Jacopo Conti

Jacopo Conti
Sapienza University of Rome | la sapienza · Department of Earth Sciences

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35
Publications
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85
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Publications

Publications (35)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The MUST (Museo Universitario di Scienze della Terra, Sapienza University of Rome), preserves a wealth of historical geological, mineralogical and palaeontological collections acquired during its long history (Manni, 1993). Founded in 1804 as the Mineralogy Museum, it moved to the University City in 1928, being organised into three distinct museum...
Conference Paper
Grotta Romanelli, a key site for prehistoric studies in Italy, is located on the Adriatic coast of southern Apulia near Castro (LE). Discovered in 1871, its deposits were the subject of extensive studies from the early twentieth century until the 1970s. Since then the field activities were suspended until 2015, when a new excavation campaign was st...
Conference Paper
New fieldwork activities at Grotta Romanelli started in 2015, coordinated by Sapienza, University of Rome and in collaboration with IGAG CNR and other research institutions. This coastal cave, located in the administrative territory of the Castro municipality, within the Otranto-Santa Maria di Leuca Coast and Tricase Woods regional natural parks (L...
Conference Paper
Grotta Romanelli is a coastal cave inhabited by humans since the Middle Pleistocene and considered a symbol of the Palaeolithic period in Europe. The site, facing the Ionian Sea, is located in the administrative territory of the Castro (Lecce) municipality, at the south-eastern extremity of Apulia.This area, also known as Salentine Peninsula, docum...
Article
Suidae remains recovered from the late Pliocene site of Collepardo (Latium, central Italy) are described and assigned to Sus arvernensis, a small-sized Ruscinian to Early Villafranchian (MN14-MN16a) species. In Italy, S. arvernensis only occurs in the Triversa Faunal Unit (MN16a), supporting the recently revised chronology of Collepardo. CT-scan me...
Article
An updated description and revision of a left hemimandible assigned to Hyaenictitherium namaquensis, a dog-like hyaena from the late Miocene locality of As Sahabi (Libya, North Africa), is here provided. This fossil is part of the historical collection discovered by Carlo Petrocchi, the Italian researcher who excavated the site in the 1930s. The As...
Article
The Romanelli Cave in south-east Italy is an important reference point for the so-called ‘Mediterranean province’ of European Upper Palaeolithic art. Yet, the site has only recently been subject to a systematic investigation of its parietal and portable art. Starting in 2016, a project has recorded the cave's interior, discovering new parietal art....
Article
Full-text available
The Middle Pleistocene archaeo-palaeontological site of Fontana Ranuccio (Anagni, central Italy) yielded a rich fau-nal assemblage consisting of more than 20,000 fossil remains, including four human teeth and multiple bone and lithic tools. The Ursus specimens from Fontana Ranuccio were historically ascribed to Ursus deningeri and Ursus arctos alth...
Article
Full-text available
Cranial remains of juvenile fossil rhinoceroses are rarely described in literature and very few is known about the ontogenetic development of their inner anatomy. In this study, we report the first CT based description of a juvenile braincase and its natural brain endocast of a late Middle Pleistocene Rhinocerotinae from Melpignano (Apulia, Italy)....
Article
Caves as geosites structurally illustrate the strict dependence of human occupation on geological and geomorphological processes, playing a crucial role in the development of human civilisation. Grotta Romanelli embodies such a kind of geosite, being a coastal cave occupied by humans since the Middle Pleistocene and considered a symbol of the Palae...
Article
In this paper, we present the results of the accelerator mass spectrometry radiocarbon (AMS ¹⁴ C) dating campaign performed on samples selected from different levels in Grotta Romanelli (Castro, Italy). Grotta Romanelli is one of the key sites for the chronology of Middle Pleistocene–Holocene in Mediterranean region. After the first excavation camp...
Article
Full-text available
Several digital technologies are nowadays developed and applied to the study of the human fossil record. Here, we present a low-cost hardware implementation of the digital acquisition via photogrammetry, applied to a specimen of paleoanthropological interest: the Neanderthal skull Saccopastore 1. Such implementation has the purpose to semi-automati...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate mapping and three-dimensional models are crucial for studying tracks and tracksites at different scales. The use of small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for mapping and three-dimensional modelling is becoming increasingly common, allowing the capture of high-resolution images comparable to those obtained by terrestrial laser scanners and...
Article
In 1981, a large mammal assemblage was recovered from a laminated travertine exposed in the region of the village of Collepardo (Frosinone, central Italy). The Collepardo mammal assemblage reported in the literature included ungulates and carnivorans. It was referred to the middle Villafranchian for its similarities with the Saint Vallier (France)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Accurate mapping and 3D models are crucial for studying tracks and tracksites at different scales. The use of small Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) for mapping and 3D modelling is becoming increasingly common allowing you to capture reliable and high-resolution images comparable to those obtained by terrestrial laser scanners and manned aerial phot...
Poster
Full-text available
Grotta Romanelli, (Apulia. Southern Italy), is considered a key site for the Mediterranean Pleistocene for its archaeological and palaeontological contents.In 1914, G.A. Blanc led a pioneering excavation campaign. He studied the in-filling deposits and distinguished: the upper complex, the “terre brune” (layers A-E) bearing upper Palaeolithic tools...
Poster
Full-text available
“Grotta Romanelli” is a natural cave located along the Adriatic coast of the Salento Peninsula in Southern-East Italy in the territory of Castro (Lecce). The cave can be regarded as one of the key Paleolithic sites in Italy. It was discovered in 1871, but it was only thanks to the systematic excavations carried out at the beginning of 1900 that its...
Presentation
Full-text available
Grotta Romanelli, located on the Adriatic coast of the Apulian Region, was discovered in 1874 but only in 1900 was recognised as a site of remarkable importance becoming the first report of the Late Palaeolithic in Italy. The stratigraphic succession can be subdivided in two main parts: the upper and the lower complexes divided by the stalagmitic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Plio-Pleistocene transition was characterized by the onset of Quaternary glacial cycles marked by a 41 ka periodicity, which led to a gradual drop in global temperatures. Through the early Pleistocene these climatic oscillations deeply affected terrestrial ecosystems of the Mediterranean region, with the development of drier conditions, reducti...
Article
Due to its geographic position and geomorphological configuration, Grotta Romanelli acted as a sediment trap since at least MIS 5. The so-called 'terre brune' sequence is a deposit mainly of eolian origin bearing upper Palaeolithic artefacts and fossil re-mains of vertebrate fauna; it was deposited during the Glacial-Interglacial transition and the...
Poster
Full-text available
Virtual anthropology has been rapidly developing in recent years. Innovative tools, as well as software and methodologies, allow the study of specimens with increased detail and limited physical intervention. The first step in a virtual anthropology study is represented by the acquisition, that can be carried out by different methods. The one that...
Poster
Full-text available
Il MUST (Museo Universitario di Scienze della Terra) è il nuovo museo del Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, nato dalla fusione dei tre musei di Mineralogia, Geologia e Paleontologia. La nuova struttura museale è in fase di costruzione e occuperà gran parte degli spazi precedentemente occupati dai tre musei precedenti e includerà anche aree espos...
Poster
Full-text available
The fossiliferous area of Melpignano (Lecce, Italy) is located in a region where several quarries are open for the extraction of a Miocene calcarenite, known as Pietra Leccese. During the Middle-Late Pleistocene, the calcarenite was affected by an intense karst activity that formed an articulated fissured network. These sub-vertically or funnel-sha...
Poster
During the “Sabato al Museo” (7 and 21 May 2016) and the European Night at the Museums (21 May 2016) events, organized by the “Polo museale Sapienza” (PmS - https://web.uniroma1.it/polomuseale/), the Italian Geological Society (SGI - http://www.socgeol.it/) designed and realized six laboratories for children. These were carried out in two of “Sapie...
Poster
Full-text available
During the “Sabato al Museo” (7 and 21 May 2016) and the European Night at the Museums (21 May 2016) events, organized by the “Polo museale Sapienza” (PmS - https://web.uniroma1.it/polomuseale/), the Italian Geological Society (SGI - http://www.socgeol.it/) designed and realized six laboratories for children. These were carried out in two of “Sapie...
Poster
Full-text available
The illegal trade of fossils has always been a threat to the scientific relevance of specimens eventually recovered from the black market. In 2008, a huge private collection including hundreds of fossils was seized by the authorities of the Cultural Heritage in the town of Serrapetrona (Macerata, Marche, Italy). Most of the specimens were devoid of...
Poster
Il sito del Pleistocene Superiore di Ingarano (Puglia, Italia meridionale) è caratterizzato da una ricca associazione faunistica principalmente composta da mammiferi ed uccelli suddiviso in 5 livelli deposizionali principali (Bedetti e Pavia, 2007). Tra i mammiferi, i carnivori sono ben rappresentati da numerosi taxa: Lynx sp., Felis sp., Panthera...
Poster
The Late Pleistocene site of Ingarano (Apulia, southern Italy) is characterized by a rich and diversified vertebrate fauna (especially mammals and birds) (Bedetti & Pavia, 2007). Among them almost all the Late Pleistocene carnivores documented in Italy are represented. The occurrence of the brown bear is testified by a complete skull with articulat...

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Project (1)
Project
Palaeoenvironmental and Palaeoclimate reconstruction with multidisciplinary approach of Romanelli Cave