Jacquelyn K. Nagel

Jacquelyn K. Nagel
James Madison University | JMU · Department of Engineering

Ph.D.

About

90
Publications
65,463
Reads
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867
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - present
James Madison University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (90)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Concept-Knowledge (C-K) theory is a well-established approach for integrating multiple domains of information and facilitating innovation through connection building. For the purposes of evaluating the benefits of using C-K theory and their application to design innovation, students in sophomore engineering are assigned a design project using C...
Article
Full-text available
J o u r n a l o f S T E M E d u c a t i o n V o l u m e 2 1 • I s s u e 1 J a n u a r y-M a y 2 0 2 0 Abstract Undergraduate engineering education must train students to not only solve design challenges that transcend disciplinary boundaries, but also communicate, transfer knowledge, and collaborate across technical and non-technical boundaries. On...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the investigation of a Concept-Knowledge (C-K) theory based approach for generating innovative design solutions in bioinspired design projects. Undergraduate students enrolled in sophomore engineering design courses at both the University of Georgia (UGA) and James Madison University (JMU) completed bioinspired design projects...
Chapter
Every day, engineers are confronted with complex challenges that range from personal to municipal to national needs. The ability for future engineers to work in cross-disciplinary environments will be an essential competency. One approach to achieving this essential competency is teaching biomimicry or bio-inspired design in an engineering curricul...
Article
Background: Challenges today are complex and rapid innovations are required. We instruct a transdisciplinary undergraduate course where engineering, nursing, and pre-professional health students produce tangible innovative solutions to community health challenges using MakerSpace technologies. Students receive evidence-based ethics instruction as p...
Article
Full-text available
Function is a key central concept to the practice of biomimicry. Many published models of the biomimicry process include steps to identify, understand, and translate function of biological systems. Examples include functional modeling, decomposition, or abstraction with tools specifically designed to facilitate such steps. A functional approach to...
Article
Full-text available
Biological systems have evolved over billions of years and cope with changing conditions through the adaptation of morphology, physiology, or behavior. Learning from these adaptations can inspire engineering innovation. Several bio-inspired design tools and methods prescribe the use of analogies, but lack details for the identification and applicat...
Poster
Full-text available
Early collaborations between interdisciplinary maker space courses at James Madison University and Tennessee Technical Institute.
Article
Full-text available
Innovative designs can be limited by the experience and knowledge of the individual designers. These limitations can be combated by integrating knowledge from other fields of study. However the vernacular used by the respective fields creates a gap, which requires a process of facilitated translation to bridge. Specifically, biology is a field that...
Article
Full-text available
The development of additive manufacturing (AM) has led to enormous opportunities for product design and manufacturing. The industrial application of AM, however, remains limited to aerospace, medical, and research arenas. These limitations are largely due to AM’s weaknesses in process speed, surface finish, and the cost of raw materials and equipme...
Article
Full-text available
Background Preparing today’s undergraduate students from science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) and related health professions to solve wide-sweeping healthcare challenges is critical. Moreover, it is imperative that educators help students develop the capabilities needed to meet those challenges, including problem solving, collaboration...
Article
Full-text available
Some active magnetic bearing (AMB) applications require that the mean, or static force exerted by the AMB is zero. Examples include hybrid fluid film - AMB bearing pairings, rotor midspan dampers, and statically indeterminant systems with stiff rotors and more than two radial AMBs. When the position of the rotor relative to magnetic center is not k...
Article
Full-text available
The engineer of 2020 is expected to not only offer technical ingenuity but also adapt to a continuously evolving environment while being able to operate outside the narrow limits of one discipline and be ethically grounded in solving the complex problems of the future. To address the competencies of the future engineer, undergraduate education must...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Engineers in the 21st century can no longer isolate themselves and must be prepared to work across disciplinary, cultural, political, and economic boundaries to meet challenges facing the US and the world. Recently, a greater emphasis is being placed on understanding social, economic and environmental impacts of engineered solutions. Undergraduate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bio-inspired design, or biomimicry, is an approach to innovation that takes nature's time-tested patterns, forms, functions, processes, and materials and uses them to develop engineering solutions. In this project we take inspiration from biological morphologies to develop new forms for semi-recyclable products. Biological systems exhibit multi-fun...
Presentation
Full-text available
Research is an interdisciplinary endeavor, yet the expectation is that students just “know” how to work across disciplines. Multiple courses at James Madison University are using Maker Spaces (studios with 3D printers, laser cutters, and other “making” materials) as a venue for interdisciplinary student research. These courses focus on explicitly t...
Conference Paper
Variable frequency drives (VFD) enable control of the speed of three phase motors which allows the motor to be operated with variable current inputs. This technology can be used in Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC) systems to lower fan operating speeds, reducing energy consumption. The client has expressed a need for a more effective...
Conference Paper
The design of a knee mounted energy harvesting device for USB charging was investigated. With the current longevity issues of lithium batteries in portable electronics and the reliance for consistent access to a standard electrical socket for charging, a need for a portable and sustainable energy source was identified. Human biomechanical energy fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bio-inspired design, or biomimicry, is an approach to innovation by taking nature’s time tested patterns, forms, functions, processes, and materials and using them to develop engineering solutions. In this project we are taking inspiration from biological morphologies to develop new forms for semi-recyclable products. Biological systems exhibit mul...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper outlines the recently reimagined first-year experience at the Department of Engineering at James Madison University (Madison Engineering) that occurred during the academic year of 2014-2015. Specifically, it will discuss the framework of the courses (ENGR 101: Engineering Opportunities & ENGR 112: Engineering Decisions) and activities (E...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Lab exercises have traditionally been a time when students follow a given procedure, collect data, and interpret the data. The highly structured experience often leads to students focusing on the procedure and not fully thinking through the concepts being covered. While labs are fully completed each week, the structured approach does not prepare st...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nature is a powerful resource for engineering designers. The natural world provides numerous cases for analogy and inspiration in engineering design. Transferring the valuable knowledge and inspiration gained from the biology domain to the engineering domain during concept generation is a somewhat disorganized process and relies heavily on the desi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper focuses on the dual-career job search with an eye toward iteratively finding the right fit as a job-seeking couple in engineering education. A review of trends for dual-career couples and dual-career hiring policies underscores the prevalence of dual-earner families. Strategies and resources are outlined for couples with one or more memb...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Systems Analysis course is innovative in three aspects: 1) analysis applied to systems of multiple domains and multidisciplinary systems ; 2) use of pedagogies of engagement; and 3) instruction in qualitative and quantitative analysis. The theories of System Dynamics, Dynamic Systems, and Optimization are woven together with concepts from engin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The junior level circuits and instrumentation course at James Madison University is a 4-credit course with three lectures and one laboratory each week. Fundamentals of DC and AC circuit analysis are covered along with instrumentation topics. The laboratory portion of the course reinforces the concepts learned in lecture and assignments while buildi...
Article
Full-text available
Bio-inspired design, Biomimicry or Biomimetics is a broad methodology that encourages learning from nature to generate innovative, impactful, and responsible solutions to humankind's problems. As an integrative approach it can be used to teach students across the STEaM disciplines problem solving, design, innovation, and sustainability concepts, as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Handicapped children in Haiti typically do not have wheelchairs suitable for their environment and cannot afford one designed for the local conditions. The country's terrain is mainly mountainous, rocky, and muddy. Haiti is currently the poorest country in the western hemisphere, with 80% of the population below the poverty line and an average inco...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Most large turbomachinery use fluid film journal bearings to support the rotor, limit vibrations, and to control potential instabilities. More recently, an alternate bearing technology has come into commercial use: active magnetic bearings. These bearings offer a number of advantages, particularly because they can provide very favorable dynamic pro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bio-inspired design, Biomimicry or Biomimetics is a broad [1] methodology that encourages learning from nature to generate innovative, impactful, and responsible solutions to humankind’s problems. As an integrative approach it can be used to teach students across the STEaM disciplines problem-solving, design, innovation, and sustainability concepts...
Chapter
Full-text available
A "big picture" approach to a systematic, function-based biologically-inspired design is presented in this chapter. The approach supports two different starting, or perhaps motivating, points: a customer need motivated product design or a biological system motivated product opportunity. Both approaches rely on a designer's ability to create a funct...
Chapter
Full-text available
Biological systems provide insight into sustainable and adaptable design, which often leads to designs that are more elegant, efficient, and sustainable. There are, however, significant hurdles to performing bioinspired design. This chapter presents a design tool, the engineering-to-biology thesaurus, that addresses several challenges engineers may...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Designing energy systems that are adaptable and provide undisturbed service in different climate conditions is an essential challenge for sustainable design. This project involves the design and construction of a Climate Adaptable Solar Energy (CASE) System that aims to address the performance reduction due to changing environmental conditions. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This project explores the technical challenge of sustainability as it relates to solar energy production, storage, and consumption. The challenge is addressed through the design of a two-phase renewable energy system that can provide electrical energy during both day and night without the use of chemical batteries. “Phase One” is the conversion of...
Article
Full-text available
Cornerstone design at James Madison University is a two-semester, client-based service learning project. Each year, sophomore engineering students work to design human-powered vehicles for a community member with needs very different from their own as a result of cerebral palsy. This paper provides a reflection of the fifth iteration (2013-2014) of...
Article
Full-text available
This project explores the technical challenge of sustainability as it relates to solar energy production, storage, and consumption. The challenge is addressed through the design of a two-phase renewable energy system that can provide electrical energy during both day and night without the use of chemical batteries. " Phase 1 " is the conversion of...
Article
Full-text available
Sensors are an integral part of many engineered products and systems. Biological inspiration has the potential to improve current sensor designs as well as inspire innovative ones. This paper presents the design of an innovative, biologically-inspired chemical sensor that performs "up-front" processing through mechanical means. Inspiration from the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents research on the use of an engineering-to-biology thesaurus in an engineering classroom as an aid to teaching biomimicry. The leap from engineering to biological science has posed a challenge. Engineers often struggle with how to best use the vast amount of biological information available from the natural world around them. Ofte...
Conference Paper
Our engineering program includes a two-year capstone experience. At the beginning of this experience, students bid into projects by rank ordering first, second, and third choice projects. Students’ decisions for long term commitments, such as selecting a capstone team, use various forms of bounded rationality. When making a choice on which two year...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sensors are an integral part of many engineered products and systems. Biological inspiration has the potential to improve current sensor designs as well as inspire innovative ones. Mimicking nature offers more than just the observable aspects that conjure up engineering solutions performing similar functions, but also less obvious strategic and sus...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a versatile guide and rubric for assessment of engineering design projects throughout an engineering curriculum. The guide is comprised of three key parts: (1) a typical design process-to-semester mapping for capstone projects, (2) a design process rubric applicable to engineering design projects in the curriculum, and (3) a map...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Design is widely considered to be the central or distinguishing activity of engineering practice. To prepare students with a strong engineering design knowledge and skill base, almost all engineering programs integrate a capstone design experience during the senior undergraduate year. Typically, these capstone design experiences last either one or...
Article
Full-text available
Authentic, real-world problem solving is an integral part of the engineering profession. Yet, research suggests that engineering education is primarily focused on well-defined and well-structured problems, which do not provide students the real-world relevance, context, or experience in solving the types of problems required as a professional engin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper reports the findings from surveying a diverse group of undergraduate engineering students (N~100) who participated in summer industry experiences. The goal was to capture and understand (a) the nature of industry experiences and (b) students' learning outcome gains (cognitive and affective) during these industry experiences. Ultimately,...
Conference Paper
Reliable and economical fabrication of metallic parts with complicated geometries is of considerable interest for the aerospace, medical, automotive, tooling and consumer products industries. In an effort to shorten the time-to-market, decrease the manufacturing process chain, and cut production costs of products produced by these industries, resea...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Often engineering design instruction based on real-world, client-based projects is relegated to a final year capstone course. The engineering program at James Madison University (JMU), however, emphasizes these real-world, client-based design experiences, and places them throughout our six-course engineering design sequence. Our six-course design s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Often engineering design instruction based on real-world, client-based projects is relegated to a final year capstone course. Our engineering program, however, emphasizes these real-world, client-based design experiences, and places them throughout our six-course engineering design sequence. Our six-course design sequence begins with a two-course s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The rapid pace of technological progress and future challenges for globalization, sustainability, complexity, and adaptability of engineering professionals call for a paradigm shift in engineering design education. The School of Engineering at James Madison University, which is graduating its inaugural engineering class in May 2012, has been develo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Book Abstract: This book attempts to bring together selected recent advances, tools, application and new ideas in manufacturing systems. Manufacturing system comprise of equipment, products, people, information, control and support functions for the competitive development to satisfy market needs. It provides a comprehensive collection of papers on...
Article
Full-text available
The natural world provides numerous cases for analogy and inspiration in engineering design. During the early stages of design, particularly during concept generation when several variants are created, biological systems can be used to inspire innovative solutions to a design problem. However, identifying and presenting the valuable knowledge from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To facilitate systematic biologically-inspired design, a design methodology that integrates with function-based design methodologies has been formalized. The goals of this methodology are to go beyond the element of chance, reduce the amount of time and effort required for developing biologically-inspired engineering solutions, and bridge the seemi...
Article
Full-text available
The natural world provides numerous cases for analogy and inspiration in engineering design. Biological organisms, phenomena and strategies provide insight into sustainable and adaptable design and offer engineers billions of years of valuable experience, which can be used to inspire engineering innovation. This research presents an approach that m...
Conference Paper
Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) has become a popular non-invasive technique to study the small intestine. However, colonic VCE has been problematic due to capsule tumbling in the larger lumen of this organ. Self-stabilizing VCE is a novel method to visualize the colon without tumbling utilizing a biomimetic approach. The proposed design uses the free...