Jacques de Maillard

Jacques de Maillard
Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin | UVSQ · Département de Science Politique

PhD Political Science

About

192
Publications
31,361
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
906
Citations
Introduction
Jacques de Maillard is Professor of Political Science at the University of Versailles-Saint-Quentin, Director of the Cesdip (a research centre affiliated to the CNRS, the University of Versailles, CY Paris University and the French ministry of Justice). His interests are in the questions of governance of security, plural policing, police reforms and the comparative study of policing in European countries.
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - present
Institut Universitaire de France
Position
  • Faculty Member
September 2010 - present
Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2005 - August 2010
Université de Rouen
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (192)
Article
Full-text available
Styles of policing are reflected in the methods, decisions and priorities of law enforcement agencies. Based on an ethnographic study of police work in two major French metropolitan areas, this article identifies the styles of policing enforced in France, based on the use of discretionary stop-and-search. Despite nuances due to the variety of units...
Article
Full-text available
As with other parts of the public sector, policing has had to confront the principles and processes attached to new public management. This paper examines the impact of police performance management on the ‘occupational professionalism’ of British policing actors with a particular focus on organisational units concerned with criminal investigation....
Article
This paper examines ‘auxiliary’ police in three European countries and the extent to which they continue to present a pluralisation of public sector policing. Examining findings from existing empirical research, we will argue that despite different origins, systems of governance, formal powers and levels of centralisation, the police auxiliaries in...
Article
Full-text available
Urban security has become a pressing political issue in many European cities. This study seeks to understand why some city governments consider urban security to be a policy priority, whereas others do not. Using data from a recent survey of 2674 city mayors in 28 European countries, we test four hypotheses on factors associated with the prioritiza...
Article
Full-text available
Dans quelle mesure l'usage des instruments quantifiés et le suivi de la performance transforment-ils les modes de gouvernement des polices ? À partir d'une enquête au sein de la Préfecture de police de Paris et du Metropolitan Police Service de Londres, l'article questionne les effets des nouveaux dispositifs néo-managériaux sur deux dimensions de...
Article
Full-text available
The policing of measures to control the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus is a core aspect of the current corona crisis. This article concentrates on differences in policing the corona crisis in France and the Netherlands. There are huge differences in policing the corona crisis between the two jurisdictions: France with a very strict, repressive appr...
Chapter
Since the early 1990s, three issues have progressively become sustained objects of debates within French policy analysis: the causal role of ideas within public action; the relationship between institutions and actors; and how studying public policies reveals both the state and politics. Indeed, this progression mirrors the way specialists based in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Laying the foundation for a more systematic understanding of policy analysis in France, this volume discusses the role of the state and its restructuring, processes of government and governance and state-society relationships and policies as both a process and an outcome.
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the implementation of Compstat-like processes in two large European police organizations: the Metropolitan Police Service in London and the Préfecture de police in Paris. Compstat-like processes are characterized by processes framed by performance indicators and targets, performance assessment sessions, units dedicated to the co...
Book
The goal of the chapter is to study the role of large groups and superordinate group belonging on the level of trust in police, in comparative manner. Their importance is assessed in the context of large cities in France and Germany on a large sample of adolescents by testing theoretical hypotheses on the relationship between ethnicity, religion an...
Book
Full-text available
Cet ouvrage s’attache à un sujet encore trop peu travaillé : la comparaison des polices, ou plus précisément des systèmes de police. Or, comparer permet mieux comprendre les activités policières, en examinant précisément le mélange d’unité et de diversité des types d’organisations, doctrines et stratégies de réformes, relations police-population, m...
Article
Full-text available
Performance management in criminal justice organizations has become a prominent issue in many countries and has faced increasing criticisms by scholars and practitioners. In this regard it is important to examine empirically how performance frameworks work concretely. We do so through the empirical examination of 'performance regimes', that is, the...
Article
Recourse to markets as a political process Healthcare and police reforms during the british Coalition government (2010-2015) This article focuses on the introduction and implementation of market instruments in two policy sectors in England : healthcare and security. Three dimensions are highlighted : outsourcing from the public to the private sect...
Article
Policing styles are reflected in law enforcement agencies' methods, decisions, and priorities. Based on an ethnographic study of police work in two major French metropolitan areas, this article identifies the style of policing enforced in France in light of discretionary identity checks. Even though there are nuances based on the variety of police...
Chapter
The introduction of new public management methods, combined with the growing use of new technologies, has turned quantified indicators into a crucial element of policing in France. Beyond the political/politician use that can be made of such quantitative data, the issue of how they actually influence everyday policing practices and priorities as we...
Article
Compared to the burgeoning literature on the determinants of penal policies in various Western countries, and compared to criminology in general, the comparative study of policing is an underdeveloped area of research. We acknowledge the practical and theoretical difficulties of such an approach, but we defend its main benefits. Studying policing c...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Par Jacques de Maillard, président du groupe de travail Adrien Maret, secrétaire scientifique du groupe de travail ; Matthieu Clouzeau Commissaire Divisionnaire Détaché en qualité de Directeur de la Prévention, de la Sécurité et de la Protection de la Ville de Paris ; Virginie Malochet, chercheure associée au Cesdip Lanna Hollo, Legal Officer, Open...
Chapter
Full-text available
Like many other public administrations, police organizations have always used figures designed to show the efficiency and effectiveness of their services (Wilson, 1963; Lopez, 2007). At all levels of police administration, the use of performance indicators is common currency, both internally (for personnel management) and for communication with ext...
Article
Full-text available
By analysing French and German police stop and search on the streets based on embedded observations in police patrols and findings of a large school survey, this article comparatively questions their determinants. Control practices diverge in their frequency: the German police officers control less proactively than their French counterparts. The ta...
Book
Les politiques publiques constituent une facette centrale de l’activité des gouvernements, que ce soit pour distribuer des revenus, collecter des impôts, conduire une politique extérieure, assurer la sécurité des citoyens, communiquer sur l’action gouvernementale, inciter les acteurs privés ou réguler l’action administrative. Analyser les politiqu...
Article
Full-text available
Logics of checking Policing differences between France and Germany This paper, which is based on direct observation and interviews of police officers and also on questionnaires administered to the public, compares decisions of French and German police officers regarding identity checks and puts them in the context of the respective styles of polic...
Book
Full-text available
This is the fourth volume stemming from the annual doctoral conferences organized by the GERN (Groupement Européen de Recherches sur les Normativités).The GERN is a multidisciplinary consortium of universities, research institutes and scientific researchers in the domain of criminology, deviance and social control. This scientific network of academ...
Article
Full-text available
This paper, which is based on direct observation and interviews of police officers, and also on questionnaires administered to the public, compares decisions of French and German police officers regarding identity checks and puts them in the context of the respective styles of policing. Even though the objectives are similar (fighting crime, assert...
Research
Full-text available
Que ce soit sous l’angle de l’architecture institutionnelle ou sous celui des enjeux d’action, les politiques européennes en matière de sécurité intérieure sont marquées du sceau de l’ambivalence, voire du paradoxe. La souveraineté des Etats freine l’institutionnalisation, ce qui n’empêche pas l’Europe d’être taxée par certains de sécuritarisme. Ce...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article propose une analyse du corps des inspecteurs de sécurité de la Ville de Paris. Malgré la singularité parisienne, marquée traditionnellement par une forte emprise du pouvoir central, la mairie n’en dispose pas moins d’agents emblématiques de la pluralisation du policing. Le présent texte s’intéresse à l’identité dont sont porteurs ces ac...
Article
This article analyses the role of the security guards of the City of Paris. Despite Paris' political uniqueness, traditionally marked by a strong influence of central government, the city employs agents emblematic of the process of pluralisation of policing. The paper focuses on the identity of these actors, the nature of their work and the ways th...
Article
Full-text available
The city of Paris, which epitomises the French tendency towards centralisation, has not escaped the global trend towards a pluralisation of policing. Parisian streets, parks and gardens and social estates are now being patrolled by a variety of uniformed professionals. This article aims to analyse the issues raised by the process of coordinating mu...
Article
Full-text available
At all levels of police management, the use of dashboards and performance indicators is usual, both internally to manage personal and vis-Ã-vis external partners. This text aims to question the effects of the uses of these indicators by taking the example of the French National Police. After having briefly described the modes of operation of police...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the changing public/private as well as central/local relationships for the provision of public security in public places in France. It describes the emergence and development of a now frequent public-private mix in policing, based on the hot issue of regulating social behaviours in public places. The significance of the French m...
Article
Full-text available
Le risque avec les indicateurs de performance est que la définition de l'action policière la plus étroite et la plus descendante s’impose pour satisfaire les demandes politiques les plus immédiates. La facilité avec laquelle les agences pénales peuvent subvertir les données sur lesquelles elles sont évaluées, les dangers de la simplification excess...
Article
Security guards of the city of Paris: in search of legitimacy in order maintenance This article analyses the role of the security guards of the City of Paris. Despite Paris’ political uniqueness, traditionally marked by a strong influence of central government, the city employs agents emblematic of the process of pluralisation of policing. The pape...
Book
Full-text available
This is the third volume stemming from the annual doctoral conferences organizedby the GERN (Groupement Européen de Recherches sur les Normativités). The GERN is a multidisciplinary consortium of universities, research institutes and scientific researchers in the domain of criminology, deviance and social control. This scientific network of academi...
Article
Full-text available
Les indicateurs chiffrés ont pris une importance croissante au sein de la Police Nationale dans un contexte d'introduction du nouveau management public et de recours croissant aux nouvelles technologies. Au-­delà de l'usage politique de ces chiffres, il convient de s'interroger sur leurs effets concrets sur les pratiques et des priorités de la poli...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book contains a selection of papers, which were presented and discussed at the second GERN Doctoral Conference for PhD students, organised by the White Rose Consortium of the Universities of Leeds, Sheffield and York and held in September 2013 at the University of Sheffield, UK. The book is the result of intensive reflection and engagement bet...
Article
Full-text available
De nouveaux métiers, à la charnière entre accompagnement des personnes, médiation et répression, ont émergé depuis une vingtaine d’années. Ces nouveaux métiers contribuent à rendre plus floue la frontière entre police et contrôle social. La question consiste alors à savoir si ces nouveaux agents contribuent effectivement à réguler les espaces colle...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Summer School in Ghent included a combination of courses, given by Joanna Shapland (SheffieldUniversity), Adam Crawford (Leeds University), Jacques de Maillard (Université de Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines/CESDIP) and Paul Ponsaers (Ghent University). Lecturers were asked to develop themes during their lectures that were of common interes...
Article
Full-text available
L'introduction de ce numéro spécial propose de mettre en relation deux approches de l'analyse de la transnationalisation des politiques publiques : les travaux portant sur la diffusion et les transferts, d'un côté, et ceux traitant de la convergence, de l'autre. Il plaide pour une démarche comparative – qualifiée de comparaison trans-nationale – n'...
Book
Full-text available
This book contains a selection of papers, which were presented and discussed at the first GERN Summer School for PhD students held in September 2012 at Ghent University, Belgium. The essays in the book coalesce around four overarching themes: the use and meaning of violence; policing the informal economy and tackling social disorder; methodological...
Article
Convergence, policy transfers and translation Our introduction to this special issue proposes to establish connections between two approaches to the transnationalization of public policies : research on diffusion and policy transfer and those dealing with the issue of convergence. It argues for a comparative approach, which we label "transnational...
Article
Full-text available
Performance management in some form is now a global feature of policing in both developed and developing countries. Under the steer of ‘new public management’, cultures of performance and the instruments of performance management are increasingly a part of the landscape of twenty-first century policing. However, there has been little by way of comp...
Book
Full-text available
Preventing crime possibly consists of a wide array of techniques and practices inspired by various underlying theories of crime and crime reduction. Situational crime prevention (aiming at opportunity reduction) is probably the most widespread model of crime prevention across late modern Europe but also a highly debated one. How about alternative m...
Article
Full-text available
Policing policy in member states of the European Union (EU) increasingly overlaps with the latter's laws and policies, but what causes how national actors set and ‘project’ their respective positions within EU decision-making? Based upon research into the French and British cases in this field over the 2000s and sociological public policy theory, o...
Book
Full-text available
Sous la présidence de Nicolas Sarkozy, le sentiment d'une forte concentration des pouvoirs et d'une action réformatrice sans équivalent a prédominé. Les promesses de changement, voire de rupture, ont-elles été tenues ? A quelles logiques l'action entreprise a-t-elle obéi ? Est-elle si originale que certains le disent ? N'est-elle pas simplement la...
Book
Full-text available
Sous la présidence de Nicolas Sarkozy, le sentiment d'une forte concentration des pouvoirs et d'une action réformatrice sans équivalent a prédominé. Les promesses de changement, voire de rupture, ont-elles été tenues ? A quelles logiques l'action entreprise a-t-elle obéi ? Est-elle si originale que certains le disent ? N'est-elle pas simplement la...
Article
Full-text available
The making of national positions within the European Union: France, the UK and Internal Security This article is centred upon the preparation of national positions defended during European negotiations. This activity has three dimensions: interministerial negotiations, mediations between negotiators situated either in national or the European polit...
Article
Full-text available
Le recours aux comités d’experts par la DG « Justice, Liberté, Sécurité » est marqué par un souci de positionnement institutionnel : ces groupes apparaissent comme une ressource facilitant l’investissement de la Commission dans de nouveaux champs d’intervention ou l’acceptation de propositions par le Conseil, dans un domaine où les Etats membres on...
Article
Full-text available
Expert groups as an uncertain resource. The example of DG “Freedom, Liberty, Security” In an area where member states have so far been prominent, the use of expert committees by DG Justice, Freedom and Security is marked by a concern for institutional positioning : these groups appear as a resource to facilitate involvement in new policy fields or...
Article
Full-text available
L es municipalités se sont progressivement investies dans le domaine de la sécurité publique, en mobilisant différents types de moyens aussi bien humains (agents de police municipale, agents locaux de médiation sociale...) que techniques (système de vidéosurveillance) 1. À tel point qu'aujourd'hui, certains édiles se posent en « patron » de la sécu...
Article
Full-text available
Cet article s’attache aux réformes connues depuis une trentaine d’années par les polices dites de sécurité publique, c’est-à-dire celles en charge de la petite et moyenne délinquance et de la surveillance des espaces publics. Il retrace l’introduction dans les polices occidentales de deux séries de réformes, liées au community policing et à la mana...
Article
Full-text available
Zero tolerance in France This article analyzes transfers of U.S. public policies, focusing specifically on the influence of the New York Police Department’s “zero tolerance policing ” strategy on French crime control policies. An in-depth analysis of major French national newspapers shows undeniable support for this transfer in the media and in pol...
Article
The governance of the major riot that rocked France in 2005 is presented: how actors interacted, negotiated and got into conflict (governmental and non-governmental). By examining the responses elaborated and implemented during the riots, we try to evaluate the capacity to command, plan and communicate by the French national police and the governme...
Article
Full-text available
Francia ha sido afectada por diversos cambios concernientes a las políticas de seguridad durante las dos últimas décadas especialmente en el plano local. Distintas características pueden ser señaladas: la territorialización, el vínculo entre prevención y represión, la contractualización. En este escenario, ha terminado el tradicional monopolio del...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (7)