Jacob Yasha Grobman

Jacob Yasha Grobman
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology | technion · Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning

PhD
Dean, Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning

About

92
Publications
87,031
Reads
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647
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Yasha (Jacob) Grobman is the dean of the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning at the Technion. His research focuses on design computation and performance oriented architectural design and fabrication. http://grobman.net.technion.ac.il/
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - September 2020
Technion - Israel Institute of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Dean of the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning
August 2015 - August 2016
McGill University
Position
  • Visiting assistant professor
August 2015 - August 2016
University of Waterloo
Position
  • Visiting assistant professor

Publications

Publications (92)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper proposes a framework for machine learning to evaluate landscape design. In this study, we measured key performance indicators of landscape-development plans using a convolutional neural network (CNN) approach to predict the performance level of the design. The model used 3749 performance evaluations from 36 professionals, covering six su...
Article
In this paper, a multidisciplinary approach to examining the connection between visual perception, human emotions and architectural space is presented. It details a study in which emotional reactions to architectural space geometry are empirically measured and quantified. Using various sensors, including EEG (Electroencephalography), GSR (Galvanic...
Article
The paper presents a new approach to examining the connection between visual perception, human emotions, and architectural space. It details a study in which emotional reactions to architectural space geometry are empirically measured and quantified. Using various sensors, including EEG (Electroencephalography), GSR (Galvanic Skin Response), and ey...
Article
Full-text available
Life-cycle assessments (LCAs) were conducted to evaluate sculptured cement mortar tiles, proposed by Hershcovich et al. (2021), and conventional cement mortar flat tiles for thermal insulation of a typical residential building in Mediterranean climate. The production (P) and operational energy (OE) stages were compared between the sculptured tiles...
Patent
Full-text available
Disclosed is a method of fabricating a construction element. The method may include assembling a mold on a rotational casting machine; rotating the mold around at least two axes at a predetermined speed; providing a first portion of mag­nesium silico-phosphate cement (MSPC) mix, having an altered hardening rate, to the mold while rotating the mold...
Article
Sustainability Rating Systems are standard methods for achieving sustainable development of buildings and urban landscapes. However, they suffer from low adoption and implementation rates, mainly due to labour-intensive evaluation processes. This study explores how recent advancements in big data, combined with the availability of new urban environ...
Article
The principle of Topological Interlocking for masonry construction has gained a growing interest over the last decade due to its special structural properties. This paper presents ongoing research on the correlation between block geometry and structural performance in flat assemblies of convex interlocking blocks. It describes four research stages...
Article
The paper presents a new approach to examining the connection between human emotions and architectural space, focusing on the aspect of geometry. It examines how emotional reactions to geometrical manipulations within architectural space can be empirically measured and quantified. By using physiological sensors, such as EEG (Electroencephalography)...
Article
The paper presents a new approach to examining the connection between human emotions and architectural space, focusing on the aspect of geometry. It examines how emotional reactions to geometrical manipulations within architectural space can be empirically measured and quantified. By using physiological sensors, such as EEG (Electroencephalography)...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The study examines the integration of the Evidence-based Design (EBD) approach in healthcare architecture education in the context of an academic design studio. Background Previous research addressed the gap between scientific research and architectural practice and the lack of research on the use of the EBD approach in architectural edu...
Article
Full-text available
Since effective thermal insulation of buildings could significantly decrease energy consumption worldwide, this study examined the potential of concrete tiles with complex geometries at improving thermal performance in building envelopes. The study focused on air flow characteristics that occur near the external surface of the tile, and their influ...
Article
The cover image representing article number 2000196 by Tiffany Abitbol and co‐workers shows a polarized optical microscopy image showing a mycelium pellet grown in the presence of cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs). The result is a hybrid bionanocomposite, where the CNF becomes integrated within the fungal pellets, engulfed by mycelium. In the image, the...
Article
Healthy material alternatives based on renewable resources and sustainable technologies have the potential to disrupt the environmentally damaging production and consumption practices established throughout the modern industrial era. In this study, a mycelium–nanocellulose biocomposite with hybrid properties is produced by the agitated liquid cultu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Three decades past since the adoption of sustainability rating systems (SRS) by the Architecture Engineering and Construction industry (AEC) as standard methods for sustainable development evaluation. Nevertheless, these methods still suffer from a low adoption and implementation rate due to their manual, labor-intensive, expert dependent, and time...
Article
Titanium Additive Manufacturing is currently used for customized parts in medicine, aviation, and aerospace. Titanium 3D-printing has unique benefits in the manufacturing of complex geometrical objects, net-shape structures, thin and accurate elements that could not be performed by traditional techniques. The combination of superior mechanical and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the current stage of a study examining the potential of complex geometry concrete tiles to improve thermal performance in building envelopes. This stage focused on developing tile geometries and testing them using physical and digital CFD simulations. Tiles were developed taking two approaches: (i) developing variation from basi...
Preprint
The paper presents a new approach to examine the connection between visual perception, human emotions and architectural space. It examines and demonstrates how emotional reactions to architectural space geometry can be empirically measured and quantified. Using various sensors, including EEG (Electroencephalography), GSR (Galvanic Skin Response), a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an assessment and comparison of the effects of static and kinetic external shading elements on the dynamic measurement of daylighting. For this purpose, we used a method and parametric tool developed previously for the design and analysis of external shading elements in buildings. The proposed approach was used to compare static...
Article
Recent convergence of biotechnological and design tools has stimulated an emergence of new design practices utilizing natural mechanisms to program matter in a bottom-up approach. In this paper, the fibrous network of mycelium—the vegetative part of fungi—is employed to produce sustainable alternatives for synthetic foams. Current research on mycel...
Technical Report
The framework of this research project included the first study of Modular Construction in Israel. It was devoted to an extensive literature survey, collecting as much as possible, exhaustive information and data on the technology’s details, know-how, experience in implementation, as well as to examining the feasibility of implementing this technol...
Article
Full-text available
The proposed research offers an integrated methodology fusing material-driven design process with biotechnological tools, to explore the potential of mycelium-based composites as sustainable alternatives in design and architecture applications. The ecological role of saprophytic fungi as organic matter decomposers in is recently harnessed to constr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The principle of Topological Interlocking (TI) suggests using discrete blocks for assembling self-supporting structures. Several studies showed high quality Finite Element analyses for simple types of interlocking assemblies, composed of either tetrahedral or cubic blocks. Recent research has revealed that there are many more types of blocks suitab...
Chapter
Full-text available
The effect of the built environment over the user is a growing area of study, as it is important to architects and initiators to plan environments suited to the potential users. Yet, how we perceive architecture remains vague. Using new eye-tracking devices and virtual reality capabilities, we can investigate the process of architecture perception....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the second stage of a research aimed at developing a design methodology for concrete façade panels which takes into consideration fabrication constraints. A computational method for the real time evaluation of common industrial mold making techniques such as milling and hot wire cutting was developed. The method r...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today, architects can conceive an almost infinite variety of complex 3D geometries using modelling software. However, the realization of these geometries is still limited by the capabilities and constraints of the fabrication machinery. The modelling platforms used to design the geometries are still not able to evaluate fabrication parameters such...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The presented research develops methods for introducing fabrication constraints into architectural design, a process often referred to as design rationalization. In the first stage of the research, a computational method for evaluating the fabrication potential of geometries was developed. The method predicts the feasibility, material use and machi...
Article
Full-text available
Few studies have investigated the flow characteristics of jets impinging on dimpled surfaces that may increase or decrease their heat transfer capabilities. Here, particle image velocimetry (PIV) measurements have been performed on a round jet (diameter D) impinging on a surface having large spherical dimples (opening size d), D/d = 0.83. In partic...
Patent
Disclosed is a method of fabricating a construction element. The method may include assembling a mold on a rotational casting machine; rotating the mold around at least two axes at a predetermined speed; providing a first portion of magnesium silico-phosphate cement (MSPC) mix, having an altered hardening rate, to the mold while rotating the mold u...
Patent
The invention generally relates to methods of making shaped structural elements and more precisely to noble methods of making shaped structural elements from a magnesium silicophosphate cement.
Article
Full-text available
Dimpled surfaces may enhance or decrease heat transfer compared to smooth surfaces. Here, the flow field of a round, axisymmetric air jet (diameter D) impinging on smooth and dimpled target surfaces (positioned at H/D ≈ 5) was measured using particle image velocimetry (PIV). Reynolds numbers based on the jet exit velocity and D were, Re = 1,473, 6,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
FMFRP is a material system of fibre composites (FRP) that relies on the textile qualities of the composite material. The essential material qualities, attributes and design paradigms of textiles, with their associated techniques and technologies of fabrication and transformation, coined as Fabric Materiality (FM), serve as a starting point for this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As digital fabrication processes become more common in the building industry, architects are challenged to design for the capacities of the new fabrication machinery. This paper describes computational methods for evaluating the buildability of architectural elements, in relation to the machine chosen to produce them. We focus on developing methods...
Article
Rationalization is widely recognized as an important design strategy in contemporary architectural projects, especially in projects with complex geometries, built using digital fabrication processes. However, an up to date review of the rationalization strategies used in these projects, their place in the design sequence and their relation to digit...
Article
Full-text available
Impinging jets are widely used in cooling applications. Here, particle image velocimetry measurements were performed to study the flow field (focusing on the wall jet) and vortex characteristics of a round air jet, impinging on a flat surface at three Reynolds numbers, Re = 1,300, 6,260 and 12,354 (based on nozzle diameter, D, and jet exit velocity...
Technical Report
During the entire history of construction, the basic structure of the building envelope, a laminated entity made of different layers that are used as a barrier, has remained largely unchanged. Ever since the modernist separation between the structure and the building envelope, the development of building envelopes has concentrated mainly on finding n...
Article
Full-text available
Seawalls and other types of waterfront infrastructures are predominantly designed to counter natural forces and maintain structural stability. Consequently, their defensive and reactive design impedes other types of uses and users. As an alternative to the single-use paradigm, there have been attempts to develop a more ecological, performance-based...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The growing need of the industry for alternative materials and products that are biodegradable and derived from renewable resources has recently led researchers from varied fields to search for more sustainable alternatives, and develop natural bio-composites to replace varied petroleum-based products in order to reduce the intolerable stress on th...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a framework for the design process of structural systems based on the ‎notion of topological interlocking. A new design method and a computational tool for ‎generating valid architectural topological interlocking geometries are discussed. In the ‎heart of the method are an algorithm for automatically generating valid 2D patterns...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of an investigation into the potential of complex geometry to create a microclimate by changing the airflow on building façades. The current stage of the research focused on developing a setup and a methodology for examining and comparing the results of a physical wind tunnel test to those of CFD (computational fluid...
Chapter
Full-text available
This handbook produced by the members of the COST Action TU1205 – Building Integrated Solar Thermal Systems (BISTS), funded by COST, 2013-2017. It covers introductory subjects on the presentation of the Action, the classification and characterisation of BISTS and basic resource (solar radiation) analysis. Following on, Section 2 details the basic B...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a new enumerative method and tool to quantify and compare the potential contribution of kinetic and static external shading elements in buildings, in terms of dynamic measurement of daylighting. The suggested method and tool may help designers to examine the impact of various louver design and operation alternatives in the early...
Article
Full-text available
Hard coastal infrastructure such as breakwaters and seawalls are built according to engineering parameters of structural performance and cost efficiency. Especially in urban settings, they conflict with the diverse needs and values of other users and stakeholders, such as sustaining coastal ecosystem biodiversity and providing the public with open,...
Article
Full-text available
A multidisciplinary research was carried out to reach an improved understanding of the connection between the geometry of space and human emotions. The research develops a framework and methodology to empirically examine and measure human reaction to various types of architectural space geometries. It involves two stages of investigations in which...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The basic principle of living matter, being structured as fibres and matrix, is often taken as a reference for the design of FRP materials. Biological design principles, such as self-organisation and variation stand in contrast to standard design and fabrication of architectural FRP and therefore call for alternative processes. Introducing the conc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Fibre composites are synthetic in their composition, but structured similarly to biological materials, as fibre and matrix. While the fibre constituent in Fibre-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) is mostly used under the form of fabrics, its standard fabrication processes do not rely on its inherent textile attributes. Embedding the fabric qualities in the f...
Chapter
Full-text available
Architecture has a long history of looking towards biology and nature for inspiration, whether through the direct mimicry of nature's formal qualities, or through the application of performative aspects of natural organisms into architectural design. Israel is an interesting case study for the employment of biological ideas in architectural design....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper presents the initial results of a study that examines the potential of using the concept of topological interlocking as a structural and organizational mechanism for architecture in general, and for building façades in particular. The paper opens with a review of existing research on the notion of topological interlocking. It then present...
Article
Full-text available
Fibre-reinforced polymers (FRPs) are a family of strong and lightweight composite materials combining fibres and polymers. FRPs are widely used in the aviation, naval and automotive industries for components that require a high ratio of strength to weight and durability. Despite some pioneering experimental architectural applications in the 1960s,...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a theoretical framework for employing complex geometry on the building's envelope for increasing thermal performance. It argues that by manipulating the geometry of the façade's exterior surface, it is possible to achieve a microclimate that will act as a thermal barrier. The argument is tested via computational fluid dynamic sim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Despite of the simplicity of their individuals, social insect societies are structured social organizations that accomplish complex tasks that far exceed the individual capacities of a single insect. These self-organized systems offer possibilities for inspiring new and future solutions and technologies to benefit human construction practice. Biomi...