. Their predictive value for conversion from PD-MCI to PDD, especially compared to comprehensive neuropsychological assessment, is unknown. Methods: The MDS PD-MCI Study Group combined four datasets containing global cognitive tests as well as a comprehensive neuropsychol...
Article
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Mild cognitive impairment in Parkinson’s disease (PD-MCI) is associated with consistent structural and functional brain changes. Whether different approaches for diagnosing PD-MCI are equivalent in their neural correlates is presently unknown. We aimed to profile the neuroimaging changes associated with the two endorsed methods of diagnosing PD-MCI...
Article
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Purpose Huntington’s disease (HD) is a monogenic neurodegenerative disease with no effective treatment currently available. The pathological hallmark of HD is the aggregation of mutant huntingtin in the medium spiny neurons of the striatum, leading to severe subcortical atrophy. Cortical degeneration also occurs in HD from its very early stages, al...
Article
Background Previous studies linked disease-progression variables such as age at onset or survival to both genetic, and non-genetic factors in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. Objective The aim of this study was to assess how genetic and non genetic factors act as modifiers of age at onset and survival and in a cohort of 753 PD patients, and to d...
Article
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Safinamide is a highly selective, reversible MAO B-inhibitor recently marketed in European and North American countries. To better define clinical indications regarding motor and non-motor symptoms, targeted population and safety of this compound, ten movement disorders specialists, experts in their field, convened and developed a panel of statemen...
Article
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Background Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) includes various core clinical features that result in different phenotypes. In addition, Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and cerebrovascular pathologies are common in DLB. All this increases the heterogeneity within DLB and hampers clinical diagnosis. We addressed this heterogeneity by investigating subgroups of...
Article
Background Blood homocysteine appears to be increased in Parkinson's disease (PD) and may play a role in the development and progression of this disorder. However, the specific contribution of abnormal homocysteine levels to cortical degeneration in PD remains elusive. Objective To characterize the cortical structural correlates of homocysteine le...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objective: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a clinically heterogeneous disorder in which the symptoms and prognosis can be very different among patients. We propose a new simple classification to identify key symptoms and staging in PD. Patients and Methods: Sixteen movement disorders specialists from Spain participated in this project. T...
Article
Background: Motor phenotype (MP) can be associated with a different prognosis in Parkinson's disease (PD), but it is not fixed and can change over time. Objective: Our aim was to analyze how the MP changed over time and to identify factors associated with the changes in PD patients from a multicenter Spanish PD cohort. Methods: PD patients who...
Article
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Background and objective: Diplopia is relatively common in Parkinson's disease (PD) but is still understudied. Our aim was to analyze the frequency of diplopia in PD patients from a multicenter Spanish cohort, to compare the frequency with a control group, and to identify factors associated with it. Patients and methods: PD patients who were rec...
Article
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Background Identifying modifiable risk factors for cognitive impairment in the early stages of Parkinson’s disease (PD) and estimating their impact on cognitive status may help prevent dementia (PDD) and the design of cognitive trials. Methods Using a standard approach for the assessment of global cognition in PD and controlling for the effects of...
Article
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Abstract Quality of life (QOL) plays an important role in independent living in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients, being crucial to know what factors impact QoL throughout the course of the disease. Here we identified predictors of QoL impairment in PD patients from a Spanish cohort. PD patients recruited from 35 centers of Spain from the COPPADIS...
Article
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Background: Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by clinical alterations in the motor, behavioral, and cognitive domains. However, the structure and disruptions to large-scale brain cognitive networks have not yet been established. Objective: We aimed to profile changes in large-scale cognitive networks in premanife...
Article
Background The Parkinson’s Disease-Cognitive Rating Scale (PD-CRS) is a comprehensive screening procedure for the evaluation of cognitive impairment in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Objectives In the present study we adjusted the PD-CRS for the Greek population, developed normative data and examined its clinical utility for the assessmen...
Article
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Green oat extracts have been used for centuries in traditional medicine in view of their supposed beneficial effects on cognition and mood. Recently, a specific green oat formulation (Neuravena ® ) showed to have significant bioactive compounds potentially associated with the enhancement of processing speed, working memory and attention. The main a...
Article
Background: Constipation has been linked to cognitive impairment development in Parkinson's disease (PD). Objective: Our aim was to analyze cognitive changes observed in PD patients and controls from a Spanish cohort with regards to the presence or not of constipation. Methods: PD patients and controls recruited from 35 centers of Spain from t...
Article
Background: Arithmetic word-problem solving depends on the interaction of several cognitive processes that may be affected early in the disease in gene-mutation carriers for Huntington's disease (HD). Objective: Our goal was to examine the pattern of performance of arithmetic tasks in premanifest and manifest HD, and to examine correlations betw...
Article
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Background and objective: The aim of this study was to compare the progression of independence in activities of daily living (ADL) in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients versus a control group, as well as to identify predictors of disability progression and functional dependency (FD). Patients and methods: PD patients and control subjects, who wer...
Article
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Background Although several progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) phenotypes have recently been described, studies identifying cognitive and neuropsychiatric differences between them are lacking. Methods An extensive battery of cognitive and behavioural assessments was administered to 63 PSP patients, 25 PD patients with similar sociodemographic cha...
Conference Paper
Background SOM3355 (bevantolol hydrochloride), a β1-adrenoceptor blocker used in hypertension, was identified as a vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) inhibitor by artificial intelligence screening, and then selected by in vitro functional studies as the best candidate to be repositioned for treatment of dyskinetic movement disorders, su...
Conference Paper
Background HD is a suitable model to monitor the whole neurodegeneration process. Huntington’s disease (HD) affects primarily the striatum, but loss of white matter (WM) integrity and iron homeostasis disruption have been also described. These anomalies together with metabolite profiles could unveil the pathophysiologic mechanisms involved. Aims T...
Conference Paper
Background While Huntington’s disease (HD) is diagnosed by motor onset, psychiatric disturbances may present years prior to formal diagnosis, bearing a significant burden on daily functioning. However, there is great inter-individual heterogeneity in psychiatric expression and evolution over time. As such, the present study strives to discern longi...
Article
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) allows the quantification of water diffusivity within the cerebral cortex. Alterations in cortical mean diffusivity (MD) have been suggested to reflect microstructural damage. Interestingly, microstructural changes can be detected in the absence of macrostructural alterations such as cortical thinning or gray matter v...
Article
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Dopamine-replacing therapies are an effective treatment for the motor aspects of Parkinson's disease. However, its precise effect over the cognitive resting-state networks is not clear; whether dopaminergic treatment normalizes their functional connectivity-as in other networks- and the links with cognitive decline are presently unknown. We recruit...
Article
Background: Empathy is a multidimensional construct and a key component of social cognition. In Huntington's disease (HD), little is known regarding the phenomenology and the neural correlates of cognitive and affective empathy, and regarding how empathic deficits interact with other behavioral and cognitive manifestations. Objective: To explore...
Article
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Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a chronic progressive and irreversible disease and the second most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide. In Spain, it affects around 120.000–150.000 individuals, and its prevalence is estimated to increase in the future. PD has a great impact on patients’ and caregivers’ lives and also entails a substantial socioec...
Article
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Background and Objective: Non-motor symptoms (NMS) progress in different ways between Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. The aim of the present study was to (1) analyze the change in global NMS burden in a PD cohort after a 2-year follow-up, (2) to compare the changes with a control group, and (3) to identify predictors of global NMS burden progres...
Article
Visual hallucinations (VH) are common in Parkinson’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, two forms of Lewy body disease (LBD), but the neural substrates and mechanisms involved are still unclear. We conducted meta-analyses of voxel-based morphometry (VBM) and neuropsychological studies investigating the neuroanatomical and cognitive correlates o...
Article
Background: Apathy, a common neuropsychiatric disturbance in Huntington's disease (HD), is subserved by a complex neurobiological network. However, no study has yet employed a whole-brain approach to examine underlying regional vulnerabilities that may precipitate apathy changes over time. Objectives: To identify whole-brain gray matter volume (...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: In a degenerative disorder such as Parkinson's disease (PD), it is important to establish clinical stages that allow to know the course of the disease. Our aim was to analyze whether a scale combining Hoehn and Yahr's motor stage (H&Y) and the nonmotor symptoms burden (NMSB) (assessed by the nonmotor symptoms scale (NMSS)) provides i...
Article
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Introduction We aimed to assess associations between multimodal neuroimaging measures of cholinergic basal forebrain (CBF) integrity and cognition in Parkinson’s disease (PD) without dementia. Methods The study included a total of 180 non-demented PD patients and 45 healthy controls, who underwent structural MRI acquisitions and standardized neuro...
Article
Hallucinations in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are disturbing and frequent non-motor symptoms and constitute a major risk factor for psychosis and dementia. We report a robotics-based approach applying conflicting sensorimotor stimulation, enabling the induction of presence hallucinations (PHs) and the characterization of a subgroup of patients with PD...
Article
Background: There is a need for identifying risk factors for hospitalization in Parkinson's disease (PD) and also interventions to reduce acute hospital admission. Objective: To analyze the frequency, causes, and predictors of acute hospitalization (AH) in PD patients from a Spanish cohort. Methods: PD patients recruited from 35 centers of Spa...
Article
Cognitive deficits are common in Parkinson's disease (PD), with some PD patients meeting criteria for mild cognitive impairment (MCI). An unaddressed question is whether linguistic prediction is preserved in PD. This ability is nowadays deemed crucial in achieving fast and efficient comprehension, and it may be negatively impacted by cognitive dete...
Article
Objectives To explore and quantify systematically the ocular abnormal movements present in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) from the early stages, to assess the ability of this standardized examination in the differential diagnosis of PSP from Parkinson’s disease (PD), and to compare in more detail oculomotor disturbances between PSP variants....
Article
Introduction Huntington’s disease is a severe neurodegenerative disorder with no effective treatment. Minimally-invasive biomarkers such as blood neurofilament light chain (NfL) in HD are therefore needed to quantitatively characterize neuronal loss. NfL levels in HD are known to correlate with disease progression and striatal atrophy, but whether...
Article
Full-text available
In Huntington’s disease (HD), irritability and aggressive behavior represent highly prevalent and disabling neuropsychiatric symptoms. However, their structural brain correlates have not been extensively explored. Here, we rated the severity of irritability and aggression (IAs) using the Problem Behaviors Assessment for HD (PBA-s) in 31 early HD pa...
Article
Striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) uptake assessment through I¹²³-Ioflupane Single-Pphoton Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT) provides valuable information about the dopaminergic denervation occurring in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, little is known about the clinical or biological relevance of extrastriatal DAT uptake in PD. Here, from the...
Article
Deep learning (DL) has provided impressive results in numerous domains in recent years, including medical image analysis. Training DL models requires large data sets to yield good performance. Since medical data can be difficult to acquire, most studies rely on public research cohorts, which often have harmonized scanning protocols and strict exclu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cognitive deficits are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD), with some PD patients meeting criteria for mild cognitive impairment (MCI). An unaddressed question is whether linguistic prediction is preserved in PD. This ability is nowadays deemed crucial in achieving fast and efficient comprehension, and it may be negatively impacted by cognitive dete...
Article
Full-text available
Background Chronic levodopa treatment in Parkinson’s disease (PD) may promote undesirable motor and non-motor fluctuations. Compared to chronic oral levodopa treatment, continuous infusion of levodopa/carbidopa intestinal gel (LCIG) in advanced PD reduces motor fluctuations. However, differences in their effect on acute non-motor changes were not f...
Article
Background and purpose Well‐structured hallucinations in Parkinson’s disease (PD) are associated with poor prognosis and dementia. However, the predictive value of minor psychotic phenomena in cognitive deterioration is not well known. Cross‐sectional studies have shown that PD patients with minor hallucinations have more severe cortical atrophy th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To investigate the reliability and validity of Parkinson's Disease-Cognitive Rating Scale (PD-CRS) in Iranian patients with idiopathic PD. Methods: One hundred and eighty patients with PD and 60 age-, gender-, and educational level-matched healthy individuals participated in this study. Inter-rater and test-retest reliability of the Per...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Huntington's disease (HD) is a fatal genetic neurodegenerative disorder with no effective treatment currently available. Progressive basal ganglia and whole-brain atrophy and concurrent cognitive deterioration are prototypical aspects of HD. However, the specific patterns of brain atrophy underlying cognitive impairment of different se...
Article
Full-text available
Background Impulse control disorders (ICD) are a common and disrupting complication of Parkinson’s disease (PD) treatment. Although their relationship with dopaminergic activity is well studied, their brain metabolic correlates are mostly unknown. Methods In this work we studied brain metabolism using brain ¹⁸F-FDG-PET. We performed a case-control...
Article
Full-text available
Background Alzheimeŕs disease (AD)-related pathology is frequently found in patients with dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). However, it is unknown how amyloid-β and tau-related pathologies influence neurodegeneration in DLB. Understanding the mechanisms underlying brain atrophy in DLB can improve our knowledge about disease progression, differential...
Preprint
Full-text available
Hallucinations in Parkinson's disease (PD) are one of the most disturbing non-motor symptoms, affect half of the patients, and constitute a major risk factor for adverse clinical outcomes such as psychosis and dementia. Here we report a robotics-based approach, enabling the induction of a specific clinically-relevant hallucination (presence halluci...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cognitive impairment is an essential feature of Huntington’s disease (HD) and dementia is a predictable outcome in all patients. However, validated instruments to assess global cognitive performance in the field of HD are lacking.Objectives We aimed to explore the utility of the Parkinson’s disease-Cognitive Rating Scale (PD-CRS) for the...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Memory alterations are common in Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients but the mechanisms involved in these deficits remain poorly understood. The study aims to explore the profile of episodic memory deficits in non-demented early PD patients. Methods: We obtained neurological, cognitive and behavioral data from 114 PD patients and 41 he...
Article
Background Impulsivity is an aspect of personality and a major component of multiple neuropsychiatric conditions. In Parkinson’s disease, it has been associated with the expression of impulse control disorders, a highly prevalent non‐motor complication. Even though multiple tests of impulsivity have been used in this context, the impact of test cho...
Article
Introduction Cognitive impairment and dementia are highly prevalent non-motor complications in Parkinson's disease (PD) with deleterious consequences for patients and caregivers. With no treatment currently available, finding and validating minimally-invasive biomarkers of neurodegeneration in this population represents an urgent need for clinical...