Jacqui True

Jacqui True
Monash University (Australia) · School of Social Sciences

PhD

About

129
Publications
91,126
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
3,712
Citations
Introduction
Jacqui True currently directs the Gender, Peace and Security Centre in= the School of Social Sciences, at Monash University (Australia). Jacqui conducts research in International Relations, Peace and Conflict Processes, Gender Analysis and International History and Politics.Among her current projects is 'The political economy of women's participation in peace and security.'
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - November 2015
Monash University (Australia)
Position
  • Professor, ARC Future Fellow
January 2002 - December 2011
University of Auckland
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2000 - December 2001
University of Southern California
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
Full-text available
The Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda and women's participation in peace processes are strongly supported by states. Yet financing to support the implementation of WPS has lagged behind overt international commitments to the agenda. WPS scholars and practitioners have highlighted the funding shortfalls for enabling WPS implementation and conti...
Article
Full-text available
Policy windows emerge through alignment among specific policy problems, political forces, and proposed policy responses. During policy windows, it becomes possible for change to occur, driven by the agenda-setting of policy entrepreneurs. We consider how the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) created a significant policy window. As we do so, we seek to...
Article
Full-text available
Times of crisis are associated with increased violence against women, often with reduced access to support services. COVID-19 is no exception with public health control measures restricting people’s movements and confining many women and children to homes with their abusers. Recognising the safety risks posed by lockdowns the United Nations declare...
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 has disrupted social, economic and political life across the Asia Pacific region, with particularly deleterious impacts on women. Rather than equitably affecting all, COVID-19 has brought about a “patriarchal reset”, exacerbating women’s health and care labour burdens and heightening the physical violence against women and other threats to...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the influence of victim-survivors as change agents through the examination of the case of domestic and family violence advocate Rosie Batty. Utilizing public policy and criminological theories, and drawing from interviews with Batty and policy actors, the article examines the “Batty effect” and the convergence of factors that...
Article
Full-text available
A growing body of scholarship connects the participation of women and the inclusion of gender provisions to the sustainability of peace settlements. But how do women's groups navigate gender power structures and gendered forms of violence within complex and fragile political bargaining processes aimed at ending large-scale conflict? The 2016 Colomb...
Article
Full-text available
Gender intersects as a major fault-line in increasingly polarized, contemporary global politics. Many democratic states in the global North and South have adopted pro-gender norms in their foreign policies, while other states and populist regimes have resisted the promotion of gender equality and women's rights. This article analyses how political...
Article
Full-text available
Violent extremism and acts of terrorism are a major threat to peace and security globally. To date though the gender dynamics of support for, participation in, and prevention of violent extremism have been largely neglected by psychology, sociology, and political science scholars. Drawing on field research in Indonesia where the threat of violent e...
Technical Report
Full-text available
JOINT BRIEF SERIES: NEW INSIGHTS ON WOMEN, PEACE AND SECURITY (WPS) FOR THE NEXT DECADE On 31 October 2000, the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. Several other resolutions followed, which together constitute the normative framework for the Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda. This brief series was initia...
Article
Full-text available
Consistent with the country’s campaign for the Security Council seat, which focused on “Investing in Peace”, in its first presidency in May 2019 Indonesia oversaw the adoption of four resolutions on UN peace operations and issued the first presidential statement aimed at strengthening the training and capacity of peacekeepers. Notably, in its seco...
Article
Full-text available
Indonesia is the largest UN peacekeeping troop contributor among the 15 Security Council members, with a total of 2840 personnel including 158 female peacekeepers. The country is committed to growing its contribution to UN peace operations and is among the top 10 countries that pledged to contribute 4000 personnel in various UN peacekeeping mission...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This Report presents the findings from two surveys conducted by the Queensland Domestic Violence Services Networkover a ten-day period in April (15 April to 24 April) and a two-week period in May 2020 (8 May to 22 May). The surveys sought to capture the professional views and experiences of practitioners responding to women experiencing violence du...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The COVID-19 global health pandemic has increased women’s vulnerability to all forms of gender-based violence. Australia, like many other countries worldwide, entered into a period of government directed lockdowns in the first weeks of March 2020 including stay-at-home orders and movement restrictions. With more people confined to their homes to re...
Article
Full-text available
The gender dimension of violent extremism is under-studied; and “women terrorists” are stereotyped as either men’s dupes or (internet) warriors. Applying a gender lens, this study uses content analysis to examine Islamist extremist websites in Indonesia. Analysis reveals distinct recruitment language targeted at women and men, and rigid gender segr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a framework for explicitly linking feminist analysis of global political economy and feminist analysis of war/peace through the concept of ‘gendered circuits of violence.’ The framework connects the gendered economics of peace and war through analyses of standard policy mechanisms promoted by International Financial Institutions...
Article
Full-text available
What does world peace mean? Peace is more than the absence and prevention of war, whether international or civil, yet most of our ways of conceptualizing and measuring peace amount to just that definition. In this essay, as part of the roundtable “World Peace (And How We Can Achieve It),” I argue that any vision of world peace must grapple not only...
Article
Full-text available
This article seeks to explain the rise of pro-gender norms and feminist strategies in foreign policy, which are increasingly salient in global politics. How can this trend be theorized? In what ways is this development resisted and contested by other states and international actors? To what extent can we trace continuity and change in regard to gen...
Article
Drawing on depletion through social reproduction and political economy of violence against women (PEVAW) approaches, we show how the context of violence intensifies the depletion of women’s lives as they labor to meet their household needs; and how this depletion heightens their vulnerability to violence in conflict-affected contexts and inhibits t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Drawing on depletion through social reproduction (DSR) and political economy of violence against women (PEVAW) approaches, we show how the context of violence intensifies the depletion of women's lives as they labor to meet their household needs; and how this depletion heightens their vulnerability to violence in conflict-affected contexts and inhi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Gender researchers have highlighted the role of transnational feminist networks across the twentieth century in the international diffusion of the suffrage, gender quotas, gender mainstreaming institutions and anti-violence against women norms. By contrast with conventional analysis, they have studied the diffusion of norms and policies as a dynami...
Article
Full-text available
‘Women, Peace and Security’ (WPS) is not just any normative agenda: everyone wants a piece of it. WPS is characterized by unprecedented recognition by states at the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) and the presence of multiple stakeholders, including its own transnational NGO network focused on the first Resolution, 1325. The high degree of p...
Article
Full-text available
Female foreign fighters and the need for a gendered approach to countering violent extremism
Article
Full-text available
The presence of gender provisions in peace agreements affects women’s participation in post-conflict societies as well as the chances that a post-conflict society will move towards gender equality. While there is an overall upward trend in the number of references to women’s rights and gender equality in peace agreements, gender-sensitive agreement...
Chapter
Full-text available
Feminist conceptualizations of global violence are less partial and more encompassing of all forms of harm, exploring the connections between micro and macro level violence through a gender lens. Understanding violence against women, its causes and its consequences in a global context has never been more important given our crisis-prone world chara...
Book
Two decades ago, V. Spike Peterson published a book titled Gendered States in which she asked, what difference does gender make in international relations and the construction of the sovereign state system? In the intervening years, a wealth of feminist scholarship has responded to her question, but in doing so, has looked past the nation state to...
Book
The Oxford Handbook on Women, Peace, and Security examines the significant and evolving international Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda, which scholars and practitioners have together contributed to advancing over almost two decades. Fifteen years since the passage of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000), the WPS agenda has...
Chapter
Women’s economic participation and empowerment are submerged within the Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) agenda, yet both are crucial to the success of its core goal to bring gender equal and lasting peace. Relief and Recovery (R&R) is the one of four pillars of the WPS agenda that most strongly aligns with the goal of economic empowerment. Among a...
Chapter
The Women, Peace, and Security agenda (WPS) stands at a juncture with significant potential to prevent conflicts, protect human rights, and promote recovery from conflict but inadequate progress and institutional resistance to meeting the commitments enshrined in UNSCR 1325. The chapter builds on feminist constructivist theories of normative change...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines international relations feminism from the emergence of women’s peace pragmatism during WWI to the development of the UN Women, Peace and Security (WPS) agenda a century later. We argue that rather than feminism being a recent development in the field of international relations, it is international relations that has come late to...
Article
Full-text available
Reparative measures for conflict-related sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) attend to the practical needs of victims while also addressing the long-term structural conditions that led to the violence and often endure after conflict. Over the last decade, transitional justice has sought to address high levels of impunity for SGBV, while also ad...
Article
In the wake of the 2008 financial crisis, political scientists have been paying more careful attention to the role of banking institutions as economic but also political institutions whose financial decisions involve the exercise of power and shape the conditions under which governmental decisions are made. Because the United States is still the wo...
Article
Full-text available
‘Brexit’ was a watershed moment. It has made visible the major faultlines and fissures that underlie the so-called ‘United Kingdom’ (UK) and our increasingly globalized world. But the precise nature of those faultlines and fissures requires multiple strands of critical analysis and interpretation. To date, most analyses have highlighted the socio-e...
Article
Full-text available
Theories of international norm diffusion rely on accounts of entrepreneurial action almost exclusively identified as normative non-state actors who persuade powerful states to change their behaviour. We argue that powerful state agents can (also) be moral norm entrepreneurs and explicate the foreign policy acts that make them significant agents of...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we explore the relationship between pre-existing patterns of gender inequality and the occurrence of widespread and systematic sexual and gender based violence (SGBV). We ask three questions: What do we know about the status of gender inequality in high-risk situations prior to the outbreak of atrocities (which include SGBV)? What c...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars, states and international organizations have begun to systematically count, document and compare sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) in conflict-affected countries. Qualitative and quantitative studies point to a “tip of the iceberg” phenomenon, where there is a high prevalence but low level of actual reporting of SGBV. We investigate...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter reconceptualises global violence and security through a feminist political economy framework. Violence and insecurity is intimately related to unequal political and economic power. However, the ‘continuum of violence’ is obscured by masculinist norms of security within gendered structures of political economy especially the division of...
Article
Full-text available
Most studies of the gendered impact of conflict focus on sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) atrocities committed in high-intensity conflict environments. In contrast, this article focuses on the patterns of SGBV in Mindanao, Philippines – an environment of protracted low-intensity conflict within a fragile state. We examine the current Mindana...
Article
Full-text available
The United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 (2000) is the most significant international normative framework addressing the gender-specific impacts of conflict on women and girls including protection against sexual and gender-based violence, promoting women’s participation in peace and security and supporting their roles as peace builders i...
Article
Full-text available
Why are women so vulnerable to violence and death as a result of disaster compared with men? This article investigates how global environmental forces in the form of natural disasters from floods, droughts and famines to earthquakes, tsunamis and hurricanes affect women and men differently. Disasters are known to have direct and indirect impacts on...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The objective of this report is to present an analysis of women’s inclusion distilled from the larger “Broadening Participation” research project to date, in order to provide UN Women (and other organizations studying women’s inclusion) with direct comparative evidence on women’s influence in previous cases of peace processes since the 1990s.
Article
Full-text available
Over the past decade, significant global attention has been paid to the issue of ‘widespread and systematic’ sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). To contribute to the prevention of SGBV, researchers have examined the relationship between the presence of armed conflict and the causes of SGBV. Much of this causal literature has focused on the ind...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter
Since the 1998 Rome Statute recognised widespread and systematic acts of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV) as an act of genocide, a war crime and crime against humanity, the last decade has seen historic recognition that egregious acts of sexual violence merit international political and legal attention (UN General Assembly, 1998). Notably, t...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars have recently claimed that global violence-defined largely as homicide and casualties from war-is in steep decline. However, research dedicated to using data to prove the decline of violence, in particular Steven Pinker's book, The Better Angels of Our Nature, almost completely neglects evidence of gendered violence within and across state...
Article
Full-text available
A photo depicting Russian President Vladimir Putin in chivalrous fashion, placing his coat around the shoulders of China's first lady at an Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) dinner made headline news around the world in November 2014 (Allen-Ebrahimian 2014). Surely this is not the serious stuff of international politics, IR colleagues commen...
Article
Full-text available
From the World Bank's ‘gender equality is smart economics’ to The Economist's ‘womenomics’ and Nike's ‘girl effect’, feminism seems to have well and truly penetrated the business world. Government action on behalf of gender equality is well institutionalized but private corporations appear as a new actor in this cause. This article asks: What do bu...
Article
Full-text available
The important and crucial question of the relationship between women's poor access to productive resources such as land, property, income, employment, technology, credit, and education, and their likelihood of experiencing gender based violence and abuse is discussed. The role played by global processes such as neoliberal economic policies, armed c...
Article
Full-text available
What is the ‘Women, Peace and Security agenda’ and why is it relevant now for Australia? During 2013–14, Australia is a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and, with a growing foreign military, peacebuilding and aid presence around the world, the country must play a role in preventing conflict, in protecting women and girls...
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
In his 2010 report on women’s participation in peacekeeping and peacebuilding, the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon stated that ‘ensuring women’s participation in [peacekeeping] and peacebuilding is not only a matter of women and girl’s rights. Women are crucial partners in shoring up the two major pillars of lasting peace: economi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Executive Summary: This paper examines current patterns of women's political participation in the four subregions (Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, South Asia and the Pacific Islands) of the Asia-Pacific region (summarised in table 1). Key enablers and obstacles to women's equal participation in formal politics (legislative institutions) and publi...
Article
Full-text available
Violence against women is a major problem in all countries, affecting women in every socio-economic group and at every life stage. Nowhere in the world do women share equal social and economic rights with men or the same access as men to productive resources. Economic globalization and development are creating new challenges for women's rights as w...
Article
Full-text available
The diffusion of international norms and their effects on policy and political behaviour are central research questions in international relations. Informed by constructivism, prevailing models are marked by a crucial tension between a static view of norm content and a dynamic picture of norm adoption and implementation. Observing that norms contin...
Article
Full-text available
True, Jacqui. (2012) Securitizing Feminism or Feminist Security Studies? International Studies Review, doi: 10.1111/j.1468‐2486.2012.01083.x
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the results of the world's largest ever survey of international relations (IR) scholars with an eye to establishing the particularities of the discipline in Australia and New Zealand. The survey covered the areas of teaching, research, the structure of the profession and scholars’ views on foreign policy. From these results, t...
Article
The chapter examines the question of whether there is a relationship between women's poor access to productive resources such as land, property, income, employment, technology, credit, and education, and their likelihood of experiencing gender-based violence and abuse. It begins with a discussion of the feminist political economy method, which seek...
Article
Full-text available
Feminist perspectives on international relations are explicitly and positively normative. Together with feminists in other fields, international relations feminists seek to understand existing gender relations-the dominance of masculinities over femininities-in order to transform how they work at all levels of social, political, and economic life....

Projects

Projects (8)
Project
The overarching aim of this research is to to open up the fields of peace diplomacy and foreign policy analysis for new lines of inquiries by addressing gendered dynamic of diplomacy and foreign policy
Project
Contemporary peace mediation practice and design result in the negotiation of fragile peace settlements that are likely to collapse within five years from the time they are signed. There is empirical evidence that peace is more durable when women participate in peace processes; however, the current structures and institutions of peace mediation make the exclusion of women possible. First, this project aims to interrogate existing boundaries to women’s participation in peace processes and identify reasons for the failure of peace mediation to address the gendered foundations and impacts of conflict. Second, the project will identify practical mechanisms and generalisable lessons from women’s mediation networks, and national and grassroots based women mediators to inform and transform high-level mediation processes. The objective is to generate an evidence base for rethinking peace mediation design and practice at the international level.
Project
In 2019 the United Nations reported that ‘home’ is the most dangerous place for women and children. With more people staying at home to reduce the community spread of COVID-19, there is a greater risk of violence against women and children. The pandemic is making help seeking even harder with disrupted support services and in some cases limited access to communication technology. This research will help us to understand women’s experiences of violence and help-seeking under the COVID-19 restrictions as well as the impact on health and social care workers who provide support during this time. We will share the results widely to help governments and other organisations understand what women experiencing violence need now and to prepare for the future.