Jae A. Puckett

Jae A. Puckett
Michigan State University | MSU · Department of Psychology

Ph.D. Clinical Psychology

About

51
Publications
22,766
Reads
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1,354
Citations
Introduction
I am an Assistant Professor in the Ecological - Community Psychology program at Michigan State University. I use qualitative, quantitative, mixed-methods, and community-based approaches to understand the mechanisms and processes that underlie the production of health disparities that exist for transgender and gender diverse communities.
Additional affiliations
August 2018 - present
Michigan State University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2015 - May 2018
University of South Dakota
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2014 - August 2015
Northwestern University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction With Trump’s presidency came a rise in the oppression of transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people, as the nation witnessed a removal of protections for TGD people. Methods We examined the daily experiences of 181 TGD individuals (ages 16–40, M age = 25.6) through their reflections about daily stressors over the course of 8 weeks (d...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionDespite increased attention to transgender and gender diverse (TGD) issues in psychological literature during the past decade, gaps remain for psychometric validation of TGD-specific measures. Kozee et al. (Psychology of Women Quarterly 36(2):179–196, 2012) addressed such gaps by creating the Transgender Congruence Scale (TCS), measurin...
Article
Abstract Background Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people encounter a range of minority stressors (e.g., harassment, victimization, misgendering) that impact many areas of life. Much of the empirical literature on gender minority stress has utilized frameworks that were developed with a focus on sexual orientation and were often limited to ci...
Article
Background An alarming amount of legislation in the United States has sought to restrict the rights of transgender people, often targeting access to public spaces or restrooms. One example of this legislation is the Texas Privacy Act (Senate Bill 6; 2017), which detailed “regulations and policies for entering or using a bathroom or changing facilit...
Article
Full-text available
Transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people have a variety of ways of embodying their gender. We present preliminary work on The Gender Embodiment Scale for trans masculine individuals as a collaborative product from a trans-identified community-engaged team. This scale provides researchers and clinicians a survey to diversify ways gender is unders...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: When inquiring about the gender of research participants, most studies use self-generated questions about gender or questions prepared by researchers that have been evaluated for comprehension by transgender and gender diverse (TGD) and cisgender individuals. However, many gaps still exist in this area, including identifying how TGD people...
Article
This special series includes four articles that review important considerations for clinical work with gender minorities, including youth and young adults, individuals who are nonbinary, transgender individuals in inpatient or residential care, and transgender individuals recovering from trauma. These articles provide important insights and concret...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We examined types of discrimination encountered by transgender and gender diverse (TGD) individuals and the associations with symptoms of depression and anxiety, as well as the mediating and moderating effects of coping responses. Method: This online study included 695 TGD individuals ages 16 years and over (M = 25.52; standard devia...
Article
Full-text available
Research has generally shown the benefits of social support, such as the buffering effects on life stressors, yet there has been little empirical investigation of different types of support resources for transgender individuals. We examined family support, support from friends, and connectedness to a transgender community and how these forms of sup...
Article
Full-text available
Transgender people are exposed to great amounts of discrimination and violence, but research has yet to fully understand what drives stigma towards this community. In this study, we hypothesized that social dominance orientation would be associated with greater gender minority stigma (i.e., stigmatizing views of transgender people), with this assoc...
Article
One key aspect of evidence-based psychological services is monitoring progress to inform treatment decision making, often using a brief self-report measure. However, no such measure exists to support measurement-based care, given the distinct needs of transgender and gender diverse people (TGD), a group facing large documented health disparities an...
Article
Young male couples are at high risk for acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). However, few HIV prevention programs meet the needs of young male couples that express an interest in how to maintain healthy relationships. As such, we developed 2GETHER, a couple-based program that integrates HIV risk reduction and sexual health information into...
Article
Background: Transgender men who have sex with men (trans MSM) are underrepresented in the behavioral and social sciences literature, especially in research concerning sexual health. The available literature indicates that, in relation to gender affirmation (sometimes called “transition”), some trans men may experience shifts in their sexual attract...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated how sexual minority participants in the United States (N = 217; mean age = 36.36 years) viewed organized religion and their relationships with a higher power. In addition, we examined the associations between levels of outness in religious communities, internalized heterosexism (IH), intrinsic religiosity, and depression. Open-ended...
Article
Full-text available
Minority stress, or the unique stressors encountered by sexual minorities, has a significant impact on the mental health and well-being of this population. One minority stressor, internalized heterosexism, refers to incorporating stigma against sexual minorities into one’s self-concept as a product of social bias. This minority stressor has been co...
Article
Full-text available
Gender-affirming care, including hormone therapy, “top” (e.g., chest reconstruction surgery) and “bottom” (e.g., vaginoplasty, phalloplasty, metoidioplasty, etc.) surgeries, and puberty blockers, is an efficacious treatment of gender dysphoria for transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. However, many TGNC people encounter significa...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals encounter a variety of minority stressors that have yet to be fully articulated or explored within the research literature. The purpose of this study is to better understand internalized stigma—the experience of accepting and internalizing negative social messages and experiences a...
Poster
Full-text available
(1) Introduction/Background: Recent years have seen a rise in legislation that seeks to restrict restroom access for transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. This legislation enforces marginalization of TGNC people and creates a hostile climate towards TGNC individuals, further harming this community. Thus, research is needed to doc...
Poster
Full-text available
(1) Introduction/Background: Transgender individuals report greater mental health issues in comparison to people who are cisgender, including depression, anxiety, and suicidality. These disparities are influenced by the unique, pervasive experiences of minority stress encountered by this population. Research that examines minority stress faced by t...
Article
Full-text available
Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) experience minority stressors that impact their mental health, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors. Internalized homophobia (IH) and perceived stigma represent two of these minority stressors, and there has been limited research empirically validating measures of these constructs. We validated measures of...
Article
Background Internalized homophobia (IH) is the internalization of homophobic attitudes by sexual minorities due to social bias. IH has been inconsistently related to substance use and condomless sex for young men who have sex with men (YMSM). PurposeWe examined negative urgency (the tendency to act impulsively in response to negative emotional expe...
Article
Full-text available
Minority individuals might conceal their identity in social contexts in an effort to avoid stigma and victimization. Unfortunately, identity concealment is thought to impact psychological distress in transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. Thus, through 30 in-depth interviews, we sought to understand if and how identity concealment...
Article
Full-text available
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) individuals experience various minority stressors that account for increased mental health issues in comparison to heterosexuals, including experiences of prejudice (victimization and discrimination), expectations of encountering prejudice, internalized heterosexism, and identity concealment. Even so, some i...
Article
Full-text available
Internalized heterosexism (IH) refers to the internalization of stigma, stereotypes, and negative views of sexual minorities into one’s self concept as a product of social bias. Although substantial research has documented the negative impact of IH on mental health, there is a dearth of research examining variables buffering this association. One c...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual minorities experience greater mental health issues compared with heterosexuals due to minority stressors. This study focused on the impact of victimization and neuroticism on mental health in young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and the mediating role of internalized homophobia (IH). IH refers to when a sexual minority person internalizes...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Transgender and gender-nonconforming (TGNC) individuals often are the target of enacted or external (i.e., distal) experiences of stigma, discrimination, and violence, which are linked to adverse health, particularly psychological distress. There is limited research, however, examining felt or internal (i.e., proximal) stressors faced by T...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Research often erases the distinct experiences of bisexual and queer women through collapsing participants with lesbian or gay women. In addition, queer is often not included as a sexual orientation identity in research, therefore, limiting the available information about how this group experiences minority stress. Given these limitations...
Article
Full-text available
Minority stressors encountered by lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) women are inherently connected to contextual experiences. Although there is a growing body of research on the benefits of gaining political rights and the costs of their denial, little research has focused on the effects of access to LGB-affirmative resources. In the current study w...
Article
Full-text available
Lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth (LGBY) report higher rates of mental health concerns compared to heterosexual youth due to minority stressors. This study examined the interpersonal and intrapersonal variables that predict psychological distress and self-reported suicide attempts in a sample of 61 LGBY in the Mid-South, which is a highly overlooked...
Article
We are more than 30 years into the HIV epidemic, and, although we have made many important scientific advances, there remains much to understand and implement to prevent new infections. The science of HIV prevention, although interdisciplinary, has relied heavily on psychological theories and research methods to address many key questions. In this...
Article
Objectives: To examine the effects of the cumulative victimization experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths on mental disorders. Methods: We recruited 248 participants from the Chicago, Illinois, area in 7 waves of data collected over 4 years, beginning in 2007 (83.1% retention rate). Mean age at enrollment was 18.7 years, a...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: Several studies document a high prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes among transgender people, including higher rates of self-reported suicidal ideation and attempts. For a transgender person choosing to transition, hormonal therapies and surgical procedures help to align their gender presentation with their internal gender id...
Article
The terms butch and femme refer to two gender identities that are rooted in sexual minority women's communities. Butch and femme can be descriptions of gender expressions as well as gender identities. Within this article, the origins of these identities are reviewed, as well as the ways in which they have changed over time. Research on butch and fe...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined therapists’ self-disclosure within early sessions of a naturalistic database of 52 therapy dyads collected at a university counseling center. Therapist orientations and client issues varied. We identified both types and functions of therapist self-disclosure in order to explore how self-disclosures related to therapy alliance an...
Research
Full-text available
Poster presented at the IMPACT LGBTQ Health Conference and conducted in collaboration with Peter Cleary, Kinton Rossman, Michael Newcomb, and Brian Mustanski. For a description of the implications of this research, go to: http://bit.ly/AddressingBarriers And, for a larger version of the poster, click download for a PDF.
Article
Full-text available
Internalized stigma (including internalized homophobia/heterosexism and internalized transphobia/genderism) negatively impacts lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals' mental health and well-being. Early writings framed internalized stigma as a reaction provoked by a susceptibility to external stigma (Weinberg, 197283. Weingberg,...
Article
Full-text available
Internalized heterosexism refers to the development of a negative view of one’s own and others’ sexual minority identities as a product of living within a heterosexist society. Various negative mental health outcomes have been associated with internalized heterosexism (IH), such as anxiety, depression, and suicidality. However, little is known abou...
Article
Full-text available
In the Southern United States, gay family is a term given to constructed social networks formed by mostly African American gay and transgender adolescents and adults in the face of marginalization and rejection from their biological families and religious communities. The current research initiates the study of these fictive kinship structures, in...
Article
Full-text available
Gay families are constructed support networks that gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals of color form, often in response to societal marginalization and rejection from biological families. Research on these family structures has been scarce, with little focus on the experience of African American gay family networks in the South. The current...
Article
Full-text available
Transgender individuals experience violence and discrimination, which, in addition to gender transitioning, are established correlates of psychological distress. In a statewide sample of 350 transgender adults, we investigated whether a history of violence and discrimination increased the odds of reporting lifetime suicidal ideation (SI) and whethe...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual minority individuals face unique stressors because of their sexual identity. We explored associations between parental reactions to children’s coming out, internalized homophobia (IH), social support, and mental health in a sample of 257 sexual minority adults. Path analyses revealed that higher IH and lower social support mediated the assoc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Minority stressors encountered by lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) women are connected to their community context. While research has examined the beneficial impact of political shifts, less research has focused on the overall community valence and access to LGB resources. In this study on LGB women, relations between participants’ co...
Conference Paper
Internalized heterosexism refers to the development of a negative view of one’s own and others’ sexual minority identities as a product of living within a heterosexist society. Various negative mental health outcomes have been associated with internalized heterosexism (IH), however, little is known about the actual processes through which these out...
Chapter
Extant research suggests that there are benefits and positive aspects of LGBTQ identities and relationships. For example, many sexual minorities report increased confidence, more positive self-regard, and greater empathy for others as a result of publicly and openly identifying as LGBTQ. Despite limited conceptualizations of LGBTQ issues within a p...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual minority women were divided into four groups to study their gender identities (butch and femme), and gender expression (traditionally gendered and non-traditionally gendered women who do not identify as butch or femme). Experiences of heterosexist events (discrimination, harassment, threats of violence, victimization, negative emotions assoc...
Article
Full-text available
Rural and urban sexual minority mothers' parenting experiences related to sexual orientation were compared. Participants were 414 mothers in same-sex relationships with at least one child under the age of 18 years living in their home who was planned with their current partner. Rural mothers were more likely to be biological parents and not adoptiv...

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Project (1)
Project
Our overall aims in this study are to provide needed insights into the following: *How location and sociopolitical context relates to mental and physical health and resilience for trans people. *How shifts in policies and political climate relates to shifts in health and resilience for trans people *How trans people experience and embody their resilience and cope with marginalization