Jacobus C Biesmeijer

Jacobus C Biesmeijer
Naturalis Biodiversity Center | NCB · Department of Terrestrial Zoology

About

155
Publications
84,682
Reads
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17,089
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2013 - present
Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Netherlands
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • I am current the scientific director of Naturalis Biodiversity Center, where about 120 scientists work on biodiversity, systematics, as well as fundamental and applied science spanning botany, zoology, geology and ecology.
July 2012 - present
Institute of Biodiversity and ecosystem dynamics, Univ Amsterdam Netherlands
Position
  • Professor of Functional Ecology
June 2012 - present
University of Amsterdam
Position
  • Special Chair in Functional Biodiversity

Publications

Publications (155)
Article
Full-text available
Apples are one of the most important global crops that relies heavily on insect pollination, which has been shown to increase apple production and value. However, recent reports indicate that apple production has been declining in certain regions, including in Bhutan. One of the potential causes of declining production are pollination deficits driv...
Article
Full-text available
In a warming climate, species are expected to shift their geographical ranges to higher elevations and latitudes, and if interacting species shift at different rates, networks may be disrupted. To quantify the effects of ongoing climate change, repeating historical biodiversity surveys is necessary. In this study, we compare the distribution of a p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the proposal for an EU Pollinator Monitoring Scheme (EU-PoMS), based on the findings of an expert group of 21 people from 12 European countries. The EU-PoMS delivers of a cost-effective Core Scheme, which includes the most relevant taxa, is able to detect changes in the status of pollinators, has EU-wide coverage, and uses stan...
Article
Pollinator communities exhibit variable responses to changing landscape composition. A general expectation is that a decreasing cover of semi-natural habitats negatively affects pollinator reproduction, population size and pollination services, but few studies have investigated the simultaneous effects of landscape complexity on different aspects o...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Biodiversity is rapidly disappearing at local and global scales also affecting the functional diversity of ecosystems. We aimed to assess whether functional diversity was correlated with species diversity and whether both were affected by similar land use and vegetation structure drivers. Better understanding of these relationships will allow...
Article
Full-text available
Animal pollination can impact food security since many crops depend on pollinators to produce fruits and seeds. However, the effects of projected climate change on crop pollinators and therefore on crop production are still unclear, especially for wild pollinators and aggregate community responses. Using species distributional modeling, we assessed...
Data
Pollinator species of each agricultural crop analyzed. Each crop presents different dependence for animal pollination (Giannini et al. 2015b). Pollinator species used here were previously considered as being effective, occasional or potential pollinators of each analyzed crop (Giannini et al. 2015a). (DOCX)
Data
Data sources retrieved from speciesLink and GBIF website. (DOCX)
Data
Shifts on pollinators’ occurrence probability for all crops analyzed (13 crops) considering A) the overall average of decrease in probability; B) the number and percentage of municipalities that will potentially face decrease or increase on pollinators’ occurrence probability (total number of municipalities analyzed equals to 4975). (DOCX)
Data
Municipalities that will potentially face the highest negative shift on pollinators’ occurrence probability and that present the highest percentage of gross domestic product (GDP) associated to the analyzed crops. We considered 25% of the highest values of negative shift on pollinators and, from those, the 15 municipalities that present the highest...
Article
Full-text available
Bumblebees in Europe have been in steady decline since the 1900s. This decline is expected to continue with climate change as the main driver. However, at the local scale, land use and land cover (LULC) change strongly affects the occurrence of bumblebees. At present, LULC change is rarely included in models of future distributions of species. This...
Article
1) Ecological processes operating on large spatio-temporal scales are difficult to disentangle with traditional empirical approaches. Alternatively, researchers can take advantage of “natural” experiments, where experimental control is exercised by careful site selection. Recent advances in developing protocols for designing these “pseudo-experimen...
Article
Full-text available
Species distribution models are often used to project species distributions to different environmental conditions. However, most models do not consider whether the importance of abiotic factors may change over time. If they change, this has implications for the assessment of how abiotic changes affect species distributions. Here, we use spatially e...
Article
Wild and managed pollinators provide a wide range of benefits to society in terms of contributions to food security, farmer and beekeeper livelihoods, social and cultural values, as well as the maintenance of wider biodiversity and ecosystem stability. Pollinators face numerous threats, including changes in land-use and management intensity, climat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Most of the world’s wild flowering plants (87.5%) are pollinated by insects and other animals (established but incomplete), more than three quarters of the leading types of global food crops can benefit, at least in part, from animal pollination (well established) and it is estimated that about one-third of global food volume produced similarly ben...
Article
The effects of floral species composition on offspring performance of solitary bees are rarely studied under conditions where foraging behaviour of mothers is allowed to play a role. In a semi-field experiment, we restricted foraging choices of the polylectic mason bee Osmia bicornis L. to flower species belonging to plant families presumably used...
Article
Full-text available
Insect pollination underpins apple production but the extent to which different pollinator guilds supply this service, particularly across different apple varieties, is unknown. Such information is essential if appropriate orchard management practices are to be targeted and proportional to the potential benefits pollinator species may provide. Here...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in climate and land use can have important impacts on biodiversity. Species respond to such environmental modifications by adapting to new conditions or by shifting their geographic distributions towards more suitable areas. The latter might be constrained by species' functional traits that influence their ability to move, reproduce or esta...
Article
Full-text available
Nature Communications 6: Article number: 741410.1038/ncomms8414 (2015); Published: June162015; Updated: February182016. The authors inadvertently omitted Kimiora L. Ward, who managed and contributed data, from the author list. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.
Article
In moderne cultuurlandschappen wordt het voor wilde bijen steeds moeilijker om de benodigde hulpbronnen, zoals bloemen en nestgelegenheid te bemachtigen. Wij willen nagaan of de aanleg van meerjarige bloemenvelden de achteruitgang van wilde bijen in deze landschappen kan tegengaan. De resultaten laten zien dat het verhogen van het aanbod van bloeme...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing pressures on natural areas and limited conservation budgets require, particularly in rural landscapes in the Western world, an immediate answer to the question how much natural area is required to provide a sustainable future for wild plant and animal species on farmland. The European Union proposed in its Common Agricultural Policy that...
Article
Full-text available
Our review looks at pollinator conservation and highlights the differences in approach between managing for pollination services and preserving pollinator diversity. We argue that ecosystem service management does not equal biodiversity conservation, and that maintaining species diversity is crucial in providing ecosystem resilience in the face of...
Article
Full-text available
Species distribution models (SDM) are increasingly used to understand the factors that regulate variation in biodiversity patterns and to help plan conservation strategies. However, these models are rarely validated with independently collected data and it is unclear whether SDM performance is maintained across distinct habitats and for species wit...
Article
Full-text available
Context Loss of natural habitat can isolate pollinator populations and negatively affect sexual reproduction of animal-pollinated plants. Objective We evaluated how the loss of natural forest affects pollinator diversity in the understory of the Atlantic Rainforest in Northeastern Brazil. Methods We focused on bees, the main group of pollinators fo...
Article
Full-text available
Pollinators play an important role in ecosystem functioning, affecting also crop production. Their decline may hence lead to serious ecological and economic impacts, making it essential to understand the processes that drive pollinator shifts in space and time. Land-use changes are thought to be one of the most important drivers of pollinators’ los...
Article
Full-text available
There is compelling evidence that more diverse ecosystems deliver greater benefits to people, and these ecosystem services have become a key argument for biodiversity conservation. However, it is unclear how much biodiversity is needed to deliver ecosystem services in a cost-effective way. Here we show that, while the contribution of wild bees to c...
Article
Full-text available
Change in land cover is thought to be one of the key drivers of pollinator declines, and yet there is a dearth of studies exploring the relationships between historical changes in land cover and shifts in pollinator communities. Here, we explore, for the first time, land cover changes in England over more than 80 years, and relate them to concurren...
Article
AimTo quantify spatio-temporal changes in species richness and assemblage composition of Danish butterflies over more than 100 years and to assess whether different functional groups of butterflies show different temporal trajectories.LocationDenmark, Europe.Methods We applied species accumulation curves to estimate relative species richness change...
Article
Full-text available
Presence of diploid males in wild bees reflects inbreeding and provides information about the health status of a colony or population. Detection of diploid males, and discrimination from haploid males and workers, has, however, been limited to molecular diagnostics. Here we present a novel method based on differences in wing shape, e.g., venation p...
Article
Full-text available
Presence of diploid males in wild bees reflects inbreeding and provide information about the health status of a colony or population. Detection of diploid males, and discrimination from haploid males and workers has, however, been limited to molecular diagnostics. Here we present a novel method based on differences in wing shape, e.g. venation patt...
Article
De bestuiving van landbouwgewassen door gehouden en in het wild levende soorten bijen en zweefvliegen vormt een relevante en veelgenoemde ecosysteemdienst, die echter onder toenemende druk staat. De honingbijen die traditioneel landbouwgewassen bestuiven, gaan in aantal sterk achteruit als gevolg van te hoge sterfte, met name gedurende de winterper...
Article
Full-text available
Co-flowering plant species commonly share flower visitors, and thus have the potential to influence each other's pollination. In this study we analysed 750 quantitative plant-pollinator networks from 28 studies representing diverse biomes worldwide. We show that the potential for one plant species to influence another indirectly via shared pollinat...
Article
Full-text available
Feral honey bee populations have been reported to be in decline due to the spread of Varroa destructor, an ectoparasitic mite that when left uncontrolled leads to virus build-up and colony death. While pests and diseases are known causes of large-scale managed honey bee colony losses, no studies to date have considered the wider pathogen burden in...
Article
Full-text available
Competition between managed honeybees and wild pollinators is thought to be a key factor in structuring foraging communities on flowers. The majority of studies have focused on impacts such as floral visitation rates and resource overlap. However, direct measurement of fitness is required to fully assess the impacts of competition. We compared in 2...
Data
Data S1.Climate-driven spatial mismatches between British orchards and their pollinators: increased risks of pollination deficits.
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how climate change can affect crop-pollinator systems helps predict potential geographical mismatches between a crop and its pollinators, and therefore identify areas vulnerable to loss of pollination services. We examined the distribution of orchard species (apples, pears, plums and other top fruits) and their pollinators in Great Br...
Article
Full-text available
Insect pollination is important for food production globally and apples are one of the major fruit crops which are reliant on this ecosystem service. It is fundamentally important that the full range of benefits of insect pollination to crop production are understood, if the costs of interventions aiming to enhance pollination are to be compared ag...
Article
Full-text available
Apple production in the UK is worth over £100 million per annum and this production is heavily dependent on insect pollination. Despite its importance, it is not clear which insect pollinators carry out the majority of this pollination. Furthermore, it is unknown whether current UK apple production, in terms of both yield and quality, suffers polli...
Article
Full-text available
Declines in insect pollinators across Europe have raised concerns about the supply of pollination services to agriculture. Simultaneously, EU agricultural and biofuel policies have encouraged substantial growth in the cultivated area of insect pollinated crops across the continent. Using data from 41 European countries, this study demonstrates that...
Article
Pollinating insects provide crucial and economically important ecosystem services to crops and wild plants, but pollinators, particularly bees, are globally declining as a result of various driving factors, including the prevalent use of pesticides for crop protection. Sublethal pesticide exposure negatively impacts numerous pollinator life-history...
Article
Full-text available
Insect pollination benefits over three quarters of the world's major crops. There is growing concern that observed declines in pollinators may impact on production and revenues from animal pollinated crops. Knowing the distribution of pollinators is therefore crucial for estimating their availability to pollinate crops; however, in general, we have...
Article
Full-text available
Nutrient availability in ecosystems has increased dramatically over the last century. Excess reactive nitrogen deposition is known to negatively impact plant communities, e.g. by changing species composition, biomass and vegetation structure. In contrast, little is known on how such impacts propagate to higher trophic levels. To evaluate how nitrog...
Data
Number of grid cells resulting from applying the criteria in case of ten-year periods. As an alternative to the fifteen-year periods, also ten-year periods were examined to explore the possible trade off between the criteria (see text of methods section) used. Limiting the fifteen-year periods by removing the five earliest years decreases the chanc...
Data
Orthoptera traits. Data on Orthoptera species traits, derived from the distribution atlas [8] and from the expert knowledge of European Invertebrate Survey - Netherlands. (DOC)
Data
Number of grid cells resulting from applying the criteria to the trait-based subsets of Orthoptera species. See text of methods section for a description of the criteria (a-c). The trait-based subsets of Orthoptera species logically produced lower numbers of grid cells compared to the full set of Orthoptera species (Table 1). (DOC)