Jacques-Donald Tournier

Jacques-Donald Tournier
King's College London | KCL · Department of Biomedical Engineering

Ba, MSci, PhD

About

186
Publications
45,770
Reads
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17,061
Citations
Citations since 2016
100 Research Items
13442 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
Additional affiliations
October 2013 - present
King's College London
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2005 - September 2013
The Florey Institute of Neuroscience and Mental Health
Position
  • Research Associate
April 2003 - September 2005
University College London
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
October 1999 - April 2003
University College London
Field of study
  • Diffusion Tensor Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Fibre Tractography in the Brain
October 1998 - June 1999
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Physics
October 1995 - June 1999
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Natural Sciences (Physics)

Publications

Publications (186)
Preprint
Full-text available
The development of connectivity between the thalamus and maturing cortex is a fundamental process in the second half of human gestation, establishing the neural circuits that are the basis for several important brain functions. In this study, we acquired high-resolution in utero diffusion MRI from 140 fetuses as part of the Developing Human Connect...
Article
Full-text available
Children with Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental impairments. The neonatal antecedents of impaired behavioural development are unknown. 43 infants with CHD underwent presurgical brain diffusion-weighted MRI [postmenstrual age at scan median (IQR) = 39.29 (38.71–39.71) weeks] and a follow-up assessment at medi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Increasing lines of evidence suggest deviations from the normal early developmental trajectory could give rise to the onset of schizophrenia during adolescence and young adulthood, but few studies have investigated brain imaging changes associated with schizophrenia common variants in neonates. This study compared the brain volumes of both grey and...
Article
Full-text available
Maternal prenatal depression is associated with increased likelihood of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions in offspring. The relationship between maternal depression and offspring outcome may be mediated by in-utero changes in brain development. Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have enabled in vivo investigations of ne...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberous sclerosis complex is a rare genetic multisystem condition that is associated with a high prevalence of neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. The underlying neural mechanisms of the emergence of these symptom domains in tuberous sclerosis complex remain unclear. Here, we use fixel-based an...
Article
Full-text available
In the mature brain, structural and functional ‘fingerprints’ of brain connectivity can be used to identify the uniqueness of an individual. However, whether the characteristics that make a given brain distinguishable from others already exist at birth remains unknown. Here, we used neuroimaging data from the developing Human Connectome Project (dH...
Article
Full-text available
The Developing Human Connectome Project has created a large open science resource which provides researchers with data for investigating typical and atypical brain development across the perinatal period. It has collected 1228 multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain datasets from 1173 fetal and/or neonatal participants, together with coll...
Article
The development of perinatal brain connectivity underpins motor, cognitive and behavioural abilities in later life. Diffusion MRI allows the characterisation of subtle inter-individual differences in structural brain connectivity. Individual brain connectivity maps (connectomes) are by nature high in dimensionality and complex to interpret. Machine...
Preprint
Full-text available
Maternal prenatal depression is associated with increased likelihood of neurodevelopmental and psychiatric conditions in offspring. The relationship between maternal depression and offspring outcome may be mediated by in-utero changes in brain development. Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have enabled in vivo investigations of ne...
Article
MRI scanner and sequence imperfections and advances in reconstruction and imaging techniques to increase motion robustness can lead to inter-slice intensity variations in Echo Planar Imaging. Leveraging deep convolutional neural networks as universal image filters, we present a data-driven method for the correction of acquisition artefacts that man...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Magnetization transfer (MT) and inhomogeneous MT (ihMT) contrasts are used in MRI to provide information about macromolecular tissue content. In particular, MT is sensitive to macromolecules, and ihMT appears to be specific to myelinated tissue. This study proposes a technique to characterize MT and ihMT properties from a single acquisition...
Article
Introduction The dynamic nature and complexity of the cellular events that take place during the last trimester of pregnancy make the developing cortex particularly vulnerable to perturbations. Abrupt interruption to normal gestation can lead to significant deviations to many of these processes, resulting in atypical trajectory of cortical maturati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Introduction: The dynamic nature and complexity of the cellular events that take place during the last trimester of pregnancy make the developing cortex particularly vulnerable to perturbations. Abrupt interruption to normal gestation can lead to significant deviations to many of these processes, resulting in atypical trajectory of cortical maturat...
Article
Background Childhood infratentorial tumor patients frequently suffer from long-term cognitive deficits. As each constituent of their treatment can lead to neurotoxicity, cascade effects can lead to profound reorganization of the underlying brain network, the so-called ‘connectome’. However, to date, few studies have assessed the relationship betwee...
Article
Full-text available
Structural (also known as anatomical) and diffusion MRI provide complimentary anatomical and microstructural characterization of early brain maturation. However, the existing models of the developing brain in time include only either structural or diffusion MRI channels. Furthermore, there is a lack of tools for combined analysis of structural and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
While the Fixel-Based Analysis (FBA) framework provides familywise error control across a whole-brain template accounting for the presence of crossing fibres in the white matter, its typical usage fails to correct for multiple hypothesis tests due to the utilisation of multiple quantitative metrics. We demonstrate different methods that can be empl...
Article
Full-text available
Significance This work uses state-of-the-art acquisition and analysis methods developed specifically for fetal MRI to delineate the developing brain’s association, projection, and callosal white matter pathways. We describe unique, heterogenous maturational trajectories for different tracts, suggesting that regionally distinct biological mechanisms...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Multi-tissue constrained spherical deconvolution of diffusion MRI data yields white matter fibre orientation distributions, from which a quantitative metric of apparent fibre density can be obtained. Unlike most other diffusion MRI models, this fibre density metric is directly proportional to the diffusion-weighted signal magnitude, and thus intens...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Magnetization transfer (MT) and inhomogeneous MT (ihMT) contrasts are used in MRI to provide information about macromolecular tissue content. In particular, MT is sensitive to macromolecules and ihMT appears to be specific to myelinated tissue. This study proposes a technique to characterize MT and ihMT properties from a single acquisition...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) studies report altered white matter (WM) development in preterm infants. Neurite orientation dispersion and density imaging (NODDI) metrics provide more realistic estimations of neurite architecture in vivo compared with standard diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics. This study investigated micr...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the mature brain, structural and functional fingerprints of brain connectivity can be used to identify the uniqueness of an individual. However, whether the characteristics that make a given brain distinguishable from others already exist at birth remains unknown. Here, we used neuroimaging data from the developing Human Connectome Project (dHCP...
Preprint
Full-text available
Structural and diffusion MRI provide complimentary anatomical and microstructural characterization of early brain maturation. The existing models of the developing brain in time include only either structural or diffusion channels. Furthermore, there is a lack of tools for combined analysis of structural and diffusion MRI in the same reference spac...
Article
Full-text available
Diffusion MRI offers a unique probe into neural microstructure and connectivity in the developing brain. However, analysis of neonatal brain imaging data is complicated by inevitable subject motion, leading to a series of scattered slices that need to be aligned within and across diffusion-weighted contrasts. Here, we develop a reconstruction metho...
Article
Full-text available
A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-20353-3
Preprint
Full-text available
MRI scanner and sequence imperfections and advances in reconstruction and imaging techniques to increase motion robustness can lead to inter-slice intensity variations in Echo Planar Imaging. Leveraging deep convolutional neural networks as universal image filters, we present a data-driven method for the correction of acquisition artefacts that man...
Article
Full-text available
Prenatal detection of congenital heart disease facilitates the opportunity for potentially life-saving care immediately after the baby is born. Echocardiography is routinely used for screening of morphological malformations, but functional measurements of blood flow are scarcely used in fetal echocardiography due to technical assumptions and issues...
Preprint
Full-text available
The development of perinatal brain connectivity underpins motor, cognitive and behavioural abilities in later life. With the rise of advanced imaging methods such as diffusion MRI, the study of brain connectivity has emerged as an important tool to understand subtle alterations associated with neurodevelopmental conditions. Brain connectivity deriv...
Article
Full-text available
Impaired brain development has been observed in newborns with congenital heart disease (CHD). We performed graph theoretical analyses and network-based statistics (NBS) to assess global brain network topology and identify subnetworks of altered connectivity in infants with CHD prior to cardiac surgery. Fifty-eight infants with critical/serious CHD...
Article
Full-text available
Down syndrome (DS) occurs with triplication of human chromosome 21 and is associated with deviations in cortical development evidenced by simplified gyral appearance and reduced cortical surface area. Radial glia are neuronal and glial progenitors that also create a scaffolding structure essential for migrating neurons to reach cortical targets and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent developments in semi-global tractogram optimisation algorithms have opened the field of diffusion MRI to the possibility of performing quantitative assessment of structural fibre connectivity. The proper application of these methods in neuroscience research has however been limited by a lack of awareness, understanding, or appreciation for t...
Article
BACKGROUND Prelemniscal radiations (Raprl) are composed of different fiber tracts, connecting the brain stem and cerebellum with basal ganglia and cerebral cortex. In Parkinson disease (PD), lesions in Raprl induce improvement of tremor, rigidity, and bradykinesia in some patients, while others show improvement of only 1 or 2 symptoms, suggesting d...
Article
Full-text available
Diffusion MRI has the potential to provide important information about the connectivity and microstructure of the human brain during normal and abnormal development, noninvasively and in vivo. Recent developments in MRI hardware and reconstruction methods now permit the acquisition of large amounts of data within relatively short scan times. This m...
Article
Full-text available
Cross-scanner and cross-protocol variability of diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) data are known to be major obstacles in multi-site clinical studies since they limit the ability to aggregate dMRI data and derived measures. Computational algorithms that harmonize the data and minimize such variability are critical to reliably combine data...
Chapter
In multi-channel (MC) registration, fusion of structural and diffusion brain MRI provides information on both cortex and white matter (WM) structures thus decreasing the uncertainty of deformation fields. However, the existing solutions employ only diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) derived metrics which are limited by inconsistencies in fiber-crossing...
Article
Full-text available
Preterm-born children are at increased risk of lifelong neurodevelopmental difficulties. Group-wise analyses of magnetic resonance imaging show many differences between preterm- and term-born infants but do not reliably predict neurocognitive prognosis for individual infants. This might be due to the unrecognized heterogeneity of cerebral injury wi...
Chapter
Diffusion MRI can probe neural fiber orientations through an in vivo measurement of water diffusion on a subvoxel scale, ultimately enabling tracking structural connections in the brain. This chapter introduces the principles behind resolving fiber orientations in diffusion MRI and provides an overview of the models and techniques that have advance...
Article
Full-text available
Probing microstructure with diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (dMRI) on a scale orders of magnitude below the imaging resolution relies on biophysical modelling of the signal response in the tissue. The vast majority of these biophysical models of diffusion in white matter assume that the measured dMRI signal is the sum of the signals emanating...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Disruption to white matter pathways is an important contributor to the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Fixel-based analysis has recently emerged as a useful fiber-specific tool for examining white matter structure. In this longitudinal study, we used Fixel-based analysis to investigate white matter changes occurring over time in...
Article
We present a novel method for higher order reconstruction of fetal diffusion MRI signal that enables detection of fiber crossings. We combine data-driven motion and intensity correction with super-resolution reconstruction and spherical harmonic parametrisation to reconstruct data scattered in both spatial and angular domains into consistent fetal...
Article
MRtrix3 is an open-source, cross-platform software package for medical image processing, analysis and visualisation, with a particular emphasis on the investigation of the brain using diffusion MRI. It is implemented using a fast, modular and flexible general-purpose code framework for image data access and manipulation, enabling efficient developm...
Preprint
Full-text available
Diffusion MRI has the potential to provide important information about the connectivity and microstructure of the human brain during normal and abnormal development, non-invasively and in vivo. Recent developments in MRI hardware and reconstruction methods now permit the acquisition of large amounts of data within relatively short scan times. This...
Preprint
Purpose: To develop an MRI framework for reconstruction of 4D velocity vector blood flow volumes for visualisation and quantification of circulation in the fetal heart and major vessels. Methods: A novel method of velocity-encoding using multiple non-coplanar stacks of bSSFP phase images was combined with a previous framework for reconstruction of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Diffusion MRI offers a unique probe into neural microstructure and connectivity in the developing brain. However, analysis of neonatal brain imaging data is complicated by inevitable subject motion, leading to a series of scattered slices that need to be aligned within and across diffusion-weighted contrasts. Here, we develop a reconstruction metho...
Chapter
We present a summary of competition results in the multi-shell diffusion MRI harmonisation and enhancement challenge (MUSHAC). MUSHAC is an open competition intended to stimulate the development of computational methods that reduce scanner- and protocol-related variabilities in multi-shell diffusion MRI data across multi-site studies. Twelve differ...
Article
Full-text available
Diffusion MRI (dMRI) studies using the tensor model have identified abnormal white matter development associated with perinatal risk factors in preterm infants studied at term equivalent age (TEA). However, this model is an oversimplification of the underlying neuroanatomy. Fixel-based analysis (FBA) is a novel quantitative framework, which identif...
Article
Full-text available
br/>Background: Preterm birth is associated with increased risk of neuromotor impairment. Rates of major neuromotor impairment (cerebral palsy) have decreased; however, in a large proportion of those who do not develop cerebral palsy impaired neuromotor function is observed and this often has implications for everyday life. The aim of this study wa...
Article
Over the past two decades, diffusion MRI has become an essential tool in neuroimaging investigations. This is due to its sensitivity to the motion of water molecules as they diffuse through the microstructural environment, allowing diffusion MRI to be used as a ‘probe’ of tissue microstructure. Furthermore, this sensitivity is strongly direction-de...
Article
Full-text available
Multicomponent driven equilibrium steady-state observation of T 1 and T 2 (mcDESPOT) aims to quantify the Myelin Water Fraction (MWF) using a two-pool microstructural model. The MWF has been used to track neurodevelopment and neurodegeneration and has been histologically correlated to myelin content. mcDESPOT has a clinically feasible acquisition t...
Preprint
Full-text available
MRtrix3 is an open-source, cross-platform software package for medical image processing, analysis and visualization, with a particular emphasis on the investigation of the brain using diffusion MRI. It is implemented using a fast, modular and flexible general-purpose code framework for image data access and manipulation, enabling efficient developm...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a framework for creating a time-resolved group average template of the developing brain using advanced multi-shell high angular resolution diffusion imaging data, for use in group voxel or fixel-wise analysis, atlas-building, and related applications. This relies on the recently proposed multi-shell multi-tissue constrained spherical de...