Jaime Gallo-Villegas

Jaime Gallo-Villegas
University of Antioquia | UdeA · Deparment of Physiology and Biochemistry

Professor

About

79
Publications
21,801
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
263
Citations
Introduction
Physician, Specialist in Medicine Applied to Physical Activity and Sports, Master in Epidemiology, PhD in Epidemiology. Professor, School of Medicine, University of Antioquia. Director of Knowledge Management Unit, Clinical and Research Center SICOR (Comprehensive Solutions in Cardiovascular Risk and Knowledge).

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Objective The objective of this study is twofold: i) to estimate the normative values for handgrip strength and relative handgrip strength, specific to sex and age, for Colombian children and adolescents from 6 to 17 years of age using quantile regression models and ii) to compare the normative values for handgrip strength and relative handgrip str...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We carried out a randomized, clinical trial in adults of both sexes with metabolic syndrome (MS) to assess the efficacy of high-intensity, low-volume interval training (HIIT) compared to moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on insulin resistance (IR), muscle mass, muscle activation, and serum musclin. Methods Fasting glycemia, ins...
Article
Background: We studied whether musclin function in humans is related to glycemic control, body composition, and cardiorespiratory capacity. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in sedentary adults with or without metabolic syndrome (MS). Serum musclin was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Insulin resistance (IR) was evalua...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción: Las unidades de dolor torácico disminuyen la morbimortalidad de los pacientes con síndrome coronario agudo. No obstante, se desconoce su efectividad en el primer nivel de atención con el apoyo de la telecardiología. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad de las unidades de dolor torácico sobre los tiempos de atención, la concordancia diagn...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of low-volume, high-intensity interval training (HIIT) or moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) on body composition in adults with metabolic syndrome (MS). Methods: This is a post hoc analysis of the randomized clinical trial Intraining-MET. Sixty adults (40-60 years old) were r...
Article
Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety of high-intensity, low-volume interval training (HIIT-low volume) compared with moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT) in adults with metabolic syndrome. Methods: This is a controlled, randomized, clinical trial in patients without history of ischemic heart disease or diab...
Article
Objective: To propose and validate a new method for estimating cardiac output based on the total arterial compliance (Ct) formula that does not need an arterial waveform and to apply it to brachial oscillometric blood pressure measurements (OBPMs). Methods: One hundred subjects with normal heart anatomy and function were included. Reference valu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is a more efficient method to improve exercise capacity than moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) because of its greater physiological stimulus. Objective: The aim of this protocol is to evaluate the efficacy of HIIT on maximal aerobic potency in dogs as compared to MICT. Methods: Th...
Article
Full-text available
El músculo esquelético es un actor emergente en la fisiopatología del síndrome metabólico (SM), a través de la producción de mioquinas como la mionectina. Se ha planteado que la mionectina regula la concentración plasmática y acumulación de lípidos en modelos murinos1, sin embargo, su papel en humanos no está claro y la evidencia a partir de los es...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo. Evaluar la validez predictiva de un método de clasificación funcional (CF) sobre el uso de los servicios de urgencias y hospitalización, mortalidad y costos de la atención en salud en adultos mayores. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo que incluyó 2 168 adultos mayores en un programa de atención de las enfermedades crónicas no tran...
Article
Full-text available
Background The band 9p21.3 contains an established genomic risk zone for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Since the initial 2007 Wellcome Trust Case Control Consortium study (WTCCC), the increased CVD risk associated with 9p21.3 has been confirmed by multiple studies in different continents. However, many years later there was still no confirmed repor...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To calculate the iliopsoas muscle/tendon ratio at 3 levels of arthroscopic iliopsoas tenotomy sites in fresh cadaveric specimens. Methods An anatomic study design was performed using 16 iliopsoas musculotendinous units from the level of the hip joint to their insertion on the lesser trochanter. All specimens came from 16 fresh cadaveric sp...
Article
Full-text available
Exercise improves quality of life in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS). However, some people may not benefit because do not to meet the recommended amounts of exercise. The most argued reasons for that are lack of time and poor enjoyment. PURPOSE: to evaluate the efficacy of high-intensity interval training low-volume (HIIT-low volume) compare...
Article
Resumen Objetivo Establecer la prevalencia de lesiones del labrum y el cartílago articular de la cadera en futbolistas profesionales asintomáticos y explorar la asociación con hallazgos en las pruebas de imagen de choque femoroacetabular (CFA). Métodos Estudio de corte transversal que evaluó por imagen de resonancia magnética en 3 tesla (IRM 3 T)...
Article
Background: Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) is a direct measure of aortic stiffness used in the stratification of cardiovascular risk. Its clinical application in Latin America has been limited by the absence of reference values. The objective of this study was to establish PWV reference values among adults referred to a specialized cardi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although biochemical markers have been used to monitor training loads (TL), it is unknown if they can be used to predict muscle injuries (MI) in professional football (soccer) players (PFP). Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between the incidence of MI, serum concentration of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) and urea, as well as TL i...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of an integral model of ambulatory treatment in patients who presented an acute coronary syndrome. Methods: An economic evaluation was made from a quasi-experimental intervention study, which included 442 patients aged 30 to 70 years who presented an acute coronary syndrome. The intervention group (n...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Evidence of the efficacy of high-intensity, low-volume interval training (HIIT-low volume) in treating insulin resistance (IR) in patients with metabolic disorders is contradictory. In addition, it is unknown whether this effect is mediated through muscle endocrine function, which in turn depends on muscle mass and fiber type compositi...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo: evaluar a corto plazo el efecto de un programa integral de prevención cardiovascular guiado por el riesgo de aterosclerosis sobre la edad vascular y factores de riesgo mayores. Métodos: estudio de intervención cuasi-experimental que incluyó 190 pacientes con múltiples comorbilidades y dos o más factores de riesgo cardiovascular, entre 201...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this cadaveric study was to assess the relation between age and microvascular supply of 3 areas of the gluteus medius tendon using a previously validated CD31 immunohistochemistry staining technique. Methods: Twenty-four fresh-frozen gluteus medius specimens were obtained through a posterolateral approach to the hip. Spec...
Article
Full-text available
La hipertensión ortostática ha sido un diagnóstico elusivo en la práctica clínica por la falta de estudio respecto a su fisiopatología y epidemiología. De esa manera, el abordaje clínico no ha sido expedito para su diagnóstico y tratamiento, así que las causas primarias pueden pasar inadvertidas y sin tratamiento. Se expone el caso clínico de una p...
Article
To decide the training for an athlete, it is essential to determine if he/she has a powerful or endurance profile, based on valid and simple measurements. This work describes how to classify athletes as powerful or endurance based on their performance on field physical tests, via clusters analysis, and measures the influence of skeletal muscle fibr...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between force and the velocity at which a load can be moved is known as force-velocity (F-V) curve. Methods that control strength training intensity based on F-V curves have been proposed. However, F-V curves available were built for a specific European population. Moreover, those curves need to be revisited since they ignored one...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although the benefits of exercise and changes in lifestyle on components of the metabolic syndrome (MS) have been described, little is known about the effect of dancing and nutritional changes on the cardiovascular system. Objective: Evaluate the effect of an intervention based on dancing and nutrition education on hemodynamic and auton...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To evaluate the effect of a care program designed according to a comprehensive ambulatory care model (CACM) on the appearance of new cardiovascular/coronary events in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Methods: Participants in this quasi-experimental intervention study included acute coronary syndrome patients 30-70 years old. The...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Although the grade of fusion of the left distal radial epiphysis (LDRE) observed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been linked to chronological age (CA), its relationship to Tanner stage of the genitals in the Latin American population is unknown. Objective To evaluate the relationship of CA and sexual maturity with skeletal mat...
Article
Full-text available
Antecedentes: Aunque las unidades de dolor torácico (UDT) permiten la estratificación y atención apropiada de los pacientes con dolor de pecho, en Colombia el desarrollo e implementación sistemática y estandarizada de este proceso de atención es escaso. Objetivo: Evaluar el impacto clínico y la seguridad del proceso de atención de una UDT en pacien...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluate the effect of an intervention with rumba dance and nutrition education on the cardiovascular risk factors in a group of people with metabolic syndrome in a rural area of Colombia. Controlled, randomized clinical trial that included 59 people between 30 and 60 years of age with metabolic syndrome. The intervention group (n = 30) participate...
Article
Full-text available
Objetivo. Evaluar el efecto de una intervención de rumba y educación nutricional sobre los factores de riesgo cardiovascular en un grupo de personas con síndrome metabólico de un área rural de Colombia. Métodos. Ensayo clínico controlado con asignación aleatoria, que incluyó 59 personas entre 30 y 60 años con síndrome metabólico. El grupo de interv...
Article
Full-text available
There are no studies to date about the vascularisation into the gluteus medius tendon. The purpose of this study was to define the microvessel density of the gluteus medius in 3 zones through a special staining with CD31 and to identify regional differences in microvascular density that may have implications for the healing. We obtained 12 complete...
Article
Objective: compare postoperative pain in patients undergoing hip arthroscopy with the inside-out technique compared to outside-in technique. Methods: a prospective study was conducted on postoperative pain in a group of patients (n = 31) who underwent hip arthroscopy by outside-in technique, which were compared with patients (n = 31) who received t...
Article
La prueba de esfuerzo electrocardiográfica evalúa los ajustes fisiológicos en respuesta a un aumento en el metabolismo; además, permite establecer el diagnóstico y pronóstico de diferentes enfermedades cardiovasculares. Esta prueba continúa siendo el método diagnóstico de más fácil acceso y menos costoso para la evaluación inicial de pacientes con...
Article
Introduction Nutritional disorders in childhood may cause a decline in motor abilities and increased morbidity and mortality in adulthood. Objective To assess the association between nutritional status and motor abilities. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study was performed that included 12,872 children aged between 6 and 18 years who und...
Article
Objetivo: evaluar la frecuencia de manifestaciones tempranas del síndrome de sobre-entrenamiento (SSE) en deportistas antioqueños en el período precompetitivo antes de los Juegos Nacionales, Colombia 2012. Materiales y métodos: con el cuestionario de la Sociedad Francesa de Medicina del Deporte (SMFS) se hizo un estudio transversal de 153 deportis...
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the anatomical and functional characteristics with therapeutic failure in patients with femoroacetabular impingement, who underwent hip arthroscopy. A cohort study was performed on 179 patients with femoroacetabular impingement who underwent hip arthroscopy between 2004 and 2012. The demograp...
Article
Full-text available
Context: Epidemiological studies have shown a progressive increase in insulin resistance (IR) accompanying body weight gain and blood pressure (BP) increase. This has led to the consideration that hemodynamic effects of IR might depend on its relationship with body mass index (BMI) and BP. Objective: The aim of our study was to determine whether...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Although it is recognized that there are structural and functional cardiac adaptations in power athletes and endurance athletes, it is unknown if there are cardiovascular differences among the soccer players according to their metabolic characteristics. Objective To compare the hemodynamic and autonomic responses to sympathetic stimul...
Article
Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of the anatomical and functional characteristics with therapeutic failure in patients with femoroacetabular impingement, who underwent hip arthroscopy. Materials and methods A cohort study was performed on 179 patients with femoroacetabular impingement who underwent hip arthroscopy be...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To determine the frequency of early clinical symptoms of the overtraining syndrome (OTS), in Antioquia´s athletes in the pre-competitive period prior to the Na-tional Sports Games, Colombia 2012. Materials and methods: The Sports Medicine French Society (SMFS) questionnaire was administered to 153 highly trained athletes, belonging to...
Article
Full-text available
Nutritional disorders in childhood may cause a decline in motor abilities and increased morbidity and mortality in adulthood. To assess the association between nutritional status and motor abilities. A cross-sectional study was performed that included 12,872 children aged between 6 and 18years who underwent a clinical evaluation and various physica...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction An abnormal pattern of neuromuscular pre-activation during side-cutting maneuvers has been associated with anterior cruciate ligament injuries. However, it is not known if this neuromuscular pattern is associated with postural and anatomical alterations. Objective To describe the frequency of abnormal neuromuscular patterns during sid...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN Introducción: el síndrome metabólico (SM) es una condición clínica que aumenta el riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular y se relaciona con resistencia a la insulina (RI). Aunque los consensos establecen la necesidad de puntos de corte específicos del perímetro de la cintura (PC) para cada país, con el fin de identificar sujetos con SM, en Col...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the psoas tendon regenerates after arthroscopic tenotomy through the central compartment of the hip in patients with internal snapping hip. Twenty-seven patients with a snapping hip, aged 18 to 54 years (mean, 37.47 years), underwent arthroscopic tenotomy through the central compartment of the hip;...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: the metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clinical condition that increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and is associated with insulin resistance (IR). Although consensus establish the need of specific cut points of waist circumference (WC) for each country in order to identify subjects with MS, these have not been defined in Colombia....
Article
Previous research has demonstrated an association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and muscle mass; however, no studies have shown any relationship with a particular segment of the body, which would be more useful in clinical settings. To investigate the association between muscle development of different segments of the body and presence of the...
Article
Full-text available
Internal snapping hip is a syndrome caused by an abnormal motion of iliopsoas tendon on the femoral head. This phenomenon asymptomatically occurs in 5-10 % of general population. Nevertheless, sometimes it may be symptomatic accompanied by functional limitation and pain in the affected hip. The diagnosis is clinical, but radiological imaging help r...
Article
Full-text available
Impedance cardiography (ICG) represents a non-invasive method for hemodynamic assessment in a beat-to-beat basis. Since its introduction more than forty years ago, a renewed interest in the use of this technique during the last decade has been noticed, mainly as a result of a series of clinical studies showing its precision in the estimation of str...
Article
Full-text available
La cardiografía de impendancia (CGI) representa un método no invasivo para la evaluación del estado hemodinámico latido a latido. Aunque se introdujo por primera vez hace más de 40 años, la CGI ha mostrado un resurgimiento en la última década, a partir de una serie de estudios clínicos que han demostrado su precisión en la estimación del volumen la...
Article
Full-text available
La rehabilitación cardiaca basada en ejercicio es una estrategia de tratamiento para los pacientes con falla cardiaca. En la actualidad hay controversia sobre su efecto en parámetros centrales y hemodinámicos de la función ventricular. Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de un programa de rehabilitación cardiaca basada en ejercicio sobre la capacidad físic...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation is a strategy treatment in patients with heart failure. Currently there is controversy about its effect on central and hemodynamic parameters of ventricular function. Objective: to evaluate the effect of an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program on physical capacity, cardiac function and qual...