Jacopo Alessandro Baggio

Jacopo Alessandro Baggio
University of Central Florida | UCF · Department of Political Science

PhD

About

102
Publications
28,351
Reads
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2,154
Citations
Introduction
My current research interests can be divided into two macro-areas. One focuses on the origin and development of cooperation in human societies, analyzing what drives cooperation and how uncertainty in both the social system and the environment influences cooperation and decision making. The other centers upon social-ecological networks, and how interdependencies between individuals, groups, institutions (formal and informal) and the environment can be (or not) more resilient to future changes.
Additional affiliations
August 2011 - June 2015
Arizona State University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Robustness of Social-Ecological Systems; Social-Ecological Networks; Cooperation
Education
September 2007 - July 2011
University of East Anglia
Field of study
  • International Development
September 2006 - September 2007
University of East Anglia
Field of study
  • Development Economics
September 1999 - September 2005
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca
Field of study
  • Discipline Economiche e Sociali

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
Full-text available
Governing common pool resources (CPR) in the face of disturbances such as globalization and climate change is challenging. The outcome of any CPR governance regime is the influenced by local combinations of social, institutional, and biophysical factors, as well as cross-scale interdependencies. In this study, we take a step towards understanding m...
Article
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Network analysis provides a powerful tool to analyze complex influences of social and ecological structures on community and household dynamics. Most network studies of social-ecological systems use simple, undirected, unweighted networks. We analyze multiplex, directed, and weighted networks of subsistence food flows collected in three small indig...
Article
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Cognitive abilities underpin the capacity of individuals to build models of their environment and make decisions about how to govern resources. Here, we test the functional intelligences proposition that functionally diverse cognitive abilities within a group are critical to govern common pool resources. We assess the effect of two cognitive abilit...
Article
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Knowledge production is a co-evolutionary process where scientific topics and concepts are debated, discussed and assessed between scientists. We assess, we analyze, we “interpret” the world, and, at the same time, we communicate with one another, and we value certain knowledge more than other knowledge, based on some measure of prestige, conformis...
Article
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Solving complex problems, from biodiversity conservation to reducing inequality, requires large scale collective action among diverse stakeholders to achieve a common goal. Research relevant to meeting this challenge must model the interaction of stakeholders with diverse cognitive capabilities and the complexity of the problem faced by stakeholder...
Article
Spatial components of visitor behavior in nature-based tourism settings have the potential to influence both the biophysical environmental and recreational experience. Previous efforts to model visitor spatial behavior in these settings have largely been deterministic and probabilistic. Comparatively, agent-based models (ABM) are often considered a...
Article
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ContextNetwork-theoretic tools contribute to understanding real-world system dynamics, such as species survival or spread. Network visualization helps illustrate structural heterogeneity, but details about heterogeneity are lost when summarizing networks with a single mean-style measure. Researchers have indicated that a system composed of multiple...
Article
Social–ecological networks (SENs) represent the complex relationships between ecological and social systems and are a useful tool for analyzing and managing ecosystem services. However, mainstreaming the application of SENs in ecosystem service research has been hindered by a lack of clarity about how to match research questions to ecosystem servic...
Article
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2021) On the frontiers of collaboration and conflict: how context influences the success of collaboration, Ecosystems and People, 17:1, 383-399, ABSTRACT The increasing scale and interconnection of many environmental challenges-from climate change to land use-has resulted in the need to collaborate across borders and boundaries of all types. Tradit...
Article
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Explaining the stability of human populations provides knowledge for understanding the resilience of human societies to environmental change. Here, we use archaeological radiocarbon records to evaluate a hypothesis drawn from resilience thinking that may explain the stability of human populations: Faced with long-term increases in population densit...
Article
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Climate change is likely to increase droughts. The vulnerability of cities to droughts is increasing worldwide. Policy responses from cities to droughts lack consideration of long-term climatic and socio-economic scenarios, and focus on short-term emergency actions that disregard sustainability in the connected regional and river basin systems. We...
Article
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The rapid growth of the literature on the commons poses an immense challenge for the synthesis and advancement of knowledge. While it may have been reasonable for previous generations of scholars to keep up to date with a literature adding thirty to fifty papers each year, there are now hundreds of papers on the commons published each year in addit...
Article
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Lasting community-based governance of common-pool resources depends on communities self-organizing to monitor compliance with rules. Monitoring serves an important function in community-based governance by establishing conditions for long-term cooperation, but the factors that foster its provision are poorly understood. We have analysed data from 1...
Article
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Federal land managers in the United States are tasked with managing a vast array of resources for current and future generations. However, coordinating action among multiple stakeholders across diverse landscapes is challenging given that the organizations and institutions set up to govern federal lands are often unable to overcome scale-related ch...
Article
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Simple Summary: Humans and carnivores are co-occurring in many landscapes and especially in urban areas. This can result in increased tolerance or conflict, pending the perceptions by humans and behaviors of both species. Here, we provided a case study of how data can be collected on both humans and carnivores in areas where they co-occur to provid...
Article
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There are limited approaches available that enable researchers and practitioners to conduct multiple case study comparisons of complex cases of collaboration in natural resource management and conservation. The absence of such tools is felt despite the fact that over the past several years a great deal of literature has reviewed the state of the sc...
Article
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Explaining variation in human population density constitutes a basic research problem in human ecology and archaeological science. To contribute to this basic research problem, we build a graphic model and conduct a global analysis of the effects of ecological variables, controlling for technological differences, on human population density. Our re...
Article
Institutions are vital to the sustainability of social-ecological systems, balancing individual and group interests and coordinating responses to change. Ecological decline and social conflict in many places, however, indicate that our understanding and fostering of effective institutions for natural resource management is still lacking. We assess...
Article
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On a planet experiencing global environmental change, the governance of natural resources depends on sustained collective action by diverse populations. Engaging in such collective action can only build upon the foundation of human cognition in social–ecological settings. To help understand this foundation, we assess the effect of cognitive abiliti...
Article
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Tipping point dynamics are fundamental drivers for sustainable transition pathways of social-ecological systems (SES). Current research predominantly analyzes how crossing tipping points causes regime shifts, however, the analysis of potential transition pathways from these social and ecological tipping points is often overlooked. In this paper, we...
Book
In the last decade, the diffusion of powerful hardware and sophisticated software tools have spurred an increase in modelling and numerically simulating complex systems. Despite that, the tourism and hospitality domain is still lagging behind, mainly when it comes to the most recent and methodological advances. However, tourism and hospitality are...
Article
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Ecological fragmentation coupled with changes in climate affects the viability of species and is likely to pose a serious threat for maintaining biodiversity, especially as biodiversity often depends on species ability to migrate between different ecological areas spanning multiple sociopolitical jurisdictions. To reduce the risk to biodiversity, t...
Article
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Social-ecological network (SEN) concepts and tools are increasingly used in human-environment and sustainability sciences. We take stock of this budding research area to further show the strength of SEN analysis for complex human-environment settings, identify future synergies between SEN and wider human-environment research, and provide guidance a...
Article
Achieving effective, sustainable environmental governance requires a better understanding of the causes and consequences of the complex patterns of interdependencies connecting people and ecosystems within and across scales. Network approaches for conceptualizing and analysing these interdependencies offer one promising solution. Here, we present t...
Article
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Tropical rain forests are suffering the highest deforestation and reforestation ever recorded. Interactions between direct (proximate or direct causes) and indirect (underling or indirect causes) drivers could cluster these forest cover changes forming hotspots (areas that exhibit significant spatial correlation of deforestation or reforestation tr...
Article
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Marine protected areas (MPAs) are important conservation tools that can support the resilience of marine ecosystems. Many countries, including Canada, have committed to protecting at least 10% of their marine areas under the Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi Target 11, which includes connectivity as a key aspect. Connectivity, the movement...
Article
Ecological disturbances (i.e. pests, fires, floods, biological invasions, etc.) are a critical challenge for natural resource managers. Land managers play a key role in altering the rate and extent of disturbance propagation. Ecological disturbances propagate across the landscape, while management strategies propagate across social networks of mana...
Article
This study is the first to examine relations between general intelligence (g), non-g factors, and theory of mind (ToM) using structural equation modeling with multiple indicators of g and ToM. g was based on the subtests of the ACT, a college admissions test that is strongly g loaded, and ToM was based on the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test and t...
Article
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We conduct a global comparison of the consumption of energy by human populations throughout the Holocene and statistically quantify coincident changes in the consumption of energy over space and time—an ecological phenomenon known as synchrony. When populations synchronize, adverse changes in ecosystems and social systems may cascade from society t...
Article
Food, energy, and water (FEW) are interdependent and must be examined as a coupled natural-human system. This perspective essay defines FEW systems and outlines key findings about them as a blueprint for future models to satisfy six key objectives. The first three focus on linking the FEW production and consumption to impacts on Earth cycles in a s...
Article
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This paper explores the relationship between specific household traits (region of residence, head of household occupation, financial diversity, female level of education, land and animal ownership, social capital, and climate perception) and choice of specific adaptation strategies used by households in two sites in Baja California Sur, Mexico, dur...
Technical Report
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This brief grew out of an attempt to distill the early research on a typology of collaboration for use in the field by practitioners attempting to build new collaborations and strengthen existing ones. Here, we have created a list of the key factors or elements that lead to the success or failure of collaborations. This list builds on our field wor...
Article
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The term tipping point has experienced explosive popularity across multiple disciplines over the last decade. Research on social-ecological systems (SES) has contributed to the growth and diversity of the term's use. The diverse uses of the term obscure potential differences between tipping behavior in natural and social systems, and issues of caus...
Poster
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This research examined relations between the ACT, a college admissions test related to general intelligence (g), and theory of mind (ToM). Positive linear effects were observed for all ACT tests. Moreover, additional nonlinear effects indicated that the predictive power of the ACT (g) for ToM declined at higher ability levels.
Poster
Full-text available
This study is the first to examine relations between general intelligence (g), non-g factors, and theory of mind (ToM) using structural equation modeling with multiple indicators of g and ToM. g correlated strongly with a latent ToM factor. In addition, non-g residuals of the ACT subtests, obtained after removing g, correlated negligibly with the T...
Article
Full-text available
A basic premise of economics is that more secure property rights reduce conflict and provide an incentive for individuals to increase the productivity of their land. This premise underlies recent theories that food production and more secure property rights, by necessity, co-evolve. The argument goes like this: Dense and predicable resources provid...
Article
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Network theory is finding applications in the life and social sciences for ecology, epidemiology, finance and social–ecological systems. While there aremethods to generate specific types of networks, the broad literature is focused on generating unweighted networks. In this paper, we present a framework for generating weighted networks that satisfy...
Chapter
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Agent-based modeling and numerical simulations are means that facilitate exploring the structural and dynamic characteristics of systems that may prove intractable with analytical methods. This chapter examines what are complex adaptive systems, when are agent-based models a useful methodology to analyze systems, what are issues that relate to them...
Data
Supplemental Material A. Bounding the variance and skewness of the dominant eigenvalue, illustration of the equality constraints, and additional network configurations
Chapter
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El mundo de hoy está caracterizado por cambios a una velocidad y escala sin precedentes. Estos cambios se deben principalmente a los avances tecnológicos que han llevado a un crecimiento económico y demográfico sin paralelo en la historia de la humanidad. Dicho crecimiento ha abierto la posibilidad de modificar el entorno en el que vivimos. Por eje...
Article
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Across the country, government agencies increasingly collaborate with non-governmental actors on environmental dilemmas to gain access to resources, expertise, and local knowledge; to mitigate conflict; and to share risks in a changing environmental context. Collectively, these often overlapping collaborations form a complex and dynamic governance...
Article
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Resource management boundaries seldom align with environmental systems, which can lead to social and ecological problems. Mapping and analyzing how resource management organizations in different areas collaborate can provide vital information to help overcome such misalignment. Few quantitative approaches exist, however, to analyze social collabora...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological disturbances (i.e. pests, invasive species, floods, fires etc.) are a fundamental challenge in managing connected social-ecological systems. Even if treatment for such disturbances is available, often managers do not act quickly enough or not at all. In this paper we build an agent based model that examines: a) under what circumstances a...
Article
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149151.].
Data
Originally published, uncorrected article. (PDF)
Data
Republished, corrected article. (PDF)
Data
This repository provides free access (under the GNU GPL v3) to the multiplex networks used in the paper: "Multiplex social ecological network analysis reveals how social changes affect community robustness more than resource depletion" J.A. Baggio, S.B. Burnsilver, A. Arenas, J.S. Magdanz, G.P. Kofinas, and M. De Domenico To appear in PNAS (2016)...
Article
Full-text available
On-going efforts to understand the dynamics of coupled social-ecological (or more broadly, coupled infrastructure) systems and common pool resources have led to the generation of numerous datasets based on a large number of case studies. This data has facilitated the identification of important factors and fundamental principles which increase our...
Article
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Large-N comparative studies have helped common pool resource scholars gain general insights into the factors that influence collective action and governance outcomes. However, these studies are often limited by missing data, and suffer from the methodological limitation that important information is lost when we reduce textual information to quanti...
Article
Why are some governments more effective managers of resources--people, places and finances--and others less effective? This question is at the center of understanding political and economic development. Yet, established theory that explains how individual cognitive differences and sociological forces mutually explain government effectiveness is lac...