Jacob Høigilt

Jacob Høigilt
University of Oslo · Department of Culture Studies and Oriental Languages

PhD, Arabic and Islamic studies, University of Oslo

About

41
Publications
8,878
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124
Citations
Introduction
My research focuses on the nexus of language, media, politics and religion in the Arab world. Geographically, I focus on Egypt, the Occupied Palestinian Territories, Lebanon, and Tunisia.
Additional affiliations
May 2018 - present
University of Oslo
Position
  • Professor
July 2015 - April 2018
University of Oslo
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Associate professor, Middle East studies. The position includes teaching graduate courses and supervision of theses.
August 2013 - November 2015
Peace Research Institute Oslo
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
August 2004 - December 2008
University of Oslo
Field of study
  • Arabic and Islamic studies

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
A cluster of arrays “provid[ing] principles of order within the unstructured simultaneity of everyday-worlds”* in Egypt and Tunisia in 2016, forming part of the two countries’ “culture” during the In 2016 project’s target year. *H. U. Gumbrecht, In 1926: Living at the Edge of Time (1997), 443.
Article
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Media systems where political parallelism co-exists with political clientelism have contradictory influences on journalistic practices. Journalists are encouraged to actively defend a cause and influence public opinion while expected to remain subservient to their political masters. The media studies literature has analyzed the impact of political...
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This paper investigates the dynamic relationship between hybrid media and hybrid politics in Lebanon and Tunisia. While previous research on the media in hybrid regimes has mainly focused on regime strategies of restricting and manipulating public debate, our analysis moves beyond repression. We argue that the ambiguities of hybrid politics, which...
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In March 2015, in the midst of a political transition, Tunisia was rocked by a terrorist attack at the Bardo Museum in downtown Tunis in which 21 people were killed. How did Tunisian journalists manage the tension between a heightened sense of insecurity and the country’s uncertain democratic development? This article analyses journalistic commenta...
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A rights‐based approach (RBA) to humanitarian aid is intrinsic to Norwegian policy and should inform Norwegian aid to the Occupied Palestinian Territories, one of the main receivers of Norwegian aid. However, this is the case only to a limited extent. While Norwegian humanitarian non‐governmental organisations (NGOs) take RBA seriously, and design...
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Folkelig kultur kan spille en viktig politisk rolle som et korrektiv til elitenes autoritære impulser. I Egypt inntok tegneserier for voksne og satirisk litteratur denne funksjonen i tiden før og under revolusjonen i 2011. Å forstå disse kulturproduktene er derfor nyttig når vi ønsker å forstå den kulturelle dynamikken bak revolusjonen.
Book
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Comic books for adults have become one of the most novel and colourful forms of cultural expression in the Arab world today. During the last ten years, young Arabs have crafted stories explaining issues such as authoritarianism, resistance, war, sex, gender relations and youth culture. These are distributed through informal channels as well as inde...
Book
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The Politics of Written Language in the Arab World connects the fascinating field of contemporary written Arabic with the central sociolinguistic notions of language ideology and diglossia. Focusing on Egypt and Morocco, the authors combine large-scale survey data on language attitudes with in-depth analyses of actual language usage and explicit (a...
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Adult comics are a new medium in the Arab world. This article is the first in-depth study of their emergence and role within Arab societies. Focused on Egypt, it shows how adult comics have boldly addressed political and social questions. Seeing them as part of a broader cultural efflorescence in Egypt, I argue that, against patriarchal authoritari...
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Den nylig utgitte arab human development report hevder at demokrati er av avgjørende betydning for menneskelig og økonomisk utvikling i Midtøsten og Nord-Afrika.
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Hvordan forklare den såkalte «knivintifadaen» i Israel og på Vestbredden høsten 2015 og våren 2016? En analyse av situasjonen for unge i Jerusalem gir svar.
Article
Arabic is considered a paradigmatic case of diglossia, where written language is regarded as largely the domain of fuṣḥā . Presenting the results of a large-scale survey of language attitudes and practices in Cairo, we argue that this view should be reconsidered. A representative majority of Cairo’s literate population in fact report writing predom...
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Få har festet seg ved hva det betyr at mullah Krekar er en islamist. Hva betyr den islamske loven sharia for ham? Hvordan ser han på de islamske lærde og eventuelt de regimene de kan jobbe for?
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Islamske skoler og islamsk velferd generelt i Det okkuperte palestinsk området knyttes ofte tett til Hamas. Islamsk velferd og islamsk politisk aktivisme er imidlertid to forskjellige fenomener som bør holdes atskilt fra hverandre.
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Irak-krigen har ført oppmerksomheten i arabiske medier mot de såkalte nye arabiske liberalerne. Hvem er de? Hva mener de? Hva tilfører de den arabiske offentlige debatten?
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Hvordan ser en islamsk frigjøringsteologi ut? Og hvorfor er en slik teologi så farlig i Egypt at den har ført til rettssak og drapstrusler?
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Islamisme behandles i forskningslitteraturen oftest som et politisk fenomen. Selv om en slik analyse ikke er feil, gir den ikke et fullstendig og sammenhengende bilde av islamismen. Her vil vi foreslå en fortolkningsramme som tar høyde for islamismens kulturelle aspekter for å favne bredere enn det tradisjonelle, politisk-orienterte paradigmet.
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Dominated by a Fatah/Palestinian National Authority coalition, West Bank politics is characterized by authoritarianism, factionalism and an accommodating policy vis-à-vis the Israeli occupier. These features are prominent parts of what Hisham Sharabi called neopatriarchy, a dysfunctional political system that leaves societies internally repressive...
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This paper answers the crucial question of what Hamas’s and Islamic Jihad’s possible membership in PLO would mean for Palestinian politics and strategy. On the one hand, that opens for democratization of Palestinian politics. On the other, either PLO or the two Islamist organizations may have to change their strategy, since Hamas and Islamic Jihad...
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Recent research on contentious politics in the Middle East emphasizes the importance of repression and its effect on social movements, often manifested in demobilization and so-called ‘nonmovements’. This case study of West Bank Palestinian activism seeks to go beyond such outcomes. The current, youthful nonviolent Palestinian grassroots activism i...
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Hizb al-Tahrir (the Liberation Party, henceforth HT) is a unique kind of islamist organization. Compared with the two major islamist movements – Salafism and the Muslim Brothers – it exhibits certain similarities with each one but is clearly different from both. While most research to date has focused on HT in Europe and Central Asia, this article...
Article
The political breakthrough of Salafism during and after the revolts in the Arab world in 2011-12 has challenged established descriptions of Salafism as an apolitical form of Islamic activism. Nowhere is the political breakthrough clearer than in Egypt where, in 2011-12, three Salafi parties contested the first free elections in decades. This articl...
Article
This article explains the current political role of the Palestinian youth by comparing the period shortly before the First and Second Intifadas with the current situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (OPT). It critically interrogates the oft-repeated assertion that the Palestinian youth are characterized by political anomie, showing that...
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Schools run by Islamic charities in the Arab world mostly are viewed as simply extensions of local Islamist organizations, their main purpose being to mobilize for the organization and to spread its political doctrines. However, in the case of Hamas and the Islamic schools in the occupied Palestinian Territories, a formal affiliation exists only to...
Book
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Islamism in Egypt is more diversified in terms of its sociology and ideology than is usually assumed. Through linguistic analysis of Islamist rhetoric, this book sheds light upon attitudes towards other Muslims, religious authority and secular society. Examining the rhetoric of three central Islamist figures in Egypt today - Yusuf al-Qaradawi, Amr...
Article
Islamic centrism (Wasaiyya) is commonly presented as an open-minded and dialogue-oriented form of Islamism. This article questions that view by analyzing texts written by two prominent centrists: Muammad ‘Ammāra and Fahmī Huwaydī. Focusing on rhetorical techniques, the article argues that their texts are characterized by aggressive polemics not con...
Article
The article analyzes the language of Yûsuf al-Qaraḍâwî and ˁAmr Khâlid in order to identify differences in their rhetoric and to ask what they mean in social and religious terms. Inspired by the advances of textual and Critical Discourse Analysis during the last 20 years, the main questions are: How do the two address their audiences? What kinds of...
Article
The political vocabulary of the Lebanese Islamist party and militia Hizbullah in relation to pluralism exhibits an important self-contradiction. In Lebanon, Hizbullah has adapted to a process of national integration after 15 years of civil war, and appears as much more positive towards pluralism now than in 1985, when it made itself known officiall...

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